Nazar (TV series)
Nazar is an Indian Hindi-language supernatural horror television series that airs on StarPlus and streams on Hotstar. It is produced by Gul Khan and Karishma Jain under the banner of 4 Lions Films, directed by Atif Khan, written by Mrinal Jha; the series follows a daayan, an evil entity who bewitches the Rathod family, outlines the struggles faced by the family under her evil eye. The series stars Antara Biswas, Harsh Rajput and Niyati Fatnani in lead roles, with Sonyaa Ayodhya, Ritu Chaudhary Seth and Sumit Kaul in pivotal roles. Nazar airs on Star Maa under the title Ave Kallu, dubbed in Telugu, it airs in Tamil on Star Vijay as Adhe Kangal in India and Malaysia, in Malayalam as Avaabaraam on Asianet. The series has been remade in Bengali as Nojor; the story revolves around Mohana Rathod, a 250 year old life-force sucking vampire-like creature called daayan who uses "jaadu tona". Mohana kills people to steal their age which keeps her beautiful, she enchants and captivates Mridul Rathod by her surreal beauty, after which they marry and have two children.
Mohana wins Mridul's favour by helping him amass great wealth through black magic while she drains his vitality that leads to his premature death. Mohana kills Mridul's mother to hide her secret identity but the Raathods grow suspicious anyway. A worried Vedashree Raathod tells of her fears to her friend Divya Sharma, a psychical wizardess and a Reevaavanshii who comes to help Mridul's bedevilled family and ward off the evil eye. Divya cuts Mohana's plait rendering her powerless, Mohana escapes into the woods, but they pursue her along with a mob of villagers holding torches. Once cornered, Mohana was set on fire, yet Mohana's evil eye still lurks on the family as she is a unique and powerful daayan called "Ekaayan". Vedashree and Shekhar Raathod adopt Mridul's children Kaajal. Ansh and Kaajal grow up with their cousins Rishi and Neha and go to a college in a city, far from the village of Baandaap. Ansh discovers his superpowers, but is unaware that he is a "Daavansh", he can be saved from turning to the dark side only by a girl who has the "Devi-Maa" Durga's symbol as her birthmark, is referred to as the Daivik.
Divya's daughter Piya Sharma, has the symbol of the Devi-Maa behind her neck. Sparks fly between Piya though they didn't see each other. Piya, in search of her lost mother, comes across her father, Nishant Sharma, a professor and a "Rewavanshi" and her sister, Saavi Sharma. Mohana sends a puppet daayan, Ruby with a fake Durga symbol to marry Ansh, So that Mohana can return and to keep the family from knowing the real devik. Ansh and Vedashree come under Ruby's control during which Ruby and Ansh get married while the rest of the family is spellbound and cast into a deep sleep; the marriage releases Mohana from the spells that imprisoned her. The Rathod family reunites with Mohana, Ansh learns about his real mother. Naman, Piya's childhood friend and obsessive lover, attempts to marry Piya by taking advantage of his unwell mother, a visually challenged priestess, Guru Maa, who raised Piya after Divya's disappearance, but Ansh stops the wedding. Fearing Ansh's budding romance with Piya, the growing ties and bonds of the Rathods with Piya, Mohana sends a message summoning an asura named "Bhaisaasur" from "Paathaal-Lohk" to scare Piya away.
Bhaisaasur gets enraged on Mohana for cutting his daughter Ruby's plait. To Mohana's horror, Bhaisaasur was goring and pounding Ansh not Piya, Ansh fought back with his daavansh superstrengths without success. A distressed Piya invokes the Devi-Maa for help. Piya enters a tranced religious dance and manifests her devik form complete with Durga's attire, multiple arms and asthraas; the beast seemed invincible despite multiple strikes, but after Mohana tells Piya the demon's achilles heel, she smites him dead with her trident. Everyone learn that Piya is the real devik. Mohana plots again to separate the family from Piya, she reveals to Piya that she has trapped her mother Divya in the form of a bird and threatens to kill Divya if Piya doesn't marry Naman, but Ansh interferes and stops the marriage again. Ansh learns about his Daavansh self. Mohana proves herself as Vedashree's half sister by merging her magical plait with Vedashree's plait which shocks all and frightens Chaitaali. A few days Naman gains the abilities of a daayan by wearing Ruby's cut-off plait and terrorises the Raathod family all night to get Mohana's plait, but Vedashree revitalises a temporarily weakened Mohana by letting daylight into the room at dawn, saves the whole family.
The Raathods face new challenges after Saavi is hypnotised by Mohana, releases Dilruba a churel to hatch a new conspiracy to separate Piya and Ansh. Dilruba makes a "Raakhchakra" to capture Piya and Ansh but Piya saves Ansh and finds herself trapped inside Dilruba's hex. At home, Ansh notices Piya's unusual behaviour and recognize her to be Dilruba, he makes Dilruba dance in joy with Mohana's help due to which Dilruba's "Raakhchakra" breaks, freeing Piya. Mohana agrees for Ansh and Piya's marriage and frees Divya, revealed to be "Sarpika" and kills her before which Divya transfers her serpentine powe
Nazar (1991 film)
Nazar is a 1991 Hindi film based on Fyodor Dostoevsky's short story, The Meek One. The film produced by the National Film Development Corporation of India was directed by Mani Kaul and starred his daughter Shambhavi Kaul with Shekhar Kapur and Surekha Sikri; the film travelled to international festivals like the Birmingham Film Festival in UK, Fribourg Film Festival in Germany, Hong Kong International Film Festival, Lisbon Film Festival in Portugal, Locarno Film Festival in Switzerland, London Film Festival in UK, Rotterdam Film Festival in Netherlands, Festival des 3 continent at Nantes in France and the Seattle Film Festival in United States. An antique dealer lives in a spacious flat in a multi-storied building in Mumbai with his aunt. Though middle-aged himself, he brings her home; the film starts off with the young wife committing suicide. He recollects what might have moved her to end her life. Shekhar Kapur Shambhavi Kaul Surekha Sikri Asha Dandavate Parvez Merchant A. A. Baig Nazar on IMDb
Niels Klim's Underground Travels
Niels Klim's Underground Travels published in Latin as Nicolai Klimii Iter Subterraneum, is a satirical science-fiction/fantasy novel written by the Norwegian author Ludvig Holberg. His only novel, it describes a utopian society from an outsider's point of view, pokes fun at diverse cultural and social topics such as morality, sexual equality, religion and philosophy; the novel starts with a foreword that assures that everything in the story is a real account of the title character's exploits in the Underworld. The story is set, according to the book, in the Norwegian harbor town of Bergen in 1664, after Klim returns from Copenhagen, where he has studied philosophy and theology at the University of Copenhagen and graduated magna cum laude, his curiosity drives him to investigate a strange cave in a mountainside above the town, which sends out regular gusts of warm air. He ends up falling down the hole, after a while he finds himself floating in free space. After a few days of orbiting the planet which revolves around the inner sun, he is attacked by a gryphon, he falls down on the planet, named Nazar.
There he wanders about for a short while, this time by an ox. He climbs up into a tree, to his astonishment the tree can move and talk, he is taken prisoner by tree-like creatures with up to six arms and faces just below the branches, he is accused of attempted rape on the town clerk's wife, is put on trial. The case is dismissed and he is set by the Lord of Potu to learn the language. Klim learns the language of the Potuans, but this reflects badly on him when the Lord is about to issue him a job, because the Potuans believe that if one perceives a problem at a slow rate, the better it will be understood and solved. But, since he has longer legs than the Potuans, who walk slowly, he is set to be the Lord's personal courier, delivering letters and suchlike. During the course of the book, Klim vividly chronicles the culture of the Potuans, their religion, their way of life and the many different countries located on Nazar. After his two-month-long circumnavigation on foot, he is appalled by the fact that men and women are equal and share the same kind of jobs, so he files a suggestion to the Lord of Potu to remove women from higher positions in society.
His suggestion is poorly received and he is sentenced to be exiled to the inner rim of the Earth's crust. There he becomes familiar with a country inhabited by sentient monkeys, after a few years he becomes emperor of the land of Quama, inhabited by the only creatures in the Underworld that look like humans. There, he fathers a son, but again he is driven from hearth and home due to his tyranny and as he escapes he falls into a hole, which carries him through the crust and back up to Bergen again. There, he is mistaken by the townsfolk to be the Wandering Jew due to a lingual misunderstanding, he learns that he has been away for twelve years, is taken in by his old friend, mayor Abelin, who writes down everything Klim tells him. He receives a job as principal of the college of Bergen, marries. Holberg knew that the satirical content of the novel would cause an uproar in Denmark-Norway, so the book was first published in Germany, in Latin, he thus got a broader audience. The novel made him acclaimed across Europe.
Danish, German and Dutch translations were published in 1741. The book is significant in the history of science fiction, being one of the first science-fiction novels in history along with Johannes Kepler's Somnium, Cyrano de Bergerac's Comical History of the States and Empires of the Moon, Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Voltaire's Micromégas. Along with a number of those stories, an excerpt was included in the anthology The Road to Science Fiction, Volume 1: From Gilgamesh to Wells; the work is referenced in Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher". It is one of the first science fiction novels to use the Hollow Earth concept; the renowned Danish Communist author and artist Hans Scherfig created a graphic retelling of "Niels Klims underjordiske rejse", published in the Danish newspaper Land og folk from 3 July 1955 to 21 January 1956 and as a book at Sirius Publishing House, Denmark in October 1961. The story was adapted to a costly 3 episode TV-series for The Danish Broadcasting Corporation in 1984, starring actor Frits Helmuth in the title role.
In one chapter, Klim refers to Pliny the Elder and his Naturalis Historia when he feels that his descriptions of the Underworld inhabitants would seem too incredible for other humans to believe. There are a few characters in the book. Niels Klim was employed at a church in downtown Bergen, as bellringer, he was a retailer of books and a publisher. Klim's friend in the book, Mayor Abelin, was a real person named Rasmus Christenssen Abelin, he was mayor of Bergen in Klim's lifetime. Niels Klim's journey under the ground at Project Gutenberg Niels Klim's Journey under the Ground public domain audiobook at LibriVox Stories of a Hollow Earth – article by Peter Fitting on Holberg's book, published in The Public Domain Review, 2011
Nazar (given name)
Nazar is a masculine name with multiple origins. As used by Christians, it means "from Nazareth," the town; the etymology of Nazareth from as early as Eusebius up until the 20th century has been said to derive from the Hebrew word נצר netser, meaning a "shoot" or "sprout", while the apocryphal Gospel of Phillip derives the name from Nazara meaning "truth". Nazario is an Italian and Spanish version of the name, Nazaire is a French version and Nazariy is a Ukrainian and Russian form. Other variants in use include Nasareo, Nazaret, Nazaro, Nazarene and Nazor. Nazret, the Amharic word for Nazareth, is occasionally used as a female name in Ethiopia and Eritrea, while Nazaret is occasionally used as a name for girls in Spanish-speaking areas. According to the web site behindthename.com, all are derived from the name Nazarius, in use in late Roman times and was the name of some early Christian saints and martyrs. In 2008, Nazar was the most popular name for boys born in Ukraine. Nazar is an Arabic name.
There is no direct meaning for the name Nazar in Arabic but it is believed that it might be driven from the verb -pronounced as- Nozer which can refer to different meaning as detailed in the Arabic dictionary such as the little thing or reducing the amount of something. Therefore, the same pronunciation of the name could be found in the language of other non-Arabic-speaking population who through the influence of Islam adopted some Arabic words such as نظر = pronounced as with its meaning, not the same name Nazar in Arabic and it is clear that they can tell the difference as they do not speak Arabic, it was explained aboved that there is a confusing in non-Arabic speaking nations that influenced by Islam and still use some Arabic words. They mix between the name Nazar. I am leaving the section below which it seems has been introduced mistakenly by non-Arabic speaking editor so different readers can correct themselves or others from such confusing or mixing in words. Alejandro Nazar Garza (4th September 1983... 20th century.
Producer and founder of Postfuturism Labs. Saint Nazarius, saint of the Roman Catholic Church, mentioned in the Martyrology of Bede and earlier editions of the Roman Martyrology Saint Nazarius, fourteenth abbot of the monastery of Lérins Saints Nazarius and Celsus, two martyrs of whom nothing is known except the discovery of their bodies by Saint Ambrose Nazar Al Baharna, Bahraini academic and politician Nazar Baýramow, Turkmenistani footballer Nazar Aljabar, Iraqi researcher in Civil Engineering at Monash University-Australia. Nazar Mahmud, Israeli-Druze figure skater Nazar Mohammad, Pakistani cricketer Nazaret Daghavarian, born Chaderjian, Armenian doctor and public activist, one of the founders of the Armenian General Benevolent Union Nazario Escoto, acting President of "Democratic" Nicaragua after the death of Francisco Castellón during Granada-León civil war Nazario Sauro, Austrian-born Italian irredentist and sailor Nazario Toledo, Costa Rican politician John Paul Nazarius, Dominican theologian Nazariy Yaremchuk, Ukrainian singer Nazar Ibn Ma'ad Nazarov https://www.almaany.com/ar/name/%D9%86%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%B1/ https://www.maajim.com/dictionary/%D9%86%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%B1
Ardalan Afshar, better known by his stage name Nazar, is an Austrian rapper of Iranian descent from Vienna. Nazar grew up in Austria, his father had died as a soldier in the Iran-Iraq War, whereupon his mother fled to Austria with him and his brother. Nazar spent his youth in Vienna's district of Favoriten, where at this time he clashed with neo-Nazis. In 2006 Nazar began his career as a rapper. At a gig near Stuttgart, he was discovered by the record label Assphalt Muzik. In 2007, Nazar published several songs on the Internet, which spread even outside the country. In June 2008 the charges of robbery against him were dropped. Nazar's lawyer said his client had in the commotion "just" pulled a gun and threatened to beat the opponent, his first official single, Street Fighter Part 2 was the harbinger of the coming album. On 27 June 2008, he released Children of Heaven, it was the promo video for the song'Children of the Sky.' On 10 June 2008 first seen on the German MTV in the show Total Request Live, there is straight to number 1 on the charts ended.
With the third video, "Presidential Election", which appeared in 2009, it landed Nazar on the number one spot of MTV charts, for nine weeks straight, which made him one of the most famous rappers in Austria. As a result, Nazar was gotten the Golden Penguin in the category "Austro Star of the Year". On 12 March 2010 Nazar published the album Artkore with RAF Camora; when it was announced in the spring of 2010 that Nazar would retire from the music business, he published the next summer the song My Town, which he had made with Chakuza, RAF Camora and Kamp. On 5 September 2010 Nazar held, with these collaborative partners, a free concert, the Peko Baxant co-initiated - their track Meine Stadt is part of the Vienna SPÖ campaign Ich Bin Vienna. Since 6 May 2011 Nazar has been seen in the documentary Schwarzkopf by Arman T. Riahi. On 13 May he released his album Fakker, co-produced again by RAF Camora. Featured inJuice-Exclusives2010: "Fakkergeddon" 2011: "Glaubs mir" Freetracks2009: "Flammen über Wien Pt. 2" 2010: "Meine Stadt" 2010: "Sagol" "Sandsturm" "Lost in Translation" "Narkose" "Danke für alles" "Intro" "Abrakadabra" "An Manchen Tagen" "Intro" "Rapbeef" "Borderliner" "Freundlicher Diktator" "Zwischen Zeit & Raum" 2011: Schwarzkopf - A film about identity, longing and a new generation of Viennese by director Arman T. Riahi.
The Inayati Order is a Western Sufi order founded by Inayat Khan. From the perspective of many traditional eastern Sufi orders and groups, the Inayati Order is in fact another sub-branch of the main Chishti Order of South Asia, adapted to broader Western contexts. Traditional Sufism is seen as a branch of Islam providing a more personal and mystical connection to its enlightenment or “divine love”, it arose in Central Asia, the Middle East, North East Africa, as a facet of Islamic practice. Inayat Khan was a representative of the Chishti tradition and was the first visible Sufi teacher in the West; the order he founded is led by his grandson, Zia Inayat Khan. Inayat was born and raised in India in 1887, he studied many sacred texts and early on went to the shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, the founder of the Chishti order in India. Here he decided to follow the Chishti Sufi path and find a guide, or murshid, to teach him Sufi beliefs. For four years his mentor, Syed Mohammed Abu Hashim Madani,Chishti, guided Inayat down the Sufi path.
Before his death, Inayat's mentor gave him a message to unite the East and West with the “music” of Sufism. Shortly after, Inayat began spreading the Sufi teachings; the spread of Sufism in the West began with Khan’s immigration to America where he first founded the Sufi Order. As he began to spread the Sufi teachings he did so with significant adaptions to the needs of Western seekers; when Inayat Khan died in 1927 leadership of the Sufi Order he had founded first passed to his brother, Shaikh Maheboob Khan. In 1985 Pir Fazal accommodated differing trends within the movement by proposing the creation of three separate groups: The International Sufi Movement, associated with Inayat Khans' original message The Sufi Order, associated with the teaching of Khan's son Vilayat Khan The Sufi Way, based on his own eclectic synthesis; the aforementioned three groups work in ways parallel to what Sufi writer Idries Shah calls the three components or departments of Sufi study, respectively: Studies in Sufism refer to being in a Sufi school, carrying out those activities prescribed by the teacher as part of a training, this can take many forms which do not fit into the preconceived notion of a "mystical school".
Studies of Sufism include institutions and activities, such as lectures and seminars, which provide information about Sufism and act as a cultural liaison between the Sufis and the public. Studies for Sufism lead people towards Sufism and include the promotion of knowledge which might be lacking in the culture and needs to be restored and spread, such as an understanding of social conditioning and brainwashing, the difference between the rational and intuitive modes of thought, other activities so that people's minds could become more free and wide-ranging. In 1988 Pir Fazals' father Hidayat Inayat Khan became Pir-o-Murshid of the Inner School of the International Sufi Movement. Following the death in 1990 of Pir Fazal, his group, The Sufi Way, was led by the first woman leader of the Tariqah, Pirani Sitara Brutnell, she died in 2004. Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan, the son of Inayat Khan, was a leader of the Sufi Order for over 50 years, until his death in 2004, he was an avid student of many religious and spiritual traditions and incorporated the rich mystical heritage of East and West into his teachings, adding to it the scholarship of the West in music and psychology.
He travelled wrote several accessible books on Sufism, including Awakening: A Sufi Experience and founded The Abode of the Message, a retreat center, used by other Sufi orders and interfaith gatherings. His order was renamed to the Inayati Order in 2016 and is led by Pir Zia Inayat Khan, the grandson of Inayat Khan and son of Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan, its activities, in keeping with the vision of Inayat Khan, are contained within five concentrations — the Esoteric School, the Healing Order, the Universal Worship, Kinship Activity, Ziraat. Each concentration is headed by a senior member of the Order appointed by the Pir. There are centres throughout the world, where people may take classes, learn about practices and find fellowship with other seekers; some choose to work with a guide, trained in the lineage of Murshid Inayat Khan, Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan, Pir Zia Inayat Khan. A Universal Sufi initiate has an association with a spiritual teacher, or guide, called a Murshid who prescribes individual spiritual practices for the initiate.
From time to time, the Pir may prescribe practices for the Murids to do as well. There are Universal Sufi centers throughout America and other parts of the world, with Center Representatives who provide classes and group practices; these are open to the public, not just initiates. The clergy in this order are called Cherags, Cherag means Light Bearer in Persian, it is their function to help initiates to move towards enlightenment. A Seraj is appointed to oversee ordination of Cherags; the Universal Worship Service honours the world's spiritual traditions with readings from the holy books of different religions. Cherags take classes in learning about the different religions and the spiritual essence of these traditions as part of their training for ordination; the Federation of the Su
A nazar is an eye-shaped amulet believed to protect against the evil eye. Albanian, Pashtun, Kurdish, Persian and other languages have borrowed the term as well. In Turkey, it is known by the name nazar boncuğu and as mâvi boncuk or Old Turkic: gökçe munçuk, both meaning "blue bead". In Persian and Afghan folklore, it is called a cheshm nazar qurbāni. In Pakistan, the slogan Chashm-e-Baddoor is used to ward off the evil eye. In such cultures, it is believed that if a person is complimented a lot, the evil eye will cause them to be sick the next day unless a phrase such as "With the will of God" is said. In South Asia, when a mother observes that her child is being excessively complimented, it is common for them to attempt to neutralize the effects of the evil eye by "holding red chillies in one hand and circling the child's head a few times burning the chillies." A typical nazar is made of handmade glass featuring concentric circles or teardrop shapes in dark blue, light blue and black with a yellow/gold edge.
It is a common sight in Turkey, Albania and Herzegovina, Greece, Syria, Israel, Armenia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Azerbaijan and Tunisia where the nazar is hung in homes, cars, children's clothing, or incorporated in jewellery and ornaments. They are a popular choice of souvenir with tourists; the Turkish boncuk is a glass bead characterized by a blue glass field with a blue or black dot superimposed on a white or yellow center. Old, the blue bead has gained importance as an item of popular culture in Modern Turkey; the bead originated in the Mediterranean and is associated with the development of glass making. Written documents and extant beads date as early as the 16th century BC. Glass beads were made and used throughout the ancient world: from Mesopotamia to Egypt, from Carthage and Phoenicia to Persia, throughout the Roman imperial period; the eye bead is a kind of glass art based on nazar in Turkey. This art has changed little for thousands of years; the 3,000-year-old antique Mediterranean glass art lives in these eye bead furnaces with its every detail.
The roots of the few glass evil eye bead masters that still practice this tradition go back to the Arabian artisans who settled in Izmir and its towns during the decline of the Ottoman Empire by the end of the 19th century. The glass art that had lost its glamour in Anatolia, combined with the eye sign, was enlivened; the masters who practised their arts at Araphan and Kemeraltı districts of Izmir were exiled due to the disturbance of the smoke from their furnace and risk of fire in the neighbourhood. The nazar image was used as a symbol on the tailfins of aeroplanes belonging to the private Turkish airline Fly Air, it is used in the logo for CryEngine 3, a game engine designed by Crytek, a video game company founded by three Turkish brothers. It was used in the logo of the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup events; the video game Terraria has an accessory item called "Nazar" which grants immunity to the "Cursed debuff", referencing how a "Nazar" is used to prevent the wearer from curses and bad Luck.
The video game Crypt of the Necrodancer has a pick up called the "Nazar Charm" which wards off all forms of ghosts while it is held. The video game series The Legend of Zelda has the Sheikah tribe's eye symbol indicating arcane knowledge & protection against evil. In 2018, the Nazar Amulet became an emoji as part of Emoji 11, it was first put into use on Twitter as a part of its Twemoji feature on June 5, 2018. It uses the code U+1F9FF. Darśana Görece Hamsa Nazar Battu Ta'wiz Ronald T. Marchese; the Fabric of Life: Cultural Transformations in Turkish Society. Pp. 103–107. Media related to Nazar boncuğu at Wikimedia Commons