Maria Francisca Philomena Hoogakker-Gommers is a retired Dutch athlete, who competed in the 800 metres. She was the second female world record-holder over 1500 metres in October 1967 at Sittard, breaking the record of Anne Smith, who set the record in June of that year, by two seconds. Gommers competed for The Netherlands in the 1968 Olympics held in Mexico City, Mexico in the 800 metres, where she won the bronze medal. On 14 June 1969 she broke Smith's world record on the mile in an event in Leicester. At the 1969 European Championships in Athletics in Athens on 20 September 1969, she ran below Paola Pigni's new 1500 m record, but was beaten to the finish by Jaroslava Jehlickova. In 1969 she was chosen the Dutch female sportsperson of the year
1968 Summer Olympics
The 1968 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XIX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Mexico City, from October 12th to the 27th. These were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Latin America and the first to be staged in a Spanish-speaking country, they were the first Games to use an all-weather track for track and field events instead of the traditional cinder track. The 1968 Games were the third to be held in the last quarter of the year, after the 1956 Games in Melbourne and the 1964 Games in Tokyo; the Mexican Student Movement of 1968 happened concurrently and the Olympic Games were correlated to the government's repression. On October 18, 1963, at the 60th IOC Session in Baden-Baden, West Germany, Mexico City finished ahead of bids from Detroit, Buenos Aires and Lyon to host the Games; the 1968 torch relay recreated the route taken by Christopher Columbus to the New World, journeying from Greece through Italy and Spain to San Salvador Island, on to Mexico. American sculptor James Metcalf, an expatriate in Mexico, won the commission to forge the Olympic torch for the 1968 Summer Games.
In the medal award ceremony for the men's 200 meter race, black American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos took a stand for civil rights by raising their black-gloved fists and wearing black socks in lieu of shoes. The Australian Peter Norman, who had run second, wore an American "civil rights" badge as support to them on the podium. In response, the IOC banned Smith and Carlos from the Olympic Games for life, Norman's omission from Australia's Olympic team in 1972 was as punishment. George Foreman won the gold medal in heavyweight boxing division by defeating Soviet Ionas Chepulis via a second-round TKO. After the victory, Foreman waved a small American flag; the high elevation of Mexico City, at 2,240 m above sea level, influenced many of the events in track and field. No other Summer Olympic Games before or since have been held at high elevation. In addition to high elevation, this was the first Olympics to use a synthetic all-weather surface for track and field events; the tracks at previous Olympics were conventional cinder.
For the first time and West Germany competed as separate teams, after being forced by the IOC to compete as a combined German team in 1956, 1960, 1964. Al Oerter won his fourth consecutive gold medal in the discus to become only the second athlete to achieve this feat in an individual event, the first in track & field. Bob Beamon leapt 8.90 m in the long jump, an incredible 55 cm improvement over the previous world record. It remained the Olympic record and stood as the world record for 23 years, until broken by American Mike Powell in 1991. Jim Hines, Tommie Smith and Lee Evans set long-standing world records in the 100 m, 200 m and 400 m, respectively. In the triple jump, the previous world record was improved five times by three different athletes. Winner Viktor Saneev won in 1972 and 1976, won silver in 1980. Dick Fosbury won the gold medal in the high jump using his unconventional Fosbury flop technique, which became the dominant technique in the event. Věra Čáslavská of Czechoslovakia won four gold medals in gymnastics and protested the Soviet invasion of her country.
Debbie Meyer became the first swimmer to win three individual gold medals, in the 200, 400 and 800 m freestyle events. The 800 m was a new long-distance event for women. Meyer was only 16 years old, a student at Rio Americano High School in California. Meyer was the first of several American teenagers to win the 800 m. American swimmer Charlie Hickcox won three gold medals and one silver medal; the introduction of doping tests resulted in the first disqualification because of doping: Swedish pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall was disqualified for alcohol use. John Stephen Akhwari of Tanzania became internationally famous after finishing the marathon, in the last place, despite a dislocated knee; this was the first of three Olympic participation by Jacques Rogge. He competed in yachting and would become the president of the IOC. Norma Enriqueta Basilio de Sotelo of Mexico became the first woman to light the Olympic cauldron with the Olympic flame, it was the first games. Africans won at least one medal in all running events from 800 meters to the marathon, in so doing they set a trend for future games.
Most of these runners came from high-altitude areas of countries like Kenya and Ethiopia, they were well-prepared for the 2240 m elevation of Mexico City. Kipchoge Keino of Kenya, competing in spite of unexpected bouts of severe abdominal pain diagnosed as a gall bladder infection, finished the 10,000 meters in spite of collapsing from pain with two laps to go, won silver in the 5000, won gold in the 1500 meters, it was the first Olympic games in which the closing ceremony was transmitted in color to the world, as well as the events themselves. South Africa was provisionally invited to the Games, on the understanding that all segregation and discrimination in sport would be eliminated by the 1972 Games. However, African countries and African American athletes promised to boycott the Games if South Africa was present, Eastern Bloc countries threatened to do likewise. In April 1968 the IOC conceded that "it would be most unwise for South Africa to participate". Responding to growing social unrest and protests, the government of Me
Mate Parlov was a Croatian boxer, Olympic gold medalist, European and World Champion as an amateur and as a professional. Mate Parlov was born in Split, the older of two brothers in a Croatian family from the village of Ričice near the town of Imotski. In 1958, the family moved to Pula. In his amateur career he participated in 310 matches and lost 13, he was eight-time champion of Yugoslavia in the light heavyweight category, five-time champion of the Balkans, two-time champion of Europe, world champion at the inaugural 1974 World Championships in Havana, Cuba. He won the Golden Glove award twice, in 1967 and 1969, he participated in the Munich 1972 Summer Olympics, winning the gold medal in the light heavyweight division. Parlov won twelve of his first thirteen fights as a professional boxer before challenging for the European light-heavyweight title. In 1976, he faced. In their first fight in Milan, scheduled for eight rounds, he was defeated following the referee's decision. In a rematch, he and Muhammad struggled to a ten-round draw.
After defending the European title three times, he met Miguel Angel Cuello in Milan for the WBC world light-heavyweight title in January 1978. The two men had been scheduled to meet in the quarter-finals at the Munich Olympics, but Cuello withdrew due to an injury. Parlov knocked out Cuello in the ninth round to become the first professional world champion from a communist country. Parlov lost the title on his second defense and would challenge for the World cruiser-weight title without success. In retirement, Parlov ran a coffee bar in Pula, he returned to boxing as coach of the Yugoslavian Olympic team prior to the 1984 Olympics, when Yugoslav boxers achieved their best results ever: one gold, one silver and two bronzes. He moved to Fažana near Pula, away from boxing and the public. In March 2008, he was diagnosed with lung cancer, died four months later. Mate Parlov was married to Laura Parlov with whom he had daughter Mira and son Matko, he was an economist by profession, had one graduate exam left before gaining the title of Master of Economics.
Golden Gloves: 1967, 1969 Croatian Sportsman of the Year: 1971, 1972, 1973 Yugoslavian Sportsman of the Year: 1971, 1972, 1974 Golden Badge award for best athlete of Yugoslavia: 1972, 1974 Croatian Sportsman of the 20th century Lifetime Honorary President of Croatian Boxing Federation WBC Honorary Champion: 2006 Croatian Walk of Fame: 2008 Mate Parlov Sport Centre, a multi-functional hall in Pula named after him since 2008 Franjo Bučar State Award for Sport - Award for Life Achievement: 2018 Record: 310–13 Eight-time champion of Yugoslavia Five-time champion of the Balkans1969 – European Championships: Bucharest, Romania: Silver Medal Defeated Ewald Jarmer PTS Defeated Janusz Gortat PTS Defeated Reima Virtanen PTS Lost to Vladimir Tarassenko PTS Represented Yugoslavia as a Middleweight at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City, Mexico. Defeated Lahcen Ahidous PTS Defeated Jan van Ispelen PTS Lost to Chris Finnegan PTS 1971 – European Championships: Madrid, Spain: Gold Medal Defeated Anthony Roberts PTS Defeated Vladimir Metelev TKO 2 Defeated Janusz Gortat PTS Defeated Horst Stump PTS Defeated Ottomar Sachse PTS Won the Light Heavyweight Gold medal for Yugoslavia at the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany.
Defeated Nouredine Aman Hassan KO 2 Defeated Imre Toth KO 2 Defeated Miguel Angel Cuello Forfeit Defeated Janusz Gortat PTS Defeated Gilberto Carrillo TKO 2 1973 – European Championships: Belgrade, Yugoslavia: Gold Medal Defeated Michael Imrie TKO 1 Defeated William Knight TKO 3 Defeated Oleg Karatayev TKO 2 Defeated Janusz Gortat PTS 1974 – World Championships, Cuba: Gold Medal Defeated Constantin Dafinoiu PTS Defeated Gilberto Carrillo PTS Defeated Ottomar Sachse PTS Defeated Oleg Karatayev TKO 2 Professional boxing record for Mate Parlov from BoxRec Olympiad Medal Results for 1972: Boxing 75-81kg Men
Marinus "René" Augustinus Josephus Pijnen is a Dutch former racing cyclist. He became Olympic champion in the 100 km team time-trial in the 1968 Summer Olympics with Joop Zoetemelk, Fedor den Hertog and Jan Krekels. A professional from 1969 to 1987, Pijnen was a capable track cyclist, winning the European madison championship six times, a record he shares with Patrick Sercu), he won 72 six-day races out of 233 starts, with numerous partners. He was a time trial expert, winning several, he won four stages of the Vuelta a España, three of those in the 1971 Vuelta, which he led for 10 days. Pijnen rode on the road with TI–Raleigh, managed by another Dutch track specialist, Peter Post, but he said the length of road races bored him, that he found himself looking at his watch to see how much longer he would have to ride; when he retired, he ran – among other enterprises he started during his cycling career – a hotel in Bergen op Zoom, the Noord-Brabant region where he was born. List of Dutch Olympic cyclists
Netherlands at the 2012 Summer Olympics
The Netherlands competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, United Kingdom, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. Dutch athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games since their official debut in 1908, with the exception of the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, which the Netherlands boycotted because of the Soviet invasion of Hungary; the Netherlands National Olympic Committee sent the nation's smallest delegation to the Games since 1988. A total of 175 athletes, 95 men and 80 women, competed in 18 sports; the Netherlands left London with a total of 20 Olympic medals, finishing thirteenth in the overall medal standings. Four of these medals were awarded to the team in swimming and equestrian, three each in cycling and sailing. Four Dutch athletes won more than a single Olympic medal in London. With the absence of baseball and softball at the Olympics, Netherlands' team-based athletes proved successful in London, as the men's and women's national field hockey teams won gold and silver medals, respectively.
For the first time in its history, Netherlands won an Olympic medal in BMX cycling. Among the nation's medalists were cyclist Marianne Vos, who took her second gold medal, this time in women's road race, windsurfer Dorian van Rijsselberghe, who became the second Dutch man to claim an Olympic title since 1984, gymnast Epke Zonderland, who won the Netherlands' first gold medal in his sport after 84 years. Anky van Grunsven, who won bronze in London, emerged as the greatest equestrian rider in Olympic history, with a total of nine medals. Meanwhile, Ranomi Kromowidjojo became one of the most successful Dutch swimmers in history, with a total of four Olympic medals, three Olympic records. NOC * NSF selected a team of 95 men and 80 women, to compete in 18 sports. Field hockey was the only team-based sport in which the Netherlands had its representation in these Olympic games. There was only a single competitor in archery, fencing and taekwondo; the Dutch team featured three defending Olympic champions.
Van Grunsven, eight-time medalist and the oldest member of the team, at age 44, became the first Dutch female athlete to compete in seven Olympic games. Beach volleyballer Richard Schuil was at his fifth appearance, having participated in the Olympics since the sport's introduction in 1996. Meanwhile, gymnast Céline van Gerner, at age 17, was the youngest athlete of the team. Windsurfer Dorian van Rijsselberghe, who claimed seven World cup titles and a single world championship title for his event, became the Netherlands' flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Among the Dutch athletes in the team, several of them were born outside the Netherlands. Sprinter Churandy Martina played for two of his previous Olympics under the Netherlands Antilles, dissolved in 2010. Two other athletes competed for their respective nations before representing the Netherlands: table tennis player Elena Timina, who made her first two Olympic appearances under the Unified Team and Russia, field hockey player Marilyn Agliotti, who played for the South African team in Sydney.
Other notable Dutch athletes featured gymnast Epke Zonderland, who called himself "The Flying Dutchman" for his astonishing display in the men's horizontal bar exercises and world short course champion Ranomi Kromowidjojo, judokas Edith Bosch and Elisabeth Willeboordse, who both won the bronze medal in Beijing, cyclist Marianne Vos, a former Olympic champion who competed in the women's road race. The following is the list of number of competitors participating in the Games: Netherlands has qualified the following archers. Dutch athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: Men Track & road events* Wouter Brus and Jerrel Feller were reserves for the 4 × 100 m relay, but did not compete. Field eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road events* Esther Akihary and Marit Dopheide were reserves for the 4 × 100 m relay, but did not compete. Field eventsCombined events – Heptathlon Netherlands has so far qualified cyclists for the following events. Men Women SprintTeam sprintPursuit KeirinOmnium Netherlands has qualified 1 fencer.
Men The following is the Netherlands roster in the men's field hockey tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Head Coach: Paul van Ass Reserves: Pirmin Blaak Group play Semi-finalFinal Roster The following is the Netherlands roster in the women's field hockey tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Head Coach: Maximiliano Caldas Reserves: Floortje Engels Marieke Veenhoven-Mattheussens^ Willemijn Bos injured her cruciate ligament during a friendly match. Group play Advanced to semifinals Semi-finalFinal MenWomen Netherlands has qualified 9 judokas MenWomen The following quota place has been qualified for the Netherlands rowing squad at the Games MenWomenQualification Legend: FA=Final A.
Harrie Jansen is a former Dutch racing cyclist. He is a brother of Jan Jansen. At the 1968 Summer Olympics he finished 24th in the road race. List of Dutch Olympic cyclists