Vismaya is an amusement water theme park situated near Taliparamba in Kannur, Kerala. The park is developed and run by Malabar Tourism Development Co-operative Limited and it is situated near to the famous Muthappan temple in Parassinikadavu. It was officially inaugurated in August 2008 and since it has one of the favorite holiday destination in Malabar. The park is operated by the rain water collected by the reservoir spread over two acres of land with a capacity of 50 million litres of water. Malabar Tourism Development Cooperative Limited was registered on February 15,2000, and one month on March 9,2000 kick-started its operations with E. P. Jayarajan as the Chairman. But all these occupations faced many challenges which gradually lead to an economic decline, in such scenario, to meet the growing market and to create more job opportunities in addition to catering to the growing tourism industry, MTDC came into existence. The main objects of MTDC are to promote, establish and manage the business related to tourism and hospitality industry by setting up establishment such as, Amusement park, tour operations for foreign and domestic tourists.
Hotels, cool bars, ice cream stall, motels etc, shops for selling handicrafts, curious etc. Hill and beach resorts with all facilities to attract foreign and domestic tourists. Vismaya park is one of the first projects started by MTDC, vismaya is a blend of amusement, water theme and infotainment park. It has got water rides and entertaining activities for kids, virtual waterfall and Laser show are the two main attractions of this amusement park. Virtual waterfall is a waterfall where the visitors dance under the water stream to the background music. This crowd puller is open everyday starting 2 pm and usually ends by 3 pm, Laser shows are usually staged in the evening, and are a major attraction
Hyder Ali Khan known as Hyder Ali Sahib, Haidarālī was the Sultan and de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in southern India. Born as Sayyid walSharif Hyder Ali Khan, he distinguished himself militarily, eventually drawing the attention of Mysores rulers, rising to the post of Dalavayi to Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, he came to dominate the titular monarch and the Mysore government. He became the de facto ruler of Mysore as Sarvadhikari by 1761, though illiterate, Hyder Ali earned an important place in the history of southern India for his administrative acumen and military skills. He concluded an alliance with the French against the British and used the services of French workmen in raising his artillery and his rule of Mysore was characterised by frequent warfare with his neighbours and rebellion within his territories. This was not unusual for the time as much of the Indian subcontinent was in turmoil. He was a leader and left his eldest son, Tipu Sultan, an extensive kingdom bordered by the Krishna River in the north, the Eastern Ghats in the east.
The exact date of Hyder Alis birth is not known with certainty, various historical sources provide dates ranging between 1717 and 1722 for his birth. There are variations in reports of his ancestry. According to some accounts, his grandfather was descended from a line of Sayyids tracing their lineage back to Persia, while another traces his lineage instead to the area of present-day Afghanistan. His father, Fath Muhammad, was born in Kolar, Fath Muhammad eventually entered the service of the Wodeyar Rajas of the Kingdom of Mysore, where he rose to become a powerful military commander. The Wodeyars awarded him Budikote as a jagir, where he served as Naik. Hyder Ali was born in Budikote, he was Fath Muhammads fifth child, and his early years are not well documented, he entered military service along with his brother Shahbaz after their father died in combat. After serving for a number of years under the rulers of Arcot, they came to Seringapatam and he introduced them to Devaraja, the dalwai of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, and his brother Nanjaraja, who held important ministerial posts.
Hyder and his brother were given commands in the Mysorean army, Hyder served under Shahbaz, commanding 100 cavalry and 2,000 infantry. In 1748, Qamar-ud-din Khan, Asaf Jah I, the longtime Nizam of Hyderabad, the struggle to succeed him is known as the Second Carnatic War, and pitted Asaf Jahs son Nasir Jung against a cousin, Muzaffar Jung. Both sides were supported by local leaders, and French. Devaraja had started vesting more military authority in his brother, the army went to Devanhalli, where the Mysoreans participated in the Siege of Devanahalli Fort. The fort was held by Muzaffar Jungs forces and the siege was conducted by the Marquis de Bussy, during the successful eight-month siege, the Naik brothers distinguished themselves, and were rewarded by the dalwai with enlarged commands
Periyar is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the few rivers in the region. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala and it generates a significant proportion of Keralas electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. The river provides water for irrigation and domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery, due to these reasons, the river has been named the Lifeline of Kerala. Kochi city, in the vicinity of the river draws its water supply from Aluva. Twenty five percent of Keralas industries are along the banks of river Periyar and these are mostly crowded within a stretch of 5 kilometres in the Eloor-Edayar region, about 10 kilometres north of Kochi harbor. The Periyar has a length of approximately 244 kilometres and a catchment area of 5,398 square kilometres. The source of the Periyar lies high in the Western Ghats and it is variously claimed to be located in Kerala and in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu.
This has admitted by the state of Tamil Nadu in the court. The source of the lies in the remote forests of the Periyar Tiger Reserve. Various sources indicate the origin of the river to be Chokkampatti Mala, there are alternate claims for a Tamil Nadu origin, indicating that the Periyar originates in the Sivagiri peaks of Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu. However, the Supreme Court of India in its judgement on the Mullaperiyar issue in 2014, after flowing 48 kilometres from its origin and on reaching Mount Plateau at its eastern end, it is joined by the west-flowing Mullayar—an important tributary—at Mullakudy. During this journey the Periyar traverses through the Periyar Tiger Reserve, the Mullaperiyar dam is constructed at the confluence of the Periyar and Mullayar to create the Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, as well as the Periyar National Park. The area belonging to Tamil Nadu in the Periyar basin is located far down the river from the Mullaperiyar Dam site and this area is drained by the tributary Nirar, which is diverted to Tamil Nadu as a part of inter-state Parambikulam-Aliyar Project agreement.
From Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, some water is diverted eastwards to Tamil Nadu via a tunnel, the diverted water, after power generation, is let into the Suruliar river thereby resulting in an inter-basin transfer of water. The Idukki dam is constructed across the Periyar river on the famous Idukki gorge formed by the Kuravan and Kurathi hills. The main Periyar below the Idukki reservoir flows due north parallel to the edge of the Idukki plateau and is joined by the Perinjakutty from the east. After the confluence with Muthirapuzha, the river flows northwestwards and enters Ernakulam district at Neriamangalam and it is joined by its major tributary, the Idamalayar,1.5 kilometres upstream of the Bhoothathankettu barrage
Chinese fishing nets
In India, Chinese fishing nets are fishing nets that are fixed land installations for fishing. While commonly known as Chinese fishing nets in India, the formal name for such nets is shore operated lift nets. Huge mechanical contrivances hold out horizontal nets of 20 m or more across, each structure is at least 10 m high and comprises a cantilever with an outstretched net suspended over the sea and large stones suspended from ropes as counterweights at the other end. Each installation is operated by a team of up to six fishermen, while such nets are used throughout coastal southern China and Indochina, in India they are mostly found in the Indian cities of Kochi and Kollam, where they have become a tourist attraction. The Indian common name arises because they are unusual in India, the system is sufficiently balanced that the weight of a man walking along the main beam is sufficient to cause the net to descend into the sea. The net is left for a time, possibly just a few minutes. The catch is usually modest, a few fish and crustaceans, each 30 cm or so in diameter, are suspended from ropes of different lengths.
As the net is raised, some of the rocks one-by-one come to rest on a platform thereby keeping everything in balance, each installation has a limited operating depth. Consequently, an individual net cannot be operated in tidal waters. Different installations will be operated depending on the state of the tide and it was earlier thought that the nets might have been introduced by the Chinese explorer Zheng He. Recent research shows that these were introduced by Portuguese Casado settlers from Macau, the Chinese fishing nets have become a very popular tourist attraction. Their size and elegant construction is photogenic and the rhythm of their operation is quite hypnotic. In addition, catches can be purchased individually and need be only a short distance to a street entrepreneur who will cook it. Fishing in India Zheng He and Kochi Short documentary about Chinese fishing nets in Fort Kochi
Mysorean invasion of Kerala
The Mysorean invasion of Kerala was the military invasion of Malabar, including the territories of the Zamorin of Calicut, by the Muslim de facto ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore Hyder Ali. After completing the occupation, Kingdom of Cochin, situated south of Malabar, was made a state of Mysore. The major reason for the occupation of Malabar was the desire to have access to the Indian ocean ports, Kingdom of Mysore, nominally ruled by the Wodeyar family, rose to prominence in India after the decline of the Mughal empire. In 1761, Hyder Ali seized control of all of the reins of power in Mysore by overthrowing a powerful minister and he turned his attention towards expansion which included the capture of the Kingdoms of Bednur, Sunda and Canara. Faruqabad, near Calicut, was the capital of the Mysore-ruled Kerala. Hyder Alis attempt to defeat Travancore, a British ally state south of Cochin, failed in 1767, Tipu Sultan provoked British invasion in the form of Third Anglo-Mysore War by attacking the Kingdom of Travancore.
Thus Travancore was only part of present-day Kerala state that stood outside Mysore authority, by the treaty of Seringapatam, Tipu ceded half of his territories including Malabar to the English East India Company and their allies and paid 33 million of rupees as indemnity. By 1801, the Madras Presidency was created by Lord Wellesley, Travancore was asked by the Company to meet the entire expenditure of the Third Anglo-Mysore war on the plea that the war was undertaken in defence of Travancore. The new treaty of 1795 reduced Travancore from a friend and ally of the English East India Company to that of a protected ally, the King was forced to entertain a subsidiary force far beyond his capacity to subsidise. The Company claimed a monopoly in the pepper trade of the country. Canara forces invaded northern Malabar in 1732 at the invitation of the Arakkal, under the command of Gopalaji,30000 strong Canara soldiers, easily overran prince Kunhi Ambus forts in northern Kolathunad. By early 1734 the Canara soldiers captured Kudali and Dharmapatnam, by 1736, the Canara army was driven out of the whole of northern Malabar with assistance from the English East India Company.
However, the Prince Regent incurred a debt with the Company factors at Tellichery as a result. The Nayaks of the Kingdom of Bednur planned another attack on Kolathunad in 1737, Prince Kunhi Ambu agreed to sign a peace treaty with the Canara which fixed the northern border of Kolathunad on the Madayi. Hyder Ali first marched to present day Kerala in 1757 as per request of King of Palghat who was a long-time military foe of the Zamorin of nearby Kingdom of Calicut. Hyder Ali, who at time was the Faujdar of Dindigul under Kingdom of Mysore, with a force of 2,500 horses and 7,500 men supported by Palghat troops. The army defeated the Calicut army and reached as far as Arabian Sea, the main intention of this movement to Malabar was to capture the vast treasuries of the rulers of Malabar. Malabar Coast was famous for its spice trade from ancient times
Kingdom of Cochin
Kingdom of Cochin was a late medieval Hindu kingdom and princely state on the Malabar Coast, South India. Once controlling much of the territory between Ponnani and Thottappally, the Cochin kingdom shrank to its minimal extent as a result of invasions by the Zamorin of Calicut. When Portuguese armadas arrived in India, Cochin was in vassalage to Zamorin and was looking for an opportunity to break away, Cochin became a long-time Portuguese protectorate providing assistance against native overlords. After the Portuguese, the Dutch East India Company followed by the English East India Company, even today, the full official designation of the Raja of Cochin is “Perumpadappu Gangadhara Veera Kerala Thrikkovil Adhikarikal”. The Kingdom of Cochin, originally known as Perumpadappu Swarupam, was under the rule of the Later Cheras in the Middle Ages, after the fall of the Mahodayapuram Cheras in the 12th century, along with numerous other provinces Perumpadappu Swarupam became a free political entity.
However, it was only after the arrival of Portuguese colonizers on the Malabar Coast did the Perumpadappu Swarupam acquire any political importance, Perumpadappu rulers had family relationships with the Nambudiri rulers of Edappally. After the transfer of Kochi and Vypin from Edappally rulers to the Perumpadappu rulers, ma Huan, the Muslim voyager and translator who accompanied Admiral Zheng He on three of his seven expeditions to the Western Oceans, describes the king of Cochin as being a Buddhist. There is no extant written evidence about the emergence of the Kingdom of Cochin or of the Cochin Royal Family, all that is recorded are folk tales and stories, and a somewhat blurred historical picture about the origins of the ruling dynasty. The surviving manuscripts, such as Keralolpathi and Perumpadapu Grandavari, are collections of myths and legends that are less than reliable as conventional historical sources. There is a legend that the last Perumal who ruled the Chera dynasty divided his kingdom between his nephews and his sons, converted to Islam and traveled to Mecca on a hajj.
The Keralolpathi recounts the narrative in the following fashion, The last. He left for Mecca by ship with some Muslims who arrived at Kodungallur port, before leaving for Mecca, he divided his kingdom between his nephews and sons. The Perumpadapu Grandavari contains an account of the dynastic origins. Cheraman Perumal divided the land in half,17 amsa north of Neelaeswaram and 17 amsa south, totaling 34 amsa, thirty-four kingdoms between Kanyakumari and Gokarna were given to the thampuran who was the daughter of the last niece of Cheraman Perumal. Keralolpathi recorded the division of his kingdom in 345 AD, Perumpadapu Grandavari in 385 AD, including Robin Jeffry and Samuel Mateer, are of the opinion that as with all other Kings of Malabar, the Cochin Raja was of Nair origin. Cochin kingdom ruled over a vast area in central Kerala before the Portuguese arrival and their state stretched up to Ponnani and Pukkaitha in the north, Anamalais in the east, and Cochin and Porakkad in the south, with capital at Perumpadappu on the northern border.
Later, Calicut conquered large parts of Perumpadappu Kingdom, and made them a tributary state, Cochin was the scene of the first European settlement in India. In the year 1500, the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Álvares Cabral landed at Cochin after being repelled from Calicut, the king of Cochin welcomed the Portuguese and a treaty of friendship was signed
Harimattom pooram is the one of the famous pooram in Ernakulam. The most famous pooram in whole world is Thirumandhamkunnu Pooram which has a participation of 11 Lack people across the country. Most pooram festivals have at least one ornately decorated elephant being paraded in the procession out of the temple precincts. Vela is a festival like pooram, thrissur Pooram is the most famous of all poorams. The second best known Pooram in Kerala is Uthralikavu Pooram. A melam is a performance of different kind of musical instruments that are unique to Kerala and is something akin to the jazz. The most traditional of all melams is called Pandi Melam which is performed outside the temple. Another kind of melam is called Panchari Melam, which is similar to Pandi Melam going by the kind of instruments, panchavadyam is another classical musical ensemble performed in Kerala. Here, five different kinds of instruments create a breathtaking and fastmoving percussion performance, the five instruments are Madhalam, Edakka and Timila.
Interesting attractions of Pooram can be seen in the Valluvanad and Talappilly region, there is the Harijan Vela or Parayar Vela as well as the Tholpavakoothu, a traditional shadow puppetry show. Harimattom Temple is situated near Tripunithura, the temple festival is started on malayalm month medam star UTTRAM. The main highlight of the festival is harimattom pooram which is on the 7th day of the festival, the main attraction of this pooram is kudamattam and famous pandimellam with the presents of most the famous 10 elephants from Kerala. The one of the most important things is the Harimattom pooram and festival is conducting as per keeping the Kerala tradition and culture
The Kingdom of Travancore (/ˈtrævəŋkɔər/, Malayalam, തിരുവിതാംകൂർ Thiruvithamkoor, was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram, the official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell at its center. In the early 19th century, the became a princely state of the British Empire. When the region was part of the Chera empire, it was known as Thiruvazhumkode. It was contracted to Thiruvankode, and anglicised by the English to Travancore. In course of time, the Ay kingdom, part of the Chera empire, which ruled the Thiruvazhumkode area, became independent, the Aayis controlled the land from present day Kollam district in the north, through Thiruvananthapuram district, all in Kerala, to the Kanyakumari district. There were two capitals, the one at Kollam and a subsidiary one at Thrippapur. The kingdom was called Venad. Kings of Venad had, at times, travelled from Kollam and built residential palaces in Thiruvithamcode.
By the time of King Marthanda Varma, the half of the kingdom had become dominant. During his reign, it absorbed the north and Thiruvithamcode or Travancore became the official name, Travancore was located at the extreme southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. Geographically, Travancore was divided into three distinct regions, the eastern highlands, the central midlands, and the western lowlands. Venad was a state at the tip of the Indian Subcontinent. Till the end of the 11th century AD, it was a principality in the Ay Kingdom. The Ays were the earliest ruling dynasty in southern Kerala, who, at their zenith and their capital during the first Sangam age was in Aykudi and later, towards the end of the 8th century AD, was at Quilon. Though a series of attacks by the resurgent Pandyas between the 7th and 8th centuries caused the decline of the Ays, the dynasty was powerful till the beginning of the 10th century, when the Ay power diminished, Venad became the southernmost principality of the Second Chera Kingdom.
An invasion of the Cholas into Venad caused the destruction of Kollam in 1096, the Chera capital, fell in the subsequent Chola attack, which compelled the Chera king, Rama varma Kulasekara, to shift his capital to Kollam. Thus the end of the Second Chera dynasty in the 12th century marks the independence of Venad, the history of Travancore began with Marthanda Varma, who inherited the kingdom of Venad, and expanded it into Travancore during his reign
Dharma Raja Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma was the Maharajah of Travancore from 1758 until his death in 1798. He succeeded his uncle Marthanda Varma, who is credited with the title of maker of modern Travancore, during his reign Dharma Raja not only retained all the territories his predecessor had gained but administered the kingdom with success. Rama Varma was born in 1724 AD as the son of the Senior Rani of Attingal with her husband Prince Kerala Varma Koil Thampuran of the Kilimanoor palace and he had a brother Prince Makayiram Thirunal, grandfather of Irayimman Thampi, who pre-deceased him. His mother was adopted from the house of Kolathunad in 1718 by the King of Venad into the Travancore Royal Family. He was born into a time of turmoil caused by the refractory Lords. With the death of his uncle Marthanda Varma in 1758, Karthika Thirunal Rama Varma succeeded to the Travancore musnud, with the able services of the Dalawa Ayyapan Marthanda Pillai, Karthika Thirunal began his reign. The fortunes of the Cochin royal family were at the lowest ebb, a very small portion of their original territory alone remained in the Cochin Rajas possession.
From 1755 AD, the Zamorin of Calicut Kingdom, was in possession of the portions of Cochin. Although Marthanda Varma had promised help against the Zamorin by signing a treaty of alliance in 1756 with Cochin, most of the barons of Kochi had sided with the enemy. The Raja of Cochin deputed his nephew to ask for assistance from Rama Varma. The same feeling might have prevented Marthanda Varma, his uncle, at last the Raja of Cochin met with Rama Varma to press his request. He strengthened his promises with the sanction of religion, the account of this campaign is best given in the words of late Mr. C. Achyutha Menon, a native of Cochin, whose acquaintance with the records of the Cochin government, to which he was secretary for a long time, the Zamorin sent an express messenger to Trivandrum to beg the Maharaja to stay the hands of his General. In 1759 AD, the Rajah of Cochin sent his nephew to sign a treaty with Travancore, the little kingdoms of Parur and Alangad were annexed to Travancore after pensioning off the ruling families.
In 932 ME, Marthanda Varma had projected the construction of a line of fortifications on the northern frontier, the scheme was taken up. The Raja of Cochin was in agreement with the proposal. The line of fortifications was taken from the sea near the island of Vaipeen right up to the ghats covering a distance of nearly 40 kilometres. The Raja of Cochin agreed to bear a portion of the costs in addition to permitting the construction of the many portions passing through the Cochin territory
Pulikkali is a recreational folk art from the state of Kerala. It is performed by trained artists to people on the occasion of Onam. On the fourth day of Onam celebrations, performers painted like tigers and hunters in bright yellow, literal meaning of Pulikkali is the play of the tigers hence the performance revolve around the theme of tiger hunting. The folk art is mainly practiced in Thrissur district of Kerala, best place to watch the show is at Thrissur on the fourth day of Onam, where Pulikkali troupes from all over the district assemble to display their skills. The festival attracts thousands of people to the Thrissur city, Pulikkali is performed during various other festive seasons. Later, Konar of used to celebrate with great fervor and they popularised the folk genre with steps and body language peculiar to a tiger being stalked by a hunter, enacting a play of the hunter and the beast. Along with the celebrations, they used to perform the art form decked as tigers with peculiar steps resembling the tiger, Pulikkali in Thrissur is held in memory of this event.
Over the years, there has been changes in the adornment of Pulikkali dancers, in the early days, masks were not used and participants would have themselves painted all over, on their faces as well. But now, ready made masks, cosmetic teeth, beards, the tigers wear a broad belt with jingles around their waist. The festival in Thrissur has now become an all peoples event with huge response from people, especially youths who come forward to participate in the festival, and from sponsors. The event is organized by the Pulikkali Co-ordination Committee, a council of Pulikkali groups formed in 2004 in Thrissur to preserve. The Thrissur Municipal Corporation give a grant of Rs 30,000 for each Pulikkali troupe, a striking feature of this folk art is the colorful appearance of the performers. A particular combination of powder and varnish or enamel is used to make the paint. First of all, the remove the hair from the body, and then. It takes two to three hours for the coating to dry, after that, the second coat of paint is applied with enhanced design.
This entire procedure takes at least five to seven hours, a large number of artists gather to apply paint on the tigers. It is a process and often starts from the wee hours in the morning. Scenes such as the tiger preying on an animal, and a tiger being hunted by a game-hunter are enacted beautifully in between, thousands of spectators line the streets enjoying the dance, cheering the dancers some of them even trying to join in