In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerenia was the son of Neleus and Chloris. He became the King of Pylos after Heracles killed Neleus and all of Nestors siblings and his wife was either Eurydice or Anaxibia, their children included Peisistratus, Thrasymedes, Pisidice, Polycaste, Perseus, Stratichus, Aretus, Echephron, and Antilochus. Nestor was an Argonaut, helped fight the centaurs, and participated in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar and he and his sons, Antilochus and Thrasymedes, fought on the side of the Achaeans in the Trojan War. Though Nestor was already old when the war began, he was noted for his bravery. In the Iliad, he gives advice to the younger warriors and advises Agamemnon. He is too old to engage in combat himself, but he leads the Pylian troops, riding his chariot and he also had a solid gold shield. Homer frequently calls him by the epithet the Gerenian horseman, at the funeral games of Patroclus, Nestor advises Antilochus on how to win the chariot race. Antilochus was later killed in battle by Memnon, in the Odyssey, Nestor and those who were part of his army had safely returned to Pylos since they did not take part in the looting of Troy upon the Greeks victory in the Trojan War. Odysseuss son Telemachus travels to Pylos to inquire about the fate of his father, Nestor receives Telemachus kindly and entertains him lavishly but is unable to furnish any information on his fathers fate. Also appearing in the Odyssey are Nestors wife Eurydice and their remaining living sons, Echephron, Stratius, Aretus, Thrasymedes, Nestor also had two daughters named Pisidice and Polycaste. Peisistratus readily agrees, although stating that his father is bound to be furious when he learns of Telemachuss departure. Nestors advice in the Iliad has also interpreted to have sinister undertones. For example, when Patroclus comes to Nestor for advice in Book 11, karl Reinhardt argues that this is contrary to what Patroclus really originally wanted – in fact, he is only there to receive information on behalf of Achilles about the wounded Machaon. Reinhardt notes that an unimportant errand left behind by an all-important one, Patroclus role as messenger is crucial and an ironic purpose permeates the encounter. Homer offers contradictory portrayals of Nestor as a source of advice, yet at the same time Nestors advice is frequently ineffective. Yet Nestor is never questioned and instead is frequently praised, heroes are not necessarily viewed as responsible when things go awry. In the Iliad, people are judged not necessarily in the view of results. These are elements that make up Nestor, and they parallel the elements that Homer describes as part of a counselor at Iliad 3. 150–152
Image: Briseis Phoinix Louvre G152
Nestor and his sons sacrifice to Poseidon on the beach at Pylos (Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 400–380 BC).