The National Society of Film Critics is an American film critic organization. The organization is known for its highbrow tastes, its annual awards are one of the most prestigious film critics awards in the United States; as of January 2014 the NSFC have 60 members who write for a variety of weekly and daily newspapers along with major publications and media outlets. National Society of Film Critics was founded in 1966 in the New York City apartment of Saturday Review critic Hollis Alpert, one of several co-founding film critics, refused membership to the New York Film Critics Circle, as it preferred critics who worked for mainstream newspapers, his co-founders included a writer for The New Yorker. The Society was founded in order to counteract the influence of New York Times critic Bosley Crowther, who dominated the New York City film critic scene for many years; the original founding film critics, who were overwhelmingly based in New York, called their new group a "national" organization because they wrote for a number of magazines and newspapers with a national circulation.
Past distinguished members include Dave Kehr, Jonathan Rosenbaum, the late Roger Ebert, Richard Corliss, Stanley Kauffmann. The organization is known for its highbrow tastes, its annual awards are one of the most prestigious film critics awards in the United States. In past years, many of its Best Picture winners have been foreign films and the choices parallel the Academy Awards, it has agreed with the Oscar in seven instances over the past forty years: 1977's Annie Hall, 1992's Unforgiven, 1993's Schindler's List, 2004's Million Dollar Baby, 2009's The Hurt Locker, 2015's Spotlight and 2016's Moonlight. Five other winners did receive the Oscar for Best Foreign Language Film: Z, Le charme discret de la bourgeoisie, La nuit américaine, Préparez vos mouchoirs, Amour; the NSFC is the American representative of the International Federation of Film Critics, which comprises the national organizations of professional film critics and film journalists from around the world. The society has published an ongoing series of anthologies of articles including: The B List:The National Society of Film Critics on the Low-Budget Beauties,Genre-Bending Mavericks,and Cult Classics We Love, Edited by David Sterritt and John C.
Anderson, 2008 The X List: A Guide to the Movies That Turn Us On, Edited by Jami Bernard, Da Capo Press, 2005 The A List: 100 Essential Films, Edited by Jay Carr, Da Capo Press, 2002 Flesh and Blood: On Sex and Censorship, Edited by Peter Keough, Mercury House, 1995 They Went Thataway: Redefining Film Genres, Edited by Richard T. Jameson, Mercury House, 1994 Love and Hisses: Sound Off On the Hottest Movie Controversies, Edited by Peter Rainer, Mercury House, 1992 Foreign Affairs: A Guide to Foreign Films, Edited by Kathy Schulz Huffhines, Mercury House, 1991 Produced and Abandoned: The Best Films You've Never Seen, Edited by Michael Sragow, Mercury House, 1990 The National Society of Film Critics on the Movie Star, Edited by Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1981 The National Society of Film Critics on Movie Comedy, Edited by Stuart Byron and Elisabeth Weis, Penguin, 1977 Categories: Best Film Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Screenplay Best Cinematography Best Foreign Language Film Best Non-Fiction Film Official website Los Angeles Times: Hollis Alpert, 1916-2007: Writer co-founded National Society of Film Critics
Mokolodi Nature Reserve is a private not-for-profit game reserve in southern Botswana. Founded in 1994 by The Mokolodi Wildlife Foundation, it is situated on 30 km sq. of donated land 10 km south of the capital Gaborone. The nature reserve is inhabited by a wide variety of indigenous African game and reptile species, some of which are rare and vulnerable to the threat of extinction; the southern white rhinoceros herd at Mokolodi Nature Reserve is part of a national breeding programme, which contributes to the rebuilding of the national herd in Botswana. Environmental and conservation education are the key objectives of The Mokolodi Wildlife Foundation; the nature reserve hosts children from across Botswana, some of whom are from disadvantaged backgrounds. The fee-based activity and accommodation services offered to the public by Mokolodi Nature Reserve support the Foundation's charitable objectives, to present the children of Botswana with the opportunity to embrace the natural world and to promote the wider protection of Botswana's natural environment.
The reserve contains many species of wildlife such as giraffe, southern white rhinoceros, mountain reedbuck, red hartebeest, kudu, waterbuck, nile crocodile, brown hyena and leopard. Within the confines of the reserve there are spotted hyena. There is a reptile park containing black mamba, mozambique spitting cobra, puff adder and snouted cobra amongst other species, as well as an aviary with rescued white-backed vulture and cape vulture; the reserve is developed as a game sanctuary with an extensive network of paths, which permits viewing the wild life at close quarters. The park administration is planning to expand its limits of conservation area up to the Lion Park. Official Website
Robert Rolland was an Australian tennis player. He completed a law degree at Melbourne university in 1910 and was admitted to practice law in 1911. Rolland entered the Australasian championships only once in 1911, he volleyed brilliantly to beat Rupert Wertheim. Rolland beat Ernest Down before losing to Norman Brookes in four sets. In world war 1, Rolland enlisted in the 58th battalion in 1916, but whilst on board ship contracted mumps and was hospitalised on arrival in England, he was made 2nd Lieutenant in the 60th battalion. He was appointed to the 15th infantry brigade headquarters. In late 1917 he broke his leg in a tobogganing accident, he was hospitalised and sent home in 1918. After the war he moved to Sale and maintained a legal practice, he was a town councillor. In 1957 he was awarded the OBE