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Ned Lagin

Ned Lagin is an American artist, scientist and keyboardist. Lagin is considered a pioneer in the development and use of minicomputers and personal computers in real-time stage and studio music composition and performance, he is known for his electronic music composition Seastones, for performing with the Grateful Dead, for his photography and art. Ned Lagin was raised on Long Island in Roslyn Heights, New York. Growing up, Lagin was influenced by classical and jazz music, the modern music and art cultures of New York City in the 1960s, he started photography with a Kodak Baby Brownie Special at the age of five, piano lessons and science, natural history, electronic projects at the age of six. He attended the Wheatley School in Old Westbury, New York, was awarded two National Science Foundation Scholarships, attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with the intention of becoming an astronaut. Lagin received a degree in molecular biology and humanities from MIT in 1971, where he studied with John Harbison, Gregory Tucker, David Epstein, Noam Chomsky, Gian-Carlo Rota, Salvador Luria, Jerome Lettvin.

Chomsky's generative grammar concepts inspired Lagin's thinking about creating generative music forms, Lettvin connected him to the writings of Norbert Wiener and Warren McCulloch, more to cybernetics. While at MIT, Lagin completed jazz coursework at the Berklee School of Music, he was influenced by the jazz world in New York City pianist Bill Evans, who he met in Boston and saw perform many times in New York and Boston in the late 1960s and early 1970s. During this period, Evans wrote out some of his tunes for Lagin, his piano teachers included Dean Earl, a Charlie Parker sideman, he studied jazz improvisation with Lee Konitz. He played piano in the MIT Concert Jazz Band and MIT Jazz Quintet led by Herb Pomeroy, a sideman with Duke Ellington and Stan Getz. In the autumn of 1971, Lagin began graduate study in composition as an Irving Fine Fellow at Brandeis University, where he studied with Josh Rifkin and Seymour Shifrin, he completed a symphony, a string quartet, jazz big band pieces, electronic pieces before dropping out and permanently relocating to the Bay Area.

In early 1970, Lagin initiated a correspondence with Jerry Garcia after seeing the Grateful Dead at the Boston Tea Party in 1969. In May 1970, he helped facilitate a concert and free live outdoor performance featuring the band at MIT that coincided with the Kent State shootings; that summer, Lagin, at Garcia's invitation, visited San Francisco and contributed piano to "Candyman" during the American Beauty album sessions, played in several jams, started what would become close friendships with Garcia, bassist Phil Lesh, David Crosby. From 1970 to 1975, Lagin sat in on Hammond B3 organ, electric piano, clavichord during long instrumental passages at several Grateful Dead concerts, his first performances with the Grateful Dead were on November 5 and November 8, 1970 at the Capitol Theater in Port Chester, New York. During many 1974 Grateful Dead concerts over several tours, including Europe, he performed a middle set of electronic music, including parts of his composition Seastones, on computer-controlled analog synthesizers with Phil Lesh on electronically processed bass.

Some sets included Jerry Garcia playing guitar filtered through effects processors and Bill Kreutzmann on drums. During the 1974 tours, he played through the vocal system of the Wall of Sound PA, in quad, with 9600 watts going through over two hundred speakers; the March 17, 1975 cancelled Grateful Dead studio session became a Seastones session with Crosby and included "Ned's Birthday Jam." In 1975 Lagin released Seastones, a quadraphonic album of electronic music on Round Records and United Artists Records. A new, two CD album of Seastones was released on March 8, 2018; this album, not a re-issue, presents most but not all of the composition as composed but never released or heard before. For this release, Seastones was re-mastered in stereo, it includes most of the original 1970–1974 studio forms, those parts of Lagin's concurrent but unfinished composition L that are shared with Seastones, as well as some of the moment forms generated and incorporated into the composition from live performances that took place from 1973 to 1975.

This two CD album contains 83 tracks and altogether is 111 minutes long. During his professional career in science and engineering R&D he worked on the earliest home computing technology with an Altair 8800. Lagin began photography at the age of five, first with a Baby Brownie camera, subsequently with other small format cameras. From childhood and continuing through to the beginning of college, photography was for him part of being an amateur naturalist and scientist. Beginning in 1978, continuing for the next 40 years, Lagin's primary media for creativity has been photography and art. First in small, medium (


Silikou is a village in the Limassol District of Cyprus, located 5 km south of Pera Pedi. Silikou village lies in the Kouris valley, situated in the Limassol District of Cyprus; the village is situated close to Trimiklini, Dhoros, Monagri and Lania villages. There are two legends as to; the first is from the early settlers who founded the village during the Frankish period of 1200 AD. They came from an area in Syria called Silica; the second is from the Greek word vasilikou, which means "regal" or "royal", a reference to a section of the royal family of Cyprus that sought refuge in the village from the Ottomans. Silikou was a mixed village consisting of Greek,Cypriots and Turkish Cypriot residents; the village is now inhabited by Cypriots and has a population of around 100 permanent residents. Most are elderly as the younger residents have left and now work in the larger nearby towns and cities. We know of two families with younger children being around the ages of 16 -23 but over all it is people ho ere born in the village and never left.

The village has a long tradition of wine making, which began during the Frankish period, coinciding with the arrival of the settlers from Syria in 1200AD. The wine is called commandaria and a winery museum was built in Cypruses presideent Nikos Anastasiadis old home; the location of the village, built at a height of 650 metres above sea level, the ample supply of water, helped the village prosper. It became a centre for the production of wine and the famous Cypriot Commandaria wine, similar to a strong port. A cluster of old oil trees dating back to 1300 AD verifies the long history of the village; these perennial olive trees are located between the cypriot and the Turkish neighborhoods of Silikou, only a few metres away from the Commandaria Museum and the ruins of the old mosque. Olive trees are a large source of oil in silikou the residents spends months gathering the olives and take hem to the mill producing ample amounts of fresh and pure olive oil strait from nature. Α. Κωνσταντίνου: "Ρηγάδες, Ιππότες, Ραγιάδες...

Κρασί", Εκδόσεις Κέδρος, ISBN 978-960-04-4722-4

Pointe du Hoc

La Pointe du Hoc is a promontory with a 100-foot cliff overlooking the English Channel on the northwestern coast of Normandy in the Calvados department, France. During World War II it was the highest point between the American sector landings at Utah Beach to the west and Omaha Beach to the east; the German army fortified the area with concrete casemates and gun pits. On D-Day, the United States Army Ranger Assault Group attacked and captured Pointe du Hoc after scaling the cliffs. Pointe du Hoc lies 4 mi west of the center of Omaha Beach; as part of the Atlantic Wall fortifications, the prominent cliff top location was fortified by the Germans. The battery was built in 1943 to house six captured French First World War vintage GPF 155mm K418 guns positioned in open concrete gun pits; the battery was occupied by the 2nd Battery of Army Coastal Artillery Regiment 1260. To defend the promontory from attack, elements of the 352nd Infantry Division were stationed at the battery. To provide increased defensive capability, the Germans began to improve the defenses of the battery in the spring of 1944, with enclosed H671 concrete casemates.

The plan was to build six casemates but two were unfinished when the location was attacked. The casemates were built in front of the circular gun pits, which housed the 155 mm guns. Built was a H636 observation bunker and L409a mounts for 20mm Flak 30 anti-aircraft guns; the 155mm guns would have threatened the Allied landings on Omaha and Utah beaches when finished, risking heavy casualties to the landing forces. The location was bombed in April 1944. During the preparation for Operation Overlord it was determined that Pointe du Hoc should be attacked by ground forces, to prevent the Germans using the casemates for observation; the U. S. 2nd and 5th Ranger Battalions were given the task of assaulting the strong point early on D-Day. Elements of the 2nd Battalion went in to attack Pointe du Hoc but delays meant the remainder of the 2nd Battalion and the complete 5th Battalion landed at Omaha Beach as their secondary landing position. Though the Germans had removed the main armament from Pointe du Hoc, the beachheads were shelled by field artillery from the nearby Maisy battery, on the fire support plan of heavy cruiser HMS Hawkins.

The rediscovery of the battery at Maisy has shown that it was responsible for firing on the Allied beachheads until 9 June 1944. Pointe du Hoc lay within the General Leonard Gerow's V Corps field of operations; this went to the 1st Infantry Division and down to the right-hand assault formation, the 116th Infantry Regiment attached from 29th Division. In addition they were given two Ranger battalions to undertake the attack; the Ranger battalions were commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James Earl Rudder. The plan called for the three companies of Rangers to be landed by sea at the foot of the cliffs, scale them using ropes and grapples while under enemy fire, engage the enemy at the top of the cliff; this was to be carried out before the main landings. The Rangers trained for the cliff assault on the Isle of Wight, under the direction of British Commandos. Major Cleveland A. Lytle was to command Companies D, E and F of the 2nd Ranger Battalion in the assault at Pointe du Hoc. During a briefing aboard the Landing Ship Infantry TSS Ben My Chree, he heard that French Resistance sources reported the guns had been removed.

Impelled to some degree by alcohol, Lytle became quite vocal that the assault would be unnecessary and suicidal and was relieved of his command at the last minute by Provisional Ranger Force commander Rudder. Rudder felt that Lytle could not convincingly lead a force with a mission that he did not believe in. Lytle was transferred to the 90th Infantry Division where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross; the assault force was carried in ten landing craft, with another two carrying supplies and four DUKW amphibious trucks carrying the 100-foot ladders requisitioned from the London Fire Brigade. One landing craft carrying troops sank. One supply craft sank and the other put the stores overboard to stay afloat. German fire sank one of the DUKWs. Once within a mile of the shore, German mortars and machine guns fired on the craft; these initial setbacks resulted in a 40-minute delay in landing at the base of the cliffs, but British landing craft carrying the Rangers reached the base of the cliffs at 7:10am with half the force it started out with.

The landing craft were fitted with rocket launchers to fire ropes up the cliffs. As the Rangers scaled the cliffs, the Allied ships USS Texas, USS Satterlee and HMS Talybont provided them with fire support and ensured that the German defenders above could not fire down on the assaulting troops; the cliffs proved to be higher. The original plans had called for an additional, larger Ranger force of eight companies to follow the first attack, if successful. Flares from the cliff tops were to signal this second wave to join the attack, but because of the delayed landing, the signal came too late, the other Rangers landed on Omaha instead of Pointe du Hoc; the added impetus these 500 plus Rangers provided on the stalled Omaha Beach landing has been conjectured to have averted a disastrous failure there, since they carried the assault beyond the beach, into the overlooking bluffs and outflanked the German defenses. When the Rangers made it to the top, they had sustained 15 casualties. "Ranger casualties on the beach totalled about 1

Sveinn Björnsson

Sveinn Björnsson was the first President of the Republic of Iceland. Sveinn was born in Denmark as the son of Björn Jónsson and Elísabet Sveinsdóttir. Sveinn graduated from the Latin School in Reykjavík in 1900 and obtained a law degree from the University of Copenhagen 1907, he was licensed to practice before the "upper courts" in 1907 and before the Superior Court in 1920, served as public prosecutor in Reykjavík 1907–20 and 1924–26. From September 29, 1919 to December 31 the same year, he served as prosecutor at the National Upper Court, he was a freemason, one of the founders of Edda Freemasonic Lodge in Reykjavik. He served as Grandmaster of the Icelandic Order of Freemasons. Sveinn was a member of the Reykjavík City Council 1912–1920 and its chairman 1918–1920, he was elected to the Althing for Reykjavík 1914-15 and 1919-20. After Iceland's independence from Denmark in 1918 he acted as minister to Denmark during 1920–24 and 1926–40. Although Iceland had become a sovereign state in 1918, its foreign affairs had been conducted by Denmark until the beginning of World War II.

The German occupation of Denmark in April 1940, resulted in Iceland's de facto autonomy and Sveinn was elected Regent of Iceland three times during 1941–43, assuming all the prerogatives in Icelandic affairs held by the Icelandic king, Christian X, King of and resided in Nazi occupied Denmark. In July 1941, United States troops entered Iceland on the invitation of Sveinn's government and remained, in reduced numbers, after the war, he was elected president by the Althing on the inauguration of the Republic of Iceland in 1944. His first term was only one year, since the people of Iceland were to elect their president directly for the first time in 1945. Shortly after the creation of the Republic, Sveinn called on Icelandic embassies to send him all books on diplomatic protocol that they could find, so that he could follow the right customs as head of state. Foreign diplomats remarked on how strict Sveinn was in following diplomatic protocol in his interactions with them too strict. Sveinn was re-elected as President in 1949 without opposition.

Sveinn set new precedent and went outside of the formal powers given to the President after the 1949 parliamentary elections when he said that he would form a government if the parties could not agree on forming in four months' time. He historian Guðni Th. Jóhannesson rejects. Sveinn had poor relations with the Danish King, Christian X, after Iceland became independent. Christian X maintained that the Icelanders had given him false assurances in 1940 that the relationship between Iceland and Denmark would return to normal after the Nazi occupation had ended, something that Sveinn rejected. For this reason, Sveinn did not go on an official visit to Denmark following the creation of the Republic. Christian X died in 1947, but due to poor health Sveinn was unable to visit Denmark during the final part of his tenure as president; the nation formally became a member of NATO on 30 March 1949, amid domestic controversy and riots. On 5 May 1951, a defence agreement was signed with the United States. American troops returned to Iceland as the Iceland Defence Force, remained throughout the Cold War.

The US withdrew the last of its forces on 30 September 2006. He died in Reykjavík in January 1952, more than one year before his third term of office was due to expire and is the only president of Iceland as of 2020 to die in office. Sveinn had been in poor health since 1949. Sveinn was one of the founders of Eimskipafélag Íslands, the main shipping company in Iceland, in 1914 and its chairman 1914–1920 and 1924–1926, he was the founder of the insurance company Brunabótafélag Íslands and its director from its foundation in 1916 until 1920. He was one of the founders of the insurance company Sjóvátryggingafélag Íslands in 1918 and its chairman in 1918–1920 and 1924–1926. Sveinn was one of the founders of the Icelandic Red Cross on 10 December 1924 and its first chairman, serving until 1926. On 2 September 1908 he married Georgia Björnsson, born Hansen, they had six children: Björn, Anna Catherine Aagot, Sveinn Christen, Ólafur, Elísabet. His eldest son Björn Sveinsson Björnsson served in the German military as a part of the Schutzstaffel in World War II.

His granddaughter, Brynhildur Georgía Björnsson, is the subject of the historical novel The Woman at 1000°, written by Hallgrímur Helgason and published in 2011. The novel makes other members of the family, his great grandson is Henrik Björnsson and lead guitarist in the shoegaze rock band Singapore Sling. His great grand daughter is Georgía Olga Kristiansen, the first female referee to officiate in the highest competitive tier men's basketball league in Iceland

11th Genie Awards

The 11th annual Genie Awards were presented March 20, 1990, honoured Canadian films released the previous year. For the first time the awards were broadcast by CTV, rather than CBC. Despite an extensive advertising campaign the ratings plummeted, with only half as many people watching compared to the previous year. In total, an average of only 460,000 watched the awards; the ceremony was broadcast from the Metro Toronto Convention Centre in Toronto. The ceremony had no overall host, although actor Al Waxman introduced and concluded the ceremony and broadcaster Brian Linehan hosted segments filmed on location at various films in production; the Best Picture nominees were each given a full two-minute clip during the broadcast. The awards themselves were dominated by Denys Arcand's Jesus of Montreal. Genie Awards 1990 on imdb


Neo-noir is a revival of the genre of film noir. The term film noir was popularized in 1955 by French critics Raymond Étienne Chaumeton, it was applied to crime films of the 1940s and 1950s produced in the United States, which adopted a 1920s/1930s Art Deco visual environment. The English translation is dark movie, indicating something sinister and shadowy, but expressing a cinematographic style; the film noir genre includes stylish Hollywood crime dramas with a twisted dark wit. Neo-noir has a similar style but with updated themes, style, visual elements and media. Neo-noir film directors refer to'classic noir' in the use of tilted camera angles, interplay of light and shadows, unbalanced framing. Neo-noir is a contraction of the phrase'new film noir', using the Greek prefix for the word new rendered as neo. Noir is a French word that, when used in isolation in discussing film, is a shortcut for'film noir'; as a neologism, neo-noir is defined by Mark Conard as "any film coming after the classic noir period that contains noir themes and noir sensibility".

Another definition describes it as noir that synthesizes diverse genres while foregrounding the scaffolding of film noir. "Film noir" was coined by critic Nino Frank in 1946, popularized by French critics Raymond Borde and Etienne Chaumeton in 1955. The term revived in general use beginning with a revival of the style; the classic film noir era is dated from the early 1940s to the late 1950s. The films were adaptations of American crime novels, which were described as "hardboiled"; some authors resisted these terms. For example, James M. Cain, author of The Postman Always Rings Twice and Double Indemnity, is considered to be one of the defining authors of hard-boiled fiction. Both novels were adapted as the former more than once. Cain is quoted as saying, "I belong to no school, hard-boiled or otherwise, I believe these so-called schools exist in the imagination of critics, have little correspondence in reality anywhere else."Typically American crime dramas or psychological thrillers, films noir had common themes and plot devices, many distinctive visual elements.

Characters were conflicted antiheroes, trapped in a difficult situation and making choices out of desperation or nihilistic moral systems. Visual elements included low-key lighting, striking use of light and shadow, unusual camera placement. Sound effects helped create the noir mood of nostalgia. Few major films in the classic film noir genre have been made since the early 1960s; these films incorporated both thematic and visual elements reminiscent of film noir. Both classic and neo-noir films are produced as independent features. After 1970 film critics took note of "neo-noir" films as a separate genre. Noir and post-noir terminology are rejected by both critics and practitioners. Robert Arnett stated, "Neo-noir has become so amorphous as a genre/movement, any film featuring a detective or crime qualifies." Screenwriter and director Larry Gross, identifies Alphaville, alongside John Boorman’s Point Blank and Robert Altman’s The Long Goodbye, based on Raymond Chandler's 1953 novel, as neo-noir films.

Gross believes that they deviate from classic noir in having more of a sociological than a psychological focus. Neo noir features characters who commit violent crimes, but without the motivations and narrative patterns found in film noir. Neo noir assumed global character and impact when filmmakers began drawing elements from films in the global market. For instance, Quentin Tarantino's works have been influenced by Ringo Lam's City on Fire; this was the case for the noir-inflected Reservoir Dogs, instrumental in establishing Tarantino in October 1992. List of neo-noir titles List of film noir titles Tech noir Arnett, Robert. "Eighties Noir: The Dissenting Voice in Reagan's America". Journal of Popular Film and Television. 34: 123–129. Conrad, Mark T.. The Philosophy of Neo-noir. Lexington, Ky.: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2422-0; the Philosophy of Neo-noir at Google Books. Hirsch, Foster. Detours and Lost Highways: A Map of Neo-Noir. New York: Proscenium Publishers. ISBN 0-87910-288-8.

Detours and Lost Highways: A Map of Neo-Noir at Google Books. Martin, Richard. Mean Streets and Raging Bulls: The Legacy of Film Noir in Contemporary American Cinema. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3337-9. Snee, Brian J.. "Soft-boiled Cinema: Joel and Ethan Coens' Neo-classical Neo-noirs". Literature/Film Quarterly. 37