The Hammerskins are a white supremacist group formed in 1988 in Dallas, Texas. Their primary focus is the production and promotion of white power rock music, many white power bands have been affiliated with the group; the Hammerskins were affiliated with the record label 9% Productions. The Hammerskins host several annual concerts, including Hammerfest, an annual event in both the United States and Europe in honor of deceased Hammerskin Joe Rowan, the lead singer of the band Nordic Thunder, it was one of the most prominent American white power skinhead groups. The Anti-Defamation League describes them as the United States' best-organized neo-Nazi skinhead group, with the Hammerskin Nation website boasting six chapters in the United States and chapters existing in Canada, various European countries, New Zealand, Australia; the Hammerskins have supporter chapters, known as Crew 38, in most of these countries. The Hammerskins emerged in the late 1980s from the Dallas based Confederate Hammerskins.
Their name is based on a scene in the 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall. Power struggles have since split the group into several factions. Many Outlaw Hammerskins members attended the 2002 NordicFest, the group was planning to provide security for a white pride festival hosted by the National Knights of the Ku Klux Klan; the Outlaw Hammerskins are now defunct. Many of its members have been convicted of harassment and murder. On August 5, 2012, Hammerskin Wade Michael Page was shot by police and died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head after he killed six people in a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisconsin. Page had become a "fully patched" member of the Hammerskins in autumn 2011, according to the Anti-Defamation League, he played in at least three Hammerskin-affiliated bands. According to media sources and civil rights organizations, End Apathy, Wade's main band, had played at several recent Hammerskin events in the United States prior to the shooting-spree. However, there are several differences between chapters, which pursue different goals and have different political positions on racism and patriotism.
In some chapters, like the Italian one, despite several and constant investigations for crimes like inciting hatred, racial discrimination and apology for fascism, no convictions were made to prove their guilt. The Hammerskins logo, depicting two claw hammers crossed, is based on a fictitious neo-nazi organization depicted in the 1982 film Pink Floyd – The Wall; the portrayal of the fictional group in the film was intended to show Nazism negatively. Their logo and the motto "Hammerskins forever, forever hammerskins" appear in their paraphernalia and tattoos. Crew 38 and Hammerskins members frequently identify themselves with the slogan "838", meaning "hail crossed hammers". Vinlanders Social Club Official website
Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity and religion are interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel; the Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel somewhere in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BCE. The Israelites, as an outgrowth of the Canaanite population, consolidated their hold with the emergence of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah; some consider that these Canaanite sedentary Israelites melded with incoming nomadic groups known as'Hebrews'. Though few sources mention the exilic periods in detail, the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule over the Levant, to Assyrian captivity and exile, to Babylonian captivity and exile, to Seleucid Imperial rule, to the Roman occupation and exile, the historical relations between Jews and their homeland thereafter, became a major feature of Jewish history and memory.
Prior to World War II, the worldwide Jewish population reached a peak of 16.7 million, representing around 0.7% of the world population at that time. 6 million Jews were systematically murdered during the Holocaust. Since the population has risen again, as of 2016 was estimated at 14.4 million by the Berman Jewish DataBank, less than 0.2% of the total world population. The modern State of Israel is the only country, it defines itself as a Jewish and democratic state in the Basic Laws, Human Dignity and Liberty in particular, based on the Declaration of Independence. Israel's Law of Return grants the right of citizenship to Jews who have expressed their desire to settle in Israel. Despite their small percentage of the world's population, Jews have influenced and contributed to human progress in many fields, both and in modern times, including philosophy, literature, business, fine arts and architecture, music and cinema, science and technology, as well as religion. Jews have played a significant role in the development of Western Civilization.
The English word "Jew" continues Iewe. These terms derive from Old French giu, earlier juieu, which through elision had dropped the letter "d" from the Medieval Latin Iudaeus, like the New Testament Greek term Ioudaios, meant both "Jew" and "Judean" / "of Judea"; the Greek term was a loan from Aramaic Y'hūdāi, corresponding to Hebrew יְהוּדִי Yehudi the term for a member of the tribe of Judah or the people of the kingdom of Judah. According to the Hebrew Bible, the name of both the tribe and kingdom derive from Judah, the fourth son of Jacob. Genesis 29:35 and 49:8 connect the name "Judah" with the verb yada, meaning "praise", but scholars agree that the name of both the patriarch and the kingdom instead have a geographic origin—possibly referring to the gorges and ravines of the region; the Hebrew word for "Jew" is יְהוּדִי Yehudi, with the plural יְהוּדִים Yehudim. Endonyms in other Jewish languages include the Yiddish ייִד Yid; the etymological equivalent is in use in other languages, e.g. يَهُودِيّ yahūdī, al-yahūd, in Arabic, "Jude" in German, "judeu" in Portuguese, "Juif" /"Juive" in French, "jøde" in Danish and Norwegian, "judío/a" in Spanish, "jood" in Dutch, "żyd" in Polish etc. but derivations of the word "Hebrew" are in use to describe a Jew, e.g. in Italian, in Persian and Russian.
The German word "Jude" is pronounced, the corresponding adjective "jüdisch" is the origin of the word "Yiddish". According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fourth edition, It is recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both vulgar and offensive. In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility; some people, have become so wary of this construction that they have extended the stigma to any use of Jew as a noun, a practice that carries risks of its own. In a sentence such as There are now several Jews on the council, unobjectionable, the substitution of a circumlocution like Jewish people or persons of Jewish background may in itself cause offense for seeming to imply that Jew has a negative connotation when used as a noun. Judaism shares some of the characteristics of a nation, an ethnicity, a religion, a culture, making the definition of, a Jew vary depending on whether a religious or national approach to identity is used.
In modern secular usage Jews include three groups: people who were born to a Jewish family regardless of whether or not they follow the religion, those who have some Jewish ancestral background or lineage, people without any Jewish ancestral background or lineage who have formally converted to Judaism and therefore are followers of the religion. Historical definitions of Jewish identity have traditionally been based on halakhic definitions of matrilineal descent, halakhic conversions; these definitions of, a Jew date back to the codification of the Oral
Order of Nine Angles
The Order of Nine Angles is a Satanic and Left-Hand Path occult group based in the United Kingdom, but with affiliated groups in various other parts of the world. Claiming to have been established in the 1960s, it rose to public recognition in the early 1980s, attracting attention for its neo-Nazi ideologies and activism. Describing its approach as "Traditional Satanism", it has been identified by academic researchers as exhibiting Hermetic and Neo-Pagan elements in its beliefs, it has been described as one of the most dangerous Satanist groups in the world. According to the Order's own account, it was established in the Welsh Marches of Western England during the late 1960s by a woman, involved in a secretive pre-Christian tradition surviving in the region; this account states that in 1973 a man named "Anton Long" was initiated into the group, subsequently becoming its Grand Master. Several academic commentators to have studied the ONA express the view that the name "Anton Long" is the pseudonym of the British neo-Nazi activist David Myatt, although Myatt has denied that this is the case.
From the late 1970s onward, Long authored a number of books and articles propagating the Order's ideas, in 1988 it began production of its own journal, Fenrir. Through these ventures it established links with other neo-Nazi Satanist groups around the world, furthering its cause through embracing the Internet in the 2000s; the ONA promotes the idea that human history can be divided into a series of Aeons, each of which contain a corresponding human civilization. It expresses the view that the current Aeonic civilization is that of the Western, but claims that the evolution of this society is threatened by the "Magian/Nazarene" influence of Judeo-Christian religion, which the Order seeks to combat in order to establish a militaristic new social order, termed the "Imperium". According to Order teachings, this is necessary in order for a Galactic civilization to form, in which "Aryan" society will colonise the Milky Way, it advocates a spiritual path in which the practitioner is required to break societal taboos by isolating themselves from society, committing crimes, embracing political extremism and violence, carrying out an act of human sacrifice.
ONA members practice magick, believing that they are able to do so through channeling energies into our own "causal" realm from an "acausal" realm where the laws of physics do not apply, with such magical actions designed to aid in the ultimate establishment of the Imperium. The ONA lacks any central authority or structure, instead operating as a broad network of associates – termed the "kollective" – who are inspired by the texts authored by Long and other members of the "Inner ONA"; the group comprises of clandestine cells, termed "nexions", as well as gangs known as Dreccs, artists known as Balobians, folk mystics known as Rounwytha. With the first nexion based in Shropshire, Western England, the majority of groups have been established in the British Isles and Germany, although others have been formed elsewhere in Europe, South Africa and North America. Academic estimates suggest that the number of individuals broadly associated with the Order falls in the low thousands. Various killings and terroristic activities have been perpetrated by far-right activists influenced by the ONA's teachings.
Academics have found it difficult to ascertain "exact and verifiable information" about the ONA's origins given the secrecy with which the group shields itself. As with many other occult organisations, the Order shrouds its history in "mystery and legend", creating a "mythical narrative" for its origins and development; the ONA claims to be the descendant of pre-Christian pagan traditions which survived the Christianisation of Britain and which were passed down from the Middle Ages onward in small groups or "temples" based in the Welsh Marches – a border area between England and Wales – which were each led by a Grand Master or Grand Mistress. According to the Order, in the late 1960s a Grand Mistress of one such group united three of these temples – Camlad, the Temple of the Sun, The Noctulians – to form the ONA, before welcoming outsiders into the tradition. According to the Order's account, one of those whom the Grand Mistress initiated into the group was "Anton Long", an individual who described himself as a British citizen who had spent much of his youth visiting Africa and the Middle East.
Long claimed that prior to his involvement in the ONA he had been interested in occultism for several years, having contacted a coven based in Fenland in 1968, before moving to London and joining groups that practiced ceremonial magic in the style of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn and Aleister Crowley. He claimed a brief involvement in a Satanic group based in Manchester, the Orthodox Temple of the Prince run by Ray Bogart, during which time he encountered the ONA Grand Mistress. According to the Order's account, Long joined the ONA in 1973 – the first to have done so in five years – and became the Grand Mistress' heir, he recalled that at that time the group held rituals at henges and stone circles around the solstices and equinoxes. This account further states that when the Order's Grand Mistress migrated to Australia, Long took over as the group's new Grand Master; the group claimed that Long "implemented the next stage of Sinister Strategy – to make the teachings known on a large scale".
From the late 1970s onward, Long encouraged the establishment of new ONA groups, which were known as "temples", from 1976 onward he authored an array of texts for the tradition and extending its teachings and structure. These texts are written in English, although they include passages of Classical Greek as well as t
Russian National Unity
Russian National Unity or All-Russian civic patriotic movement "Russian National Unity", is a neo-Nazi political party and paramilitary organization based in Russia and operating in states with Russian-speaking populations. It was founded by the ultra-nationalist Alexander Barkashov; the movement advocates the expulsion of non-Russians and an increased role for traditional Russian institutions such as the Russian Orthodox Church. The organization is unregistered federally in Russia. Promoting the notion of "Russia for Russians and compatriots", members of the party endorse policies including the expulsion of minorities that "have their homeland outside Russia" Jews and migrants from the South Caucasus such as Azeri and Armenians as well as other countries, their vision of Russia is divided into privileged ethnic Russians and "compatriots", i.e. non-Russians who live in Russia and have their national homeland there, including indigenous populations of Russian Far East, North and some other minorities.
While they consider these "compatriots" to be entitled to live in Russia, the RNU nonetheless condemns any inter-ethnic and inter-racial marriages, claiming that "they create psychological troubles of self-identification for children from such marriages". According to the Saint Petersburg Times, new recruits to the organization have traditionally been required to serve as low-level functionaries in the organization, acting as drivers and handing out flyers as well as attending instructional sessions on the group's philosophy and beliefs, many of which are derived from a book written by Barkashov; as members advance, they may attain the rank of spodvizhniki and are entitled to wear the insignia and participate in paramilitary training. The most dedicated members advance to the ranks of the soratniki, who serve as the leadership of the group; the organisation worked with businesses, state officials and secret services. Supporting businessmen were awarded certificates of merit and other honours.
The organization presently avoids direct violations of the law. Some officials have allowed RNU to take part in street patrols and other collaborations with the police; some sympathetic state and industrial officials lent RNU places for meetings, provided facilities to print literature, make uniforms and copy CDs and video cassettes and other materials. Several martial arts classes with RNU instructors associated with state schools were opened. In 1989, Barkashov was the second in command in Russian National-Patriotic Front Pamyat, his conflict with Dmitri Vasilyev resulted in Barkashov leading, in his words, "the most disciplined and active members, dissatisfied with empty talk and theatrical stunts, out of Pamyat". In 1990, RNU grew in the face of the economic and social difficulties faced by Russians in the course of the dissolution of the Soviet Union; the Russian National Unity movement was founded on 16 October 1990 by a splinter group of the National Patriotic Front "Memory". It grew from 1990 to 1991.
Members have been reported to wear black and camouflage uniforms. The group adopted a red and white swastika emblem and expressed admiration for German national socialism and public celebrations of the rise of the Nazis, although the organization denied any support for Nazi ideology; the group was active not only in Russia, but in Estonia, Latvia and Ukraine. The RNU has attempted to unite nationalist groups by organizing Slavonic and Russian sobors, they saw little progress. By the middle of 1993, the RNU had become the most prominent Russian nationalist movement, with a wide network of regional divisions. In addition to engaging in political action, the RNU conducted military drills and tactical training; as the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis unfolded, the RNU militantly supported the Russian parliament over President Boris Yeltsin. In 1993, it took part in defending and patrolling the White House, the residence of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, against the President's troops.
Following Yeltsin's victory, the RNU worked illegally for several months. While underground, the movement continued to publish their newspaper Russian Order; the same year, the organization was registered as "a club for military and patriotic upbringing" and was recognized by local officials as "a volunteer people's self-protection unit". To help achieve its goals, the RNU developed a cadre of armed paramilitaries, known as Russian Vityazi, who were trained in the use of small arms and explosives. On 15 October 1995, 304 delegates from 37 regional divisions attended a RNU conference in Moscow. In 1999, Moscow’s mayor Yuri Luzhkov, with the support of higher government officials, prohibited the second RNU regional conference from being held in Moscow. However, the RNU continued to organize. In 1999, the Moscow headquarters of the group were closed. During the Second Chechen War, the RNU supported Russian officers accused of crimes in Chechnya. At the peak of its popularity in 1999, RNU was estimated to have 100,000 active members all over Russia by state officials.
They are now only a shadow of what they once were and have been inactive and somewhat dormant for many years now. In 2014, RNU members joined pro-Russian forces in Ukraine during the War in Donbass under commandment of Pavel Gubarev. In Ukraine, the RNU is represented by several parties: Slavic Party Party of Slavic Unity of U
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Golden Dawn (political party)
The Popular Association – Golden Dawn known as Golden Dawn, is an ultranationalist, far-right political party in Greece. It is led by Nikolaos Michaloliakos. Scholars and media have described it as fascist, though the group rejects these labels. Members have expressed admiration for the former Greek dictators Ioannis Metaxas of the 4th of August Regime and Georgios Papadopoulos of the Regime of the Colonels, they have made use of alleged Nazi symbolism, have praised figures of Nazi Germany in the past. According to academic sources, the group is racist and xenophobic, the party's leader has identified it as nationalist and racist. Many groups and political parties advocate for the Greek government to dissolve Golden Dawn. Michaloliakos began the foundations of what would become Golden Dawn in 1980, when he published the first issue of the right-wing, pro-military junta journal with that name. In this context, Golden Dawn had its origins in the movement that worked towards a return to right-wing military dictatorship in Greece.
Following an investigation into the 2013 murder of Pavlos Fyssas, an anti-fascist rapper, by a supporter of the party and several other Golden Dawn MPs and members were arrested and held in pre-trial detention on suspicion of forming a criminal organization. The trial began on 20 April 2015 and is ongoing as of 2019. Golden Dawn first received widespread attention in 1991, in 1993 registered as a political party. By this time Golden Dawn had adopted several southern Balkan focused regional objectives as its main programme: to promote the idea of a Greater Greece through the expansion of Greek territory into southern Albania, the Republic of Macedonia, southern Bulgaria, Greece's reconquest of Constantinople and western Anatolia through war with Turkey, they called to push for the complete Hellenisation of Greek Macedonia and Western Thrace through the expulsion of Northern Greece's last remaining Macedonian-speaking minority and the Turkish-speaking Muslim minority of East Macedonia and Thrace that were settled during the Ottoman period.
They aspire "to combat Islam in the region", such as through contributing fighters to the Greek Volunteer Guard that helped capture Srebrenica. By the mid-2000s, Golden Dawn had redirected its attention to opposing non-European, Muslim, immigration into the Greek areas of southern Greece and Athens. Golden Dawn had temporarily ceased political operations in 2005 and was absorbed by the Patriotic Alliance; the Alliance, in turn, ceased operations after Michaloliakos withdrew support in the spring of 2007. Golden Dawn held its sixth congress, in March 2007, where party officials announced the resumption of political activities. At local elections on 7 November 2010 Golden Dawn got 5.3% of the vote in the municipality of Athens, winning a seat at the City Council. In some neighbourhoods with large immigrant communities it reached 20%; the party ran a campaign during the May 2012 Greek national elections based on concerns about unemployment, the economy, immigration, which gained a large increase in support from the Greek electorate.
It received 7% of the popular vote, enough for the party to enter the Hellenic Parliament for the first time with 21 seats. Following a second election in June 2012, this was reduced to 18 seats; as a result of the January 2015 Greek national elections, the party became the third largest in Parliament, despite winning only 17 seats. The party is hard Eurosceptic, it is anti-globalist. In 2015, Golden Dawn outlined their'National Plan' for Greece's recovery from the financial crisis as follows: Increase agricultural production and manufacturing. Reward hard work and implement a meritocracy. Exploit Greece's oil and precious metal reserves. Audit and erase part of the national debt which they deem illegal. Demand that the German government repay a loan, forced upon Greece during the Axis occupation. Form free trade agreements with Russia and China. Proclaim Greece's exclusive economic zone. Expand Greece's territorial waters to 12 nautical miles as agreed by the UNCLOS. Repeal members of parliament's immunity to criminal prosecution and detention while in office.
Remove party funding obtained from taxes and rely instead on donations. Reduce the size of the Hellenic Parliament to 180 members. Dissolve any existing plutocracy. Provide tax relief for investors and shipowners who employ only Greek workers and move their capital into national banks. Dismiss those recruited illegally into the public sector as a result of cronyism. Expulsion of all illegal immigrants who have entered Greece. Subsidize those in maternity, offer tax breaks to young parents and those with large families. Nationalization of banks that received state loans. Nationalization of natural resources. In December 1980, Nikolaos Michaloliakos and a group of supporters launched Chrysi Avgi magazine. Michaloliakos had been active in far-right politics for many years, having been arrested several times for politically motivated offences, such as beatings and illegal possession of explosive materials, which led to his discharge from the military. While he was in prison, Michaloliakos met the leaders of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and laid the foundations of the Golden Dawn party.
According to the newspaper Eleftherotypia the characteristics of the magazine and the organisation were National Socialist. Chrysi Avgi magazine ceased publication in April 1984, wh
The Artgemeinschaft Germanic Faith Community is a German Neopagan and Neo-Nazi organization founded in 1951 by Wilhelm Kusserow, a former member of the SS. In 1983, it merged with the Nordungen. From 1989 to 2009, it was headed by Jürgen Rieger. Artgemeinschaft mixes far-right ideology with Nordic and Teutonic religions such as Ásatrú, but elements of atheism. In the 1960s some theosophic and so called; the weltanschauung of the party is antisemitic. A belief of the party is Artgemeinschaft, a basic tenets of, the Artglaube. In contrast to other pagan organisations, neither Guido von List nor Lanz von Liebenfels plays any role. Important in their beliefs are theses by Schopenhauer, Eduard v. Hartmann and Feuerbach in order to attack Christian moral and to replace it with a pagan one. According to Fromm, belief in Gods is not an important momentum for the Artgemeinschaft. Membership is regulated according to racial criteria; the members belong to different currents of the far-right, from militant neo-fascists to representatives of the Neue Rechte.
The AG GGG publishes the völkisch Nordische Zeitung. Official Website of the Artgemeinschaft