A variorum, short for cum notis variorum, is a work that collates all known variants of a text. It is a work of textual criticism, whereby all variations and emendations are set side by side so that a reader can track how textual decisions have been made in the preparation of a text for publication; the Bible and the works of William Shakespeare have been the subjects of variorum editions, although the same techniques have been applied with less frequency to many other works. The word variorum is Latin for'of various' and derives from the phrase cum notis variorum, used in the title-pages of Dutch books of the 17th century. An older meaning of the word refers not to the text itself but to the assortment of illustrative notes printed with it:'an edition of a text which includes annotations by a variety of critics and commentators'. Variorum editions of this kind were a speciality of Dutch publishers of the 17th century, including the house of Elzevir. In these editions the text is taken, with little or no attempt at constructive modification, from a single accepted critical edition of the period.
The notes will include textual variants, both documented and conjectural, together with examples of parallel usages and historical information. Some middle-ranking literary man was appointed as general editor. A variorum of the Bible has been produced of various scopes. Documenting each line of text with all variants in wording, from all known source documents, presented chronologically, helps translators of the Bible establish primacy and prevalence of various line readings. There have been noteworthy variorums of the works of William Shakespeare, including the readings of all quartos and folios; the first was that of Isaac Reed in 1803. Variorum editions help editors and scholars understand the historical evolution of the Shakespeare texts, whether to decode dubious lines and elucidate claims of authorial intent or using a more contextualist hermeneutics to uncover other explanations for the textual variations. Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is presented in variorum format, with both the 1781 and 1787 editions printed side-by-side in nearly all modern editions.
Charles Darwin's The Origin of Species went through six editions with extensive changes. The text became a third larger, with numerous parts rewritten five times. A variorum was published in 1959. There is a variorum of Leaves of Grass. Walt Whitman produced either nine editions during his lifetime; the New York University Press produced a variorum in 1980 of these various editions. The James Strachey translation of Freud's The Interpretation of Dreams in volumes four and five of The Standard Edition of The Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud collates eight editions. Rabindranath Tagore's works have been collated to produce a voluminous digital variorum, it can be viewed on the Bichitra website
A train is a form of rail transport comprising a series of connected vehicles that run along a rail track to transport cargo or passengers. Train may refer to: Train, Bavaria, a town in Bavaria, Germany Train Matt Bloom, American professional wrestler sometimes known as A-Train Ice Train, Harold Hogue, former American professional wrestler Train, the specialized vehicle which transports riders around a roller coaster track Camel train, a series of camels carrying goods or passengers in a group Overland train, a type of oversized semi-trailer truck that could travel over most terrain Road train, a truck design used in remote areas of Australia to move bulky loads efficiently Trackless train, a road-going articulated vehicle Wagon train, a group of wagons traveling together the American West TRAIN, or The Redstone Acceleration & Innovation Network, an organization TRAIN, or Tourist Railway Association, Inc. an organization dedicated to promoting the tourist railway industry in the United States Train, one of six unidentified sounds recorded by the U.
S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Gear train, an interconnected series of gears in a machine Wheel train, the gear train of a mechanical watch or clock LNG train, a natural gas liquefaction unit Software release train, a concept in software engineering Wave train, a finite burst of wave action that travels as a unit Train, a board game by Brenda Romero Trainz, a railroad-operations simulation video game Train, an American rock band Train, their debut album "Train" "Train" "Train", a song by 4 Non Blondes from Bigger, Faster, More! "Train", a song by P-MODEL from the album Perspective "Train", a song by Ketsumeishi "Trains", a song by Porcupine Tree from In Absentia "Trains", a song by The Vapors from New Clear Days Train, a 2008 American horror film Trains, a magazine devoted to trains and railroads Train Heartnet, a fictional character in the anime series Black Cat "Trains", a monologue by Reginald Gardiner Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion Act, a legislation which made reforms on taxation in the Philippines Transparency in Regulatory Analysis of Impacts on the Nation Act, U.
S. House legislation sponsored by John Sullivan Train, the long back portion of a skirt or dress that trails on the ground behind the wearer Train, the supply and support units of an army Train, the male peafowl's elongated upper tail covert feathers as used in display Train, or to "run a train", the process of multiple men having sexual intercourse with a single female, with little to no breaks between "sessions".
Live from Portland is the first live album by the Christian rock band Kutless. It was released on December 5, 2006, it was recorded on March 2006, in the band's hometown of Portland, Oregon. The album comes with a CD of the concert's audio, a DVD with the concert itself; the DVD is longer than the CD, including drum solos from drummer Jeffrey Gilbert. The DVD contains the band's music video for "Shut Me Out", a documentary about the show and the band being on tour; this is the band's last release with longtime guitarist Ryan Shrout, though his last studio album with them was Hearts of the Innocent. Jon Micah Sumrall - vocals James Mead - guitar, backing vocals Ryan Shrout - guitar, backing vocals Dave Leutkenhoelter - bass Jeffrey Gilbert - drums In 2008, the album received a nomination for a Dove Award for Long Form Music Video of the Year at the 39th GMA Dove Awards
III: In the Eyes of Fire is the third studio album by Unearth, released on August 8, 2006. The album entered the Billboard album charts at number 35, selling 22,000 copies; the album had sold in excess of 105,000 copies in the US. The album was produced by Terry Date, was their second major release through Metal Blade Records. A special limited edition version of the album was released, containing a DVD showcasing their performance at the 2005 Sounds of the Underground tour, as well as a look at the making of the album. All lyrics are written by Trevor Phipps. Production and performance credits are adapted from the album liner notes. UnearthThe whole band is credited for: co-production, art direction Trevor Phipps – lead vocals Buz McGrath – lead guitar Ken Susi – rhythm guitar, backing vocals John "Slo" Maggard – bass, backing vocals Mike Justian – drumsProductionTerry Date – production, mixing Sam Hofstedt – additional engineering Scott Olson – additional engineering Ted Jensen – mastering Jessie Smith – drum tech Jerad Knudson – photography The album was met with positive reviews upon its release.
Some copies of the regular version include a bonus disc containing hits from some of Metal Blade Records' most known bands. Limited Edition copies include a bonus disc with two live tracks recorded in Sayreville, New Jersey The front cover contains the Latin words "in oculis ignis", which translates to "in the eyes of fire". Giles was based on Giles Corey. "Big Bear and the Hour of Chaos", according to Phipps, was recorded in one full hour while the band was drinking a brand of malt liquor called "Big Bear". "March of the Mutes" references the Great Fire of Rome. III: In The Eyes of Fire at AllMusic III: In The Eyes of Fire at Metal Blade
Club Liceo was a former Mexican football club that played in the Liga Occidental De Jalisco. This club along with Guadalajara, Atlético Occidental, Cuauhtémoc and Iturbide were the first clubs to be founded in the state of Jalisco in 1906; the club folded in 1915 when the tournament wasn't held and decided not to come back in 1917 when the tournament came back. The club's history dates back to 1906 and was one of the first clubs to be established in the state of Jalisco along with Guadalajara, Liceo de Varones, Cuauhtémoc and Iturbide who were established that same year. Most of the other clubs were private schools; the club was made up of seminarians who had brought the sport from Europe. The Liga Occidental De Jalisco was established in 1908 with a great success that first year Guadalajara took the title; the following year the club would finish runner up to Guadalajara who would take the cup for the second year. In that short period of time a great rivalry started with Guadalajara and was the first Derby in the league.
The club would go on to win the next two championships and in both years Guadalajara would finish runner up makings the matches between these two clubs more intense, with several violent incidents in the matches. The league did not held the tournament in 1914 or 1915 and once the league came back in 1916 the club did not return due to the dismantling of the Institution of Liceo de Varones. 1912-13 - Agustín Valenzuela 6 goals José "Chepe" Naranjo 6 goals Liga Occidental De Jalisco: 1910–11, 1912–13, 1913–14. Runner-up 1909-10 y 1911–12