The Northside is a neighborhood in the city of Syracuse, New York consisting of a residential area bordered by commercial corridors. As defined by Syracuse's "Tomorrow's Neighborhoods Today" planning system, the Northside is a large section of the city of Syracuse, covering four square miles. There are 16 census tracts, within, it includes many sub-regions that have developed their own unique identities, such as the Near Northeast neighborhood, the Little Italy District, the Hawley–Green Historic District. The neighborhood labeled as Northside on the Syracuse map is known locally as the Court-Woodlawn neighborhood: http://courtwoodlawnnorthgateway.blogspot.com/ In the early 21st century, the neighborhood is home to recent immigrants from many nations, representing a diverse array of language and ethnicities. New Americans from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Nepal, Bhutan and Eastern Europe come together to make the neighborhood a vibrant and pluralistic area; the Northside of Syracuse is a neighborhood rich in culture.
Settled in the mid-19th century by German-Americans, the Northside successively became a destination for immigrants from other nations. In the late 19th century, it was settled by Italian immigrants, it was once popularly identified as Little Italy. The neighborhood's cultural landmarks include the Roman Catholic Assumption Church and the annual Columbus Day Parade, which new residents participated in from 1905. People continue to celebrate the population’s Italian past. Origins; the main street in Little Italy is North Salina Street marking a German neighborhood. As Germans moved out to newer housing, the Italians succeeded them, developing a business district along North State and North Salina streets; the Ziegler House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997. In 1909, the North Side Common Center had become one of the busiest sections of the Syracuse business district since the operation of the Oneida Railway, the Syracuse and South Bay Railway and Syracuse, Lake Shore and Northern Railroad lines that ran through the blocks bounded by Noxon, North Salina, West Genesee and North Clinton streets.
The local merchants predicted that with the completion of the Syracuse, Lake Shore and Northern Railroad to Oswego, New York and Rochester, New York, as well as the Syracuse and Eastern Railroad from Port Byron, their "trade will be nearly doubled by the resulting transient trade within the year." In 1797, the Village of Salina acquired the plot now known as Washington Square. It was used as a cemetery until it was dedicated for park purposes in 1839. In 1847, the village became a part of the City of Syracuse. By 1860, the park was intersected by Center Street and Park Street, surrounded by Carbon Street to the north, Wolf Street to the west, Central City rail line to the south and Bear Street to the east. Washington Square Park is home to the LeMoyne Drinking Fountain monument; the park is located Avenue. The Philip Eckel Monument was dedicated on August 22, 1900 at the intersection of North Salina and State Streets in the middle of the German community. Eckel was a German immigrant, Civil War veteran and the fire chief of Syracuse on when he died on June 1, 1886.
He was "thrown from a horse-drawn vehicle while on his way to fight a blaze." On May 27, 1901, the Syracuse Common Council approved spending $25,000 to buy 23.5 acres of Round Top Park for park purposes. The land was the home of St. Cecilia's Cemetery; this site was a forested hilltop with an open clearing around a drumlin-like landform believed to be an ancient Native American burial ground. Bodies, buried in St. Cecelia's Cemetery were removed in 1901 and reinterred elsewhere to prepare the site for use as a park; the site was used during the French and Indian War for a lookout. The name was changed from Round Top Park to Schiller Park on July 3, 1905. Additional land was added in 1907, the tract was formally laid out as a park in 1910. David Campbell, former head gardener for the Thornden estate and at the time Superintendent of Parks for the city, designed Schiller Park in 1911, He was influenced by the prevailing Arts & Crafts Movement; the loop drives in Schiller Park emphasized the park's drumlin landform.
In early September 1915, work was begun on the new Schiller Park bathing and Comfort Pavilion, to be built at a cost of $13,000. The building was designed by the architectural firm of Merrick & Randall' and approved by the Syracuse Park commission; the new pavilion covered a plot of rectangular ground, northeast of the swimming pool. The structure was 71 feet long by 21 feet wide; the first floor was divided into separate locker rooms, shower rooms and accessory quarters for men and women. The top floor was open "so as to become a balcony," that could be enclosed in winter, when the building was used as a shelter for ice-patrons of the athletic-ground rink. Unique to the park, honoring the German-American neighborhood population, is the Goethe–Schiller Monument, it was erected in 1911 by the German-American community. The monument honors Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller, regarded as Germany’s greatest poets/playwrights; the Syracuse monument is modeled on the 1857 Goethe–Schiller Monument in Weimar, which has become a national landmark in Germany.
Some of the park's built-in elements retain vestiges of the Arts and Crafts Movement. At the park's highest point, one can observe a panoramic view of downtown Syracuse. Schiller Park today has nearly 3 miles of roads; the loop drives were closed to vehicular traffic in 1976. A significant
Garrett House (Syracuse, New York)
Garrett House known as the Garrett Residence, in Syracuse, New York, was built in 1913. Along with other Ward Wellington Ward-designed homes, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1997, it is listed for its architecture. The most distinctive feature on the outside of the house was that its roof was made to look like an English Cottage thatched roof; as can be seen in the photos taken in January, 2009, the roof has been covered with modern asphalt shingles and the house sported a "For Sale by Owner" sign. The Mercer fireplace in the first floor living room, customary in Ward Wellington Ward houses, is an exceptionally impressive one depicting St. George and the Dragon. In January 2011, the Garrett House was purchased by a private buyer and is in the beginning stages of being restored
Eastwood, Syracuse, New York
Eastwood is a neighborhood in the east of Syracuse, New York, United States. Eastwood was a village, as a suburb of Syracuse, was named for its easterly direction from that place; the neighborhood was part of the last round of annexations by the City of Syracuse, in 1928. Today the neighborhood still has a strong sense of community, its nickname is "the village within the city." Eastwood's main retail corridor is along James Street, which still boasts a village-like atmosphere that residents are working to preserve. The Eastwood Neighborhood Planning Group worked to amend the Zoning Rules and Regulations of the City of Syracuse to require neighborhood approval to any changes to the building structures along James Street; the neighborhood is home to the Palace Theatre completed in 1924. It has been restored and serves as not only a movie theatre but as a facility for the community; the neighborhood schools include: Salem Hyde Elementary, Lincoln Middle School, Huntington K-8 and Henninger High School.
The Eastwood community is open to the restoration of the neighborhood, has many plans on its future. East Syracuse, New York Eastwood Neighborhood Association Sunnycrest Park Association Tomorrow's Neighborhoods Today, Eastwood Eastwood Chamber Walkable Eastwood, Sustainable living in "The Village Within The City"
Louis Will House
The Louis Will House is a "high-style" Queen Anne style house at 714 N. McBride St. in Syracuse, New York. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 10, 2009, it was the home of Louis Will, Progressive Party mayor of Syracuse during 1914-16. He was owner of a candle-making business; the exterior of the house is built of brick on a sandstone foundation. Terra-cotta features decorate various parts of the house. A porch with turned wood elements wraps from the west facing front of the house around the south side; the most significant feature of the house is its stained glass windows, which are believed to be early works of the Tiffany studios in New York City. Oddly, the architect is unknown, despite original plans for the house being available, it faces on McBride Park and stands out as the pre-eminent home of the area
Hanover Square, Syracuse
Hanover Square in Downtown Syracuse, New York, is a triangular-shaped public park located at the intersection of Warren and East Genesee streets. The triangle was named Veteran's Park; the name may refer to the larger Hanover Square Historic District which includes seventeen historic buildings in the area, the first commercial district in Syracuse. In the warm weather months, entertainment is common on the plaza around the fountain. Workers in the surrounding office buildings and retail establishments lunch there; the public square was named Veteran's Park. It was renamed to Hanover Square after the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument was dedicated in Clinton Square in 1910 and the function of commemorating Syracuse's war dead was shifted there; the triangular shape of the park came as a result of the city's new grid street system in the early 19th century, "superimposed on the diagonal route" of early Genesee Turnpike. The larger, Clinton Square, the city's town center located to the west, had developed first, following the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, commercial and retail activity spread along Genesee Street to Hanover Square.
When Syracuse was still a village, the village well was located in Hanover Square. In the 1820s, a group of shops called the Hanover Arcade were located where the State Tower Building now stands; the buildings on Water Street were backed by the Erie Canal, were known as “double-enders.” This facilitated the unloading of goods from barges on the canal. Civil War recruiting booths were set up in the square, were made into a huge bonfire at the end of the war; the first buildings in the square were a church and several wooden structures which were both residential and commercial. In March 1834, the area was devastated by fire which destroyed all the buildings on the north side of the square, next to the canal; that same year, the buildings were replaced with narrow, brick structures in the Federal style of architecture and known as the Phoenix Buildings four of which still stand today on the northern edge of the square. In 1834, the owners of the wooden buildings on the south side of the square erected a similar row of brick buildings along East Genesee Street known as the Franklin buildings.
The area was soon known as Franklin Square. Three of the buildings are still standing today. Similar to Clinton Square, the public space became an "important center" of social and political life in the city with its "public meetings and partisan speeches." After 1840, the railroad brought additional commerce to the intersection. In 1865, after Abraham Lincoln's funeral procession traveled through Syracuse on the way to Springfield, thousands came to the square to hear eulogies for the former president. Hanover Square has played a vital role in Syracuse's commercial development. At one time and theaters lined the square, known as Veteran's Park. Throughout the years, the square served as a transportation hub for railroads and trolleys and was a busy commercial center. At one time, the square served as a "hack stand" where drivers would hire out their wagons to local merchants. For years, many pedestrians women, complained that they could not safely travel from one side of the square to the other due to the standing carts and moving vehicles.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1976, the square is an intact nineteenth century historic district. The square is a National Register Historic District and a Local Preservation District whose buildings represent over 100 years of architecture and was the first in the city on the register. Hanover Square has changed little since the Civil War. Several of the buildings date to the period that ran from 1830 through 1860. Newer buildings date to the late 19th century, such as the Onondaga County Savings Bank, constructed in 1896; the 17 properties can by visited in order, starting at South Salina Street and Water Street, going east on Water Street, turning south on Warren Street, returning on the diagonal along East Genesee Street to Water Street. The buildings in the square encompass a myriad of architectural styles building over a period of several years including; the park is now a major setting for ceremonial and cultural gatherings where shade trees and annual plantings "complement the water sculpture."The center of the square showcases a fountain and plaza where lunchtime entertainment is available during the summer months.
The plaza is faced on both sides by various storefronts including cafes and salons. In addition to modern businesses and stores, loft-style apartments have been created on the upper floors of some of Hanover Square's historic buildings. Businesses in Hanover Square include: Bull and Bear Pub Coffee Pavilion Downtown Manhattan's Koolakian and Manro Menswear munly brown studio Anthony's Pasta Bar Niko's Wild Will's Saloon Nick's Place The 23-floor State Tower Building overlooking the square hosts offices and is a major telecommunications hub for downtown Syracuse. Hanover Square, at SyracuseThenAndNow
Inner Harbor, Syracuse
The Inner Harbor is a former industrial quarter of Syracuse, New York. It is a reclaimed port on Onondaga Lake connected to the Erie Canal system. Restored and upgraded, the harbor hosts an array of events including concerts, festivals an fireworks. Another major facelift of the area is planned; the New York State Canal Corporation is in the process of selecting a developer to build a mix of housing and entertainment around the harbor, in step with the "Sidewalk Community" nickname. July 18, 2011 the Thruway Authority agreed to let the city of Syracuse find a developer and transferred 34 acres for free. Since that time Stephanie Miner, mayor of Syracuse, put out an RFP which COR Development was awarded for redevelopment. "COR has proposed turning the harbor, a former state Barge Canal terminal south of Onondaga Lake, into a residential, hotel and office center." Onondaga Creek Onondaga Creekwalk Inner Harbor events http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/04/construction_of_syracuse_inner.html http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2011/07/thruway_authority_agrees_to_gi.html http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/06/latest_land_sale_at_syracuses.html
A ZIP Code is a postal code used by the United States Postal Service in a system it introduced in 1963. The term ZIP is an acronym for Zone Improvement Plan; the basic format consists of five digits. An extended ZIP+4 code was introduced in 1983 which includes the five digits of the ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits that reference a more specific location; the term ZIP Code was registered as a servicemark by the U. S. Postal Service, but its registration has since expired; the early history and context of postal codes began with postal district/zone numbers. The United States Post Office Department implemented postal zones for numerous large cities in 1943. For example: The "16" was the number of the postal zone in the specific city. By the early 1960s, a more organized system was needed, non-mandatory five-digit ZIP Codes were introduced nationwide on July 1, 1963; the USPOD issued its Publication 59: Abbreviations for Use with ZIP Code on October 1, 1963, with the list of two-letter state abbreviations which are written with both letters capitalized.
An earlier list in June had proposed capitalized abbreviations ranging from two to five letters. According to Publication 59, the two-letter standard was "based on a maximum 23-position line, because this has been found to be the most universally acceptable line capacity basis for major addressing systems", which would be exceeded by a long city name combined with a multi-letter state abbreviation, such as "Sacramento, Calif." along with the ZIP Code. The abbreviations have remained unchanged, with the exception of Nebraska, changed from NB to NE in 1969 at the request of the Canadian postal administration, to avoid confusion with the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Robert Moon is considered the father of the ZIP Code; the post office only credits Moon with the first three digits of the ZIP Code, which describe the sectional center facility or "sec center." An SCF is a central mail processing facility with those three digits. The fourth and fifth digits, which give a more precise locale within the SCF, were proposed by Henry Bentley Hahn Sr.
The SCF sorts mail to all post offices with those first three digits in their ZIP Codes. The mail is sorted according to the final two digits of the ZIP Code and sent to the corresponding post offices in the early morning. Sectional centers do not deliver mail and are not open to the public, most of their employees work the night shift. Mail picked up at post offices is sent to their own SCF in the afternoon, where the mail is sorted overnight. In the case of large cities, the last two digits coincide with the older postal zone number thus: In 1967, these became mandatory for second- and third-class bulk mailers, the system was soon adopted generally; the United States Post Office used a cartoon character, which it called Mr. ZIP, to promote the use of the ZIP Code, he was depicted with a legend such as "USE ZIP CODE" in the selvage of panes of postage stamps or on the covers of booklet panes of stamps. In 1971 Elmira Star-Gazette reporter Dick Baumbach found out the White House was not using a ZIP Code on its envelopes.
Herb Klein, special assistant to President Nixon, responded by saying the next printing of envelopes would include the ZIP Code. In 1983, the U. S. Postal Service introduced an expanded ZIP Code system that it called ZIP+4 called "plus-four codes", "add-on codes", or "add-ons". A ZIP+4 Code uses the basic five-digit code plus four additional digits to identify a geographic segment within the five-digit delivery area, such as a city block, a group of apartments, an individual high-volume receiver of mail, a post office box, or any other unit that could use an extra identifier to aid in efficient mail sorting and delivery. However, initial attempts to promote universal use of the new format met with public resistance and today the plus-four code is not required. In general, mail is read by a multiline optical character reader that instantly determines the correct ZIP+4 Code from the address—along with the more specific delivery point—and sprays an Intelligent Mail barcode on the face of the mail piece that corresponds to 11 digits—nine for the ZIP+4 Code and two for the delivery point.
For Post Office Boxes, the general rule is. The add-on code is one of the following: the last four digits of the box number, zero plus the last three digits of the box number, or, if the box number consists of fewer than four digits, enough zeros are attached to the front of the box number to produce a four-digit number. However, there is no uniform rule, so the ZIP+4 Code must be looked up individually for each box; the ZIP Code is translated into an Intelligent Mail barcode, printed on the mailpiece to make it easier for automated machines to sort. A barcode can be printed by the sender, it is better to let the post office put one on. In general, the post office uses OCR technology, though in some cases a human might have to read and enter the address. Customers who send bulk mail can get a discount on postage if they have printed the barcode themselves and have presorted the mai