The Natural Law Party is a transnational party founded in 1992 on "the principles of Transcendental Meditation", the laws of nature, their application to all levels of government. At its peak, it was active in up to 74 countries; the party defines "natural law" as the organizing intelligence. The Natural Law Party advocates using the Transcendental Meditation technique and the TM-Sidhi program as tools to enliven natural law and reduce or eliminate problems in society. Prominent candidates included John Hagelin for U. S. president and Doug Henning as representative of Rosedale, Canada. George Harrison performed a benefit concert in support of the party in 1992. Electoral success was achieved by the Ajeya Bharat Party in India, which elected a legislator to the state assembly, the Croatian NLP, which elected a member of their regional assembly in 1993. In the USA its organization was reported to rival that of other "established third parties". According to the Maharishi, the Natural Law Party was first founded in the United Kingdom in March 1992 and was established in the United States, Austria, Croatia, Japan, the Netherlands, Australia, Sweden, New Zealand, Chile and Canada.
The American branch of the party was founded that year in Fairfield, Iowa U. S. A. by educators, business leaders and other supporters of the Transcendental Meditation movement. The party was active in many countries and delegates from 60 countries attended an international convention in Bonn, Germany in 1998; the party became inactive in the United States in 2004 and was discontinued in the Netherlands in 2007. The party had its foundation in the principles of Transcendental Meditation and was committed to "prevention oriented government and conflict free politics" through holistic health programs and the practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique. In Scotland and Wales, party advertisements proclaimed that "natural law which silently governs the whole universe in perfect order and without a problem." The Scotland and Wales branch of the party promised reduced pollution, the elimination of genetically modified crops and an increase in sustainable agriculture. They supported free college education and the use of the Transcendental Meditation technique in the school system.
In the UK, NLP candidate Geoffrey Clements advocated the use of Transcendental Meditation and the TM-Sidhi program's yogic flying practice to reduce crime and war deaths. In the U. S. A, its platform included clean energy, labeling of genetically modified foods, a ban on the construction of nuclear energy plants, an end to political action committees. The Natural Law Party was reported to be active in 74 countries including Australia, Belgium, Croatia, France, India, Israel, New Zealand, the Netherlands and Tobago, the United Kingdom and the United States. In 1993, Bevan Morris campaigned for a seat in a district in suburban Adelaide for the Australian House of Representatives on the NLP ticket; the party contested several federal and state elections between 1990 and 1998. The Natural Law Party was active in the Canadian federal elections of 1993, 1997 and 2000 and in provincial elections in Ontario and Quebec during this period, before it was deregistered in 2003. In Croatia a party member was elected to a regional assembly in 1993.
Benoît Frappé of France was the party's candidate for the European Parliament. The Natural Law Party in India is known as Invincible India Party, it promotes a Vedic way of life. It was formed in late 1998 as the political wing of the Maharishi Vedic Vishwa Prashasan, which had nominated thirty-four candidates in the February 1998 parliamentary election from Madhya Pradesh; the Maharishi was said to be "keenly interested" in building a political base in his native province. The MVVP received 0.28% of the vote in its first election. Mukesh Nayak left the cabinet and the Congress Party to assume the leadership of the Madhya Pradesh MVVP. For the November 1998 election, the Ajeya Bharat had a list of 100 candidates for the Assembly, it won one seat in the 320-member state assembly. The following year, that member switched parties. In 2008, Nayak left the party to rejoin the Congress Party. In 2009, the Ajeya Bharat Party president, Ambati Krishnamurthy, filed a complaint against another party for using a flag similar to its own.
The Natural Law Party was based in Dublin. The party leader was John Burns, one of nine Natural Law Party candidates in the 1997 general election. In addition, there were four candidates in the European elections of 1999. Burns endorsed the alternative health system of Maharishi Vedic Approach to Health and the five European candidates gained about 0.5% of first-preference votes cast. Burns, who contested the 1999 Dublin South-Central by-election, spent only £163 on his campaign. After 1999, the party ceased to field candidates in Ireland; the amount of corporate political donations in 2000 was nil. The Natural Law Party of Israel was a minor political party in Israel, its leader was Amihai Rokah. In the 1992 elections the Natural Law Party won 1,734 votes, in the 1999 elections, won 2,924 votes, both below the 1.5% electoral threshold required to enter the Knesset. It has not run in an election since and its website states it has ceased political activity, but as of 2018 it is still registered as a party i
The 2019 Wellington City mayoral election was part of the New Zealand local elections and was be held on 12 October to determine who would serve as Mayor of Wellington for the next three-year term. It was won by Andy Foster by 62 votes. Key dates for the election were: 1 July: Electoral Commission enrolment campaign began. 19 July: Nominations opened for candidates. Rolls opened for inspection. 16 August: Nominations closed at 12 noon. Rolls closed. 21 August: Election date and candidates' names announced. 20 to 25 September: Voting documents delivered to households. Electors could post the documents back to electoral officers as soon. 12 October: Polling day. Voting documents had to be at council. Preliminary results were to be available as soon. 17 to 23 October: Official results, including all valid ordinary and special votes, declared. A total of nine candidates sought the mayoralty position in 2019. Local promoter Phil Sprey offered funding of $10,000 to the campaign for a viable candidate to run against Lester, stating Lester was "killing Wellington", but he was not interested in running himself.
Lester responded by saying Sprey was "all talk". Former councillor Bryan Weyburne and local businessman Digby Paape accepted Sprey's offer and formed the Wellington First Party which would focus on transportation issues and was critical of the amounts of ratepayer money spent on cycle ways. Paape did not run for mayor. Incumbent Mayor Justin Lester launched his re-election campaign in March at the Te Wharewaka function centre to a crowd of supporters and Labour Party faithful, he announced a series of promises for his second term including removing private vehicle access to Wellington City's golden mile which encompasses Lambton Quay, Willis Street and Courtenay Place. Other policies proposed by Lester included ending homelessness by increasing supported living units and establishing a'Welcome Home' package for refugees which would grant new arrivals to the city free access to council facilities. On 12 July 2019 the formation of a new centre-right political grouping'The Wellington Party' was announced.
The new party fielded candidates for both the Wellington City Council and Wellington Regional Council with policies around expenditure cuts, improvement to the bus network and reduction of cycleway construction. The Wellington Party claimed to have polling data showing low approval ratings for both Lester and his grasp on the city's issues. Lester said he welcomed the new party stating it was good for democracy to have an open exchange of ideas; the party was created by members of the National Party. It subsumed the proposed Wellington First party. Near the end of July, Conor Hill called for council-owned golf courses to be reduced in size to free-up land for housing in an attempt to mitigate the housing crisis. Lester and other Labour Party representatives voiced opposition to the proposals, saying the city's green town belt needed protecting. Hill launched a series of policies including a switch to land value-based rates, establishing light rail and cancelling council funding for airport runway extensions and convention centres.
August saw a series of late entries to the mayoral race and increasing criticism from councilors of the direction of the city under Lester's leadership. Diane Calvert, on announcing her bid for the mayoralty, said that "The city just hasn't moved forward. No one likes to say that about their city... but I think its got to the stage now where we've got to be open and transparent about things." The Wellington Party withdrew its plans to stand a mayoral candidate for fear of splitting the centre-right vote, instead encouraged supporters to vote for Calvert. Andy Foster, a councilor since 1992, made his bid for the mayoralty than most with the support of director Peter Jackson, opposed to the proposed development at Shelly Bay which included plans for new housing and retail space. Jackson stated. In September candidates' hoardings began to appear around the city. In an interview with the Dominion Post, three former mayors voiced their concern around the trajectory of Wellington. Lester's immediate predecessor, Celia Wade-Brown, said.
Mark Blumsky defended his sale of the council asset Capital Power while he was mayor, suggested that the council look at asset sales now as an alternative method of acquiring revenue to reinvest in Civic Square. Wade-Brown and Kerry Prendergast identified a poor transport system, uncertainty around infrastructure projects and traffic as the primary issues hurting Wellington's reputation. In September, the Wellington branch of the New Zealand Council of Trade Unions released endorsements concerning races throughout the Wellington region. Candidates who were, in the opinion of Unions Wellington, deemed to be "strong, progressive candidates who put working people first" received an endorsement. Justin Lester, Conor Hill and Norbert Hausberg were all recommended as potential'progressive' mayors while it was urged that Jenny Condie and Andy Foster be ranked last by voters. Preliminary data on turnout indicates; this would be lower than the previous election in 2016, which saw 45.6% turnout, but similar to the 2013 and 2010 elections.
In a result that shocked many, Andy Foster beat incumbent Justin Lester on the final iteration by 62 votes, after votes for Calvert were transferred to Foster. This was thought to be the closest result in a Wellington mayoral
Since the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, the Royal Canadian Mint has struck Summer and Winter Olympic coins to mark Games held in Canada. Most numismatists agree that the first true numismatic collection was the Olympic Five and Ten Dollar coins for the 1976 Montreal Olympics. Starting in February 1973, the Royal Canadian Mint engaged in a ambitious program. At the behest of the federal government, led by then-Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, it was agreed that these coins would help finance and commemorate the 1976 Summer Olympics; the plan was to have thirty coins, twenty-eight silver coins with face values of $5 and $10, two gold coins. This would signify the first time that the RCM issued coins with face values of $5 and $10; these coins would be categorized into seven series with each series configured into four coin sets. The seven series were constituted as follows: Geographic Olympic Motifs Early Canadian Sports Olympic Track and Field Sports Olympic Water Sports Olympic Team and Body Contact Sports Olympic SouvenirsThe $10 denomination coins have a gross weight of 48.600 grams while the $5 denomination coins have a gross weight of 24.300 grams.
Each coin is 92.5% silver for a net silver weight of 44.955 grams and 22.478 grams of silver respectively. A key highlight of these coins were the unique finishes. All 28 coins were styled in a similar fashion; the top aspect of the coin had the Olympic logo, its denomination, the wording in the same spot. The finishes consisted of two different styles; the first finish was a frosted effect which adorned the coin. The second finish was a proof finish, which consisted of frosted lettering and a design set off against a brilliant mirror field; the RCM had to obtain special equipment to achieve the desired finish. A limited number of the $5 and $10 coins were sold by the bank in styrofoam packing and the coins were NOT encapsulated; the coins could be purchased loose, individually Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 Series 4 Series 5 Series 6 Series 7 100 Dollar Gold Heading into the 1980s, the Olympics would return to Canada. The city of Calgary would host the 1988 Winter Olympics. Starting in 1985, the Federal Government, under the leadership of then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, issued a ten coin set to help finance and commemorate the Olympic games.
In similar style to the Montreal Olympics, the RCM would introduce coins with a face value that had never been used before. Said coins would feature a $20 face value; these coins were issued in Proof quality only, were sold with the partnership of the Royal Bank of Canada. Unlike the Montreal coins, mintage was limited to 5,000,000 coins and this would mark the first time that any silver coin had edge lettering on it. Said lettering was'XV OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES - JEUX D'OLYMPIQUES D'HIVER.' There are existing varieties. The 10 coins were available in a green felt case with an Olympic logo on the outside and a Royal Canadian Mint medallion on the inside; the cost was $370. The medallion could be removed and the gold coin, offered separately, could be placed into its place; the numbered and signed Certificate of Authenticity was included in the cases internal cover recess. The entire case was fit into a white cardboard sleeve with the Olympic logo on the outside. One Hundred Dollar Gold The International Olympic Committee decided to commemorate the Centennial of the Olympic Games by issuing a coin set.
This was a collaborative effort with five Mints contributing coins. The first three coins were issued by the RCM in 1992; the other Mints included Austria, Australia and Greece. Two of the coins were silver with a face value of $15 while the third coin was gold and had a face value of $175; the $15 coins were sold individually or in a set. The individual coins were packaged in a burgundy leatherette case while the set was featured in a wooden display case. Both $15 coins featured lettering on its edge: CITIUS, ALTIUS, FORTIUS; the $175 coin featured a Certificate of Authenticity signed by Juan Antonio Samaranch. The lettering on its edge was the same as the lettering found on the silver coins. There are a few rare examples of these coins with a plain edge; these plain edge coins were once held by the investment firm responsible for the $50 million Ohio Coingate Scandal. For the first time, the 2010 Olympic Lucky Loonie does not have a loon on it, instead has the 2010 Vancouver winter Olympic symbol ilanaaq, an inukshuk.
First Strikes The Vancouver 2010 Olympic Circulation Coin Program consists of 17 coins: 15 quarters and 2 Loonies. The D. G. Regina inscription will be removed from the Queen's effigy, making the 25-cent coins one of the few "godless circulating coins", a rare event in Canadian coinage; the first circulating $1 coin will be dated 2008 but the obverse will be the standard effigy of Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt with the wording "ELIZABETH II" and "D. G. REGINA" with the Circle M privy mark. 2007 Five different Olympic commemoratives were minted for circulation. All of these coins were made available at service stations, encapsulated on a credit card-sized card. Many pressings of the Alpine Skiing coin released to service stations and to special 2010 Winter Olympic "coin boards" in October 2007 were the victim of a pressing error called a mule, with a 2008 obverse accidentally minted rather than the expected 2007. According to the Royal Canadian Mint, "sports cards" and 10,000 "coin board" sets were released with the error before it was caught..
A similar mule occurred with the Wheelchair C
Southern Football Club is a football club from Kingston, Australia. They compete in the Southern Championship of the Football Federation Tasmania; the club was formed in 2009 by the merger of two existing clubs, Kingston Cannons and Christian United. Rapid FC was founded in 1958. Rapid was successful during its life winning the State Championship 4 times, the Southern Premiership 5 times. For a brief period in the 1980s, due to sponsorship reasons, they were known as Rapid-Wrest Point, before switching back, they played their final match in 1996, being relegated in the process to the Southern League 2. The name was changed and the club reformed as Kingston Cannons, they won the Southern League 2 and were promoted back to the League 1. At the end of the 2009 season, Kingston Cannons merged with Christian United to form Southern FC. In 2013 they won the Southern League 1 title and were runners up in 2014 gaining promotion into the Southern Championship; as of the 2017 season, Southern FC had an under-14s boys' team, under-15s boys' team, a women's team, a social team and a men's reserve and seniors team.
Honours as Southern FC: Southern League 1 Runners-up 2014 Southern League 1 Premiers 2013Honours as Rapid: State Championship: 1976, 1979, 1980, 1982 Southern Premierships: 1958, 1961, 1964, 1976, 1982 Southern Premier Runners-up: 1959, 1962, 1974, 1983, 1984 KO Cup Winners: 1974, 1979, 1980, 1984 Summer Cup Runners-up: 1984 Falkinder Cup Runners-up: 1958 Association Cup Winners: 1961, 1965 Ascot Gold Cup Winners: 1961 DJ Trophy Winners: 1977 Cadbury Trophy Winners: 1982, 1983 Cadbury Trophy Runners-up: 1979, 1980, 1984
1984 Network Liberty Alliance is a loose group of software programmers, social activists and militants, interested in computers and networks and considering them tools to empower and link the various actors of the social movement around the world. They are part of the hacktivism movement; the group was formed in November 1984, during a "debriefing" workshop of the European Peace Marches on the Hartmannswillerkopf in Alsace, following the struggle against the installation of Pershing II and SS-20 nuclear missiles in Germany. From 1978 to 1985, this European-wide peace movement had mobilized millions of citizens, protesting the arms race, the growth of military spending and joining in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. In reference to George Orwell's novel 1984 and to the Rebel Alliance of the movie Star Wars, the group chose the name 1984 Network Liberty Alliance. Founders are André Gorz, French philosopher, Dov Lerner, MIT computer graduate and disciple of Saul Alinsky, as well as Gregoire Seither, free radio activist, Frauke Hahn who had led the woman's resistance at Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp, David Szwarc from the Israeli Peace movement and Adama Drasiweni, computer graduate from the University of London, future founder of N'DA, Africa's first independent telecom company.
Other members, like Australian co-founder of Indymedia Matthew Arnison, south-African anti-apartheid militant Peter Makema and Israeli peace activists Uri Avnery and Michel Warchawsky, joined on. All were active in various social movements and peace initiatives in Europe and the USA; when Richard Stallman published the GNU Manifesto in March 1985 and called for participation and support, Dov Lerner and Gregor Seither started organizing regular meetings and workshops in order to train activists in the use of information technology and gather support for the Free Software movement. Adama Drasiweni, owner of a computer business in London, set up similar workshops in Kibera, a giant slum outside of Nairobi, Kenya. In France, the Alliance used the network of the Maisons de l'Informatique, set up under the presidency of François Mitterrand as well as the computer labs of Paris University, who access to academic networks and Billboard Systems; the group ran a number of BBS, among them'Pom-Pom', devoted to the Apple Macintosh and'PeaceNet', an "electronic pow-wow" to help social activists and community organizers exchange information around the world, offering free mail accounts and file hosting services.
Soon the issues of free speech, software patents, civil rights and surveillance became some of the major topics addressed by the Alliance, the group being accused of hacking and fork software. One of the BBS run by the group'Gaia rising', was accused by the German government of being a meeting point for radical environmental activists as well as anarchists; the Liberty Alliance was active in the popular worldwide resistance to Multilateral Agreement on Investments in the mid-1990s, networking multiple groups and providing "open cyberspaces" for activists to share information and experience. In the summer of 1998 the first alternative media centre was set up in a bus in Birmingham, United Kingdom during the Global Street Party, an international day of protest and festive actions coinciding with the 24th G8 Summit; the alternative media centres provided interpretation and language services to international militant meetings, like during the July 1999 Global Carnival against Capitalism, or J18 London, a giant rally and party in the heart of the London City, meant as a counter-summit to the 25th G8 Summit in Köln, Germany.
Members of the team travelled to the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999 in Seattle to set up an alternative media centre during the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999 protest activity. The project joined with that of other media activists and, out of the necessity to bypass the corporate media and report on a WTO conference but to show how one could bypass corporate software, the independent media agency Indymedia was born. Language diversity and the lack of interpreters led a number of activists to start thinking about a way to help militants from around the world to bridge the language barrier. Three years during the 27th G8 summit in Genoa, this would lead to the creation of the Babels network of volunteer interpreters and translators for linguistic diversity and social change. Members of the Network Liberty Alliance have worked on social IT projects in North America, Central America, the Middle-East as well as in the Asia Pacific region and Africa; when the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, another member of the Alliance, Stefan Ostrowsky, transferred "NET Bude", a community IT training centre to East-Berlin, thus becoming the first'Cybercafe' behind the iron curtain.
Milw0rm Anti-nuclear movement BASTIAN, Gerd. "Hacktivists in the Peace Movement, a new alliance". Peace Now - Journal of the CND-UK. Birmingham UK: CND. 1: 94. Anonymous, J18 1999 Our resistance is as transnational as capital, Days of Dissent, 2004. Anonymous, Friday June 18th 1999, Confronting Capital And Smashing The State!, article in Do or Die 8. Wat Tyler, Dancing at the Edge of Chaos: a Spanner in the Works of Global Capitalism, in, Notes From Nowhere We Are Everywhere: the Irresistible Rise of Global Anticapitalism188-195. Verso, London/New York 2003 ISBN 1-85984-447-2 Complete list of actions worldwide J18 Timeline London
George Washington Carver School District was a majority-black school district in Royal Oak Township, Michigan. It separated from the Clinton School District in 1945. In 1960 Governor of Michigan G. Mennen Williams consolidated the Carver School District, along with its elementary school, into the Oak Park School District because the Carver district no longer had sufficient taxes to pay for a senior high school services, no area school districts voluntarily took its students for high school. In 1959 Detroit Public Schools stopped accepting high school students from Carver because Carver owed DPS $125,053.67 in tuition and because DPS's own schools became overcrowded. At the time 24 teenagers at the 9th grade level resided in the Carver district