click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

National Soccer League

The National Soccer League was the top-level soccer league in Australia, run by Soccer Australia and the Australian Soccer Association. The NSL, the A-League's predecessor, spanned 28 seasons from its inception in 1977 until its demise in 2004, when it was succeeded by the A-League competition run by Football Federation Australia, the successor to the Australian Soccer Association. During the history of the NSL the league was contested by a total of 42 teams. Seasons ran during the winter seasons, until 1989 when this was changed to the summer season. In 1984, the league was split into two conferences to introduce more teams into the competition; the competition was known by various names through sponsorships. From the league's inaugural season to its demise in 2004, a total of 13 clubs were crowned Champions through either a system of first past the post or a finals series that culminated in a grand final. Competition between club sides from different states existed in various forms prior to the formation of the NSL.

The petroleum company Ampol sponsored cup competitions in the various states, starting with New South Wales in 1957, with other states following in their stead. A national Ampol Cup was conducted which continued throughout the 1960s. From 1962 until 1968 an Australia Cup was held, but its ambition of becoming an FA Cup style knockout competition went unfulfilled. In the 1970s the top sides from Melbourne and Sydney played off in an end of season series, but the tournament didn't seem to quite capture the legitimacy and popularity, hoped for. Plans for a national home and away league went back as far as 1965 for a 1967 start, were followed up by variations on the theme throughout the 1960s and early 1970s, but faced opposition variously from clubs, who deemed the notion uneconomical, state federations who feared losing their power. Australia's qualification for the 1974 World Cup led to various discussions in 1975 and 1976, with 14 teams being chosen to participate in the inaugural season of the national league.

The transition from state-based leagues to a national competition was not all smooth. The Victorian Soccer Federation was reluctant for its big clubs to be involved and it appeared the dream of Alex Pongrass of St George and Frank Lowy of Hakoah Sydney for a nationwide club competition would not evolve. Little-known Mooroolbark from Melbourne's outer eastern suburbs broke the deadlock by joining the competition, bringing three other Victorian sides with it, making the national league a reality; the first seven seasons of the league would be dominated by Sydney clubs, with Sydney City winning four titles, only West Adelaide being able to wrest the title from New South Wales. West secured the 1978 championship after scoring a late equaliser in an Adelaide derby against Adelaide City in the final round of the season; the competition at this stage was a simple first past the post. A post season finals series was played during this era but was considered more of an exhibition series rather than a legitimate game to decide the national champion, although some confusion still exists on this matter amongst some Heidelberg supporters who consider the 1980'final' as a legitimate decider.

Shrinking crowds led to the radical move of introducing more teams and splitting the league into two conferences, with the winner of each division to play-off in an end of year two legged final. For season 1984 the'Australian' Conference had competing teams from New South Wales and the ACT, whilst the'National' Conference consisted of Victorian, South Australian and Queensland clubs. For 1985 and 1986 this reverted to'Northern' and'Southern' Conferences. Strangely, the competition's most geographically northern sides, Brisbane Lions and Brisbane City were in the latter grouping; this period saw South Melbourne become the first Victorian team to win the league, followed by Brunswick Juventus, Adelaide City, all Southern conference sides. At the end of the 1986 season, the system was scrapped, about half the teams were dumped back to their respective state leagues; the criteria used to decide who stayed and who went was based 50% on the 1986 playing record, 40% on past playing record, 10% on crowd support.

The result was that only one team from outside Sydney and Melbourne, reigning champions Adelaide City, was retained. The revamped league suffered a major setback early on when Sydney City pulled out of the competition after just one round into the new season. Apart from returning to a single division, the league dispensed with finals for the 1987 season, reverting to first past the post. Many considered this an ill-considered move. Finals were re-introduced from 1988, were to remain until the league's demise; the 1989 season would be the last to be played in winter. This period saw a re-emergence of New South Wales dominance with all titles, minor premierships and runners-up being from that state. Attempts to shift the league towards a summer season went back into the early 1980s, but only came to pass for the 1989/90 season; the rationale for this change was simple. The league would avoid being marginalised in the media during the peak of the Australian Football League and Australian Rugby League seasons, as well as providing better playing surfaces and spectator comfort owing to the better weather.

The impetus given to the league from the switch was not enough for some clubs to remain in the league, with many clubs being relegated or being d

Ivan (The Blacklist)

"Ivan" is the seventeenth episode of the first season of the American crime drama The Blacklist. The episode premiered in the United States on NBC on March 24, 2014. A programmer for the NSA is killed in a supposed car accident, but further inspection reveals that his car was hacked. While investigating the programmer's death, the task force learns that the NSA was working on a prototype device called the "Skeleton Key", capable of hacking into the entire American computer networks infrastructure. Reddington believes an elusive Russian hacker named Ivan is responsible for the theft, but a personal meeting with him reveals that Ivan never had any problems with the United States, instead is focused on the Russian government. Ivan claims. Further investigation into Ivan's claims leads the task force to high school student Harrison Lee, responsible for the theft of the Skeleton Key. Lee stole the key and used it for his own ends in order to enter a romantic relationship with the daughter of one of the Skeleton Key scientists.

Elizabeth investigates the disappearance of Jolene/Lucy after being approached by Lucy's former parole officer. Elizabeth discovers Tom's makeshift headquarters after Aram is able to trace the origin of Lucy's last voice message, but Tom has just torn down and burned all photos of Red and Elizabeth, he performs a sneak attack on Liz at the hideout, flees before she can recognize him. During the aftermath of the Skeleton Key crisis, Elizabeth receives an email containing gathered evidence from the parole officer. In a photo of some trash taken in Tom's hideout, she sees an educational toy that she had given Tom the morning of the investigation. Understanding Red's repeated warnings about Tom and upset by the recent revelation, Elizabeth turns to Red for emotional support. Red refurbishes an old music box whose song Elizabeth knows from her childhood, gives it to her as a gift. "Ivan" premiered on NBC on March 2014 in the 10 -- 11 p.m. time slot. The episode garnered a 2.8/8 Nielsen rating with 10.80 million viewers, making it the highest rated show in its time slot and the eighth most watched television show of the week.

Jason Evans of The Wall Street Journal gave a positive review of the episode, stating: "WHOA!! Why isn’t Liz more freaked out that Red knows so much about her childhood? The folks who remain convinced that Red is Liz’s father got some real ammo from this episode, that’s for sure. I am still not convinced."Ross Bonaime of Paste gave the episode a 7.0/10. He said the show "still feels like two separate, unassociated shows mashed into one" and though the show "has found its groove", it "doesn’t seem to have any interest in combining the stories in a more cohesive way". "Ivan" on IMDb "Ivan" at TV.com

Mr. Gay India

Mr. Gay World India is a national beauty pageant that selects its winner to represent India at gay pageants globally notably to the annual Mr Gay World; the National Director and Producer of the organization is Sushant Divgikar. The Assistant Managers are Sanket Darshil of the organization; the inception of the pageant happened in 2008. The event received media attention when popular model and reality star Sushant Divgikar won the pageant in 2014. Subsequently, the pageant which at first was irregular is now held annually in Mumbai; the current titleholder is Suresh Ramdas who won Mr Gay India in 2019 and will represent India at Mr Gay World 2019. The primary purpose of Mr. India Gay is to identify leaders who will take responsibility of being a spokesperson not only in his own community but on a global stage speaking out for equal and human rights. Zoltan Parag was the first winner of Mr. Gay India he represented India at International Mr Gay Competition in 2008. Mr. Gay India got tremendous national and international recognition only after Nolan Lewis from Mumbai made it to the top 10 at the Mr. Gay World pageant in 2013.

He paved way for Sushant Divgikar, who went on to represent India in 2014 in Rome. Sushant Divgikar broke all existing records by a splendid performance at the Mr. Gay World pageant in Rome that year and won 3 individual sub awards as well as the team sports sub award alongside delegates from Iceland and Hong Kong, he won 3 individual sub awards viz. Mr. Gay World Congeniality, Mr. Gay World People's Choice and Mr. Gay World Art challenge. Sushant did not succeed in bringing his home country the crown. In 2015, Sushant was announced the National Producer and Director for India and was in charge of the Indian leg of the pageant, making him the youngest National producer in the pageant's history while being the reigning Mr. Gay INDIA at the time. Sushant continued his reign for a record, two years and represented not only the gay community but the entire LGBT community in India's biggest celebrity reality show, Bigg Boss in its eighth season. In January 2016, Sushant passed on his crown to Anwesh Sahoo from Odisha, making Anwesh the first contestant from Odisha to win the crown.

Anwesh Sahoo represented India in Malta, Europe for Mr. Gay World 2016 and made it to the top 12. In 2017 Darshan Mandhana won the Mr Gay India 2017 crown and represented India at Mr Gay World 2017 where he made to top 10. Mrgayworldindiaofficial.in Mr. Gay India on Facebook

Horigoe Gosho

Horigoe Palace site is an archaeological site containing the ruins of the Muromachi period residence of the Ashikaga clan in what is now part of the city of Izunokuni, Shizuoka in the Tōkai region of Japan. The site was designated a National Historic Site of Japan in 1984. In 1439 Shōgun Ashikaga Yoshinori invaded Kamakura to enforce the authority of the central government, forcing Ashikaga Mochiuji and his eldest son to commit seppuku His three younger sons escaped and were sheltered by the Yūki clan at Koga, Shimōsa Province; the shogunate attacked Koga and killing two of the sons, with only the youngest, Eijuō-maru, surviving The shogunate appointed the Uesugi clan to rule the Kantō region until 1449. In that year, Eijuō-maru's uncle Ōi Mochimitsu managed to have him appointed to the post of Kantō kubō, nominally the Shōgun's deputy in the Kantō region, Eijuō-maru changed his name to Ashikaga Shigeuji. However, Shōgun Yoshimasa, not trusting Shigeuji, nominated his ally Uesugi Noritada as kanrei with the task of keeping him informed of whatever was happening in Kamakura.

The relationship between the two men difficult because of the role the Uesugi had had in Mochiuji's death, was therefore strained from the beginning. Tension culminated with Shigeuji's 1454 killing of Uesugi Noritada, invited to Shigeuji's mansion where he was murdered; this killing caused the Kantō region ro fall into chaos as all of the Uesugi vassals rose in revolt against Shigeuji. This conflict was known as the Kyōtoku Incident. Shogun forces led by Imagawa Noritada defeated Shigeuji at Kamakura in 1455 and he fled back Koga, where he became known as the Koga kubō; the Uesugi clan asked Ashikaga Yoshimasa to send someone to replace Shigeuji, so Yoshimasa sent his younger brother, Ashikaga Masatomo, from Kyoto. However, as many clans in the Kantō region remained loyal to Shigeuji and suspicious of the intentions of the Kyoto-based shogunate, Masatomo found that he was unable to enter Kamakura. Instead, he set up his headquarters in Horigoe in Izu Province, thereafter known as the Horigoe Gosho.

Thus, per the historian George Bailey Sansom, the Kantō therefore found itself with two rulers, one in Koga and one in Horigoe, neither of whom was able to rule. The precise site of the Horigoe Gosho was not certain for many years, but was by tradition held to be at this location due to its local place name. Excavation surveys in 2007 and 2008 found the foundations of a large structure and the remains of an garden with ponds, indicating the presence of a Muromachi-period palace, confirming that the Horigoe Palace was most at this location. List of Historic Sites of Japan Izunokuni city official site

Claribel Kendall

Claribel Kendall was an American mathematician. Born in Denver, Kendall received her Bachelor and Bachelor of Education from the University of Colorado in 1912. Kendall went on to receive her Master’s degree in 1914 with a focus in mathematics, she studied mathematics in an era when women were seeking a college education and beginning to move into math and science, fields that had traditionally been male. Her Master’s thesis was on “Pre Associative Syzygies in Linear Algebra." Kendall earned a BA and B. Ed. in 1912 and an MA in 1914 from the University of Colorado. Her master's thesis was called "Preassociative syzygies in linear algebra". While completing her master’s degree, Kendall began teaching in the mathematics department at the University of Colorado in 1913. After receiving her master’s degree, she began to work towards her doctorate. Kendall entered the University of Chicago as a student and spent several summers between 1915-1918 there*. In 1920 she received a fellowship from the University of Chicago to aid in the completion of her degree.

She received her Ph. D from the University of Chicago in January 1922. Kendall wrote her doctoral thesis on “Certain Congruences Determined by a Given Surface”, under Professor Ernest Julius Wilczynski. Kendall's work went on to be published in the American Journal of Mathematics in 1923. Kendall taught at the University of Colorado* from 1913 until her retirement in 1957, being promoted to full professor by 1944. Kendall directed ten master’s theses at Colorado. Kendall was a member of the Christian Science Church. Kendall was Secretary of the University of California chapter of Phi Beta Kappa for over 30 years. Kendall was a contributor to the solutions of problems in the American Mathematical Monthly. Kendall was the first member of the department to receive the Robert L. Stearns Award from the University of Colorado, Boulder for “outstanding service or achievement”. Kendall was a charter member of the Mathematical Association of America* and one of the founders of the Rocky Mountain Section of the MAA in 1917.

Published in the American Journal of Mathematics. Louise S. Grinstein, Paul J. Campbell. Women of Mathematics: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook. Greenwood Press, New York. ISBN 978-0-313-24849-8. Pp. 92–94. Claribel Kendall at the Mathematics Genealogy Project "Biographies of Women Mathematicians". Green, Judy. Pioneering Women in American Mathematics — The Pre-1940 PhD's. History of Mathematics. 34. American Mathematical Society, The London Mathematical Society. ISBN 978-0-8218-4376-5. Biography on p. 324-326 of the Supplementary Material at AMS

Agape English Language Institute

Agape English Language Institute for Internationals is a South Carolina company offering ESL services to individuals and businesses. It is operated by Dr. Rajarathnam Aluri and his wife Kathy Aluri. AELI was incorporated in 1989 by Dr. Rajarathnam S. Aluri, who came to the United States as an international student in September 1976. In 1993, AELI signed a cooperative agreement with Limestone College in Gaffney, South Carolina to offer classes on the school's campus; the first employee was hired in September 1993 to begin the program, the first class was held that month on the Limestone College's main campus in Gaffney, SC. Subsequently, AELI began offering intensive English classes in Columbia in January, 1994, in Charlotte, NC in August, 1994. In December 1997, AELI and Limestone College revised their agreement, thus facilitating AELI's decision to begin offering classes affiliated with the school's Block Program in Columbia and Charleston; the first classes in Greenville and Charleston were offered in June 1998.

Classes have been held at various companies in South Carolina. In January, 2004, AELI's Columbia program obtained permission from the United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services to issue its own I-20s to students coming from abroad. AELI received the same authorization to issue I-20s for its Greenville program in August, 2004. In May, 2004, AELI closed its Charleston program in an effort to focus resources on the Columbia and Greenville programs. Agape English Language Institute is accredited by the Accrediting Council for Continuing Education and Training and is committed to ACCET Standards for intensive English programs. ACCET is approved by the U. S. Secretary of Education as a national accrediting agency for institutions of continuing education in the U. S. Agape is certified by the Student and Exchange Visitor Program to enroll F-1 students in the United States. AELI has 2 locations in South Carolina: Greenville Campus - in Greenville, South Carolina Columbia Campus - in Columbia, South Carolina Official Website