click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Hurricane Keith

Hurricane Keith was an Atlantic hurricane in October 2000 that caused extensive damage in Central America in Mexico and Belize. It was the fifteenth tropical cyclone, eleventh named storm, seventh hurricane of the 2000 Atlantic hurricane season. Keith developed as a tropical depression from a tropical wave in the western Caribbean Sea on September 28; the depression strengthened, became Tropical Storm Keith on the following day. As the storm tracked westward, it continued to intensify and was upgraded to a hurricane on September 30. Shortly thereafter, Keith began to deepen, peaked as a Category 4 hurricane less than 24 hours later. Keith began to meander erratically offshore of Belize, which weakened the storm due to land interaction. By late on October 2, Keith made landfall in Belize as a minimal hurricane, it weakened to a tropical storm, before another landfall occurred near Belize City early on the following day. While moving inland over the Yucatán Peninsula, Keith weakened further, was downgraded to a tropical depression before emerging into the Gulf of Mexico on October 4.

Once in the Gulf of Mexico, Keith began to re-strengthen and was upgraded to a tropical storm that day, a hurricane on the following day. By late on October 5, Keith made its third and final landfall near Tampico, Mexico as a moderately strong Category 1 hurricane; the storm weakened inland and dissipated as a tropical cyclone by 24 hours after landfall. Keith brought heavy rainfall to several countries in Central America, which resulted in extensive flooding in Belize and Mexico. In Guatemala, the storm flooded 10 towns, caused one fatality. One fatality occurred in El Salvador, at least 300 people were affected by flooding in that country. Thirteen communities in Nicaragua were isolated after Keith made roads impassable. Twelve deaths were reported in Nicaragua. Five people were presumed dead in Honduras; the storm brought torrential rainfall to Belize, with many areas reporting at least 10 inches of rain, while highest reported amount of precipitation was greater than 30 inches. In Belize, a village reported that only 12 houses remained, while elsewhere in the country, at least 60 homes were destroyed or damaged.

At least 19 people were killed in Belize and damages totaled to $280 million. Heavy rainfall occurred in Mexico in the states of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas. Flooding from Keith caused several mudslides and a few rivers reached historic levels. Throughout Mexico, at least 460 houses were damaged or destroyed and other losses in infrastructure occurred. In addition, one person drowned due to heavy rainfall. Damages incurred in associated with Keith in Mexico totaled to $365.9 million. Overall, Keith was responsible for $319 million in damage. On September 16, 2000 a tropical wave – an elongated area of low air pressure moving from east to west – exited the west coast of Africa, it moved westward across the Atlantic Ocean without development due to the presence of upper-level wind shear. After moving across the Caribbean Sea, a disturbance along the wave started to become better organized on September 27; the next day, a Hurricane Hunters flight indicated winds of 37 mph. The NHC estimated the depression had formed three hours earlier, about 70 mi north-northeast of Cabo Gracias a Dios.

Upon forming, the depression had good outflow. With an anticyclone over the system, the depression was expected to intensify while moving to the west-northwest, a motion caused by weak steering winds. Late on September 28, the NHC upgraded the depression to tropical storm status and named it Keith, after another Hurricane Hunters mission reported flight-level winds of 61 mph. By the time Keith became a tropical storm, it was beginning to undergo rapid deepening, fueled by warm waters, low wind shear, an organizing cloud pattern. There was uncertainty in the storm's future movement, due to a ridge in the Gulf of Mexico. Tropical cyclone prediction models differed on their assessments. After continued strengthening, Keith became a hurricane on September 30, just 18 hours after becoming a tropical storm, making it the seventh such storm of that intensity of the season; that day, an eye began developing. In a 13‑hour period beginning at 1808 UTC on September 30, Keith underwent explosive deepening, as its barometric pressure dropped at a rate of nearly 3 mbar per hour.

The NHC noted that Keith experienced conditions "ideal for strengthening", with the exception of the approaching land interaction with the Yucatán peninsula. The hurricane slowed until stalling offshore eastern Belize, caused by the ridge to the north and the precursor to Tropical Storm Leslie forming over Cuba. By early on October 1, Keith had developed a well-defined eye about 20 mi in diameter, with what the NHC described as a "spectacular appearance." That day, Hurricane Hunters estimated a minimum pressure of 939 mbar and deployed a dropsonde that observed peak wind

Labib (mascot)

Labib was the official mascot of the environment in Tunisia from 1992 until 13 April 2012, when the Minister of the Environment, Mémia El Benna, announced the end of its use. The decision to create a mascot for the environment was taken in 1992 by the Minister of the Environment Mohamed Mehdi Mlika as part of a program of education and awareness on environmental protection, it was designed by Chedly Belkhamsa. The mascot is in the form of a fennec fox, an animal found in southern Tunisia. Statues of Labib were erected in each town on streets named'Boulevard of the Environment', it was used in several awareness campaigns in schools, on television, on the radio. During the post-revolution Jebali government, Mémia El Benna made the decision to end the use of the official mascot, saying it was too tied to the former regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. On 8 May 2015, the Minister of the Environment Nejib Derouiche announced that a new mascot will replace Labib. Labib was the subject of a song by the group ZeMeKeN "Ena Esmi Labib"

Side-striped jackal

The side-striped jackal is a species of jackal, native to Central and southern Africa. Unlike its cousin, the smaller black-backed jackal, which dwells in open plains, the side-striped jackal dwells in woodland and scrub areas. Fossil remains of C. adustus date back to the Pliocene era. A mitochondrial DNA sequence alignment for the wolf-like canids gave a phylogenetic tree with the side-striped jackal and the black-backed jackal being the most basal members of this clade, which means that this tree is indicating an African origin for the clade; the side-striped jackal is a medium-sized canid, which tends to be larger on average than the black-backed jackal. Body mass ranges from 6.5 to 14 kg, head-and-body length from 69 to 81 cm and tail length from 30 to 41 cm. Shoulder height can range from 35 to 50 cm, its pelt is coloured buff-grey. The back is darker grey than the underside, the tail is black with a white tip. Indistinct white stripes are present on the flanks, running from elbow to hip.

The boldness of the markings varies between individuals, with those of adults being better defined than those of juveniles. The side-striped jackal's skull is similar to that of the black-backed jackal's, but is flatter, with a longer and narrower rostrum, its sagittal crest and zygomatic arches are lighter in build. Due to its longer rostrum, its third upper premolar lies in line with the others, rather than at an angle, its dentition is well suited to an omnivorous diet. The long, curved canines have a sharp ridge on the posterior surface, the outer incisors are canine-like, its carnassials are smaller than those of the more carnivorous black-backed jackal. Females have four inguinal teats; the side-striped jackal tends to be less carnivorous than other jackal species, is a adaptable omnivore whose dietary preferences change in accordance to seasonal and local variation. It tends to forage solitarily, though family groups of up to 12 jackals have been observed to feed together in western Zimbabwe.

In the wild, it feeds on invertebrates during the wet season and small mammals, such as the springhare, in the dry months. It scavenges from campsites and the kills of larger predators. In the wild, fruit is taken in season, while in ruralised areas, it can account for 30% of their dietary intake; the side-striped jackal tends to be comparatively less predatory when compared to other jackal species. It does not target prey exceeding the size of neonatal antelopes, one specimen was recorded to have entered a duck's pen to eat their feed, whilst ignoring the birds; the side-striped jackal lives both solitarily and in family groups of up to seven individuals. The family unit is dominated by a breeding pair; the breeding season for this species depends on. The side-striped jackal has a gestation period of 57 to 70 days, with average litter of three to six young; the young reach sexual maturity at six to eight months of age, begin to leave when 11 months old. The side-striped jackal is among the few mammal species that mate for life, forming monogamous pairs.

There are seven recognized subspecies of side-striped jackal: Canis adustus adustus – Sundevall's side-striped jackal Canis adustus bweha Canis adustus centralis Canis adustus grayi Canis adustus kaffensis – Kaffa side-striped jackal Canis adustus lateralis Canis adustus notatus – East African side-striped jackal The New Encyclopedia of Mammals edited by David Macdonald, Oxford University Press, 2001. The Velvet Claw: A Natural History of the Carnivores, by David MacDonald, BBC Books, 1992. Foxes and Wild Dogs of the World, by David Alderton, Facts on File, 2004. Wajee Nature Park

MeruPuri

MeruPuri titled MeruPuri: Märchen Prince, is a Japanese manga series by written and illustrated by Matsuri Hino. MeruPuri was serialized in Japan in LaLa magazine, was published in English by Viz Media. High school freshman Airi Hoshina's only ambition in life is to someday live in a cozy home with a loving husband and find joy in the little things in life, she revolves all her activities and hobbies around this concept including getting to school on time every day because the school legend says that the longer one's non-tardy streak is, the better boyfriend one will find. However, her mapped out life ambition is derailed when she drops a small mirror, passed down in her family for generations on her way to school. Upon returning to retrieve the trinket she discovers it in the possession a cheeky, strangely dressed 7 year-old, she at first fails to retrieve the mirror by rushing off when the first bell rings so she doesn't break her no tardy rule. When she returns and finds the boy still waiting in the same spot with the mirror, he introduces himself as Aram and says he came through the mirror and is waiting for his companion to contact him.

Realizing he is alone and thinking he is a foreigner from the embassy, Airi invites him to wait for his companion at her house so he isn't by himself in the city. She welcomes the company since her parents have been traveling abroad for several years and her grandparents vacation leaving her living in her house alone the majority of the time; the two develop a friendship as Aram likes that she treats him like any other person, he stays the night in Airi's room since his companion has yet to contact him. Airi wakes up the next morning to the surprise of her life when she finds Aram has turned into a 17-year-old overnight. Aram's companion Lei appears through Airi's mirror and explains that Aram is the youngest prince of a magic kingdom called Astale, he reveals that she is a descendant of Princess Chrisnele, considered a traitor for abandoning her kingdom for love in Airi's world. The mirror was a portal. Aram fled through a separate portal to her world because his older brother Jeile attempted to place a curse on him that would age him into an old man and seal off his magic when he is engulfed in darkness.

Aram was slow to escape the spell, a partial amount of it still took effect aging him into a teenager and making his magic exceptionally difficult to control. Lei declares that the only thing that can restore Aram to his true form is the kiss of one's most beloved maiden; as Aram is to young to have such a woman he declares that Airi, the closest thing he has had to a female friend, is his most beloved maiden. Airi is against the idea as she wants to save her first kiss for her soul mate leaving her and Aram stuck together until he turns back into his true form and can use magic again. Airi Hoshina Drama CD voice actress - Fumiko OrikasaThis 15-year-old, happy-go-lucky heroine of the story, dreams of a warm and peaceful married life like what she sees on her favorite TV drama, Tales of Marriage on the Plains, her parents work abroad, she lives with her grandparents she never sees, she would be alone if not for her two dogs and Koromi. Airi has a hand mirror in the shape of a seven-pointed star, passed down through her family since the days of her great-great-great grandmother, which can be used as a portal to the magical kingdom of Astale.

In fact, Airi's great-great-great grandmother was a traitorous princess from Astale, making her a direct descendant of the royal family. Airi's first impression of Aram is that he is a cute little boy, but he comes to stand in the way of her plans of living a normal life, her dreams of a normal marriage disappear. Because of the vows and Aram both now have matching insignias on their chests. If any man aside from Aram kisses the symbol her heart will stop beating. However, she becomes fond of Aram and realizes her feelings during their high school summer trip to the beach, where Raz tries to kill her by kissing the symbol on her chest. After that, she was devoted to Aram. Although, encounters with Aram's former fiance Mariabel causes problems when she removes Aram's memories and feelings for Airi by the help of Raz. Airi can't let Aram go as she tries to get him to remember her. Ten years after, on Aram's 17th birthday, at the ceremony of coming of age, they get married when she is at the age of 25.

Aram Drama CD voice actresses - Yuki Kaida as child Aram and Hikaru Midorikawa as adult AramA 7-year old prince of the magical kingdom of Astale, his full name is Astale Ae Daemonia Eucharista Aram. Aram came to Airi's world to avoid a spell; because Aram was slow to escape the spell and that he got hit by half of it, its effect wasn't as Jeile intended. It was supposed to age Aram to an old man overnight in the dark, but it ends up growing him into a 17-year-old whenever he is in darkness; the only way to return him to his proper form is with a kiss from his most beloved maiden, whom he determines to be Airi. He is always quick to proclaim his everlasting love for her, much to Airi's chagrin at first; when Aram had his memories removed by the box Raz gave Mariabel, he becomes aloof and indifferent towards Airi, However, he feels disturbed around her and doesn't know why. But he kisses Airi once more and returns to his original form, confirming Airi's love for him and she is his most beloved.

Aram enjoys teasing Airi, for instance whe

Swimming at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Women's 100 metre butterfly

The women's 100 metre butterfly event at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on 9–11 August at the Beijing National Aquatics Center in Beijing, China. Top favorite Lisbeth Trickett powered past the entire field to earn Australia's second straight gold in the event, she posted a lifetime best of 56.73, just 0.12 of a second outside the world record set by Dutch swimmer Inge de Bruijn at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. U. S. swimmer Christine Magnuson took home the silver in 57.10, while Trickett's teammate Jessicah Schipper picked up the bronze in 57.25, handing an entire medal haul for the Aussies in the pool. China's Zhou Yafei finished fourth with a time of 57.84, while Tao Li made a historic milestone for Singapore as she became the nation's first swimmer to reach an Olympic final, earning a fifth spot in 57.99. Meanwhile, Great Britain's Jemma Lowe, Brazil's Gabriella Silva, Netherlands' Inge Dekker closed out the field. Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were.

Official Olympic Report