Olympia-Stadion (Berlin U-Bahn)
Olympia-Stadion is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 line in the Westend district. It serves Berlin's Olympic Stadium, where football matches and other events are held; the station is located around 500 m from the S-Bahn station with a similar name, whose name - without hyphen - more reflects that of the Olympic Stadium. The station Stadion was opened on 8 June 1913, together with the Deutsches Stadion, predecessor of the Olympic Stadium. Due to World War I, the 1916 Summer Olympics, for which the building of the stadium was intended, were cancelled and regular train service at the Stadion station was not available until 1922. Subsequent to Berlin's successful application for the 1936 Summer Olympics, the renowned U-Bahn architect Alfred Grenander redesigned the building and the station was named Reichssportfeld. On 15 February 1944, it was directly hit by the air raids. From 1950 on, the station was called Olympia-Stadion; the building was extensively restored in preparation of the 2006 FIFA World Cup and received blue pillars and benches, according to the colours of the local Hertha BSC Berlin football club
Kottbusser Tor (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kottbusser Tor is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 1, U 3 and U 8. Many Berliners use the affectionate term Kotti, it is located in central Kreuzberg. The area has a bad reputation for the high drug-related crime rate, instances of which have become quite rare in most other parts of the district; the original Kottbusser Tor was a southern city gate of Berlin. The station on the first Berlin U-Bahn line from Potsdamer Platz to Stralauer Tor was opened on 18 February 1902 on a viaduct above Skalitzer Straße; when in 1926 the U8 was built, a new two-level station was constructed 100 metres westwards to allow both lines to meet in one location, the original station was demolished. It was directly hit on 26 February 1945
Deutsche Oper (Berlin U-Bahn)
Deutsche Oper is a station of the Berlin U-Bahn located in the Charlottenburg district on the U 2 line. It is named after the Deutsche Oper Berlin; the station opened on 14 May 1906 under the name Bismarckstraße in the course of the first western extension of the 1902 Stammstrecke route, which ran from Warschauer Brücke to Knie. At the same time the station Wilhelmplatz was put in operation as the western terminus; the architect Alfred Grenander had designed Germany's first U-Bahn station with four tracks, in consideration of the future branch-off to Reichskanzlerplatz in Westend that went into service on 29 March 1908. The station was renamed Städtische Oper on 1 August 1929, Deutsches Opernhaus on 16 August 1934 and received its current name on 22 September 1961. Service between this station and Richard-Wagner-Platz ceased on 1 May 1970, leaving the two central tracks unused, however the tunnel remains and is used for maintenance service between the U2 and U7 lines. U7 line to the new Bismarckstraße station began on 28 April 1978On 8 July 2000 during the Love Parade a fire broke out at Deutsche Oper, injuring 21, destroying an U-Bahn train and demolishing the station.
As the only exits were at the western end of the platforms, passengers had to flee in the tunnel. In consequence the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe company decided to provide a new eastern exit and reopened the station on 1 September 2000 in a renovated 1906 condition; the walls are furnished with tiles designed by José de Guimarães, a present from the Portuguese ambassador in Berlin. The station is featured in Rammstein's 2004 music video for Mein Teil and in the movie Run Lola Run by Tom Tykwer
Stadtmitte (Berlin U-Bahn)
Stadtmitte is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2 and the U 6 in the Mitte district. The U2 platform opened on 1 October 1908 with the new U-Bahn section from Potsdamer Platz to Spittelmarkt; the station beneath the crossing of Friedrichstraße and Mohrenstraße was designed by Alfred Grenander and called Friedrichstraße. The second platform of the present-day U6 line was finished on 30 January 1923, but was built about 160 m southwards at the corner of Friedrichstraße and Leipziger Straße, the main east-west thoroughfare of the Friedrichstadt quarter; the platforms are connected by a pedestrian underpass colloquially called the Mäusetunnel. The station received its current name in 1936; this station was damaged in World War II. On 7 May 1944, massive fire damage in the entire station area. On 3 February 1945, there was a heavy destruction in the entire station area involving gunshots, badly damaged by a fire. Several pillars were torn from their anchorage. A wall was pushed in by pure air pressure.
The ceiling was destroyed on the Battle of Berlin. The U6 station was closed from 13 August 1961 due to the construction of the Berlin Wall; this station is again, once the border station, it is well connected to the U2 station respectively. The only difference to Schwartzkopffstraße, consists only in the presence of the compound where the tracks have become store rooms; the rolls of barbed wire were installed so as to prevent escapees from crawling, the entrances and transfer linkways were all locked with a baby-lock gate. Armed guards were patrolled at the southern side of the entrance. All were eliminated by 29 June 1990 and reopened on 1 July 1990
Kurfürstendamm (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kurfürstendamm is an underground station, part of the Berlin U-Bahn network in Germany. It is on the U 1 and U 9 line and opened on 28 August 1961, when the first section of the U9 between Spichernstraße and Leopoldplatz was inaugurated; as there had been no stop of the U1 where it now crossed the U9, the line received an additional station here. It lies in eastern Charlottenburg on the intersection of Kurfürstendamm and Joachimstaler Straße, south of Zoologischer Garten Berlin and the Bahnhof Zoo. At the road junction above the station can be found the Café Kranzler, successor of the Café des Westens, a famous venue for artists and bohémiens of the pre–World War I era, as well as the Swissôtel Berlin; the well-known Kurfürstendamm boulevard is the most important upscale shopping district in Berlin. Next to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche on Breitscheidplatz, shattered during the air raids in World War II, a modern new church was built
Kaiserdamm (Berlin U-Bahn)
Kaiserdamm is a Berlin U-Bahn station located on the U 2. It is linked to the Berlin S-Bahn station of Messe Nord/ICC. Opened in 1908, this station was built by A. Grenander. In 1936, it was renamed to Kaiserdamm/Messedamm. However, protests from the people living nearby led to another change to the former name. Messe Berlin International Congress Centrum Berlin Zentraler Omnibus-Bahnhof
Wittenbergplatz (Berlin U-Bahn)
Wittenbergplatz is a Berlin U-Bahn station on the U 1, the U 2, U 3 lines. The station is located on Wittenbergplatz square in Berlin's City West area, in the northwestern corner of Schöneberg neighbourhood, it is the only U-Bahn station in the city with five adjacent tracks on three platforms. The station building, erected in 1911–1913 according to plans designed by Alfred Grenander, is listed as an architectural monument. Wittenbergplatz is one of the oldest U-Bahn stations in Berlin, opened on 11 March 1902 with the first Stammstrecke line running under the eponymous square and adjacent Tauentzienstraße, today one of the major shopping streets in Berlin. A common underground station with two tracks on two side platforms, it was refurbished as an interchange from 1910 onwards; the new station serving three U-Bahn lines opened on 1 December 1912 with two island platforms and one side platform, serving five tracks at one below ground level and under a single roof. The remarkable entrance hall in the centre of Wittenbergplatz square, designed in an Art Nouveau style by Alfred Grenander, was finished in 1913.
The station building was badly damaged during the bombing of Berlin in World War II and reconstructed afterwards. Wittenbergplatz became one of the most frequented stations of the West Berlin urban traffic network, though after the building of the Berlin Wall the present-day U2 line to Nollendorfplatz was closed in 1972 and not re-opened until 1993. From 1980 to 1983 the station was renovated in line with the precepts of monument perception by architect Borchardt, he won the prize of the Ministry of Architecture in 1986. Platform No. 1 features a sign donated by the London Transport Executive in 1952 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Berlin U-Bahn. It features the station's name in the distinctive red-and-blue roundel used on the London Underground