The Nazi party rally grounds covered about 11 square kilometres in the southeast of Nuremberg, Germany. Six Nazi party rallies were held there between 1933 and 1938; the grounds included: the Luitpoldarena, a deployment area the Luitpold Hall or "Old Congress Hall" the Kongresshalle or Neue Kongresshalle the Zeppelinfeld, another deployment area the Märzfeld, a deployment area for the Wehrmacht the Deutsche Stadion, to be the largest sports stadium in the world the former Stadion der Hitlerjugend the Große Straße, a parade roadA "Haus der Kultur" and a representative entrance portal towards the "Great Road" were planned at the northwestern end of the "Great Road", near the Congress Hall. Only Zeppelinfeld and Große Straße were finished; the Kongresshalle and the Große Straße have been under monument protection since 1973 as significant examples of NS architecture. The grounds were designed by Hitler's architect Albert Speer, except for the Congress Hall, designed by Ludwig and Franz Ruff. Today the whole site is a memorial, parts are used as the Norisring motor racing track.
On 30 August 1933 Hitler declared Nuremberg the "City of the Reichsparteitage". The Party Congresses were a self-portrayal of the NS-state and had no programmatic task demonstrating the unity of the nation. In a propagandistic way a relation was to be drawn between the NS movement and the glory of the medieval emperors and the meetings of the Imperial States which were held in Nuremberg. Party Congresses of the NSDAP from 1923 to 1938 Since 1906 a park named "Luitpoldhain" existed here. During the Weimar Republic the "Ehrenhalle" was built in the park. In 1933 Hitler replaced the park with a strictly-structured deployment area, the so-called "Luitpoldarena" with an area of 84,000 m². During the party rallies, deployments of the SA and the SS with up to 150,000 people took place in this area; the central "relic" here was the "Blutfahne", carried by the Beer Hall Putsch rebels and was soaked with the blood of one of them. At the "Blutfahnenweihe", new "Standarten" of SA- and SS-units were "consecrated" by touching their guidons with the "Blutfahne".
After 1945 the city of Nuremberg redesigned the area into a park again. All buildings from the NS era were demolished. Only the half-round of the terraces of the main grandstand is recognizable; the "Ehrenhalle" was built by the City of Nuremberg according to a plan of German architect Fritz Mayer. It was inaugurated before the Hitler era during the Weimar Republic, it is an arcaded hall with an adjacent cobbled stone terrace with two rows of pedestals for fire bowls. All fourteen pylons remain intact and have not been ignited since the final Nazi party rally in September 1938; the hall was to be a memorial site for the 9,855 soldiers from Nuremberg who had fallen in World War I. During the Party Congress of 1929 the unfinished "Hall of Honour" was used for the enactment of a cult of the dead by the National Socialists for the first time. During the Third Reich the Nazis used the site as a commemoration for the fallen soldiers of World War I and commemoration of the 16 dead of the "Hitlerputsch" on 9 November 1923 in Munich.
Hitler, accompanied by SS leader Heinrich Himmler and SA leader Viktor Lutze, strode through the arena over the 240 meters long granite path from the main grandstand to the terrace of the Ehrenhalle and showed the Nazi salute there. The ritual was the climax of the celebration. Opposite the "Ehrenhalle" the crescent-shaped "Ehrentribüne" or main grandstand which measured 150 m long with 6 m gold eagles on each end was built; this structure, built by architect Albert Speer, could seat 500 dignitaries and represented the first permanent structure built by the Nazis in Nuremberg. The "Ehrenhalle" and the "Ehrentribüne" were connected by a wide granite path; the "Ehrentribüne" was blown up in 1959/60. The Luitpold Hall had an outline of 180 m × 50 m featured 76 loudspeakers, 42 spotlights, the largest pipe organ in Germany and could seat 16,000 people. Dating back to the Bavarian Exposition, the former machine hall was renovated and first used by the Nazis for the party convention party congress of 1934.
Its monumental neo classic facade featured a shell limestone facing with three enormous entrance portals. It was in this building during the party congress of 1935, that the Nuremberg laws were adopted which deprived German Jews and other minorities of their citizenship; the structure was damaged by allied bombs in early 1945 and a few years replaced by a parking lot. The granite staircase leading to the building remains intact today; the Congress Hall is the biggest is landmarked. It was planned by the Nuremberg architects Franz Ruff, it was intended to serve as a congress centre for the NSDAP with a self-supporting roof and would have provided 50,000 seats. It was located on the shore of and in the pond Dutzendteich and marked the entrance of the rally grounds; the buildi
Nathaniel Frampton Davis Thomson was an Australian cricketer who played in the first two Tests played, in 1877. When Australia won the toss on 15 March 1877 and elected to bat, Nat Thomson came out with Australia's No. 1 batsman Charles Bannerman to form the first-ever Test batting partnership. Thomson was 37 years 290 days old, which made him the second-oldest player on the ground behind England's James Southerton, who remains to this day the oldest Test debutant ever. Thomson has the distinction of being the first batsman dismissed in a Test match, when he was clean bowled by England's Allen Hill for 1 when the score was 2. In the Second Test a fortnight he made 41 in the second innings, adding 88 for the first wicket with Dave Gregory. Thomson began his career with New South Wales in the 1850s principally as a fieldsman, but his batting improved, he scored New South Wales' first inter-colonial fifty in 1867-68, he was offered a position on the Australian touring team to England in 1878 but declined due to business reasons and thus finished his brief international career.
Until 1993 Wisden listed him as Nathaniel Thompson, born 21 April 1838 in Birmingham and the brief biographical details in Bill Frindall's Wisden Book of Test Cricket 1876-77 to 1977-78 list him as such. This would have made him the earliest-born Australian Test cricketer. However, a note in the Births and Deaths section of the 1993 Wisden announced that research had "led to a change in the details for N. F. D. Thomson", since that time Thomson's name and birth information have been listed as in this article. Thomson and Ned Gregory are now assumed to have been born on the same day, jointly hold the distinction of being the earliest-born Australian Test cricketer. List of New South Wales representative cricketers Nat Thomson at Cricinfo Nat Thomson at CricketArchive
Novena Global Lifecare Group is a medical center and aesthetic group in Asia. The organization is based in Singapore; the group wellness services and products. Presently, the group has 100 clinics in Singapore, Hong Kong, Korea, Indonesia and Malaysia. In July 2017, the company announced plans for a potential future US$150mm Taiwan IPO. In January 2018, China's Cedarlake Huarong Investment acquired a stake in Novena Global Lifecare for an undisclosed sum. Novena Global Lifecare Group was founded in 2010 by cousins Terence Loh and Nelson Loh, both former investment bankers at J. P. Morgan. Nelson found the idea of forming a medical aesthetic group when he found that his mother’s medical aesthetic bills running into thousands of dollars. One of their early investments was a KOSDAQ-listed medical equipment manufacturer in South Korea to develop their own research and manufacturing arm of the group, they took interests in healthcare companies in Taiwan as well as the PPP chain of clinics in Singapore, renaming it to NOVU and NOVU Genesis.
Prior to founding Novena Global and Nelson co-founded DORR Group, an Asia-based private equity group which invested in the consumer, internet and healthcare spaces. The Group provides predictive care through health screenings for early detection of diseases and nutritional supplements. In November 2017, the company acquired four specialist eyecare centres in Singapore. Two of the centres, Total EyeCare Center at Orchid Hotel and a branch in Jurong East, were owned by Gerard Chuah, a private eye surgeon specialising in vitreoretinal surgery; the other two clinics, Specialist Eye and Eyelids Clinic at Novena and The Eye and Aesthetics Clinic in Suntec City, were owned by Chuah Chin Tek. In Taiwan, Novena acquired a majority stake in healthcare provider Hexin Group to manage the health screening services at Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taoyuan General Hospital, China Medical University Hospital and Taipei Beitou Hospital. In November 2017, the group announced that it will acquire majority stake of Taiwan based Hexin Group, the third largest healthcare screening provider in Taipei founded in 2007.
The Group provides preventive care services through stem cell treatments and DNA testing in North Asia. In Taiwan, they partnered with Health GeneTech to develop DNA testing services to identify vulnerabilities to inheritable diseases; the team is working with universities and regional labs in Taiwan, Korea and Hong Kong to develop a database on Asian genetics for predictive developmental and healthcare management. Novena Global provides rejuvenative care through aesthetic and wellness services and body care products and post-natal care, its flagship brand is NOVU Medical Aesthetic Clinic, with 50 clinics in Singapore, Indonesia, China and Spain In May 2017, the group partnered with Australian model and actress Jessica Gomes to launch Equal Beauty, a fragrance free line of skincare products designed for all skin types and races. Equal Beauty is a luxury Australian travel skincare brand suited for the modern jet setting woman. In November 2017, Novena Global opened a clinic in Madrid in Spain under the NOVU brand.
In January 2018, Novena Global launched NOVU Genesis. NOVU is the flagship brand of Novena Global Lifecare Group with over 40 clinics in Asia including Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea and Spain; the clinic chain specialises in providing wellness services to the masses. It manufactures and distributes a range of skin and body care products. Official website NOVU Medical Aesthetic Clinic