In Greek mythology, the Nereids are sea nymphs, the 50 daughters of Nereus and Doris, sisters to Nerites. They accompany Poseidon, the god of the sea, can be friendly and helpful to sailors, like the Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece. Nereids are associated with the Aegean Sea, where they dwelt with their father Nereus in the depths within a golden palace; the most notable of them are wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles. They symbolized everything, beautiful and kind about the sea, their melodious voices sang. They are represented as beautiful girls, crowned with branches of red coral and dressed in white silk robes trimmed with gold, but who went barefoot, they carried his trident. In Homer's Iliad XVIII, when Thetis cries out in sympathy for the grief of Achilles for the slain Patroclus, her sisters appear; the Nereid Opis is mentioned in Virgil's Aeneid. She is called by the goddess Diana to avenge the death of the Amazon-like female warrior Camilla. Diana gives Opis magical weapons for revenge on the Etruscan Arruns.

Opis laments Camilla's death and shoots Arruns in revenge as directed by Diana. In modern Greek folklore, the term "nereid" has come to be used for all nymphs, fairies, or mermaids, not nymphs of the sea. Nereid, a moon of the planet Neptune, is named after the Nereids; this list is correlated from four sources: Homer's Iliad, Hesiod's Theogony, the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus and the Fabulae of Hyginus. Because of this, the total number of names goes beyond fifty. Nereids in classical literature and art Nereid and Triton Mosaic from Ephesus Terrace Home -2 3D stereoview of Nereid and Triton relief from Temple of Apollo in Didim Warburg Institute Iconographic Database

2011 West Berkshire Council election

The 2011 West Berkshire Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of West Berkshire Council in Berkshire, England. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council. At the last election in 2007 the Conservatives won a majority of 20 seats, with 36 councillors, compared to 16 for the Liberal Democrats. By the time of the 2011 election 2 seats were vacant after the death of Liberal Democrat councillor Keith Lock from Mortimer ward and the resignation of Conservative councillor Ellen Crumly from Thatcham Central ward. Both the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats stood in all 30 wards, while Labour stood in 17 and the Apolitical Democrats and UK Independence Party stood in 2 wards each. There were 3 independent candidates to make a total of 142 candidates for the 52 seats on the council; the Conservatives made a net gain of 3 seats to increase their majority on the council, finishing with 39 councillors, compared to 13 for the Liberal Democrats.

The Conservatives picked up seats in Thatcham North and Thatcham South and Crookham from the Liberal Democrats to win the majority of the seats in Thatcham. Meanwhile, Labour failed to win any seats but did increase their share of the vote to just under 10%. A by-election was held in Hungerford ward on 15 August 2013 after the death of Conservative councillor David Holtby; the seat was held for the Conservatives by James Podger with a reduced majority of 59 votes over the Liberal Democrats. A by-election was held in Purley on Thames ward on 28 January 2015 after the death of Conservative councillor David Betts; the seat was held for the Conservatives with a majority of 764 votes over the Labour party


Murarbaji Deshpande was a general in the early Maratha Empire during the reign of Shivaji. He is best remembered for his defense of the Purandar Fort against Dilir Khan, a Mughal general who accompanied Mirza Raja Jai Singh in the 17th-century siege on Purandar. Murarbaji Deshpande was born into a Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu or CKP family and his native land was the Kinjaloli near Mahad, Raigad District, he was the gallant commander. The battle for Purandar fort was a landmark battle of symbolic importance for both the Marathas and Mughals, it was essential for the Marathas to hold off the Mughals for as long as possible, thus demonstrating the difficulty of conquering the mountainous Maratha Empire. It was imperative for the Mughals to conquer Purandar as swiftly as possible to demonstrate the futility of resistance of the dominant Mughal empire. In the end, superior European cannons fielded by the Mughals, under the leadership of the European mercenary Mannucci, blasted away the walls of Purandar.

In spite of crumbling defenses and his troops sustained a dogged defense. When the Mughals breached the outer walls and his soldiers, though overwhelmingly outnumbered, mounted a fierce counterattack. Maratha folk history has it that Murarbaji showed incredible skills as a swordsman and was an aggressive and inspiring leader who pushed back and caused a retreat of a larger Mughal force. Diler Khan, impressed with the bravery of Murarbaji, offered him a truce and employment in the Mughal forces with a handsome salary. Murarbaji turned down the offer due to his loyalty to the ideals of Hindavi Swarajya, he was enraged at this suggestion and in an act of extreme daredevilry charged with his commandos right into the heart of the Mughal troops, killing hundreds. The remaining Marathas retreated inside the inner walls of the fort, refusing to surrender and willing to fight to the last man; the battle of Purandar showed the Marathas the difficulty in facing the overwhelming force led by Mirza Raja Jai Singh, revealed to the Mughal the tenacity of the Marathas.

Thereafter Shivaji agreed to surrender to Mirza Raja rather than risk the decimation of his forces and the ruin of his homeland. Aurangzeb sought to sign the treaty of Purandar and invited Shivaji to Agra rather than face a protracted and expensive campaign to conquer Marathas; as a part of the settlement Shivaji agreed to give up 23 of his forts and 4,00,000 hons to the Mughals