NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX. It was developed by NeXT Computer in the late 1980s and early 1990s and was used for its range of proprietary workstation computers such as the NeXTcube, it was ported to several other computer architectures. Although unsuccessful at the time, it attracted interest from computer scientists and researchers, it was used as the original platform for the development of the Electronic AppWrapper, the first commercial electronic software distribution catalog to collectively manage encryption and provide digital rights for application software and digital media, a forerunner of the modern "app store" concept. It was the platform on which Tim Berners-Lee created the first web browser, on which id Software developed the video games Doom and Quake. After the purchase of NeXT by Apple, it became the source of the popular operating systems macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS. Many bundled macOS applications, such as TextEdit and Chess, are descendants of NeXTSTEP applications.
NeXTSTEP is a combination of several parts: a Unix operating system based on the Mach kernel, plus source code from BSD Display PostScript and a proprietary windowing engine the Objective-C language and runtime an object-oriented application layer, including several "kits" development tools for the OO layers. NeXTSTEP is notable for having been a preeminent implementation of the latter three items; the toolkits offer considerable power, are the canonical development system for all of the software on the machine. It introduced the idea of the Shelf. NeXTSTEP originated or innovated a large number of other GUI concepts which became common in other operating systems: 3D "chiseled" widgets, large full-color icons, system-wide drag and drop of a wide range of objects beyond file icons, system-wide piped services, real-time scrolling and window dragging, properties dialog boxes called "inspectors", window modification notices; the system is among the first general-purpose user interfaces to handle publishing color standards, sophisticated sound and music processing, advanced graphics primitives, internationalization, modern typography, in a consistent manner across all applications.
Additional kits were added to the product line to make the system more attractive. These include Portable Distributed Objects, which allow easy remote invocation, Enterprise Objects Framework, a powerful object-relational database system; the kits made the system interesting to custom application programmers, NeXTSTEP had a long history in the financial programming community. A preview release of NeXTSTEP was shown with the launch of the NeXT Computer on October 12, 1988; the first full release, NeXTSTEP 1.0, shipped on September 18, 1989. The last version, 3.3, was released in early 1995, by which time it ran on not only the Motorola 68000 family processors used in NeXT computers, but on Intel x86, Sun SPARC, HP PA-RISC-based systems. NeXTSTEP was modified to separate the underlying operating system from the higher-level object libraries; the result was the OpenStep API, which ran on multiple underlying operating systems, including NeXT's own OPENSTEP, Windows NT and Solaris. NeXTSTEP's legacy stands today in the form of its direct descendants, Apple's macOS, iOS, watchOS, tvOS operating systems.
From day one, the operating system of NeXTSTEP was built upon Mach/BSD. It was built on 4.3BSD-Tahoe. It changed to 4.3BSD-Reno after the release of NeXTSTEP 3.0. It changed to 4.4BSD during the development of Rhapsody. The first web browser, WorldWideWeb, the first-ever app store were all invented on the NeXTSTEP platform. 1990 CERN: A Joint proposal for a hypertext system is presented to the management. Mike Sendall buys a NeXT cube for evaluation, gives it to Tim Berners-Lee. Tim's prototype implementation on NeXTStep is made in the space of a few months, thanks to the qualities of the NeXTStep software development system; this prototype offers WYSIWYG browsing/authoring! Current Web browsers used in "surfing the Internet" are mere passive windows, depriving the user of the possibility to contribute. During some sessions in the CERN cafeteria, Tim and I try to find a catching name for the system. I was determined. Tim proposes "World-Wide Web". I like this much, except that it is difficult to pronounce in French...
Some features and keyboard shortcuts now found in web browsers can be traced back to NeXTSTEP conventions. The basic layout options of HTML 1.0 and 2.0 are attributable to those features available in NeXT's Text class. Features seen first on NeXTSTEP: the system-wide Find Buffer the spinning pinwheelIn the 1990s, the pioneering PC games Doom, Doom II, Quake were developed by id Software on NeXT machines. Other games based on the Doom engine such as Heretic and its sequel Hexen by Raven Software as well as Strife by Rogue Entertainment were developed on NeXT hardware using id's tools. Altsys made a NeXTSTEP application called Virtuoso, version 2 of, ported to Mac OS and Windows to become Macromedia FreeHand version 4; the modern "Notebook" interface for Mathematica, the advanced spreadsheet Lotus Improv, were developed using NeXTSTEP. The software that controlled MCI's Friends and Family calling plan program was developed using NeXTSTEP. About the time of the release of NeXTSTEP 3.2, NeXT partnered with Sun Microsystems to develop OpenStep.
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The Said Sultan Ali Mosque is a mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. It is among the cultural heritages of the city, located at the southern part of the historical neighborhood of Rusafa at Al Rasheed Street, near the Al-Ahrar bridge, adjacent to the Tigris; the mosque was first established under the rule of Ali Pasha. The mosque contains a madrasa, where some well known ulamas such as sheikh Ahmad Shakes al-Alusi had taught, it was restored in 1873. It has tekyeh known as Tekyeh Quratun Ali; the mosque is attached by the minaret built of bricks, taking the shape of the Ottoman architectural style and decorated with blue tiles. The haram capable of accommodating 1,000 worshipers; the haram has old minbar, with the inscriptions of the Qur ` anic verses over the wall. The mosque is a place, his history remains unsolved, with some people consider him as the father of Al-Rifa`i, the founder of the Rifa`i tariqa. However, the Iraqi historian Muhammad Bahja al-Athari considers him as the Sultan Ali bin Ismail bin al-Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq and finds the former theory as a fabrication.
The mausoleum and shrine of Said Sultan Ali is located on the left of the mosque. Another revered saint, Imam Al-Rawas is buried next to Sultan Ali. On the righthand side exist the entrance to the madrasa, the mausoleum for Khatun bint Darush Jalabi. On the center exists the entrance to the corridor of the mosque. Islam in Iraq List of mosques in Iraq
Carol Queen is an American author, editor and sexologist active in the sex-positive feminism movement. Queen has written on human sexuality in books such as Real Live Nude Girl: Chronicles of Sex-Positive Culture, she has written a sex tutorial, Exhibitionism for the Shy: Show Off, Dress Up and Talk Hot, as well as erotica, such as the novel The Leather Daddy and the Femme. Queen has produced adult movies, events and lectures. Queen was featured as an instructor and star in both installments of the Bend Over Boyfriend series about female-to-male anal sex, or pegging, she has served as editor for compilations and anthologies. She is a sex-positive sex educator in the United States. Queen serves as staff sexologist to the San Francisco sex toy retailer. In this function, she designed an education program which has trained many other current and past Good Vibrations-based sex educators, including Violet Blue, Charlie Glickman and Staci Haines, she is still working for GV as The Staff Sexologist and Chief Cultural Officer.
Queen is known as a professional editor and commentator of works such as Real Live Nude Girl: Chronicles of Sex-Positive Culture and Exhibitionism for the Shy. She has written for juried journals and compendiums such as The Journal of Bisexuality and The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality, she contributed the piece "The Queer in Me" to the anthology Bi Any Other Name: Bisexual People Speak Out. The neologism absexual has been introduced by Queen, although it was coined by her partner. Based on its prefix ab-, it represents a form of sexuality where someone is stimulated by moving away from sexuality or is moralistically opposed to sex. Betty Dodson defined the term as describing "folks who get off complaining about sex and trying to censor porn." As of 2010 absexuality is not an official psychiatric term. Queen proposed inclusion of the concept in the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-5. Darrell Hamamoto sees Queen's view of absexuality as playfully broad: "the current'absexuality' embraced by many progressive and conservative critics of pornographic literature is itself a kind of'kink' stemming from a compulsive need to impose their own sexual mores upon those whom they self-righteously condemn as benighted reprobates."
In 2000, Queen together with her partner Robert Morgan Lawrence published a jointly written essay in the Journal of Bisexuality detailing the role of San Francisco bisexuals in the development of safe sex strategies in response to the emerging AIDS crisis in the 1980s. Queen detailed her and Lawrence's development of a safe sex version of the SAR or Sexual Attitude Reassessment training, which they termed Sexual Health Attitude Restructuring Process or SHARP. A program started by the IASHS, SHARP is described as a combination of "lectures, videos and personal sharing", as well as "massage techniques, condom relay races, a blindfolded ritual known as the Sensorium which emphasized transformation and sensate focus, much more." In 2007, Queen expressed the intention to revive the SHARP training, now referred to as SARP or Sexual Attitude Reassessment Process.' Queen is a Wiccan. She identifies as bisexual. LGBT culture in San Francisco Official website The Center for Sex and Culture Fatale Media producer of the Bend Over Boyfriend video series.
Marwan Hage is a former offensive lineman who played for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats of the Canadian Football League. Hage played college football for the Colorado Buffaloes, he emigrated from Beirut, Lebanon to Montreal in 1990. Participated in the Jacksonville Jaguars' 2004 training camp. During his retirement announcement in 2014, Hage revealed that he would become the owner of two Tim Hortons franchises in Toronto, Ontario. Hage was selected by the Tiger-Cats in second round of the 2004 CFL Draft. In 2006, he founded the Hage's Heroes program which sends under-privileged children to Hamilton Tiger-Cats home games. In 2009, he was awarded the Tom Pate Memorial Award for his contributions to the Hamilton community, he was named a CFL East All-Star in 2007 and a CFLPA All-Star in 2007 and 2008. He won the Leo Dandurand Trophy in 2010 as the Most Outstanding Lineman in the East Division. During the final game played at Ivor Wynne Stadium, Hage was named to the All-Time Hamilton Tiger-Cats Team, he was a member of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats 2013 East Division championship team and played in the 2013 Grey Cup.
He was acquired by the Ottawa Redblacks in the third round of the 2013 CFL Expansion Draft. Instead of playing for the RedBlacks, Hage announced his retirement on April 14, 2014. On Tuesday, May 13, his playing rights were acquired by the Calgary Stampeders along with the first overall selection in the 2014 CFL Draft in exchange for Jon Gott. Hage is seeking the Conservative Party of Canada nomination in Hamilton East—Stoney Creek for the next Canadian federal election
Ralph Bunche High School was a school constructed in 1949 as a result of Civil Action 631 to provide "separate but equal" education for African-American students in King George County, Virginia. The school operated until 1968 when King George High School was completed and the county's schools integrated; the school was named for Ralph Bunche, an African-American educator and Nobel Prize winner. The building continued to be used for various school uses until 1998, including at times as an elementary school, for several specialized programs, including secondary and pre-school, for School Board administrative offices and some School Board meetings. Ralphe Bunche High School alumni formed a preservation committee in 1998 after plans to demolish the building were discussed. In August of that year, the King George County School Board approved a resolution to preserve the building allowing it to be registered as a historical site. In May, 2007 the Ralph Bunche Alumni Association unveiled a commemorative plaque to be placed on the building.
The building is on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2016, efforts were underway to turn the old school building into the Ralph Bunche Museum and Cultural Centre. Al Bumbry, former Major League Baseball outfielder who played for the Baltimore Orioles and San Diego Padres King George High School
The South Main Arts District in Memphis, Tennessee makes up the southern portion of Downtown Memphis. It is located along South Main Street. Two great points of historical interest in Memphis reside in this area. One is the National Civil Rights Museum; the other is the historic restaurant the Arcade, located on the south corner of South Main and G. E. Patterson, it is the oldest coffee one of the oldest family owned restaurants in Memphis. Elvis used to hang out at the Arcade and it has become a favorite among filmmakers. On the last Friday of each month, an event called "Trolley Night" is put on by the South Main Association, as well as owners of the South Main businesses and art galleries. From 6-9pm, this includes free MATA trolley service up and down Main Street, open art galleries, longer hours for most area shops and restaurants. Several notable locations and buildings are located in the South Main district. National Civil Rights Museum Central Station The Arcade Restaurant Earnestine & Hazel's The South Main district has been featured in many films, sometimes as just background scenery in Memphis, sometimes masquerading as an older version of Beale Street.
Some of the films featuring scenes from the South Main district are: The Firm — Tom Cruise and the FBI meet at The Arcade Restaurant. 21 Grams Hustle & Flow Walk the Line — The scenes shown on "Beale Street" are South Main, somewhat dressed up and CGI enhanced. Black Snake Moan — While most of the movie was shot in the Pyramid, several scenes were shot on South Main as well. My Blueberry Nights — Filmed inside Ernestine and Hazel's and the Arcade Restaurant, as well as several exterior shots along South Main and G. E. Patterson. Nothing But the Truth — Scenes were shot at the Arcade Restaurant. Mystery Train — Not only shot in Memphis, but the front entrance of the Arcade Restaurant is depicted on the movie poster. Great Balls of Fire Elizabethtown — Scenes shown in the National Civil Rights Museum and Hazel's, the Arcade Restaurant. Lovely By Surprise — Scene filmed in the Arcade Restaurant; the Client National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Tennessee Official Site Arcade Restaurant National Civil Rights Museum