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Natural history of Africa

The natural history of Africa encompasses some of the well known megafauna of that continent. Natural history is the study and description of organisms and natural objects their origins and interrelationships; the vegetation of Africa follows closely the distribution of heat and moisture. The northern and southern temperate zones have a flora distinct from that of the continent, tropical. In the countries bordering the Mediterranean, there are groves of orange and olive trees, evergreen oaks, cork trees and pines, intermixed with cypresses, myrtles and fragrant tree-heaths. South of the Atlas Range the conditions alter; the zones of minimum rainfall have a scanty flora, consisting of plants adapted to resist the great dryness. Characteristic of the Sahara is the date palm, which flourishes where other vegetation can scarcely maintain existence, while in the semidesert regions the acacia, from which gum arabic is obtained, is abundant; the more humid regions have a richer vegetation. Forests occur on the humid slopes of mountain ranges up to a certain elevation.

In the coast regions the typical tree is the mangrove, which flourishes wherever the soil is of a swamp character. The dense forests of West Africa contain, in addition to a great variety of hardwoods, two palms, Elaeis guineensis and Raphia vinifera, not found speaking, in the savanna regions. Bombax or silk-cotton trees attain gigantic proportions in the forests, which are the home of the India rubber-producing plants and of many valuable kinds of timber trees, such as odum, mahogany and camwood; the climbing plants in the tropical forests are exceedingly luxuriant and the undergrowth or "bush" is dense. In the savannas the most characteristic trees are the monkey bread tree or baobab, doum palm and euphorbias; the coffee plant grows wild in such separated places as Liberia and southern Ethiopia. The higher mountains have a special flora showing close agreement over wide intervals of space, as well as affinities with the mountain flora of the eastern Mediterranean, the Himalaya and Indo-China.

In the swamp regions of north-east Africa papyrus and associated plants, including the soft-wooded ambach, flourished in immense quantities, little else is found in the way of vegetation. South Africa is destitute of forest save in the lower valleys and coast regions. Tropical flora disappears, in the semi-desert plains the fleshy, contorted species of kapsias, mesembryanthemums and other succulent plants make their appearance. There are, valuable timber trees, such as the Yellow-wood, sneezewood or Cape ebony and ironwood. Extensive miniature woods of heaths are found in endless variety and covered throughout the greater part of the year with innumerable blossoms in which red is prevalent. Of the grasses of Africa alfa is abundant in the plateaus of the Atlas range; the fauna again shows the effect of the characteristics of the vegetation. The open savannas are the home of large ungulates antelopes, the giraffe, buffalo, wild donkey and four species of rhinoceros; the okapi is found only in the dense forests of the Congo basin.

Bears are confined to the Atlas region and foxes to North Africa. The elephant is found both in the savannas and forest regions, the latter being otherwise poor in large game, though the special habitat of the chimpanzee and gorilla. Baboons and mandrills, with few exceptions, are peculiar to Africa; the single-humped camel, as a domestic animal, is characteristic of the northern deserts and steppes. The rivers in the tropical zone abound with hippopotami and crocodiles, the former confined to Africa; the vast herds of game so characteristic of many parts of Africa, have much diminished with the increase of intercourse with the interior. Game reserves have, been established in South Africa, British Central Africa, British East Africa, etc. while measures for the protection of wild animals were laid down in an international convention signed in May 1900. The ornithology of northern Africa presents a close resemblance to that of southern Europe, scarcely a species being found which does not occur in the other countries bordering the Mediterranean.

Among the birds most characteristic of Africa are the ostrich and the secretary-bird. The ostrich is dispersed, but is found chiefly in the desert and steppe regions; the secretary-bird is common in the south. The weaver birds and their allies, including the long-tailed whydahs, are abundant, as are, among game-birds, the francolin and guineafowl. Many of the smaller birds, such as the sunbirds, bee-eaters, the parrots and kingfishers, as well as the larger plantain-eaters, are noted for the brilliance of their feathers. Of reptiles the lizard and chameleon are common, there are a number of venomous snakes, though these are not so numerous as in other tropical countries; the scorpion is abundant. Of insects Africa has many thousand different kinds.

Watts Mill Bridge

The Watts Mill Bridge is a pin-connected Pratt pony truss bridge located over the Little Beaver Creek in Cannelton, United States. The bridge was constructed in 1878 by the West Penn Bridge Company, based in nearby Beaver Falls PA; the bridge is located in a valley a quarter mile north of the North Country Trail. The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988; when the bridge was given this designation by the NRHP, it was known as the Bridge in South Beaver Township. It is the only bridge in Beaver County on the National Register for itself, although the Bridgewater-Rochester Bridge over the Beaver River is part of the Bridgewater Historic District in Bridgewater to the south. In 2004, the bridge, becoming rusty and falling into disrepair and considered for demolition by PennDOT, was placed on the Top Ten Best Historic Preservation Opportunities in the Pittsburgh Area by the Young Preservationists Association of Pittsburgh. No major renovations have been done to the bridge.

List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania National Register of Historic Places listings in Beaver County, Pennsylvania

Samu Martínez

José Samuel "Samu" Martínez Lorente is a Spanish footballer who plays for Novelda CF as a midfielder. Samu was born in Province of Alicante. A product of local Elche CF's youth system, he made his senior debuts with the reserves in the 2011–12 campaign. On 18 May 2014 Samu played his first match as a professional, coming on as a late substitute in a 1–3 La Liga loss at Sevilla FC. On 29 January 2016, he renewed his contract until 2017, being loaned to CF Reus Deportiu in Segunda División B. On 2 August 2016, Samu rescinded his contract with the Franjiverdes, signed for Lorca FC the following day. Samu at BDFutbol Samu at Soccerway

Bahay Kubo: A Pinoy Mano Po!

Bahay Kubo: A Pinoy Mano Po! is a 2007 Regal Films movie starring Maricel Soriano and Eric Quizon. The movie was one of the official entries of the Metro Manila Film Festival; the story setting is patterned after Mano Po's theme Eden, lives in a bahay kubo in the middle of a farm near a river, with Lola Ida and her friend Marang. One day, after her regular routine of selling her produce in the market, she finds Lily, she decides to adopt Lily finds and adopted Dahlia. Soon after, the number of children increases, earning jealous eyes and DSWD officials trying to intervene, but it is foiled when Eden's friends help by claiming some of the children as theirs. Marang, who has a racket by posing as an extra or cameo in films shot in their town, puts her in a date with Perry, blind, they marry and live on the bahay kubo. Perry leaves for Manila, after creating the Garden of Eden, her flower stall, he returns sharing good news that they could emigrate to Manila. They live a rich life, hiring Jake as a gardener, having the children enter prestigious schools.

Their problems start when her husband is forced to hide. This causes their house to be foreclosed and they drive to their old home, returning to selling plants and other homegrown items. However, the worst is to come; the adopted child's parents claim them back. JR is trying to find his parents. Dahlia tries to be an actress. Rose and Lily argue for their mother's affection, the former leaves home after her mother sides with the latter. Ida dies of old age, leaving JR and Marang to be Eden's counsellors. One day and Habagat decide to marry and Lily reveals that she competed against Rose for Eden's affection. Rose receives a letter from her father during a shift in a fast food restaurant, apologizing what he has done to his family. Many days Eden is disturbed by Marang that Dahlia had become an actress, which slumps Eden further. Overnight, while she is sleeping, she decides to go out; the carolers are her own her children and her husband begged for forgiveness, which she accepts. Maricel Soriano as Eden The wife of Perry, the adopted mother of Lily, Dahlia, JR, Jasmine and Daisy, the biological mother of Rose.

Eric Quizon as Perry The husband of Eden, the adopted father of Lily, Dahlia, JR, Jasmine and Daisy, the biological father of Rose. Eugene Domingo as Marang The best friend of Eden and the wife of Habagat. Gloria Romero as Lola Ida The mother of Eden, the adopted grandmother of Lily, Dahlia, JR, Jasmine and Daisy, the biological grandmother of Rose. Shaina Magdayao as Rose The only biological daughter of Eden and Perry, the biological granddaughter of Ida, the step-sibling of Lily, Dahlia, JR, Jasmine and Daisy, she always has a rivalry on Lily. She hates Cholo so much because he kept on annoying her. Marian Rivera as Lily The first daughter Eden adopted, she always has a rivalry on Rose. Yasmien Kurdi as Dahlia The second daughter Eden adopted whose ambition was to become a famous actress. Jiro Manio as JR The third person and only son Eden adopted. Isabella de Leon as Jasmine Along with her biological sister Violet, she is the fourth person and third daughter Eden adopted. Rita Iringan as Violet Along with her biological sister Jasmine, she is the fourth person and third daughter Eden adopted.

Sam Bumatay as Daisy The fifth and last person Eden adopted and is the youngest among her seven siblings. Rayver Cruz as Cholo A classmate of Rose who kept annoying her. Mark Herras as Jake A classmate of Lily. Bearwin Meily as Habagat The husband of Marang. AJ Perez † as Daniel Cholo's best friend. Bela Padilla as Janet Rose's best friend and a classmate of Cholo and Daniel. Anita Linda as Amelia The wife of houses. Malou Crisologo as Aling Tiny Another friend of Marang. Karla Estrada as Loida The biological mother of Jasmin at Violet Mara Schnttika as Young Lily A classmate of Jake who kept stalking her. Jane Oineza as Young Rose A classmate of Cholo who kept annoying her. Mano Po Mano Po Mano Po 2 Mano Po III: My Love Ako Legal Wife Mano Po 5: Gua Ai Di Mano Po 6: A Mother's Love Mano Po 7: Tsinoy Bahay kubo: A pinoy mano po! on IMDb

John Hippisley (1530–1570)

John Hippisley was an English barrister and politician. Born in Ston Easton, Somerset, he was the son of Agnes Aleyn, his father had acquired the manor of Ston Easton from the Crown in 1544, for £500. John became a senior lawyer at the Middle Temple in London and was described by Dr Hubert Hall in his social study Society in the Elizabethan Age as "perhaps the most successful country practitioner of his time", he made a contribution towards the cost of building the Middle Temple Hall, the expressions of gratitude from the Masters of the Bench suggest that he gave a considerable sum. John represented Wells as Member of Parliament between 1562 and 1566 after serving as MP for Bridport and was Recorder of Bristol – the City's senior Judge – from 1551 until his death. In 1559 he bought the manor of Whitnell, where his grandfather had been tenant and bailiff, in 1561 he bought the manor of Cameley and built Cameley Court. With his mother Agnes still living in the manor house at Ston Easton, managing the estate there, John seems to have preferred to live at Cameley, is described as being "of Cameley" in the 1623 Visitation of Somersetshire.

In 1564 John obtained a coat of arms, in 1570 he bought the manor of Emborough. John's career was cut short when he died, aged just 40, on 12 August 1570, he was buried in Cameley nine days and was succeeded by his son called John. Some Notes on the Hippisley Family, A. E. Hippisley & I. FitzRoy Jones, Wessex Press 1952 Detailed history of the Hippisley family

4727th Air Defense Group

The 4727th Air Defense Group is a discontinued United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with the Syracuse Air Defense Sector at Griffiss Air Force Base, New York, where it was discontinued in 1959; the group was formed to provide a single command and support organization for the two fighter interceptor squadrons of Air Defense Command, that were tenants at Griffiss, an Air Materiel Command base. It was assigned a maintenance squadron to perform aircraft maintenance, it was discontinued after the 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron moved in 1959, leaving only a single fighter squadron at Griffiss. The group was established to provide a headquarters for Air Defense Command Fighter-Interceptor Squadrons stationed at Griffiss Air Force Base, an Air Materiel Command base, whose Rome Air Force Depot and 2856th Air Base Wing acted as host base organizations for the group; the 4727th was assigned the 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, flying Lockheed F-94 Starfire aircraft and 465th FIS, flying Northrop F-89 Scorpions as its operational components.

The interceptor aircraft assigned to these squadrons were armed with Mighty Mouse rockets. The F-89s were armed with Falcon missiles or Genie rockets. All assigned aircraft were equipped with data link for interception control through the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment system The 27th and 465th FIS were stationed at Griffiss and had been assigned to the 4711th Air Defense Wing. Group aircraft maintenance was centralized in the 606th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron, activated at Griffiss in August; the 27th FIS converted to Convair F-102 Delta Daggers in the fall of 1957. In July 1959 The 465th FIS and the 49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, stationed at Hanscom Air Force Base, swapped equipment and stations; the group was discontinued when the 27th FIS moved to Loring Air Force Base, Maine in October 1959, leaving only a single operational ADC squadron at Griffiss. The 49th FIS was assigned directly to the Syracuse Air Defense Sector, the 606th CAMS was inactivated. Designated as 4727th Air Defense Group and organized on 8 February 1957Discontinued on 15 October 1959 32d Air Division, 8 February 1957 – 1 August 1958 Syracuse Air Defense Sector, 1 August 1958 – 15 October 1959 Griffiss Air Force Base, New York, 8 February 1957 – 15 October 1959 27th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 October 1959 49th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 1 July 1959 −15 October 1959 465th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, 8 February 1957 – 1 July 1959 606th Consolidated Aircraft Maintenance Squadron 8 August 1957 - 1 July 1959 Col. Frank J. Keller, by 1 January 1958 - after 31 December 1958 North American F-89H Sabre, 1957-1959 Northrop F-89J Scorpion, 1957-1959 Lockheed F-94C Starfighter, 1957 Convair F-102A Delta Dagger, 1957-1959 Aerospace Defense Command Fighter Squadrons F-89 Scorpion units of the United States Air Force F-94 Starfire units of the United States Air Force Cornett, Lloyd H.

A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946–1980. Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Further reading Leonard, Barry. History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense. Vol II, 1955-1972. Fort McNair, DC: Center for Military History. ISBN 978-1-43792-131-1