The Kazakh Wikipedia is the Kazakh language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia, founded on 2 June 2002. The Kazakh Wikipedia was started in June 2002; the Kazakh Wikipedia had a high growth rate in 2011, going from 7,000 articles to over 100,000 in less than one year due to the incorporation of materials from the Kazakh Encyclopedia, which have been released under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike License. This rapid expansion was initiated by the non-profit Wikibilim Foundation; the Samruk Kazyna Foundation, Kazakhstan's sovereign oil wealth fund, sponsored the expansion, with 30 million tenge spent in 2011 for paid editing and author rights transfer. At the Wikimania 2011 conference WikiBilim president Rauan Kenzhekhanuly was awarded the Wikipedian of the Year award by Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales for his work on the Kazakh Wikipedia expansion. In April 2012 Tengri News reported that "in 2011, the Samruk Kazyna sovereign wealth fund allocated a total of $204 thousand to develop the Kazakh-language Wikipedia.
This year, another $136 thousand will be earmarked", citing the Fund’s Press Service. Wales thanked the Kazakh government for its support of the Kazakh Wikipedia at Wikimania 2012; the Kazakh Wikipedia's unique feature is that it is written in three different scripts: Cyrillic and Arabic. On 26 October 2011, it passed the 100,000 articles threshold, by early 2013 had just over 200,000 articles; the Kazakh Wikipedia uses ZhengZhu's character mapping program to convert between Cyrillic and Arabic scripts. Questions have been asked about WikiBilim's closeness to the Kazakh government, given that WikiBilim president Rauan Kenzhekhanuly had a long prior career as a Kazakh government official and the Kazakh government has been criticised for its crackdown on free speech. Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales' friendship with ex-British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who advises the Kazakh government, has come under scrutiny, as has the neutrality of the Kazakh Wikipedia's content, much of, a reproduction of the state-published national encyclopedia.
As of April 2019, the Kazakh Wikipedia counts about 224,000 articles. The overwhelming majority of its readers originate from Kazakhstan; as of April 2013, the Kazakh Wikipedia's number of articles accounts for 14% of all the articles written in a Turkic language, making it the second largest edition in the family after Turkish, which accounts for 28% of all Turkic articles. Lih, Andrew; the Wikipedia Revolution: How a Bunch of Nobodies Created the World's Greatest Encyclopedia. Hyperion, New York City. 2009. First Edition. ISBN 978-1-4013-0371-6. Media related to Kazakh Wikipedia at Wikimedia Commons Kazakh Wikipedia Kazakh Wikipedia mobile version WikiBilim: About Foundation
The Serbian Wikipedia is the Serbian-language version of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Created on 16 February 2003, it reached its 100,000th article on 20 November 2009 before getting to another milestone with the 200,000th article on 6 July 2013, another milestone with the 500,000th article on 13 January 2018, it has 223,604 registered users and about 619,000 articles, making it the largest Wikipedia written in a South Slavic language and the 18th largest Wikipedia overall. The Serbian Wikipedia uses ZhengZhu's character mapping program to convert between Cyrillic and Latin scripts. Serbian Wikipedia was created on 16 February 2003 along with the Croatian Wikipedia when both split off from the joint Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia; the main page was translated from English into Serbian on 22 April 2003 by an unknown user with IP address 184.108.40.206, user Nikola Smolenski finished the translation on 24 May. During September 2003, Smolenski prepared the main page along with creating some basic article stubs.
In the October 2003 issue of the Serbian IT magazine Svet kompjutera his article about wikis and Wikipedia got published, leading to a surge of new users, both registered and anonymous. Around the same time, Smolenski translated the user interface page into Serbian; the Serbian language uses two alphabets and Latin. It has two official accents: Ekavian and Ijekavian. Combining the scripts and accents give four written variants; when the Serbian Wikipedia was founded, it used only the Cyrillic alphabet, both standard dialects. However, since both alphabets are used by Serbian native speakers, an effort began to enable the parallel usage of both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets; the first attempt was to use a bot for dynamic transliteration of every article. About 1,000 articles were transliterated before the action was stopped due to technical difficulties; this concept was abandoned in favor of a model used by the Chinese Wikipedia. After a few months, the software was completed and now every visitor has the option to choose between two alphabets using tabs at the top of each article.
There are special tags used to indicate those words. Anti-transliteration tags in use are: --, that prevents transliteration of the article text, or __БЕЗКН__, that prevents transliteration of the article's name. Though there are still minor technical issues, Cyrillic-Latin transliteration is working successfully. Ekavian–Ijekavian conversion, however, is much more complicated, its implementation is not yet complete. However, despite the difficulties, this is the first successful attempt to develop the software which will allow parallel work on all four variants of the Serbian language. Since the inaugural meeting on Tuesday, 15 February 2005, members of the Serbian wiki community have been holding regular gatherings; as of September 2013, 253 meetings took place — in Belgrade, with about a dozen taking place in Novi Sad, along with a few in Niš, Pančevo, Pirot. At first congregating at each other's apartments, bars and public parks, by late 2005 community members began gathering at the Belgrade Youth Center, which provided meeting space free of charge.
At the first of these Youth Center meetings on Saturday, 3 December 2005, the community members founded the Wikimedia Foundation's local chapter for Serbia and Montenegro called Wikimedia Serbia and Montenegro. At the time, it was only the fifth local Wikimedia Foundation chapter anywhere in the world. Following the May 2006 Montenegrin referendum whose outcome led to the breakup of the Serbia and Montenegro state union, the local chapter modified its name to Wikimedia Serbia, it is registered as a non-governmental, non-partisan, non-profit organization and its stated goals include promotion of the creation and multiplication of free content in Serbian language as well as promotion of the idea that everyone should have equal access to knowledge and education. That year in December, the Serbian chapter hosted the first Wikimedia regional conference for Southeast Europe. Three more regional conferences were put together over the next several years, all of them hosted by Wikimedia Serbia. In February 2012, Wikimedia Serbia organized an event called Open Wiki GLAM of Serbia as part of the bigger project of the same name.
Standing for Galleries, Archives & Museums, GLAM is devoted to the topics of Serbian cultural and historical heritage as well as protection of intellectual property and copyright on the Internet. That year in December, Wikimedia Serbia got its own office space located in downtown Belgrade at the beginning of the King Aleksandar Boulevard where most of the Serbian wiki community meetings now began to take place. Serbian Wikipedia cooperates with the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Mathematics, Faculty of Physical Chemistry and Faculty of Philology as well as the University of Montenegro's Faculty of Electrical Engineering. Students of those faculties have made occasional contributions to the Serbian Wikipedia by editing its articles. Due to the similarity of the varieties of Serbo-Croatian, one of the features is copying and adapting articles from one language version of Wikipedia to another Another Serbian language project, Serbian Wikinews has more than 52,000 a
The Japanese Wikipedia is the Japanese-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, open-content encyclopedia. Started on 11 May 2001, the edition attained the 200,000 article mark in April 2006 and the 500,000 article mark in June 2008; as of April 2019, it has over 1,147,000 articles. In April 2016, the project had 4,192 active editors who made at least five edits in that month, ranking fourth behind the English and Russian editions. In March 2001, three non-English editions of Wikipedia were created, the German, the Catalan, the Japanese Wikipedias; the original site address of the Japanese Wikipedia was http://nihongo.wikipedia.com and all pages were written in the Latin alphabet or romaji, as the software did not work with Japanese characters at the time. The home page showed an early attempt at creating a vertical text; the first article was named "Nihongo no Funimekusu". Until late December in that year, there were only two articles. On January 31, 2003, a Japanese online magazine, Wired News Japanese edition, covered Wikipedia.
After that, the number of participants started to increase and many pages about the Wikipedia project were translated or created. On February 12, 2003, the Japanese edition of Wikipedia reached the 1,000-page milestone, two years after the English edition. Given that accomplishment, Slashdot Japan posted a story about the Japanese Wikipedia. Several days after that, the number of participants doubled, attesting to the power of the Slashdot effect; because of this exposure, a variety of articles started to appear, among them physics, information technology, music, games and celebrities. On July 15, 2003 the Japanese Wikipedia reached 10,000 articles, four months and three days after the 1,000-article milestone, beating the time it took the English Wikipedia to achieve the same feat. By early 2004 the Japanese Wikipedia contained 30,000 articles; the increase in both articles and contributors was steady after that, by late September it had reached 75,000 articles. The major force behind the expansion appeared to be a number of links at Yahoo!
Japan News. It is unknown when Yahoo! started to put links to the edition in their articles, but as of August 2004, dozens of news articles posted on Yahoo! Japan contained links to the edition to explain terms in the articles. In September 2004, the Japanese Wikipedia was awarded the "2004 Web Creation Award Web-Person Special Prize" from the Japan Advertisers Association; this award given to individuals for great contributions to the Web in Japanese, was accepted by a long-standing contributor on behalf of the project. The Japanese Wikipedia is different from the English Wikipedia in a number of ways. An edit is kept only if it is legal under both Japanese and United States laws, to account for the fact that the vast majority of contributors live in Japan; this has two major consequences: The fair use provisions of US law are not considered to be applicable. Articles and media files which do not have a GFDL-compatible license are prohibited if they would be legal under the "fair use" doctrine in the US.
Materials considered illegal cannot be kept in the archive reverted by oneself but caught in history archive. If an illegal edit is inserted between valid versions, a SysOp may remove specific revisions by deleting the article temporarily and restoring valid revisions. Quotation is discouraged. There is controversy over the GFDL compatibility of quotations. Articles that contain quotations will be deleted unless they meet all the following legal requirements: The source is referred to; the quotation is necessary. The quoting and quoted works can be regarded as the principal and subordinate both in quantity and quality; the quoting and quoted works are distinguishable. Cut-and-paste moves within Wikipedias, including merging and translation from other language are not allowed unless the original article source and date is explicitly referred to in the edit summary, because such moves are considered to be GFDL violations. Articles created in such a manner will be deleted. A comparable policy is in place on the English Wikipedia.
IP users' contributions are high compared to other major language versions of Wikipedia. The Japanese Wikipedia has the lowest number of administrators per active users. Edit wars are frowned upon. Articles may be protected as a result of an edit war with as little as four edits. Protected pages will not be unprotected; because of this, as of September 2005 the Japanese Wikipedia had the second-highest number of articles protected for over two weeks, after the German Wikipedia. In May 2008, 0.0906% of articles were protected, by far the highest percentage among the ten largest Wikipedias. Articles on sensitive topics, such as Japan's World War II, war crimes and current territorial disputes, are always under lengthy protection. On April 18, 2010 there was a proposal to create a new namespace for WikiProjects to shorten the name of a WikiProject; this proposal passed and a new namespace named "プロジェクト:" was created for WikiProjects on September 20 the same year. Articles will be deleted if they contain the names of private citizens, unless they are public figures.
An article about Shosei Koda, a Japanese citizen kidnapped in Iraq, does not refer to him by name, but former Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda's name may be mentioned due to his public position. Convicted criminals and their victims are considered private citizens if the case was extensively covered in Japan
The Polish Wikipedia is the Polish-language edition of Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia. Founded on September 26, 2001, it now has around 1,332,000 articles, making it the 10th-largest Wikipedia edition overall, it is the second-largest edition in a Slavic language, after the Russian Wikipedia. The Polish Wikipedia originated in September 2001 as an independent project under the domain wiki.rozeta.com.pl. At the suggestion of the founders of the English Wikipedia, the site was incorporated into the international project as http://pl.wikipedia.com on January 12, 2002, as http://pl.wikipedia.org on November 22 that year. To avoid domain squatting that could frustrate potential users, the Polish Wikipedia has its own domain, wikipedia.pl, which redirects to pl.wikipedia.org. On January 27, 2005 the founders of the Polish Wikipedia, Krzysztof P. Jasiutowicz and Paweł Jochym, received the Internet Citizen of the Year 2004 award issued by the Internet Obywatelski society. In July 2005, the tsca.bot bot program was instructed to upload statistics from official government pages about French and Italian municipalities to the Polish Wikipedia.
In a few months, the bot uploaded more than 40,000 articles. On October 13, 2009 the Polish Wikipedia received a "special recognition for social innovation" at the 2009 Jan Łukasiewicz Award ceremony, which recognises the most innovative Polish IT companies; the Polish Wikipedia exceeded 1,000,000 articles on September 24, 2013. In April 2016, the project had 1,140 active editors; the text of the Polish Wikipedia was first published on a DVD together with the paper edition of the magazine Enter SPECIAL in August 2005. The publisher did not make any attempt to contact the Wikimedia Foundation prior to making the DVD available on the market, the edition itself turned out to be illegal, as it violated the GNU FDL license. Additionally, the software used on the DVD worked improperly on Microsoft Windows 98. A second DVD edition was prepared as a joint project of Wikimedia Polska and the Polish publisher Helion, it contained articles written before June 4, 2006. The edition was completed on November 24, 2006, released at the end of July 2007 with a purchase price of 39 zlotys.
Polish Wikipedia Polish Wikipedia mobile version
The Romanian Wikipedia is the Romanian language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Started in July 2003, as of 14 April 2019 this edition has about 393,743 articles and is the 25th largest Wikipedia edition. In December 2004, users on the Romanian Wikipedia started to talk about founding a local chapter of Wikimedia, Asociaţia Wikimedia România; the first articles in the Romanian Wikipedia were written in July 2003, with the first version of the main page being drafted on 12 July. The user interface in English, started being translated into Romanian by Bogdan Stăncescu as soon as he was given sysop rights; the same user subsequently contacted several Romanian universities that were available on the internet, as well as the Romanian Academy, in order to attract new contributors. His efforts were soon remarked by the Romanian media, who invited him on several occasions to introduce the project to the public. By the end of 2003, the Romanian Wikipedia had exceeded 3,000 articles, ranking 16th among all Wikipedias.
The 10,000th article was written on 13 December 2004, the 50,000th on 5 January 2007. In April 2004, the Romanian Wikipedia supported the launch of the Aromanian Wikipedia. In June 2004, the Romanian Wikipedia encountered problems concerning its division and the creation of a separate Moldovan Wikipedia. A Moldovan language version of Wikipedia exists as it was created automatically together with a larger number of other Wikipedias, because the language had been assigned a separate ISO 639 code. At its beginnings, it worked as a portal redirecting to the Romanian Wikipedia, but in March 2005, it began allowing content, starting big editing wars and endless discussion. Between December 2006 up to its deletion in January 2018, it was frozen and editing was no longer permitted; this question was raised from time to time, although users on Wikipedia voted on its closure and its deletion. The Romanian Wikipedia reached the 100,000 article milestone on 11 January 2008; as of April 2015, it has 300,000 articles and 330,000 registered users, of which 21 are administrators.
The logo of the Romanian Wikipedia was different from the logos of other Wikipedias. The letter И in the logo was replaced with the Romanian letter Ă, further adapting this Wikipedia to the local readership. Articles can contain small spelling variations regarding the use of the letters â and î, both used for the close central unrounded vowel /ɨ/. According to the 1993 spelling rules promoted by the Romanian Academy, /ɨ/ is transcribed as either î, when used as the first or last letter of words, or â, when it occurs in the middle of the word. Still, between 1953 and 1993, the Romanian language only used î - after 1964 an exception was made for derivations of the words România, român and related words; the Academy rules are mandatory in state schools in Romania. Moldova adopted the Latin alphabet for the Romanian language before the spelling reform in 1993, it didn't switch to the new spelling up until 2001, using the letter î before exclusively. In practice, either usage is acceptable in both countries, indeed there are publishing houses and printed magazines that use either or both of the two rules.
Vojvodina uses the new Romanian spelling. Other spelling differences include niciun/nici un; the Romanian Wikipedia community adopted a language policy stating that both pre-1993 and post-1993 spelling norms are permitted, editing an article just to switch it from one norm to the other is not acceptable. Concerning the addressing policy, Romanian Wikipedia uses the polite forms of the personal pronouns and verbs. A policy on this was discussed in early 2006, consensus was reached for the use of dumneavoastră instead of tu on its pages. Annual number of articles as of december since the creation of edition. Ref. Number of total articles at a specific timeOctober 2003: 250 articles 7 April 2004: 5000 articles 12 December 2004: 10,000 articles 5 January 2007: 50,000 articles 11 January 2008: 100,000 articles 21 May 2009: 125,000 articles 13 September 2010: 150,000 articles 5 August 2012: 200,000 articles 25 July 2014: 250,000 articles 13 April 2015: 300,000 articles 2 September 2015: 350,000 articles Romanian Wikipedia Romanian Wikipedia mobile version Aromanian Wikipedia Aromanian Wikipedia mobile version
The Ukrainian Wikipedia is the Ukrainian language edition of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. The first article was written on January 30, 2004. Ukrainian Wikipedia has 898,822 articles and is the 16th largest Wikipedia edition. In the Ukrainian Wikipedia one area of knowledge has been covered to an extent greater than all other Wikipedias — the subject of mining, due to the considerable contribution by one person, Volodymyr Biletsky, a professor at Donetsk National Technical University. Using as a basis his published Encyclopedia of Mining, Biletsky has contributed over 10,000 articles on the subject to Ukrainian Wikipedia. In 2013 the Institute of History of Ukraine at the National Academy of Science gave permission to the Ukrainian Wikipedia to use the digital version of the Encyclopedia of Ukraine's History, published online; the Higher School Academy of Science and Forest Engineering allowed Wikipedia to use their information resources. One of the areas where activity is notable is in Wiki Loves Monuments project, an annual international photo contest focused on cultural and historical monuments.
Ukrainian Wikipedians were ranked 4th among 36 participating countries for the number of uploads of images as part of this project in 2012. In 2014 Ukrainian Wikipedians were winners. A significant number of articles in Ukrainian Wikipedia relate to the history of the development of the Ukrainian language. A study in August 2012 counted over 8,000 articles mentioning the term "Ukrainian language" and over 1,400 articles with the term "history of Ukrainian language" and concluded that collectively represented a good coverage of its history and concepts. Articles about the history of Ukrainian language included articles about early publications like bibles printed in Ukrainian, grammar books, changes in phonetics through time, Ukrainian calligraphy, history of Ukrainian language within the context of the Soviet Union and the banning of Ukrainian language by the Russian Government. At the end of 2012 Ukrainian Wikipedia contained over 1,500 articles relating to Ukrainian history; as of June 2012 the Ukrainian Wikipedia contained 52 specific articles about Ukrainian astronomers and astronomo-geodesists, which have now been collated into a published book.
On January 21, 2014, the Ukrainian Wikipedia community decided to block access to the portal every day between 4:00 and 4:30 PM in protest of "dictatorship laws" in Ukraine, that restrict the freedom of speech and pose a threat to the portal. On October 1, 2005, Ukrainian Wikipedia reached the 20,000-article mark; the milestone of 250,000 articles was reached on 21 December 2010, 860,000 people had viewed 30 million articles in that month alone. By 2012, with over 400,000 articles and 100 million words, the Ukrainian Wikipedia many times over had content larger than the largest printed encyclopedia at that time — the Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia; as of April 2019, the Ukrainian Wikipedia has 898822 articles and nearly 2.5 million visitors every day. The Ukrainian Wikipedia at that time was on the 16th place in the ranking of the World's Wikipedias. January 30, 2004 — 1st article April 4, 2004 — 1,000 articles June 18, 2004 — 5,000 articles December 16, 2004 — 10,000 articles October 1, 2005 — 20,000 articles October 15, 2006 — 30,000 articles November 12, 2006 — 40,000 articles January 16, 2007 — 50,000 articles May 17, 2007 — 60,000 articles September 9, 2007 — 70,000 articles December 13, 2007 — 80,000 articles January 24, 2008 — 90,000 articles March 28, 2008 — 100,000 articles July 13, 2008 — 120,000 articles May 30, 2009 — 150,000 articles April 7, 2010 — 200,000 articles December 20, 2010 — 250,000 articles July 7, 2011 — 300,000 articles December 28, 2011 - 350 000 articles September 20, 2012 — 400,000 articles May 12, 2014 — 500,000 articles November 13, 2015 — 600,000 articles June 4, 2017 — 700,000 articles List of Wikipedias and their ranking by number of articles Wikipedia Statistics Ukrainian Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report - Wikipedia Page Views Per Country Ukrainian Wikipedia Ukrainian Wikipedia mobile version Wikipedia at Wikimedia Ukraine Weblog Bozhena Sheremeta, Ukrainian Wikipedia hits growth peak with over 500,000 articles, Kyiv Post, November 24, 2014
The Korean Wikipedia is the Korean language edition of the Wikipedia. It was founded in October 2002 and reached ten thousand articles on 4 June 2005; as of March 2019, it is the 24th largest Wikipedia. In April 2016, the project had 847 active editors; the Korean Wikipedia used an older version of MediaWiki. The software had problems representing Hangul. In August 2002, the software was started to support non-English scripts such as hangul. However, Internet Explorer continued to have an encoding problem, which kept contributions to the encyclopedia low. From October 2002 to July 2003, the number of articles increased from 13 to 159, in August 2003 it reached 348. In September 2003 the hangul problem was solved. From September 2003, with no accessing difficulty once the encoding error in IE was solved, the number of contributions and visits increased; the Korean Wikipedia's prospects became more optimistic following the momentum created by substantial coverage in the Korean media. The Korean Wikipedia won the Information Trust Award in the general Internet culture branch in 2005.
The Korean Wikipedia is written entirely in hangul. Hanja is only used in order to clarify certain phrases, is parenthesized. There is a group, named Dajimo, working to introduce a mixed script system to the Korean Wikipedia. A request for a separate Wikipedia in mixed script, was rejected. There are two major standards in the Korean language, the South Korea standard, the North Korea standard. North Koreans are underrepresented on the Korean Wikipedia, due to North Korean censorship of the Internet in North Korea. Therefore, most users of the Korean Wikipedia are South Koreans and most articles are written in the South Korean style; the official name of the Wikipedia is 한국어 위키백과 Hangugeo Wiki-baekgwa. Hangugeo is the name for the Korean language in South Korea, baekgwa is a clipped form of 백과사전 baekgwasajeon "encyclopedia". Businesses make use of the Korean Wikipedia in various ways, for its license, the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike License, allows modification and distribution for commercial purpose.
Empas integrated the Korean Wikipedia database in its search since 11 August 2005. The feature to search Korean Wikipedia using a mobile phone with a wireless Internet connection through Nate was available to the subscribers of SK Telecom from 6 July 2007. Since 21 August, Daum mirrored Korean Wikipedia and English Wikipedia on its portal, Naver started to present the search results from the Korean and English Wikipedia prior to others from 11 January 2008; the South Korean right-wing youth group story K favors a proactive involvement of right-wing media establishments for the Korean Wikipedia. Despite the South Korean conservative New Rights establishments pressured the government to approve the term, liberal democracy, to represent South Korea in Korean history textbooks, the head of the National Institute of Korean History, Lee Tae-jin, proposed to use this political term by citing the Korean version of Wikipedia as a main source. Human rights groups have sent copies of the Korean Wikipedia to North Korea on USB sticks by balloon.
The Korean Wikipedia Korean Wikipedia mobile version