Naval Works Department (Royal Navy)

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Naval Works Department
British-White-Ensign-1707.svg
Agency overview
Formed 25 March 1796
Dissolved 1813
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the United Kingdom
Headquarters Admiralty
Navy Office,
London
Agency executives
Parent department Admiralty
Navy Board

The Naval Works Department [1] was the former British Admiralty department responsible for managing and maintaining all civil engineering works in the Royal Navy dockyards it was established on the 25th March 1796 until 1813 [2] when it was replaced by the new Department of the Surveyor of Buildings when the Admiralty decided to direct its function more towards Naval Architectural Works.

History[edit]

In 1796 the Admiralty established a Naval Works Department headed by an Inspector General for Naval Works and administered by the Board of Admiralty [3] from 1796 to 1806 who's tile was then by the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy. In 1813 the department was abolished and replaced by the Department of the Surveyor of Buildings. The department primarily dealt with constructing new civil engineering works in the Royal Navy Dockyard's such as the church at Chatham Dockyard but was also responsible managing and maintaining existing dockyards, buildings and industrial works. The department was abolished in 1813 when the Admiralty started to directing attention towards architectural works which saw the creation of a new post and department under the Surveyor of Buildings to oversee this transition this in turn led to the creation of a new specialist Architectural and Engineering Works Department in 1837 to be headed by a Director of Naval Works.

Head of department 1796 to 1807[edit]

Included:[4]

Office of the Inspector General of Naval Works[edit]

Subsidary offices[edit]

Included the following:[5]

Office of the architect and engineer of naval works[edit]

This office was created in 1796; in 1807 responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the officer holder was re-named Assistant Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy.

Office holders issued by Admiralty warrant included:

  • Mr. S. Bunce, 25 March 1796 – 3 January 1804.
  • Mr. Edward Holl, 3 January 1804 – 1807.

Office of the chemist of naval works[edit]

This office was created in 1796; in 1807 responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was abolished.

Office holders issued by Admiralty warrant included:

  • Mr. J. Sadler, 25 March 1796 – 1807.

Office of the mechanist of naval works[edit]

This office was created in 1796; in 1807 responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the officer holder was re-named Mechanist under the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy.

Office holders issued by Admiralty warrant included:

  • Mr. S. Reke, 25 March 1796 – 25 October 1799.
  • Mr. S. Goodrick, 25 October 1799 – 1807.

Office of the metal master of naval works[edit]

The office was created in 1803; in 1807 responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was abolished.

Office holders issued by Admiralty warrant included:

  • Mr. W. E. Sheffield, 26 April 1803 – 1807.

Office of the secretary of naval works[edit]

The office was created in 1796; in 1807 responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was re-named Extra Assistant to the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy.

Office holders issued by Admiralty warrant included:

  • Mr. J. Peake, 25 March 1796 – 1807.

Support offices[edit]

Included[6]

Draftsmen Office 1796-1805
The office was established in 1796 and then abolished in 1805.

  • Mr. J. Burr, 25 March 1796 – 1805

Clerical Office, 1796-1807
A clerical support office was established in the Naval Works Department in 1796. In 1807 when responsibility was transferred from the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board, the office of the first clerk of naval works was re-named Clerk to the Secretary of the Navy Board, whilst the office of the second clerk of naval works was abolished.

Office of the First Clerk

  • Mr. T. Darch, 25 March 1796 – 5 January 1801.
  • Mr. R. Upsal, 5 January 1801 – 5 July 1804.
  • Mr. H. Rodgers, 5 July 1804 – October 1807.

Office of the Second Clerk

  • Mr. J. Heidekoo, 25 March 1796 – 22 May 1797.
  • Mr. R. Upsal, 22 May 1797 – 5 January 1801.
  • Mr. W. Heard, 5 January 1801 – 30 January 1806.
  • Mr. D. Drummond, 30 January 1806 – October 1807.

Messengers Office, 1796-1807
The office was created in May 1796 and transferred from the Admiralty Office to the Navy Office in 1807.

  • Mr. J. Fetter, 13 May 1796 – 14 July 1803.
  • Mr. J. Fetter, 14 July 1803 – October 1807.

Head of department from 1808 to 1813[edit]

Included[7][8]

Office of the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy[edit]

Subsidiary offices[edit]

Included the following:[9]

Office of the assistant civil architect and engineer of the navy[edit]

The office was created in 1808 when responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was re-named assistant civil architect and engineer of the navy.

Office holders included:

Office of the draftsmen to the civil architect and engineer of the navy[edit]

In 1805 following the abolition of the office of the Inspector General of Naval Works the draft men's office ceased to exist after which three new assistant draftsmen posts were created in its place; in 1809, during restructuring talks between the Board of Admiralty Admiralty and the Navy Board, the three assistants were re-appointed as Draftsmen to the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy when his office was abolished in 1812 the draftsmen's function was transferred to the Department of the Surveyor of Buildings.

Office holders included:

  • Mr. W. Miller, 12 April 1809 – 5 June 1809.
  • Mr. W. Heard, 5 June 1809 – 5 June 1809.
  • Mr. G. Ainslie, 5 June 1809 – 1812.

Office of the mechanist under the civil architect and engineer of the navy[edit]

The office was created in 1808 when responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was re-named mechanist under the civil architect and engineer of the navy from mechanist of naval works.

Office holders included:

  • Mr. S. Goodrick, 29 December 1808 – 1812.

Office of the extra assistant to the civil architect and engineer of the navy[edit]

The office was created in 1808 when responsibility for the Naval Works Department transferred from the Admiralty under the Board of Admiralty to the Navy Board when the office was re-named extra assistant to the civil architect and engineer of the navy from secretary of naval works.

Office holders included:

  • Mr. J. Peake, 29 December 1808 – 1812.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 
  2. ^ Archives, The National. "Records of Works Departments". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1786-1962. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  3. ^ Archives, The National. "Letters from the Inspector General of Naval Works (General Samuel Bentham)". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, ADM 1/3527, 1804-1808. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  4. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 
  5. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 
  6. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 
  7. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 
  8. ^ Collinge, J.M. (1978). Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 7, Navy Board Officials 1660-1832. University of London, London. pp. 31–80. 
  9. ^ Sainty, J.C. (1975). Naval Works Department. University of London, Institute of Historical Research, London. pp. 91–94. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]