Nationalencyklopedin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nationalencyklopedin Nationalencyklopedin logo.svg
Nationalencyklopedin.jpg
Volumes 1–10 of 20, 1989–1996
CountrySweden
LanguageSwedish
SubjectGeneral
OCLC185256473

Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish: [natɧʊ²nɑːlɛnsʏklʊpɛˌdiːn]; "The National Encyclopedia" in English), abbreviated NE, is a comprehensive contemporary Swedish-language encyclopedia, initiated by a favourable loan from the Government of Sweden of 17 million Swedish kronor in 1980, which was repaid by December 1990.[1] The printed version consists of 20 volumes with 172,000 articles; the Internet version comprises 260,000 articles (as of June 2005).

History[edit]

The project was born in 1980, when a government committee suggested that negotiations be initiated with various publishers; this stage was finished in August 1985, when Bra Böcker [sv] in Höganäs became the publisher responsible for the project. The project specifications were for a modern reference work based on a scientific paradigm incorporating gender and environmental issues.

Pre-orders for the work were unprecedented; before the first volume was published in December 1989, 54,000 customers had ordered the encyclopedia; the last volume came out in 1996, with three supplemental volumes in 2000.

Associated with the Nationalencyklopedin project are also:

  • NE:s Ordbok, a dictionary in three volumes (1995–1996)
  • NE:s Årsband, complementary volumes concerning current events and fast changing information distributed annually since 1997
  • NE:s Sverigeatlas, an atlas of Sweden (1998)
  • NE:s Världsatlas, a world atlas (1998)
  • NE-spelet, a quiz game with 8,000 questions (1999)

In 1997, the first digital form of the encyclopedia was released on 6 CD-ROMs (later on DVD as well), and in 2000 as an Internet subscription service; the online version contains the dictionary as well as an updated version of the original encyclopedia. It has 356,000 entries, 183,000 of which are encyclopedic articles; the service has been completed with several features not available in the printed version, such as a Swedish–English dictionary.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Svenska uppslagsverk: Nationalencyklopedin, accessed on July 22, 2009 ‹See Tfd›(in Swedish)

External links[edit]