Black and white
Black-and-white images combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray. The history of various visual media has begun with black and white, as technology improved, altered to color. However, there are exceptions to this rule, including black-and-white fine art photography and in motion pictures, many art films. Most early forms of motion pictures or film were white; some color film processes, including hand coloring were experimented with, in limited use, from the earliest days of motion pictures. The switch from most films being in black-and-white to most being in color was gradual, taking place from the 1930s to the 1960s; when most film studios had the capability to make color films, the technology's popularity was limited, as using the Technicolor process was expensive and cumbersome. For many years, it was not possible for films in color to render realistic hues, thus its use was restricted to historical films and cartoons until the 1950s, while many directors preferred to use black-and-white stock.
For the years 1940–1966, a separate Academy Award for Best Art Direction was given for black-and-white movies along with one for color. The earliest television broadcasts were transmitted in black-and-white, received and displayed by black-and-white only television sets. Scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated the world's first color television transmission on July 3, 1928 using a mechanical process; some color broadcasts in the U. S. began in the 1950s, with color becoming common in western industrialized nations during the late 1960s. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission settled on a color NTSC standard in 1953, the NBC network began broadcasting a limited color television schedule in January 1954. Color television became more widespread in the U. S. between 1963 and 1967, when major networks like CBS and ABC joined NBC in broadcasting full color schedules. Some TV stations in the US were still broadcasting in B&W until the late 80s to early 90s, depending on network.
Canada began airing color television in 1966 while the United Kingdom began to use an different color system from July 1967 known as PAL. The Republic of Ireland followed in 1970. Australia experimented with color television in 1967 but continued to broadcast in black-and-white until 1975, New Zealand experimented with color broadcasting in 1973 but didn't convert until 1975. In China, black-and-white television sets were the norm until as late as the 1990s, color TVs not outselling them until about 1989. In 1969, Japanese electronics manufacturers standardized the first format for industrial/non-broadcast videotape recorders called EIAJ-1, which offered only black-and-white video recording and playback. While used professionally now, many consumer camcorders have the ability to record in black-and-white. Throughout the 19th century, most photography was monochrome photography: images were either black-and-white or shades of sepia. Personal and commercial photographs might be hand tinted. Colour photography was rare and expensive and again containing inaccurate hues.
Color photography became more common from the mid-20th century. However, black-and-white photography has continued to be a popular medium for art photography, as shown in the picture by the well-known photographer Ansel Adams; this can take the form of black-and-white film or digital conversion to grayscale, with optional digital image editing manipulation to enhance the results. For amateur use certain companies such as Kodak manufactured black-and-white disposable cameras until 2009. Certain films are produced today which give black-and-white images using the ubiquitous C41 color process. Printing is an ancient art, color printing has been possible in some ways from the time colored inks were produced. In the modern era, for financial and other practical reasons, black-and-white printing has been common through the 20th century. However, with the technology of the 21st century, home color printers, which can produce color photographs, are common and inexpensive, a technology unimaginable in the mid-20th century.
Most American newspapers were black-and-white until the early 1980s. Some claim. In the UK, color was only introduced from the mid-1980s. Today, many newspapers restrict color photographs to the front and other prominent pages since mass-producing photographs in black-and-white is less expensive than color. Daily comic strips in newspapers were traditionally black-and-white with color reserved for Sunday strips.:Color printing is more expensive. Sometimes color is reserved for the cover. Magazines such as Jet magazine were either all or black-and-white until the end of the 2000s when it became all-color. Manga are published in black-and-white although now it is part of its image. Many school yearbooks are still or in black-and-white; the Wizard of Oz is in color when Dorothy is in Oz, but in black-and-white when she is in Kansas, although the latter scenes were in sepia when the film was released. The British film A Matter of Life and Death depicts the other world in black-and-white, earthly events in color.
Wim Wenders's film Wings of Desire uses sepia-tone black-and-white f
Horacio Paul Picerni was an American actor in film and television best known today in the role of Federal Agent Lee Hobson, second-in-command to Robert Stack's Eliot Ness, in the ABC hit television series, The Untouchables. Picerni was born in [[New York City to an Italian family. Raised in Corona, Queens, he was an Eagle Scout in his adolescence. After high school, Picerni studied drama at Loyola University. Picerni joined the United States Army Air Forces during World War II and served as a B-24 Liberator bombardier in the China-Burma-India Theater, he flew twenty-five combat missions with the 493rd Bomb Squadron of the 7th Bomb Group and received the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was part of a mission that attacked and destroyed the actual bridge made famous in the film The Bridge on the River Kwai. After the Japanese surrendered, Picerni became a Special Services officer in India. Following his discharge, he enrolled at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles; as a young actor returning from the war, Picerni appeared in military pictures: in Twelve O'Clock High as a bombardier and as Private Edward P. Rojeck in Breakthrough.
This led to a Warner Brothers contract and a succession of roles at that studio including a Portuguese Socialist "Red" agitator in 1952's The Miracle of Our Lady of Fatima and the hero of the 1953 horror classic House of Wax. After his departure from Warners, he appeared with Audie Murphy in Universal Studio's To Hell and Back. After Italian organizations began to complain about the use of Italian gangsters on ABC's, The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack as G-man Eliot Ness, Picerni joined the cast in 1960 as Ness's number-one aide, Lee Hobson, a role that he played for the duration of the series.:1132 He portrayed Ed Miller on O'Hara, U. S. Treasury and was featured as Dan Garrett on The Young Marrieds:1207 In 1954, Picerni was cast as the outlaw Rube Burrow in the syndicated western television series Stories of the Century and narrated by Jim Davis; that same year, he had a role in the pilot episode for the 1957-58 NBC detective series, Meet McGraw. Picerni appeared in two episodes, "Gun Hand" and "Badge to Kill" of the syndicated western series 26 Men, true stories of the Arizona Rangers.
He appeared in the episode "Gypsy Boy" of Tales of the Texas Rangers. In 1957, he played a deserter in an episode of the syndicated Saddles. Between 1957-60, Picerni was cast three times in different roles, the last as Duke Blaine, on the ABC/Warner Brothers western series, Colt.45, starring Wayde Preston. In 1958, Picerni played a milkman on The Donna Reed Show. In 1959, he appeared in an episode of NBC's Northwest Passage adventure series about Major Robert Rogers's exploits during the French and Indian War, he portrayed a police detective in the episode "The Quemoy Story" of Bruce Gordon's short-lived NBC docudrama about the Cold War, Behind Closed Doors. Picerni made three guest appearances on Perry Mason during its nine-year run on CBS. In 1958 he played Charles Gallagher in "The Case of the One-Eyed Witness", defendant Army Sgt. Joseph Dexter in "The Case of the Sardonic Sergeant". In 1963, he played murderer Walter Jefferies in "The Case of the Bouncing Boomerang". In 1964, he appeared in The Fugitive, in the episode "Search in a Windy City".
In 1967, Paul appeared with his daughter Gina Picerni in the episode "The Chameleon" of the popular show My Three Sons. Picerni married former ballet dancer Marie Mason, in 1947, they settled in California to raise their family. Two of Picerni's children predeceased him, his autobiography, Steps to Stardom: My Story, written with the help of Tom Weaver, was published by BearManor Media in 2007. Picerni died from a heart attack on January 12, 2011 in California. Picerni is interred at the Roman Catholic San Fernando Mission Cemetery. Paul Picerni on IMDb Official website Conversations at the Cinematheque: Paul Picerni for DRIVE A CROOKED ROAD
William N. Robson
William N. Robson was a director and producer of radio programs. Robson was born William N. Robson II in Pittsburgh, the son of William N. Robson and Gertrude Brehm Robson, his father handled public relations for the Loyal Order of Moose and was described in a newspaper article as being "known from coast to coast." He was involved in entertainment as early as age 9, when a newspaper article about a 1916 amateur production in Pittsburgh reported, "Little Bill Robson has six parts in the show... "Robson graduated from Allegheny High School and attended the University of Pittsburgh for two years, leaving the school to become a reporter for the Pittsburgh Post. He attended Yale University, graduating in 1928. In the 1920s, Robson had Bill Robson and His Yale Music. In the summers of 1926, 1927, 1928, the group toured Europe, performing in Paris and Berlin, among other cities. Robson was the screenwriter for the 1933 Paramount Pictures film Private Jones, he worked as an associate producer at Paramount for three years.
Robson spent most of his career involved with radio. His radio debut came in 1936 as director of Big Town, he succeeded Irving Reis as head of the Columbia Workshop. The most notable of Robson's productions was Suspense, followed by the formatted Escape. Suspense lasted more than two decades on the air with more than 900 episodes broadcast. Ronald L. Smith wrote about Suspense and Escape in his book, Horror Stars on Radio: The Broadcast Histories of 29 Chilling Hollywood Voices: "Both used the same format: a challenging host introducing a story of murder or classic horror. Robson favored adaptations of anything from Poe tales to a good yarn in the latest issue of Esquire magazine."Robson's roles in other radio programs included those shown in the table below. Robson left CBS in 1939 to become director of an advertising firm's radio department, after the United States entered World War II he helped to prepare broadcasts for the Office of Emergency Management and the War Production Board, he returned to CBS in May 1942 to help the network prepare programs related to the war.
On June 22, 1950, a pamphlet called. Robson was among 151 entertainment industry professionals named in the context of "Red Fascists and their sympathizers". Eric Barnouw's A History of Broadcasting in the United States: Volume 2: The Golden Web: 1933 to 1953 summarized the accusations against Robson as follows: The Red Channels listing for Robson contained four items, it said that in 1942, he had been sponsor of an Artists Front to Win the War organized at a meeting in Carnegie Hall in December 1946, he had made a speech in Los Angeles, protesting encroachments on freedom of expression. He was listed as an "associate" on the masthead of the Hollywood Quarterly, a scholarly journal of film and television published by the University of California Press; this guilt-by-association would affect Robson's career over the next decade. Robson was the producer of Sure as Fate, a mystery series that debuted on CBS in the summer of 1950; the listing in Red Channels took its toll, resulting in his replacement as producer.
During the hiatus, he used a pseudonym as a writer for the television version of Suspense. That activity ceased, after "he was told that orders from CBS headquarters in New York had forbidden further assignments to him."During the 1950s, he wrote television dramas. In 1961, he joined the Voice of America where he produced documentaries, among them New York, New York on which Garry Moore interviewed celebrities visiting the city, 200 Years Ago Tonight, a series about the American Revolutionary War produced during the bicentennial year of 1976, his time at the VOA won him four additional Peabody Awards. Three of Robson's radio works received George Foster Peabody Awards: 1942 — "The Man Behind the Gun" for Outstanding Entertainment in Drama 1943 — "An Open Letter to the American People" for Outstanding Entertainment in Drama 1975 — Two Hundred Years Ago Tonight With regard to his radio career, Robson would enthusiastically reflect to Dick Bertell in 1976: "The great period of radio was from 1937,'38 through the war.
It was only 7 years—the golden age of radio.'Suspense' and'Escape'—those are the things one does because one has all the skills at his fingertips. At this time we were trying to find out how to do it... We were learning skills, we were sharpening and honing our abilities... when Irving Reis did The Fall of the City in the spring of'37 by Archibald MacLeish—one of America's outstanding poets—a man, so impressed by the medium of radio that he submitted to Irving Reis and the Columbia Workshop a first play for radio. And who directed that? Irving Reis with all of the director staff of CBS assisting him. Earle McGill, Brewster Morgan, Bill Spier all assisting. Orson Welles as narrator, Burgess Meredith as chief orator. Names that we conjure with now that were just kids just kids; that was the time." Robson died at his home in Alexandria, from complications of Alzheimer's disease. He was survived by Shirley. Columbia Workshop Reminiscences of William N. Robson: Oral history, 1966 1976 long form interview at The Golden Age of Radio
Paul Burke (actor)
Paul Raymond Burke was an American actor best known for his lead roles in two 1960s ABC television series, Naked City and Twelve O'Clock High. He was twice nominated for an Emmy Award for his portrayal of New York Police Department detective Adam Flint in Naked City. Burke was born in New Orleans, the son of Santa Maria and Martin Joseph "Marty" Burke, a boxer who fought Gene Tunney and owned a restaurant and a nightclub known as Marty Burke's in the New Orleans French Quarter. After training at the Pasadena Playhouse, Burke's film career began with a small role in the movie Golden Girl. Early in his career, Burke guest-starred in the syndicated series Highway Patrol and Men of Annapolis. In 1956–57, Burke was cast as Dr. Noah McCann in Noah's Ark, a weekly program produced by Jack Webb that aired on NBC, the story of a pair of dedicated veterinarians. Victor Rodman played Dr. Sam Rinehart. In the 1957–58 season, Burke appeared as Jeff Kittridge in five episodes of Barry Sullivan's adventure/drama series, Harbormaster.
Burke guest-starred on episodes of The Lone Ranger, Dragnet, Adventures of Superman, The Man and the Challenge, M Squad. In the 1959–60 season, he appeared as Robertson in the NBC espionage series Five Fingers, starring with David Hedison. After Five Fingers Burke was cast in the lead role of the police show Naked City, in which he appeared as Adam Flint from 1960 to 1963. Burke appeared in the starring role of Captain Joe Gallagher on Twelve O'Clock High between 1964 and 1967, during which time he met his wife, Lyn; the Twelve O'Clock High role was Burke's last lead television role. In 1967, Burke starred in the film Valley of the Dolls as Lyon Burke, the young lawyer who befriended all three female stars and had a tempestuous relationship with Anne Welles, he played a police officer who pursued a bank thief played by Steve McQueen in The Thomas Crown Affair. During the 1970s he appeared in three episodes each of CBS's Medical Center. In 1984, he appeared as C. C. Capwell in 21 episodes of the NBC soap opera Santa Barbara.
He appeared in supporting roles in a number of television series, including recurring roles in Dynasty from 1982 to 1988 and in Tom Selleck's Magnum, P. I. from 1981 to 1985 as Rear Admiral Hawkes. Burke served as a television commercial spokesman for the Radio Shack electronics retailer. In 1989 Burke and Harry Connick Sr. New Orleans district attorney, were indicted on racketeering charges for aiding and abetting a gambling operation by returning gambling records to an arrested gambler, they were both acquitted of the charges. Burke was the grandfather of actress Alia Shawkat, whose mother is Dina, he retired from acting in the early 1990s. Suffering from leukemia and non-Hodgkins lymphoma, he died at his home in Palm Springs, aged 83, his second wife, Lyn Peters, died in Palm Springs on September 10, 2013, at the age of 72. Paul Burke on IMDb Paul Burke at AllMovie "Star With a Wall Around Him," TV Guide, May 1962 Fox, Margalit. "Paul Burke,'Naked City' Star, Dies at 83", The New York Times, September 16, 2009
Ronald F. Hagerthy is a former American actor known for his guest-starring and supporting roles on television westerns. In 1952, he portrayed Clipper King in the modern western series, Sky King, with Kirby Grant in the title role of Clipper's uncle, Schuyler "Sky" King, pilot of the private airplane known as the Songbird. Gloria Winters starred as Sky King's niece, Penny King. Hagerthy was 18 and playing the gentleman caller in a Glendale College production of The Glass Menagerie in 1950 when he was invited to Warner Bros. for an interview. Hagerthy's first screen role was as 19-year-old Dick Cvetic in the 1951 Warner Brothers film, I Was a Communist for the FBI. Frank Lovejoy played the role of Matt Cvetic, a 39-year-old undercover Federal Bureau of Investigation agent within the Communist Party United States of America. Philip Carey and Paul Picerni were cast in the roles of Joe Cvetic, respectively. I was a Communist in the FBI subsequently inspired the syndicated television series I Led Three Lives.
Hagerthy appeared in small roles in two other 1951 Warner Bros. films, as Minto in Force of Arms and as corporal Rick Williams, who become the romantic interest of a Hollywood starlet, played by Janice Rule, in Starlift. Hagerthy appeared in nineteen episodes of Sky King, which in a topsy turvy broadcast history aired at one time on all three major television networks as well as in syndication; the series is set on a fictitious Arizona ranch. Hagerthy's episodes are: After Sky King, Hagerthy entered the military, he still appeared in three 1953 films: as Johnny McKeever in Warner's 3-D Western The Charge at Feather River as Stubby Kelly in City That Never Sleeps, as an unnamed college student in Titanic. That same year, he guest starred in William Boyd's Hopalong Cassidy, the first western television series, in the role of Johnny Bolton in the episode, "The Devil's Idol". From 1952-1953, Hagerthy appeared on Fireside Theatre in different roles in three episodes entitled "Honor", "The Alien", "The Boy Down the Road".
In 1956, he appeared with Inger Stevens and Everett Sloane in the NBC anthology series The Joseph Cotten Show in the episode "Law is for the Lovers". Hagerthy's long string of appearances in western series began to accelerate in 1956 with two guest-starring roles on the syndicated Annie Oakley, starring Gail Davis as Annie Oakley, he played the title role of Chuck Hutchins in the episode "The Waco Kid". Elizabeth Slifer appeared as long-suffering mother, Jenny Hutchins, who yearns for her son to turn away from outlawry, he appeared as Billy Stryker thereafter in "Annie Rings the Bell", which features Slim Pickens and X Brands. Pickens guest starred in "The Waco Kid" segment, his other western roles include: Hagerthy appeared on two CBS sitcoms, The Gale Storm Show as Sergeant Rickie Hyland in the 1956 episode "Wedding at Sea" and on The Beverly Hillbillies as an unnamed geologist in the groundbreaking 1962 series premiere episode, "The Clampetts Strike Oil". Hagerthy, never identified by name, informs the fictitious Clampetts that oil has been discovered on their Arkansas farm land.
Hagerthy appears via archival footage in the 1963 The Beverly Hillbillies episode, "Jed Pays His Income Tax". Hagerthy appeared four times on CBS's Lassie: as Jack in "A Place for Everything", as a hunter in "The Archers", as a helicopter pilot in "Temper the Wind", as Tom in "The Foundling", his last screen role in 1968. Hagerthy, the son of Ford Hagerthy and Rita Hagerthy, is a South Dakota native, he was living in California by the late 1930s. He and his wife, Judith A. Hagerthy, reside in Corona del Mar, a neighborhood in Newport Beach, California; the couple has Kelly Ann Hagerthy and Patrick R. Hagerthy. After his acting career ended, Hagerthy entered the real estate business in southern California. With the death of Gloria Winters in 2010, Hagerthy became the last surviving member of the Sky King cast. Ron Hagerthy on IMDb
Joseph Jacob Foss was a United States Marine Corps major and the leading Marine fighter ace in World War II. He received the Medal of Honor in recognition of his role in air combat during the Guadalcanal Campaign. In postwar years, he was an Air National Guard brigadier general, served as the 20th Governor of South Dakota, President of the National Rifle Association, first commissioner of the American Football League, he was a television broadcaster. Foss was born in an unelectrified farmhouse near Sioux Falls, South Dakota, the oldest son of Mary Esther and Frank Ole Foss, he was of Norwegian and Scottish descent. At age 12, he visited an airfield in Renner to see Charles Lindbergh on tour with his aircraft, the Spirit of St. Louis. Four years he and his father paid $1.50 apiece to take their first aircraft ride in a Ford Trimotor at Black Hills Airport with a famed South Dakota aviator, Clyde Ice. In March 1933, while coming back from the fields during a storm, his father was killed when he drove over a downed electrical cable and was electrocuted as he stepped out of his automobile.
Young Foss, not yet 18 years old, pitched in with his mother and brother Cliff to continue running the family farm. Farming was made difficult by dust storms, which over the next two years took its toll on crops and livestock. After watching a Marine Corps aerial team, led by Capt. Clayton Jerome, perform aerobatics in open-cockpit biplanes, he was determined to become a Marine aviator. Foss worked at a service station to pay for books and college tuition, to begin flight lessons from Roy Lanning, at the Sioux Skyway Airfield in 1938, scraping up $65 to pay for the instruction, his younger brother took over the management of the farm and allowed Foss to go back to school and graduate from Washington High School in Sioux Falls. He graduated from the University of South Dakota in 1939 with a degree in business administration. While at USD, Foss and other like-minded students convinced authorities to set up a CAA flying course at the university. Foss paid his way through university by "bussing" tables.
He joined the Sigma chapter of the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity and excelled at sports in USD, fighting on the college boxing team, participating as a member of the track team and as a second-string guard on the football team. Foss served as a Private in the 147th Field Artillery Regiment, Sioux Falls, South Dakota National Guard from 1939 to 1940. By 1940, armed with a pilot certificate and a college degree, Foss hitchhiked to Minneapolis to enlist in the Marine Corps Reserves, in order to join the Naval Aviation Cadet program to become a Naval Aviator. After being designated a Naval Aviator, Foss graduated at Pensacola and was commissioned as a second lieutenant served as a "plowback" instructor at Naval Air Station Pensacola. At 26 years of age, he was considered too old to be a fighter pilot, was instead sent to the Navy School of Photography. Upon completion of his initial assignment, he was transferred to Marine Photographic Squadron 1 stationed at Naval Air Station North Island in San Diego, California.
Dissatisfied with his role in photographic reconnaissance, Foss made repeated requests to be transferred to a fighter qualification program. He checked out in Grumman F4F Wildcats while still assigned to VMO-1, logging over 150 flight hours in June and July, 1942, was transferred to Marine Fighting Squadron 121 VMF-121 as the executive officer. While stateside, Foss married his high school sweetheart, June Shakstad in 1942. In October 1942, VMF-121 pilots and aircraft were sent to Guadalcanal as part of Operation Watchtower to relieve VMF-223, fighting for control of the air over the island since mid-August. On October 9, Foss and his group were catapult launched off the USS Copahee escort carrier and flew 350 miles north to reach Guadalcanal; the air group, code named "Cactus", based at Henderson Field became known as the Cactus Air Force, their presence played a pivotal role in the Battle of Guadalcanal. Foss soon gained a reputation for aggressive close-in fighter tactics and uncanny gunnery skills.
Foss shot down a Japanese Zero on his first combat mission on October 13, but his own F4F Wildcat was shot up as well, with a dead engine and three more Zeros on his tail, he landed at full speed, with no flaps and minimal control on Henderson Field missing a grove of palm trees. On 7 November his Wildcat was again hit, he survived a ditching in the sea off the island of Malaita; as lead pilot in his flight of eight Wildcats, the group soon became known as "Foss's Flying Circus", with two sections Foss nicknamed "Farm Boys" and "City Slickers." In December 1942, Foss contracted malaria. He was sent to Sydney, Australia for rehabilitation, where he met Australian ace Clive "Killer" Caldwell and delivered some lectures on operational flying to RAF pilots, newly assigned to the theater. On January 1, 1943, Foss returned to Guadalcanal, to continue combat operations which lasted until February 9, 1943, although the Japanese attacks had waned from the height of the November 1942 crisis. In three months of sustained combat, Foss's Flying Circus had shot down 72 Japanese aircraft, including 26 credited to him.
Upon matching the record of 26 kills held by America's top World War I ace, Eddie Rickenbacker, Foss was accorded the honor of becoming America's first "ace-of-aces" in World War II. One of the Japanese he shot down was ace Kaname Harada, who became a peace activist and met Foss many years later. Foss returned to the United States in March 1943. On May 18, 1943, Foss received the Medal of Honor from President Franklin Delano Roosevelt; the White House ceremony was featured in Life magazine, with the reluct
Phyllis Coates is an American actress best known for her portrayal of reporter Lois Lane in the 1951 film Superman and the Mole Men and in the first season of the television series Adventures of Superman. Born in Wichita Falls, Coates was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Stell. After graduating from high school in Wichita Falls, she went to Los Angeles, California, to study at UCLA. Coates is listed among the alumni of Los Angeles City College. Billed as Gypsy Stell, Coates was discovered in 1943 by vaudeville comedian Ken Murray in a Hollywood and Vine restaurant from whom she learned comic timing, she subsequently appeared as a dancer and a comedienne in skits for ten months in Blackouts, his "racy" variety show. Along with Murray and other comedians, the show included showgirls, tap dancers, bird acts and Marie Wilson as the stereotypical "dumb blonde", she performed as one of Earl Carroll's showgirls at his Earl Carroll Theatre. In 1946, she toured with a USO production of Anything Goes. On July 13, 1944, she "began her work with 20th Century Fox... after receiving a seven year contract with option."Coates signed a movie contract with Warner Brothers extending from 1948 to 1956, she co-starred with George O'Hanlon in the studio's popular Joe McDoakes short-subject comedies in what can be considered the first sitcom.
Her film career included roles in Girls in Prison, I Was a Teenage Frankenstein, Blood Arrow, Cattle Empire, The Incredible Petrified World, The Baby Maker and Goodnight, Sweet Marilyn. In 1952, she guest-starred with Brad Johnson in "How Death Valley Got Its Name", the first episode of the anthology series, Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews, she appeared in the 1954 Death Valley Days episode "The Light On The Mountain". She was cast as the widowed Mary in the 1959 episode, "One in a Hundred." In that episode, Michael Forest played cavalryman Larry Brooks, escorting pioneers across peaceful Indian country. The party runs into a lack of water. In a 1964 episode, "The Left Hand Is Damned," hosted by Ronald Reagan, she portrayed the kind-hearted saloon singer Dora Hand of Dodge City, Kansas, she was cast on The Lone Ranger in 1953, again on that popular series in 1955. Coates was cast in 1955 as Madge in the CBS sitcom Professional Father. In 1955, she portrayed Medora De More in the two-part episode "King of the Dakotas" of the NBC western anthology series Frontier.
In 1956, she was cast in the episode "God in the Street" of another anthology series, based on the lives of American clergymen. That same year, she appeared in a second religious drama, This Is the Life, as Betty in the episode "I Killed Lieutenant Hartwell." She was cast in 1956 as Marge in the episode "Web Feet" of the military drama Navy Log. She guest-starred in David Janssen's crime drama Private Detective. In 1958, she played the mother, Clarissa Holliday, in all thirty-nine episodes of the 1958-1959 sitcom, This Is Alice, she made guest appearances in three episodes of Perry Mason: "The Case of the Black-Eyed Blonde" in 1958, "The Case of the Cowardly Lion" in 1961, in "The Case of the Ice-Cold Hands") in 1964. In 1961, she was cast as Elizabeth Gwynn in the episode "The Little Fishes" on CBS's Rawhide. Coates guest-starred as well on three episodes of Gunsmoke between 1958 and 1964. Coates played a strong-willed Lois Lane in the first twenty-six episodes of Adventures of Superman, in which she was given equal billing with George Reeves for episodes in which she did not appear.
Her powerful "damsel in distress" scream was used to good effect in several episodes. After shooting wrapped on the first season, the Superman producers suspended production until they found a national sponsor; when in 1953 it was possible to film more Superman episodes, Coates was committed to another series. Noel Neill, who had played Lois Lane in two Columbia Superman serials, in 1948 and 1950, replaced Coates. With the death of Noel Neill on July 3, 2016, Coates is now the last surviving cast member from the Adventures of Superman TV series. Coates' Superman fame has obscured the fact that she was one of Hollywood's most employed actresses of the 1950s and'60s, she freelanced appearing in numerous low-budget features, many of them Westerns, as well as serials and a steady stream of TV appearances, both as a regular in several series and as a guest cast member in others. All this was in addition to the "McDoakes" shorts, in which she continued to appear until Warner Brothers discontinued the series in 1956.
Arguably, her best-remembered films of the 1950s—perhaps owing to their being those in which she has a substantial role, being among the few that have been preserved so that they are available today on home video—are Blues Busters with The Bowery Boys. In the 1960s, when it became clear that Adventures of Superman would continue to enjoy great popularity in syndicated reruns, far beyond the end of its production in 1957, Coates—like many of the other supporting cast members such as Jack Larson —tried to distance herself from the Superman series, fearing it might limit her opportunities. By the mid-1960s, she had settled into a comfortable semi-retirement as a wife and homemaker after marrying Los Angeles family physician Howard Press in 1962, she resumed her career after