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Nemetona

Nemetona, or'she of the sacred grove', is a Celtic goddess with roots in northeastern Gaul. She is thought to have been the eponymous deity of the Germano-Celtic people known as the Nemetes, she is attested in Bath, where an altar to her was dedicated by a man of the Gallic Treveri people. Her name is derived from the Celtic root nemeto-, referring to consecrated religious spaces sacred groves, she has thus been taken to be a guardian goddess of open-air places of worship. The same root is found in the names of the Romano-British goddess Arnemetia and the Matres Nemetiales. Surviving inscriptions associate Nemetona with Mars, she is paired with "Loucetius Mars" in the inscription at Bath, with "Mars" at Trier and Altrip. Separate inscriptions to Nemetona and to Loucetius have been recovered from the same site in Klein-Winternheim near Mainz; the Altrip site was further notable for yielding a terra cotta depiction of the goddess. One inscription from Eisenberg appears to identify Nemetona with Victoria: d Marti Lou/ Victoriae Neme/ M A Senillus Seve/egati urnam cum / us et phiala ex / to posuit l l m / o et Seleuco cos / X Kal Maias "In honour of the divine house, to Mars Loucetius and Victoria Nemetona, Marcus Aurelius Senillus Severus, a protégé of the general, set up an urn with its lots and serving-dish in free and well-deserved fulfilment of his vow on the tenth day before the Kalends of May in the consulship of Gratus and Seleucus."Noémie Beck considers the identification of Nemetona with Nemain to be "inaccurate and irrelevant".

Beck, Noémie. Goddesses in Celtic Religion and Mythology: A Comparative Study of Ancient Ireland and Gaul. Université Lumière Lyon 2, University College of Dublin. H. Finke, "Neue Inschriften", Berichte der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 17, 1-107 and 198-231. Jufer, Nicole. Les dieux gaulois: répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Editions Errance. Paula Powers Coe, "Nemetona", p. 1351 in Koch, John T.. Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. Joanna Van Der Hoeven. "Nemetona". OBOD website. Retrieved 2016-10-19

Chard Canal

The Chard Canal was a 13.5 miles tub boat canal in Somerset, that ran from the Bridgwater and Taunton Canal at Creech St. Michael, over four aqueducts, through three tunnels and four inclined planes to Chard, it was completed in 1842, was never commercially viable, closed in 1868. The major engineering features are still visible in the landscape. Prior to the construction of the canal, there had been several plans over the previous 50 years to build a ship canal from the Bristol Channel to the English Channel, in order to avoid the route around Cornwall and Devon; the first which would have connected Chard to the canal network was a scheme surveyed in 1769 by Robert Whitworth, to link the River Parrett to Seaton in Devon. Whitworth was asked to reassess this route in the early 1790s, again thought it was feasible; the plan was revived in 1793, while another route was suggested in 1794 by Josiah Easton, again passing through Chard. The 1793 Chard Canal plan was revived in 1809, by now renamed as the English and Bristol Channels Canal, the engineer John Rennie was asked to survey it in 1810.

He advocated a small ship canal, suitable for vessels up to 120 tons. The cost of a barge canal had been estimated at £70,000, but Rennie's estimate for a ship canal was £1.33M. One further attempt to build a ship canal took place in 1825, when a canal capable of taking vessels of 200 tons, with a draught of 15 feet was proposed. 30 locks would have been required, on a canal from Stolford on the Bristol Channel to Beer on the English Channel, passing through Creech St Michael and Chard, at an estimated cost of £1.7M. Thomas Telford produced the survey, an Act of Parliament was obtained on 6 July 1825, although subscriptions of over £1.5M were promised, no further action occurred, with the Company disappearing after 1828. With the Bridgwater and Taunton Canal having opened in 1827, there was further initiative to link Chard to it, James Green carried out a survey in 1831; the route was 13.5 miles long, but with Chard some 231 feet higher than the canal at Creech St Michael, his plan involved two boat lifts, two inclined planes and two tunnels, was costed at £57,000.

An Act of Parliament was obtained in June 1834, authorising the raising of £57,000, with an additional £20,000 if required, but local enthusiasm for the scheme was muted, most of the capital was provided by just five men, all of whom were involved in the Bridgwater and Taunton Canal. Work began at Wrantage in June 1835, but the Act did not allow parts of the canal to be built until tunnelling was well-advanced, so work on the upper sections did not start until Autumn 1837. Green was replaced as engineer by Sydney Hall from the start of construction, in view of the problems Green was experiencing on the Grand Western Canal with commissioning his boat lifts, Hall decided to replace the lifts with inclined planes instead. Further changes to the original plans were made above Ilminster inclined plane, where another tunnel was constructed, enabling the line of the canal to be built at a lower level. A lock was added at Bere Mills, to raise the line by 7 feet and the length of the Chard incline was increased.

Construction costs were much higher than anticipated, another Act of Parliament was obtained in March 1840, allowing the Company to raise another £80,000 in shares, to obtain a mortgage for £26,000, while a third Act in 1841 allowed construction to continue beyond the original seven year limit. The canal opened to Ilminster on 15 May 1841, to Dowlish Ford wharfs on 3 February 1842. There were delays caused by the rope on the Wrantage plane breaking, resulting in damage to the caissons, further delays caused by the Bristol and Exeter Railway constructing their line under the canal at Creech, but the work was completed on 24 May 1842. There were immediate benefits to the community, as coal prices fell, but the total cost of construction had been about £140,000, as income was only a third of what had been projected, the canal company was never able to meet the interest payments on its debts; the canal was designed for tub-boats. The inclines at Thornfalcon and Ilminster were double-acting inclines, consisting of two parallel tracks, each containing a six-wheeled caisson, in which the boats floated.

A chain linked the two caissons together, passing round a horizontal drum situated at the top of the incline. Power for the movement of the boats was provided by over-filling the top caisson, the extra weight causing that caisson to descend and the other to rise; because the majority of traffic passed up the canal, a boat displaces its own weight in water more water passed down the incline than up it. However, the system was still more economical than using locks, a large new Chard Reservoir supplied the necessary water; the incline at Chard Common was quite different, consisting of a single track, with the tub-boats being carried on a cradle with four wheels. Power was supplied by a Whitelaw and Stirrat water turbine, with a 25-foot head, which used 725 cubic feet of water per minute. Boats were raised 86 feet in a wheeled cradle up a slope of 1:10; the cradle was attached to the turbine by a substantial wire rope, after breakages of the original rope. The Ilminster tunnel was 14 feet wide, allowing boats travelling in opposite directions to pass, but the tunnels at Lillesdon and Crimson Hill were only wide enough for one boat.

However the Crimson Hill Tunnel has a double width "passing area" about halfway through its course to allow passing of the boats from either direction. The main cargoes were stone. Traffic for the first three years rose from 25,835 tons to 33,284 tons, a

Chocolate Girl (Deacon Blue song)

"Chocolate Girl" is the fourth song released as a single from the album Raintown by the Scottish group Deacon Blue. The single version differed from the album version of the song, it is a remix by the American mixer Michael Brauer, which adds a longer musical interlude in the middle of the song and gives greater emphasis to B. J. Cole's pedal steel guitar in parts of the song; the track reached No. 43 in the UK Singles Chart in July 1988. In an interview given to the Daily Record in 2012, songwriter Ricky Ross explained that "Chocolate Girl" was "about someone’s relationship which sounded bad. I don’t like sexist love songs, that awful song by Eric Clapton, "Wonderful Tonight". There’s a song by Prefab Sprout which says the same thing, called "Cruel", which I love"; the Herald spotted "Chocolate Girl’s dysfunctional Don Juan" running through the lyrics. All songs written by Ricky Ross, except where noted: "Chocolate Girl" – 3:28 "S. H. A. R. O. N." – 4:13 "Chocolate Girl" – 3:28 "S. H. A. R. O. N." – 4:13 "The Very Thing" – 3:29 "Love's Great Fears" – 3:33 "Chocolate Girl " "Dignity "Love's Great Fears "S.

H. A. R. O. N." – 4:13 "Chocolate Girl" – 3:28 "S. H. A. R. O. N." – 4:13 "The Very Thing" – 3:29 "Love's Great Fears" – 3:33 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics YouTube video

The Bad Guys

The Bad Guys is an album by American jazz saxophonist Roscoe Mitchell and The Note Factory, recorded live in 2000 at the Jazz by the Sea Festival in Fano and released by the Italian Around Jazz label. All compositions by Roscoe Mitchell except as indicated"Choro Por Merilina" – 7:36 "Down in the Basement" – 13:35 "Oh, See How They Run to L. A." – 9:17 "Do That Dance Called the Tangler" – 15:36 "The Bad Guys" – 11:10 "That Would Be Fine" – 4:55 Roscoe Mitchell - saxophones Wadada Leo Smith - trumpet Matthew Shipp, Craig Taborn - piano Spencer Barefield - guitar Jaribu Shahid, Harrison Bankhead - bass Tani Tabbal, Gerald Cleaver - drums

Boise Idaho Temple

The Boise Idaho Temple is the 29th constructed and 27th operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The temple is located in the city of Idaho. LDS Church leaders discussed building a temple in the western part of Idaho as early as 1939. However, with the majority of church's membership in the eastern part of Idaho, the leaders decided against it and concentrated on building the Idaho Falls Idaho Temple. Forty-five years on March 31, 1982, church leaders announced that a temple would be built in the Boise area; the temple site is located near an exit from Interstate 84 and is visible to those traveling along the highway and is a visible landmark for pilots at Boise Airport. In 1984, 70,000 visitors were expected to tour the temple during the nineteen-day open house. Instead, over 128,000 attended; the open house brought an increased interest in the church. The Boise Idaho Temple was dedicated May 25, 1984 by Gordon B. Hinckley. After the dedication, attendance at the temple was much higher than expected.

As a result, in October 1986, the temple was closed for renovation. After reopening in 1987, the temple was able to serve more than 100,000 members in southwestern Idaho and part of eastern Oregon; the Boise Idaho Temple has a total of 35,325 square feet, four ordinance rooms, four sealing rooms. It was built with six-spire design; the temple closed on July 11, 2011 for extensive renovations and was rededicated on November 18, 2012 by Thomas S. Monson. Preceding the rededication an open house was held between October 13 and November 10, excluding Sundays; the renovation included work on the heating and cooling systems and a reconfiguration of the floor plan to make it more efficient. Most visibly, the marble tiles that covered the temple were removed and replaced with gray granite tiles. Harold G. Hillam, a former temple president Comparison of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints List of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints List of temples of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by geographic region Temple architecture The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Idaho Media related to Boise Idaho Temple at Wikimedia Commons Official Boise Idaho Temple page Boise Idaho Temple page Boise Idaho Temple page with interior photos

Raul Nicolau Gonçalves

Archbishop Raul Nicolau Gonçalves is an Indian prelate, the first Catholic Goan to be Archbishop of Goa and Patriarch of the East Indies. He is the Archbishop emeritus of Goa; the current Archbishop served the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman as Auxiliary Bishop to Raul Nicolau Gonsalves, for about ten years. Raul Nicolau Gonçalves was born in Bambolim and studied at Rachol. and at the Pontifical Urban University in Rome. He was ordained in the diocese of Goa and Daman on 21 December 1950. On 5 January 1967 he was appointed titular bishop of Rapidum, Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese, auxiliary bishop of Goa and Daman. On January 30, 1978, Pope Paul VI through the papal bull Quoniam Archidioecesi named him Archbishop of Goa and Patriarch of the East Indies, he retired January 16, 2004, after reaching 75 years of age the compulsory retirement age, in conformity with the Code of Canon Law canon 401 § 1. He was consecrated by Cardinal James Robert Knox, he was the principal consecrant of Dom Filipe Neri António Sebastião do Rosário Ferrão and the co-consecrating bishop was Aleixo das Neves Dias, SFX He was one of the members of the Commission constituted by then-Archbishop-Patriarch, Dom José Vieira Alvernaz for the establishment of Caritas Goa on 3 January 1962 through Portaria No.

2-62. He is credited with being the moving spirit, as the then-Apostolic Administrator, for the setting up of the Diocesan Family Service Centre of the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman in 1975. Gonçalves "felt the need to establish it, during a critical time where family life was threatenend by the powers-to-be when Emergency was declared and forced sterilization were in vogue as part of controlling the population."The Archdiocese of Goa and Daman's website credits him with being the "first Goan to be appointed Archbishop of Goa and Daman, Patriarch of the East Indies."Gonçalves has been a member of the Vatican's Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People. Gonçalves assumed. After Portuguese rule in Goa was ended by Indian military action, the Portuguese Archbishop-Patriarch Alvernaz left for Portugal and retired to his home in the Azores but remained the formal Patriarch of Goa till his resignation in 1975. From December 1963 the Archdiocese of Goa was governed by its first Indian Bishop, Msgr Francisco da Piedade Rebello, as Apostolic Administrator.

Beginning in 1967 he was assisted by Gonçalves as Auxiliary Bishop. Gonçalves succeeded him as an Apostolic Administrator in 1972. After 1975, when Portugal recognised the end of their rule in Goa following a change of leadership in Lisbon, Bishop Gonçalves became the first Goan to become the Archbishop-Patriarch of Goa, in 1978. With his appointment, it was argued that "for the first time... Goa's Roman Catholic patriarch is a Goan". Prior to this "the appointee for centuries was Portuguese." In partibus infidelium Official site of the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman Catholic Hierarchy GCatholic supergoa.com