Luxembourgish, Letzeburgesch, or Luxembourgian is a West Germanic language, spoken in Luxembourg. About 390,000 people speak Luxembourgish worldwide. A variety of the Moselle Franconian dialect group, Luxembourgish has similarities with other varieties of High German and the wider group of West Germanic languages; the status of Luxembourgish as an official language in Luxembourg and the existence there of a regulatory body, has removed Luxembourgish, at least in part, from the domain of Standard German, its traditional Dachsprache. Luxembourgish belongs to the West Central German group of High German languages and is the primary example of a Moselle Franconian language. Luxembourgish is the national language of Luxembourg and one of three administrative languages, alongside French and German. In Luxembourg, 50.9% of citizens can speak Luxembourgish. Luxembourgish is spoken in the Arelerland region of Belgium and in small parts of Lorraine in France. In the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken.
The language is spoken by a few descendants of Luxembourg immigrants in the United States and Canada. Additionally, in the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken. Other Moselle Franconian dialects are spoken by ethnic Germans long settled in Transylvania, Romania. Moselle Franconian dialects outside the Luxembourg state border tend to have far fewer French loan words, these remain from the French Revolution. There are several distinct dialect forms of Luxembourgish including Areler, Kliärrwer, Stater, Veiner and Weelzer. Further small vocabulary differences may be seen between small villages. Increasing mobility of the population and the dissemination of the language through mass media such as radio and television are leading to a gradual standardisation towards a "Standard Luxembourgish" through the process of koineization. There is no distinct geographic boundary between the use of Luxembourgish and the use of other related High German dialects.
Spoken Luxembourgish is hard to understand for speakers of German who are not familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects. However, they can read the language to some degree. For those Germans familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects, it is easy to understand and speak Luxembourgish as far as the everyday vocabulary is concerned. However, the large number of French loanwords in Luxembourgish may hamper communication about certain topics, or with certain speakers. There is no intelligibility between Luxembourgish and French or any of the Romance dialects spoken in the adjacent parts of Belgium and France. Erna Hennicot-Schoepges, President of the Christian Social People's Party of Luxembourg 1995–2003, was active in promoting the language beyond Luxembourg's borders. A number of proposals for standardising the orthography of Luxembourgish can be documented, going back to the middle of the 19th century. There was no recognised system, until the adoption of the "OLO" on 5 June 1946; this orthography provided a system for speakers of all varieties of Luxembourgish to transcribe words the way they pronounced them, rather than imposing a single, standard spelling for the words of the language.
The rules explicitly rejected certain elements of German orthography. New principles were adopted for the spelling of French loanwords. Fiireje, rééjelen, shwèzt, veinejer bültê, âprê, ssistém This proposed orthography, so different from existing "foreign" standards that people were familiar with, did not enjoy widespread approval. A more successful standard emerged from the work of the committee of specialists charged with the task of creating the Luxemburger Wörterbuch, published in 5 volumes between 1950 and 1977; the orthographic conventions adopted in this decades-long project, set out in Bruch, provided the basis of the standard orthography that became official on 10 October 1975. Modifications to this standard were proposed by the Conseil permanent de la langue luxembourgeoise and adopted in the spelling reform of 30 July 1999. A detailed explanation of current practice for Luxembourgish can be found in Lulling; the Luxembourgish alphabet consists of the 26 Latin letters plus three letters with diacritics: "é", "ä", "ë".
In loanwords from French and Standard German, other diacritics are preserved: French: Boîte, Enquête, Piqûre, etc. German: blöd, Bühn, etc. Like many other varieties of Western High German, Luxembourgish has a rule of final n-deletion in certain contexts; the effects of this rule are indicated in writing, therefore must be taken into account when spelling words and morphemes ending in ⟨n⟩ or ⟨nn⟩. For example: wann ech ginn "when I go", but wa mer ginn "when we go" fënnefandrësseg "thirty-five", but fënnefavéierzeg "forty-five"; the consonant inventory of Luxembourgish is quite similar to that of Standard German. /p͡f/ occurs only in loanwords from Standard German. Just as among many native German-speakers, it tends to be simplified to word-initia
Wiltz is a commune with town status in north-western Luxembourg, capital of the canton Wiltz. Wiltz is situated on the banks of the river Wiltz, it was a battleground in the Battle of the Bulge, near the end of World War II. A local airfield was used depending on the location of the Front; as of 2014, the town of Wiltz, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 5,469. Other towns within the commune include Weidingen; the name "Wiltz" comes from a Celtic word meaning "on the creek." Wiltz was inhabited by the Celts, was first documented in 764AD. It received its town rights in 1240; the counts of Wiltz are among the oldest in Luxembourg. One of the main features of the town is Wiltz Castle; this castle, situated on 600 acres of lawns and gardens, contains hundreds of rooms. It was completed in 1727, the final Count died in 1793, it served as a private girls school from 1851 until 1950, became a retirement home after that. The industrialisation of Wiltz was advanced in the late 19th and early 20th century by the leather industry, namely by IDÉAL Tannerie de Wiltz S.
A. belonging to the Adler & Oppenheimer trust. During World War II, Luxembourg was occupied 10 May 1940. On 31 August 1942, a general strike was initiated in Wiltz. On 16 December 1944, the Wehrmacht began the Ardennes Offensive. Norman Cota, the commander of the 28th Infantry Division and his staff left Wiltz when the Germans came nearer. In the evening of 19 December, after some combat, the last Americans left Wiltz. On January 1945, Wiltz was liberated by American troops after intensive combats during the days before. Wiltz was named Martyr Town after the war. A monument representing a lighthouse was erected to commemorate the victims of the repression following the 1942 General Strike. Wiltz has a quiet town centre. There is an outdoor musical hall with bands and classical musical shows held every fortnight. Looking out from the hill on the music hall one will see the largest lake in the country at Esch-sur-Sure, located around 20 km away. A local multi-carriage tourist "road-train" takes visitors around the village and its surroundings on the hour.
There is an international soccer training pitch. In the heart of Wiltz there is plenty to see with a second world war tank parked in the main plaza. One of the most popular nights out is the summer rave held 10 km in the wilderness. A local farm has been transformed into a pub and rave club, this is a favourite night out for scout units. Wiltz is a major centre for the international scouting movement. There are many scout buildings surrounding the town; the International Scouting One Penny Monument, dedicated to Robert Baden-Powell, is located in Wiltz. Nearby Wiltz, on a hill overlooking the town, the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima is the site of an annual pilgrimage on Ascension Day. In particular it attracts many of the Portuguese people who form a sizeable proportion of the population of Luxembourg; the Festival of Wiltz, a music and performing arts festival, takes place every summer. In 2015 it was the venue for the Linuxbierwanderung. Paul Wilwertz a Luxembourgian politician Romain Schneider a Luxembourgian politician Kevin Malget a Luxembourgish international footballer FC Wiltz 71 Wiltz Castle Wiltz railway station Wiltz municipality official site Festival of Wiltz RadioLNW – Local broadcast station in Wiltz Scouts de Wiltz
Lac de la Haute-Sûre
Lac de la Haute-Sûre, is a commune, in the canton of Wiltz in north-western Luxembourg. The commune is named after a reservoir on the upper Sauer river; the commune's administrative centre is Bavigne. Lac de la Haute-Sûre was formed on 1 January 1979 from the former communes of Harlange and Mecher, both in Wiltz canton; the law creating Lac de la Haute-Sûre was passed on 23 December 1978. Towns within the commune include Bavigne, Mecher, Kaundorf and Tarchamps. Media related to Lac de la Haute-Sûre at Wikimedia Commons
Insenborn is a village in the commune of Neunhausen, in north-western Luxembourg. As of 2005, the village had a population of 157. Insenborn lies on the South bank of the Lac Sûre, an artificial lake on the river Sûre. Insenborn Church
Goesdorf is a commune and village in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz; as of 2005, the village of Goesdorf, which lies in the south of the commune, had a population of 238. Other towns within the commune include Buderscheid, Dahl and Nocher-Route. Media related to Goesdorf at Wikimedia Commons
Winseler is a commune and village in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz; as of 2005, the village of Winseler, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 120. The of Winseler has a population of 1116. Following the last Luxembourg communal elections in 2017, Romain Schroeder was returned as Mayor, Charles Pauly as Alderman. Other members of the Council include, Roland Esch, Christophe Hansen, Paul Kayser, Fernand Majerus, Marc Schmitz, Will Toex. Other towns within the commune include Berlé, Noertrange, Grummelscheid and Sonlez. Like Lasauvage in the south of Luxembourg and Sonlez, were known as French-speaking villages. Doncols#Historical and linguistic backgrounds Media related to Winseler at Wikimedia Commons
Esch-sur-Sûre is a commune and small town in north-western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Wiltz, part of the district of Diekirch. At one point it was the second smallest commune by area in Luxembourg, until Neunhausen and Heiderscheid were merged into it in 2011; as of 2005, the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 314. Esch-sur-Sûre is situated by the river Sauer, just east and downstream of the artificial Upper Sauer Lake; the town's prominent castle, the main part of the town below, sit on a spur of a land within a sharp meander of the river. The suffix to its name distinguishes Esch-sur-Sûre from the city of Esch-sur-Alzette, known just as Esch. Above the town, the river has been dammed to form a hydroelectric reservoir extending some 6 miles up the valley; the Upper Sauer dam was built in the 1960s to meet the country's drinking water needs. Media related to Esch-sur-Sûre at Wikimedia Commons www.petitbourg.lu Le Paradis des Ardennes Luxembourgoises