click links in text for more info

Independent Presidential Regiment (Ukraine)

The Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Independent Presidential Regiment is a special military unit of Ukraine and its Armed Forces, mandated to defend the President of Ukraine in his duty as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, his First Family, the presidential residences and facilities assigned to the presidential office. The regiment was formed as the 1st NGU Infantry Regiment in Kyiv, in the 1st Division of the National Guard, by the order of the KNGU from January 2, 1992 on the basis of the personnel of the 290th independent motorized rifle Novorossiysk Red Banner Lenin Komsomol special operational-purpose regiment of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. In 1995, the headquarters of the 1st Regiment of the NGU was transformed into the headquarters of the 24th independent brigade of the NGU; the structure of the brigade was organized into: Brigade HQ 1st Battalion of the NGU in Zhytomyr, formed by the order of the KNGU on January 2, 1992, on the basis of part of the 75th independent convoy battalion of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR.

The second part of the battalion was used to form the 7th independent battalion of internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine. In 1995 the battalion was transferred from Zhytomyr to village Vysoka Pich, located on the territory of the military camp of the former missile regiment of the 50th Missile Division of the Strategic Missile Forces. By order of the KNGU of June 10, 1998, the unit was renamed into the 1st special battalion of the special purpose of the NGU. Formed in 1998 on the basis of the protection company of the training center of the 24th brigade of the NGU, which belonged to the former Kyiv Higher Combined Arms Command School. More known as the "White Panther", was founded in 1992 on the basis of the special purpose training group ща 290th independent motorized rifle regime for the operational purpose of the internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR as a special battalion for the 1st Regiment of the NGU. By order of the KNGU from December 24, 1998, the 24th independent brigade of the NGU was renamed into the 24th special brigade of the special purpose of the NGU.

By the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated October 30, 1999, for the merits of personnel in tasks in ensuring public order in the capital of Ukraine, the 24th special brigade of the special purpose of the NGU was awarded the honorary title of "Kyiv". By Decree of the President of Ukraine of December 17, 1999, the 24th separate Kyiv brigade of special purpose NGU was transferred to the Armed Forces of Ukraine. By the law of Ukraine of January 11, 2000, the National Guard was disbanded; the headquarters of the 24th separate Kyiv brigade of special purpose NGU was transformed into the headquarters of the Independent Novorossiysk-Kyiv Order of the Red Banner Special Purpose Regiment of the President of Ukraine. The 2nd and 17th independent battalions of special purpose NGU became linear battalions of special purpose of this formation, the 3rd separate battalion of special purpose NGU was disbanded; the 27th special battalion of special purpose NGU was transferred to the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and became a linear battalion of the 10th Special Motorized Regiment of Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

From 2015, the Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 646/2015 changed the name of the regiment to the Independent Kyiv Regiment of the President of Ukraine and removed it of the Order of the Red Banner. On December 15, 2017, the President of Ukraine granted the regiment its honorific "Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky" and handed the regimental battle colours, its full name becoming the Hetman Bogdan Khmelnytsky Independent Presidential Regiment; the date of the ceremony was the centennial anniversary of the ultimatum of the Council of People's Commissars and the People's Secretariat to the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic, the actual announcement of the Soviet war in Ukraine in 1917. Regiment HQ 1st guards battalion 2nd guards battalion special purpose company Military Band Honor Guard Battalion Battalion HQ 1st Honor Guard Company 2nd Honor Guard Company 3rd Honor Guard Company Military Band of the Guard of Honor Battalion Support company MP company 101st Brigade for the Protection of the General Staff

Greektown, Vancouver

Greektown in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada is an area in the Kitsilano neighborhood, an enclave of Greek immigrants and their descendants. The term is an informal one, Greektown's borders were never defined. However, West Broadway at Trutch Street is considered the neighbourhood's heart. Residents of Vancouver's west side refer to Greektown as "Greek West Broadway." Vancouverites of Greek descent, who live in Kitsilano, nostalgically call the area Ουέστ Μπροντουέι. This Greek identity has waned since the area first became a community of exiles during the dictatorship in Greece of the 1960s and early 1970s, the primary markers of Greektown are St. George's Greek Orthodox Cathedral located at the intersection of Arbutus Street and Valley Drive, the local Athens Social Club, a Greek supermarket, a higher-than-average concentration of Greek restaurants. There is a Greek Senior Citizen Society. St. George's Greek Orthodox Cathedral been noted for its traditional Byzantine Icons. St. George's Hellenic Community of Vancouver, holds every year a Greek Food Festival from October 20 to October 22.

The Hellenic Cultural Festival takes place every June in Kitsilano. The highlight is Greek Day, when Broadway is closed to vehicle traffic between MacDonald and Blenheim for free, family-oriented festivities; the festival is part of an ongoing effort to restore the Greek identity of Greektown. After World War II, Greek refugees from Europe and western Canada congregated in the Kitsilano area of Vancouver, they founded the aforementioned Greek Orthodox Cathedral, several businesses and social clubs, schools, a bank, a television station. In the 1971 Canada census, Greek was the second-most common language and ethnicity in the Kitsilano area. In 1974, the city of Vancouver sanctioned an annual Greek Day celebration in the area; the current St. George’s Greek Orthodox Cathedral was built in 1974 and its adjacent Hellenic Community Centre was built shortly thereafter in 1977. St. George's Greek Orthodox Cathedral was located at West Seventh and Vine, but between 1954 and 1960 when Vancouver saw such an influx of Greek immigrants that St. George's Hellenic community leaders realized their original church was no longer large enough to accommodate the congregation.

The property, today the home of Kitsilano Neighbourhood House, was not big enough for the construction of a larger church so a new location was proposed. In the 2001 Canada census, the percentage of people in Kitsilano reporting Greek as their mother tongue had shrunk to 2 percent, fewer than those speaking English, French, or German. In 2005 the City of Vancouver, the Government of British Columbia, the Government of Greece sponsored a return of Greek Day that has continued annually since

Conversion to Islam in U.S. prisons

Conversion to Islam in U. S. prisons refers to the contemporary high rate of conversion to Islam in American prisons, for which there are a number of factors. It is the fastest growing religion in U. S. prisons, where the population is 18 percent Muslim. In addition to immigration, the state and local prisons of the United States may be a contributor to the growth of Islam in the United States. J. Michael Waller claims that Muslim inmates comprise 17–20% of the prison population in New York, or 350,000 inmates in 2003, he claims that 80% of the prisoners who "find faith" while in prison convert to Islam. These converted inmates are African American, with a growing Hispanic minority. Waller asserts that many converts are radicalized by outside Islamist groups linked to terrorism, but other experts suggest that when radicalization does occur, it has little to no connection with these outside interests. According to a 2003 estimate by FBI, there are 350,000 Muslims in federal and local prison, about 30,000 - 40,000 more being converted every year.

Concern over jailhouse conversions to Islam first rose in 2001 when Imam Warith Deen Umar, Islamic chaplain for the New York State prison system, was reported to have praised the September 11 attacks. In a 2004 report, the Justice Department faulted the prison system for failing to protect against “infiltration by religious extremists.” However, the report made clear. Mark S. Hamm, a criminologist at Indiana State University, describes a phenomenon he calls "prison Islam." This consists of "small gang-like cliques that use cut-and-paste versions of the Koran" to give a religious patina to violent and criminal activities. Hamm has identified five such examples since 2005, notably the 2005 Los Angeles bomb plot. In January 2010, John Kerry released a report that stated: "Three dozen U. S. citizens who converted to Islam while in prison have traveled to Yemen for Al Qaeda training." Malcolm X - A Civil Rights activist Abdul Alim Musa - Muslim-American activist Kevin Gates - an African-American rapper Charles Brooks, Jr. - convicted murderer.

Rap Brown - former Black Panther. Conversion to Islam in prisons Religion in United States prisons Islamic Missionary Activity Jihadist extremism in the United States#Prison Why American prisoners convert to Islam, This is Life with Lisa Ling on CNN ""Homegrown: Islam In Prison" Explores the Rise and Influence of the Muslim Faith in the U. S. Penal System". WETA. 2007-11-26. Retrieved 2018-02-04. "Growing Faith: Prisons, Hip-Hop And Islam". HuffPost. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2018-02-04. America's Academies by Ayaan Hirsi on the Wall Street Journal. 2018-02-04 The Tayba Foundation - a religious Muslim organization committed to promoting a better quality of life for the incarcerated, on "Islam And Muslims In The U. S. Prison System"


Galswintha was a queen consort of Neustria. She was the daughter of Athanagild, Visigothic king of Hispania, Goiswintha. Galswintha was the sister of Queen of Austrasia. Galswintha was murdered at the urging of Chilperic's former wife, instigating a 40 year civil war within the Merovingian kingdom. Merovingian king, Chilperic I, ruled over Neustria, which despite being less extensive in total land as that presided over by his brother King Sigebert, was wealthier since the cities of Paris and Rouen all fell under its purview. Chilperic sought Galswintha's hand in marriage after his brother, King Sigebert, had married the noblewoman, Brunhilda, a union that violated the Merovingian tradition of seeking the hand of a lowborn woman instead. Galswintha—daughter of the Visigothic king, Athanagild—was not in favor of being betrothed to a northern Frankish king, as the Visigoths considered them barbarians. To the dismay of her mother, Galswintha was forced to part with her family on her father's insistence.

Her escort to Chilperic's side consisted of nobles and warriors from among both the Goths and Franks. Crossing the Pyrenees, Galswintha's journey took her through Narbonne and Carcassone onto Poitiers and Tours before reaching Rouen, the location of the marriage arrangement. According to Gregory of Tours, Chilperic was betrothed to multiple women at the time of his marriage to Galswintha and had promised to dismiss all of them if she accepted his proposal. Chilperic honored his avowal by dispensing with his other wives. After their betrothal—sometime between 566 and 567—Chilperic gave Galswintha the cities of Limoges, Cahors and Bigorre as a gift. Chilperic loved her "dearly" according to Gregory of Tours, but this was most due to her substantial dowry, his former wife Fredegund continued to visit the king's bedchamber, despite Chilperic's proclaimed commitment to Galswintha. She complained bitterly about this betrayal. Still in love with Fredegund, Chilperic allowed himself to be manipulated and had his wealthy wife murdered.

Galswintha was strangled. Historian Patrick Geary surmises that Galswintha may have been murdered as a consequence of Chilperic's fear that she would leave with her dowry. After Galswintha's death, the lands—formerly given by Chilperic—ended up being passed on to her sister Brunhilda. Though Chilperic retained Galswintha's dowry, her untimely death aroused the enmity of her sister Brunhilda against him and Fredegund; when Chilperic was murdered in 584, Brunhilda's anger remained unassuaged, the conflict following Galswintha's murder continued until Fredegund's death in 597. Beyond this, the result of such antipathy was a three-generation-long feud that "wrecked the Merovingian family" and contributed to the death of ten of its kings. Galswintha remains listed in modern genealogical charts demonstrating the links between the Visigothic kingdoms and the Byzantine Empire; the Late Latin poet Venantius Fortunatus wrote a long commemorative poem in honour of Galswintha. Symphonic metal band Leaves' Eyes wrote a song from their album Symphonies of the Night titled "Galswintha".

Bauer, Susan Wise. The History of the Medieval World: From the Conversion of Constantine to the First Crusade. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-39305-975-5. Duruy, Victor. A Short History of France. Vol. 1. London. M. Dent & Sons Ltd. OCLC 493700950. Frassetto, Michael. Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe: Society in Transformation. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-57607-263-9. Geary, Patrick J.. Before France and Germany: The Creation & Transformation of the Merovingian World. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19504-458-4. Goffart, Walter. "Byzantine Policy in the West under Tiberius II and Maurice: The Pretenders Hermenegild and Gundovald". Traditio. 13: 73–118. Doi:10.1017/S0362152900007935. JSTOR 27830344. Gregory of Tours; the History of the Franks. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14044-295-3. McNamara, Jo Ann. "The Power of Women through the Family in Medieval Europe: 500–1100". Women's History. 1: 126–141. JSTOR 1566483

Neish Island

Neish Island is an island in Loch Earn, Scotland. It is recorded that in 1490 James IV of Scotland ordered Lord Drummond to cast down the house of the Ester Isle of Loch Ern and destroy all the strengths of the same and take away the boat and put it at the Wester Isle; the Neishes had the only boat on the loch and although the dwelling was demolished the Neishes repaired it and continued to live there, occupying most of the land near St Fillans and as far west as Tyndrum. The Neishes took refuge on the island after being defeated by the Clan Macnab at the Battle of Glenboultachan in 1522; the Neishes or MacNeishes are regarded as a sept of the Clan Gregor. In a part of the feud, in 1612, when the Neishes robbed the Macnabs, the Macnabs took revenge by attacking the Neishes on the island, all of whom were killed except for one small boy who hid under a bed and from who all of the name Neish are descended. According to the New Statistical Account of Scotland there is a tradition that the Neishes or Nishes felt that they were safe from reprisals on the island because they had the only boat on the loch, but the Macnabs went to the effort of carrying their own boat on their shoulders and over the Grampian Mountains to get to the island.

The Neishes had a small castle on the island and the ruins of it still remain, the remnants of a little boat abandoned by the Macnabs on their way back over the hills were still seen into the early part of the 20th Century. The castle on the island consisted of a square keep, divided into chambers and constructed with thick walls. A small harbour and landing place for boats still exists on the east side of the island. Historic Environment Scotland. "Neish Island, Loch Earn". Canmore