Neck pain known as cervicalgia, is a common problem, with two-thirds of the population having neck pain at some point in their lives. Neck pain, although felt in the neck, can be caused by numerous other spinal problems. Neck pain may arise due to muscular tightness in both the neck and upper back, or pinching of the nerves emanating from the cervical vertebrae. Joint disruption in the neck creates pain; the head is supported by the lower neck and upper back, it is these areas that cause neck pain. The top three joints in the neck allow for most movement of the head; the lower joints in the neck and those of the upper back create a supportive structure for the head to sit on. If this support system is affected adversely the muscles in the area will tighten, leading to neck pain. Neck pain affects about 5% of the global population as of 2010. Neck pain may come from any of the structures in the neck including: vascular, airway and musculature / skeletal, or be referred from other areas of the body.
Major and severe causes of neck pain include: Carotid artery dissection Referred pain from acute coronary syndrome Head and neck cancer Infections: retropharyngeal abscess, etc. Spinal disc herniation – protruding or bulging discs, or if severe prolapse. Spondylosis - degenerative arthritis and osteophytes Spinal stenosis – a narrowing of the spinal canalMore common and lesser neck pain causes include: Stress – physical and emotional stresses Prolonged postures – many people fall asleep on sofas and chairs and wake up with sore necks. Minor injuries and falls – car accidents, sporting events, day to day injuries that are minor. Referred pain – from upper back problems Over-use – muscular strain is one of the most common causes Whiplash Pinched nerveAlthough the causes are numerous, most are rectified by either professional help or using self help advice and techniques. More causes can include: poor sleeping posture, head injury, rheumatoid arthritis, congenital cervical rib, rubella, certain cancers, ankylosing spondylitis, cervical spine fracture, esophageal trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, thyroid trauma, tracheal trauma.
Treatment of neck pain depends on the cause. For the vast majority of people, neck pain can be treated conservatively. Recommendations in which it helps alleviate symptoms include applying cold. Other common treatments could include medication, body mechanics training, ergonomic reform, physical therapy. Treatments may include patient education, but existing evidence shows a lack of effectiveness. Analgesics such as acetaminophen or NSAIDs are recommended for pain. A 2017 review, however found that paracetamol was not efficacious and that NSAIDs are minimally effective. Muscle relaxants may be recommended. However, one study showed that one muscle relaxant called cyclobenzaprine was not effective for treatment of acute cervical strain. Surgery is not indicated for mechanical causes of neck pain. If neck pain is the result of instability, cancer, or other disease process surgery may be necessary. Surgery is not indicated for "pinched nerves" or herniated discs unless there is spinal cord compression or pain and disability have been protracted for many months and refractory to conservative treatment such as physical therapy.
Exercise plus joint manipulation has been found to be beneficial in both acute and chronic mechanical neck disorders. In particular, specific strengthening exercise may improve pain. Both cervical manipulation and cervical mobilization produce similar immediate-, short-term changes. Multiple cervical manipulation sessions may provide better pain relief and functional improvement than certain medications at immediate to long-term follow-up. Thoracic manipulation may improve pain and function. Low level laser therapy has been shown to reduce pain after treatment in acute neck pain and up to 22 weeks after completion of treatment in patients that experience chronic neck pain. Low quality evidence suggests that cognitive-behavioural therapy may be effective at reducing pain in the short-term. Massaging the area may provide immediate and short-lived benefits, but long term effects are unknown. There is a lack of high-quality evidence to support the use of mechanical traction, side effects include headaches and injury to tissue.
Radiofrequency denervation may provide temporary relief for specific affected areas in the neck. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, the noninvasive use of electrical stimulation on the skin, is of unclear benefit in chronic neck pain. Neck pain affects about 330 million people globally as of 2010, it is more common in women than men. It is less common than low back pain. About one-half of episodes around 10 % become chronic. 6 Ways to Ease Neck Pain - Harvard Medical School Neck pain - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Boycrush is the alias of New Zealand recording artist and session drummer Alistair Ross Deverick signed to Angry Mob Music publishing in Los Angeles, California. His first release was Everybody All The Time EP in 2012, which grew out of time spent at the Red Bull Music Academy in Madrid in 2011. In 2013 he opened for Lorde at her second NZ show at Galatos basement in Auckland, his second EP Girls On Top premiered on the Guardian with the lead single Flirt featuring on multiple music publications and being commissioned for use in the Hollywood film Bad Moms. The same EP earned him a nomination for the Critic's Choice prize at the 2015 New Zealand Music Awards. In 2018 he released his debut album Desperate Late Night Energy which earned him a nomination for Best Electronic Artist at the 2018 New Zealand Music Awards. In 2010 he joined Sub Pop band The Ruby Suns and toured the United States and Europe in support of Fight Softly and in 2013 he played on and toured Christopher. In 2014 he played drums with Neil Finn on the ‘Dizzy Heights’ tour throughout Australia and the United States.
He recorded drums for Lawrence Arabia’s 2016 album Absolute Truth recorded with Mike Fabulous in Petone, Wellington. He recorded drums for Lawrence Arabia's 2018 album Singles Club. Various Assets Not For Sale Desperate Late Night Energy, 2018 Everybody All The Time EP, 2012 Girls On Top EP, 2014 PFFT / In a Former Life I Worshipped The Sun split 7" with Grayson Gilmour Secrets / Soft Teeth split 7" with Watercolours "In Real Life", The Ruby Suns "Giving Up On The Summer", Introverted Dancefloor Official website Boycrush on Angry Mob Music Boycrush soundcloud
Kevin Guy is an arena football coach and former wide receiver and defensive back, the head coach for the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League. He played his college football at the University of West Alabama, was an AFL wide receiver and defensive back from 1996 to 1999, he has been a football coach since 2000, first served as a head coach in 2000 as the interim head coach for the New Jersey Red Dogs. After being the defensive coordinator for the San Jose SaberCats from 2006 to 2007, he became the Rattlers head coach in 2008. In 2018, he and his wife Cathy became two of the co-owners of a new Tucson-based IFL franchise, called the Tucson Sugar Skulls, set to play in 2019. Born in Birmingham, Guy grew up in Alabama continued his high school career in Shelby County High School in Columbiana, where he was a member of the Wildcats football team from 1987 to 1990. Kevin enrolled at University of West Alabama, played wide receiver before finishing his career as a defensive back on the West Alabama Tigers football team from 1991 to 1995.
Guy was tested by many high level programs, taking visits to Alabama, Mississippi State and Chattanooga, but only received a scholarship from West Alabama. The Minnesota Fighting Pike signed Guy, he played four years as a wide receiver and defensive back in the AFL, with Minnesota in 1996, the New Jersey Red Dogs from 1997 to 1999, the Orlando Predators in 1999. He first became a regular starting defensive back in 1996 with Minnesota. In 1998 with New Jersey, he helped lead the Red Dogs to the AFL Semifinal. In 2000, while not being one year removed from the AFL, Guy was a defensive coordinator for the Red Dogs under head coach Frank Mattiace. With four games left in the 2000 season, the Red Dogs fired Mattiace, Guy served the teams interim head coach for the remainder of the season. In 2001, he returned to the AFL as a defensive coordinator for the Florida Bobcats, he became a head coach at the af2 level, starting in 2002 with the Tennessee Valley Vipers. After coaching Tennessee to three consecutive playoff berths 2002, 2003 and 2004, he moved to the Rio Grande Valley Dorados, served as head coach during the 2005 season and led the Dorados to the National Conference Championship game.
After the 2005 season, Guy was named the defensive coordinator for the San Jose SaberCats of the AFL. Guy's defensive squad helped lead the SaberCats to back-to-back American Conference Championship Game appearances, a berth in ArenaBowl XXI, where the SaberCats would defeat the Chicago Rush. Following the SaberCats ArenaBowl victory, the Arizona Rattlers named Guy their 4th head coach in franchise history. Guy led the team to playoff appearances in his first five seasons there, making four consecutive appearances in the ArenaBowl, winning ArenaBowl XXV and ArenaBowl XXVI both over the Philadelphia Soul, winning ArenaBowl XXVII over the Cleveland Gladiators. In September 2005, Guy was named the defensive coordinator of the San Jose SaberCats of the AFL. Guy was named the head coach of the Arizona Rattlers in August 2007. Official website