1960 Summer Olympics
The 1960 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event, held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London. On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris, Rome won the rights to host the 1960 Games, having beaten Brussels, Mexico City, Detroit and Lausanne. Tokyo and Mexico City would subsequently host the proceeding 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics respectively. Toronto was interested in the bidding, but appears to have dropped out during the final phase of the bid process; this was the first of five unsuccessful attempts by Toronto to secure the Summer Olympics from until the 2008 games. Swedish sprint canoeist Gert Fredriksson won his sixth Olympic title. Fencer Aladár Gerevich of Hungary won his sixth consecutive gold medal in the team sabre event.
The Japanese men's gymnastics team won the first of five successive golds. The United States men's national basketball team—led by promising college players Walt Bellamy, Jerry Lucas, Oscar Robertson and Jerry West—captured its fifth straight Olympic gold medal. Danish sailor Paul Elvstrøm won his fourth straight gold medal in the Finn class. Others to emulate his performance in an individual event are Al Oerter, Carl Lewis, Michael Phelps, Kaori Icho and, if the Intercalated Games of 1906 are included, Ray Ewry. German Armin Hary won the 100 metres in an Olympic record time of 10.2 seconds. Wilma Rudolph, a former polio patient, won three gold medals in sprint events on the track, she was acclaimed as "the fastest woman in the world". Jeff Farrell won two gold medals in swimming, he underwent an emergency appendectomy six days before the Olympic Trials. Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia won the marathon barefooted to become the first black African Olympic champion. Cassius Clay known as Muhammad Ali, won boxing's light-heavyweight gold medal.
Ramon "Buddy" Carr was one of the coaches. Herb Elliott, AUS, won the men's 1500 meters in one of the most dominating performances in Olympic history. Rafer Johnson defeated his rival and friend C. K. Yang in one of the greatest Decathlon events in Olympic history. Lance Larson, US, was controversially denied a 100 metres freestyle swimming gold, despite showing the best time; the future Constantine II, last King of Greece won his country a gold in sailing: dragon class. The Pakistani Men's Field Hockey team broke a run of Indian team victories since 1928, defeating India in the final and winning Pakistan's first Olympic gold medal. Wrestlers Shelby Wilson, Doug Blubaugh, who wrestled together growing up, won gold medals in their respective weight classes. Danish cyclist Knud Enemark Jensen collapsed during his race under the influence of Roniacol and died in the hospital, it was the second time an athlete died in competition at the Olympics, after the death of Portuguese marathon runner Francisco Lázaro at the 1912 Summer Olympics.
South Africa appeared in the Olympic arena for the last time under its apartheid regime. It would not be allowed to return until 1992, by. Singapore competed for the first time under its own flag, to become its national flag after independence, as the British had granted it self-government a year earlier. Tan Howe Liang won silver in the Weightlifting lightweight category, the first time that an athlete from Singapore won an Olympic medal. Finnish Vilho Ylönen, a field shooter, shot a bullseye to a wrong target, in so doing he dropped from second place to fourth. Peter Camejo, a 2004 American vice-presidential candidate for the Green Party, competed in yachting for Venezuela; the future Queen Sofía of Spain represented her native Greece in sailing events. CBS paid US$394,000 in today's dollars for the exclusive right to broadcast the Games in the United States; this was the first Summer Olympic games to be telecast in North America. In addition to CBS in the United States, the Olympics were telecast for the first time in Canada and in Mexico.
Since television broadcast satellites were still two years into the future, CBS, CBC, TSM shot and edited videotapes in Rome, fed the tapes to Paris where they were re-recorded onto other tapes which were loaded onto jet planes to North America. Planes carrying the tapes landed at Idlewild Airport in New York City, where mobile units fed the tapes to CBS, to Toronto for the CBC, to Mexico City for TSM. Despite this arrangement, many daytime events were broadcast in North America on CBS and CBC, the same day they took place. Olympic Stadium² - opening/closing ceremonies, equestrian events Flaminio Stadium¹ - football finals Swimming Stadium¹ - swimming, water polo, modern pentathlon Sports Palace¹ - basketball, boxing Olympic Velodrome¹ - cycling, field hockey Small Sports Palace¹ - basketball, weightlifting Marble Stadium² - field hockey preliminaries Baths of Caracalla - gymnastics Basilica of Maxentius - wrestling Palazzo dei Congressi - fencing Umberto I Shooting Range¹ - modern pentathlon, shooting Roses Swimming Pool¹ - water polo Lake Albano, Castelgandolfo - rowing, canoeing Piazza di
Theodorus Hubertus Antonius "Theo" Nikkessen is a retired Dutch amateur track cyclist. He finished in fifth place. List of Dutch Olympic cyclists
Netherlands at the 2012 Summer Olympics
The Netherlands competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. Dutch athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games since their official debut in 1908, with the exception of the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, which the Netherlands boycotted because of the Soviet invasion of Hungary; the Netherlands National Olympic Committee sent the nation's smallest delegation to the Games since 1988. A total of 175 athletes, 95 men and 80 women, competed in 18 sports; the Netherlands left London with a total of 20 Olympic medals, finishing thirteenth in the overall medal standings. Four of these medals were awarded to the team in swimming and equestrian, three each in cycling and sailing. Four Dutch athletes won more than a single Olympic medal in London. With the absence of baseball and softball at the Olympics, Netherlands' team-based athletes proved successful in London, as the men's and women's national field hockey teams won gold and silver medals, respectively.
For the first time in its history, Netherlands won an Olympic medal in BMX cycling. Among the nation's medalists were cyclist Marianne Vos, who took her second gold medal, this time in women's road race, windsurfer Dorian van Rijsselberghe, who became the second Dutch man to claim an Olympic title since 1984, gymnast Epke Zonderland, who won the Netherlands' first gold medal in his sport after 84 years. Anky van Grunsven, who won bronze in London, emerged as the greatest equestrian rider in Olympic history, with a total of nine medals. Meanwhile, Ranomi Kromowidjojo became one of the most successful Dutch swimmers in history, with a total of four Olympic medals, three Olympic records. NOC * NSF selected a team of 95 men and 80 women, to compete in 18 sports. Field hockey was the only team-based sport in which the Netherlands had its representation in these Olympic games. There was only a single competitor in archery, fencing and taekwondo; the Dutch team featured three defending Olympic champions.
Van Grunsven, eight-time medalist and the oldest member of the team, at age 44, became the first Dutch female athlete to compete in seven Olympic games. Beach volleyballer Richard Schuil was at his fifth appearance, having participated in the Olympics since the sport's introduction in 1996. Meanwhile, gymnast Céline van Gerner, at age 17, was the youngest athlete of the team. Windsurfer Dorian van Rijsselberghe, who claimed seven World cup titles and a single world championship title for his event, became the Netherlands' flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Among the Dutch athletes in the team, several of them were born outside the Netherlands. Sprinter Churandy Martina played for two of his previous Olympics under the Netherlands Antilles, dissolved in 2010. Two other athletes competed for their respective nations before representing the Netherlands: table tennis player Elena Timina, who made her first two Olympic appearances under the Unified Team and Russia, field hockey player Marilyn Agliotti, who played for the South African team in Sydney.
Other notable Dutch athletes featured gymnast Epke Zonderland, who called himself "The Flying Dutchman" for his astonishing display in the men's horizontal bar exercises and world short course champion Ranomi Kromowidjojo, judokas Edith Bosch and Elisabeth Willeboordse, who both won the bronze medal in Beijing, cyclist Marianne Vos, a former Olympic champion who competed in the women's road race. The following is the list of number of competitors participating in the Games: Netherlands has qualified the following archers. Dutch athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: Men Track & road events* Wouter Brus and Jerrel Feller were reserves for the 4 × 100 m relay, but did not compete. Field eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road events* Esther Akihary and Marit Dopheide were reserves for the 4 × 100 m relay, but did not compete. Field eventsCombined events – Heptathlon Netherlands has so far qualified cyclists for the following events. Men Women SprintTeam sprintPursuit KeirinOmnium Netherlands has qualified 1 fencer.
Men The following is the Netherlands roster in the men's field hockey tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Head Coach: Paul van Ass Reserves: Pirmin Blaak Group play Semi-finalFinal Roster The following is the Netherlands roster in the women's field hockey tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Head Coach: Maximiliano Caldas Reserves: Floortje Engels Marieke Veenhoven-Mattheussens^ Willemijn Bos injured her cruciate ligament during a friendly match. Group play Advanced to semifinals Semi-finalFinal MenWomen Netherlands has qualified 9 judokas MenWomen The following quota place has been qualified for the Netherlands rowing squad at the Games MenWomenQualification Legend: FA=Final A.
Canoeing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, seven events in sprint canoe racing were contested at Lake Albano. Four changes were done to the program. First, the 10000 metre events that were raced from 1936 to 1956 were permanently dropped from the Olympic program, leaving all races at the 500 metre and 1000 metre distances. Second, the women's K-2 500 m event was added to the program, as was a men's K-1 4 × 500 m relay event. Third, event timing in 1/100ths of a second at these games. Fourth, a repechage system was introduced, used to the 1996 games in Atlanta at Lake Lanier. 1960 Summer Olympics official report Volume 2, Part 1. Pp. 248–70. "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2006-12-20
Marinus Cornelis "Rinus" Paul is a retired Dutch road and track cyclist. On track, he placed fourth in the 2 km tandem event at the 1960 Summer Olympics. On the road, he won the Ronde van Zuid-Holland in 1960 and Ronde van Noord-Holland in 1963, as well as one stage of the Olympia's Tour in 1963. List of Dutch Olympic cyclists
Jacob "Jaap" Oudkerk is a retired cyclist from the Netherlands. He competed in the 4000 m team pursuit at the 1960 and 1964 Summer Olympics and finished in fifth and third place, respectively, he was active in motor-paced racing. After winning the world championships in the amateurs category in 1964 he turned professional and won three more world championship medals, including a gold in 1969, he was the husband of a Dutch Olympic swimmer. List of Dutch Olympic cyclists
Jan Willem van Erven Dorens
Jan Willem van Erven Dorens is a retired field hockey player from the Netherlands. He competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics, he was the Olympic flag bearer for the Netherlands at those Games. Van Erven Dorens has an elder sister, Marguérite, a younger brother Robbie, an amateur golfer, their father, Jan Frederik, was an architect and hockey goalkeeper