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Neurosis is a class of functional mental disorders involving chronic distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations. The term is no longer used by the professional psychiatric community in the United States, having been eliminated from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980 with the publication of DSM III, it is still used in the ICD-10 Chapter V F40–48. Neurosis should not be mistaken for psychosis. Neither should it be mistaken for neuroticism, a fundamental personality trait proposed in the Big Five personality traits theory. There are many different neuroses: obsessive–compulsive disorder, obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, impulse control disorder, anxiety disorder, a great variety of phobias. According to C. George Boeree, professor emeritus at Shippensburg University, the symptoms of neurosis may involve:... anxiety, sadness or depression, irritability, mental confusion, low sense of self-worth, etc. behavioral symptoms such as phobic avoidance, vigilance and compulsive acts, etc. cognitive problems such as unpleasant or disturbing thoughts, repetition of thoughts and obsession, habitual fantasizing and cynicism, etc.

Interpersonally, neurosis involves dependency, perfectionism, schizoid isolation, socio-culturally inappropriate behaviors, etc. Neurosis may be defined as a "poor ability to adapt to one's environment, an inability to change one's life patterns, the inability to develop a richer, more complex, more satisfying personality." Carl Jung found his approach effective for patients who are well adjusted by social standards but are troubled by existential questions. I have seen people become neurotic when they content themselves with inadequate or wrong answers to the questions of life; the majority of my patients consisted not of those who had lost their faith. Is blind to the fact that, with all his rationality and efficiency, he is possessed by "powers" that are beyond his control, his gods and demons have not disappeared at all. They keep him on the run with restlessness, vague apprehensions, psychological complications, an insatiable need for pills, tobacco, food — and, above all, a large array of neuroses.

Jung found that the unconscious finds expression through an individual's inferior psychological function, whether it is thinking, sensation, or intuition. The characteristic effects of a neurosis on the dominant and inferior functions are discussed in Psychological Types. Jung saw collective neuroses in politics: "Our world is, so to speak, dissociated like a neurotic." According to psychoanalytic theory, neuroses may be rooted in ego defense mechanisms, but the two concepts are not synonymous. Defense mechanisms are a normal way of maintaining a consistent sense of self, but only those thoughts and behaviors that produce difficulties in one's life should be called neuroses. A neurotic person experiences emotional distress and unconscious conflict, which are manifested in various physical or mental illnesses; the definitive symptom is anxiety. Neurotic tendencies are common and may manifest themselves as acute or chronic anxiety, depression, an obsessive–compulsive disorder, a phobia, or a personality disorder.

In her final book and Human Growth, Karen Horney laid out a complete theory of the origin and dynamics of neurosis. In her theory, neurosis is a distorted way of looking at the world and at oneself, determined by compulsive needs rather than by a genuine interest in the world as it is. Horney proposed that neurosis is transmitted to a child from his or her early environment and that there are many ways in which this can occur: When summarized, they all boil down to the fact that the people in the environment are too wrapped up in their own neuroses to be able to love the child, or to conceive of him as the particular individual he is; the child's initial reality is distorted by his or her parents' needs and pretenses. Growing up with neurotic caretakers, the child becomes insecure and develops basic anxiety. To deal with this anxiety, the child's imagination creates an idealized self-image: Each person builds up his personal idealized image from the materials of his own special experiences, his earlier fantasies, his particular needs, his given faculties.

If it were not for the personal character of the image, he would not attain a feeling of identity and unity. He idealizes, to begin with, his particular "solution" of his basic conflict: compliance becomes goodness, saintliness. What—according to his particular solution—appear as shortcomings or flaws are always dimmed out or retouched. Once he identifies himself with his idealized image, a number of effects follow, he will make claims on others and on life based on the prestige he feels entitled to because of his idealized self-image. He will impose a rigorous set of standards upon himself, he will cultivate pride, with that will come the vulnerabilities associated with pride that lacks any foundation. He will despise himself for all his limitations. Vicious circles will operate to strengthen all of these effects; as he grows to adulthood, a particular "solution" to all the inner conflicts and vulnerabilities will solidify. He will be expansive and will display symptoms of narc

Jeremy Dear

Jeremy Dear is a British trade unionist. Dear graduated from Coventry Polytechnic before completing a diploma in journalism at University College Cardiff. From 1989, he worked for the Essex Chronicle and the Big Issue, joining the National Union of Journalists, he led an eleven-month strike at the Chronicle against de-recognition of the NUJ. Between 1994 and 1997, he was the editor of the Big Issue in the Midlands in 1997 became the National Organiser of the NUJ. In 2001, Dear was elected as the General Secretary of the NUJ, its youngest leader, only the second to serve two terms, he spent time as a member of the General Council of the Trades Union Congress. As leader, Dear became known as a member of the "Awkward Squad" of left-wing trade unionists, he is married to Paula Dear, a journalist with the BBC. Jeremy Dear is a supporter of the Marxist newspaper Socialist Appeal. Biography from NUJ Jeremy Dear's blog

1939 Big Ten Conference football season

The 1939 Big Ten Conference football season was the 44th season of college football played by the member schools of the Big Ten Conference and was a part of the 1939 college football season. The 1939 Big Ten football champion was Ohio State. Led by head coach Francis Schmidt, the Buckeyes compiled a 6–2 record, outscored opponents outscored 189 to 64, were ranked No. 15 in the final AP Poll. End Esco Sarkkinen was a consensus first-team All-American, quarterback Don Scott was selected as a first-team All-American by one selector. Center Steve Andrako was selected as Ohio State's most valuable player. Iowa compiled a 6-1-1 record, finished in second place in the Big Ten, was ranked No. 9 in the final AP Poll. Halfback Nile Kinnick was a consensus first-team All-American and won both the Heisman Trophy and the Chicago Tribune Silver Football trophy. End Erwin Prasse and tackle Mike Enich won first-team All-Big Ten honors. Michigan compiled a 6–2 record, led the conference in scoring offense, was ranked No. 20 in the final AP Poll.

Halfback Tom Harmon passed for another 583 yards. Key PPG = Average of points scored per game PAG = Average of points allowed per game MVP = Most valuable player as voted by players on each team as part of the voting process to determine the winner of the Chicago Tribune Silver Football trophy On September 30, 1939, seven of the Big Ten football teams opened their seasons with non-conference games; the games resulted in two ties and two losses. Michigan, Ohio State, Northwestern had bye weeks. Iowa 41, South Dakota 0Wisconsin 14, Marquette 13Minnesota 62, Arizona 0Notre Dame 3, Purdue 0Illinois 0, Bradley 0Beloit 6, Chicago 0Indiana 7, Nebraska 7 On October 7, 1939, the Big Ten teams played one conference game and six non-conference games; the non-conference games ended in three losses. Illinois and Purdue had bye weeks. Ohio State 19, Missouri 0Iowa 32, Indiana 29Michigan 26, Michigan State 13. Michigan defeated Michigan State, 26-13, before 68,618 spectators at Michigan Stadium in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Michigan's touchdowns were scored by Paul Kromer, Tom Harmon, Forest Evashevski. Texas 17, Wisconsin 7Nebraska 6, Minnesota 0Chicago 12, Wabash 2Oklahoma 23, Northwestern 0 On October 14, 1939, the Big Ten football teams played four conference games and two non-conference games; the non-conference games both resulted in losses. Ohio State 13, Northwestern 0Michigan 27, Iowa 7. Michigan defeated 27-7, before a crowd of 27,512 at Michigan Stadium. Iowa scored first on a touchdown pass from Nile Kinnick to Floyd Dean. Tom Harmon scored all 27 points for Michigan on three extra point kicks. Harmon's final touchdown came on a 90-yard interception return in the third quarter. Indiana 14, Wisconsin 0Minnesota 13, Purdue 13Harvard 61, Chicago 0USC 26, Illinois 0 On October 21, 1939, the Big Ten football teams played four conference games and one non-conference game; the non-conference game ended in a win. Iowa had a bye week. Ohio State 23, Minnesota 20Michigan 85, Chicago 0. Michigan defeated 85-0, at Stagg Field in Chicago.

Tom Harmon scored two touchdowns on runs of 57 and 41 yards, threw two touchdown passes, kicked three PATs and one field goal. Westfall and Dave Strong scored two touchdowns each. Michigan's offense finished with 461 net yards and was so dominant that it registered more touchdowns than first downs. Despite Michigan's extensive use of reserves through most of the game, Michigan's 85 points was the highest total by a Michigan team since Fielding H. Yost's Point-a-Minute teams and the worst defeat in the history of the Chicago Maroons football program; the Chicago Tribune found no fault with Michigan for running up the score, noting that the first string played only 20 minutes, adding: "You can't expect a young man with a clear field before him to pause and tie his shoelaces or pass the time of day with a Maroon."Northwestern 13, Wisconsin 7Purdue 20, Michigan State 7Indiana 7, Illinois 6 On October 28, 1939, the Big Ten teams played three conference games and three non-conference games. The non-conference games ended in two losses.

Minnesota had a bye week. Cornell 23, Ohio State 14Iowa 19, Wisconsin 13Michigan 27, Yale 7. Michigan defeated 27-7, at Michigan Stadium. Tom Harmon kicked three extra points for Michigan. Paul Kromer scored Michigan's other touchdown. Michigan had 353 rushing yards to 35 for Yale. Iowa 19, Wisconsin 13Santa Clara 13, Purdue 6Northwestern 13, Illinois 0 On November 4, 1939, the Big Ten football teams played four conference games and one non-conference game; the non-conference game was a loss. Wisconsin had a bye week. Ohio State 24, Indiana 0Iowa 4, Purdue 0Illinois 16, Michigan 7. Michigan lost to 16-7, at Memorial Stadium in Champaign, Illinois. Michigan outgained Illinois 112 to 98 on 99 to 77 in the air. However, Michigan gave up eight turnovers on three interceptions and five fumbles, including three fumbles by Fred Trosko. Michigan's only points came on a 49-yard touchdown pass from Dave Strong to Tom Harmon with Strong running for the extra point after Harmon's kick was blocked. Northwestern 14, Minnesota 7Virginia 47, Chicago 0 On November 11, 1939, the Big Ten football teams played four conference games and two non-conference games.

The non-conference games resulted in one win. Ohio State 61, Chicago 0Iowa 7, Notre Dame 6Minnesota 20, Michigan 7. Michigan lost its second consecutive game, falling by a 20 to 7

Datura ferox

Datura ferox known as long spined thorn apple and fierce thornapple, as well as Angel's-trumpets, is a species of Datura. Like all such species, every part of the plant contains deadly toxins that can kill animals that ingest it, its fruit, red-brown when ripe, has unusually long spikes. The species was first described in 1756 by Linnaeus. Ferox means "strongly fortified," referring to the fearsome-looking spines on the seed pod, it originated in southeastern China. Today it is found in all the warm parts of the earth, where it is regarded as a dangerous pasture weed. Datura ferox is an upright shrub 1½ to 3 feet high, its thick stalks have a red-violet color at the base. All the young shoots are noticeably hairy; the most conspicuous part of the plant is its wide undulate, irregularly toothed leaves, which are covered with soft, downy hairs. The yellowish white flowers are funnel-shaped and inconspicuous, do not open completely. All parts of Datura plants contain dangerous levels of tropane alkaloids and may be fatal if ingested by humans or other animals, including livestock and pets.

In some places it is prohibited to sell or cultivate Datura plants. Jepson Manual Treatment Additional information about Datura ferox

Viola decumbens

Viola decumbens is a perennial plant with a woody base, assigned to the violet family. It has linear leaves and stipules, bilateral symmetrical, purple flowers with five petals and a spur, it grows in fynbos and is an endemic species of the southern Western Cape province of South Africa, where it is called wild violet, a name used for other species elsewhere in the world. Viola decumbens is a perennial shrublet with fine granules on its green parts, with a woody base, with erect or ascending, branching stems of up to 25 cm high, it carries alternately set succulent, green leaves of 15–25 mm long and ½—2 mm wide with a pointy tip and an entire margin. The bracts to the right and left of the foot of the leaf proper are linear, clinging to the leaf blade, with a small tooth on each side at the base; the somewhat scented, nodding flowers grow individually from the leaf axils on long flower stalks so the flowers are above the leaves, with two small bracts opposite each other in the upper part of the stalk.

The five sepals are narrowly oval in shape with 3 -- 5 mm long. The five petals are purple or violet, with the four upper ones oblong and 5–10 mm long, the lower one shorter and connected to a 2–5 mm long, tube-shaped, blunt spur; the orange anthers hang together, two have extensions that reach into the spur and produce nectar. The ovary is globe-shaped, develops into an oval capsule of 5–9 mm long, containing oval yellow seeds of 3 millimetres with fine granules. Viola decumbens flowers the entire winter and spring of the southern hemisphere between July and December. Our species was first described by Carl Linnaeus the Younger in 1782. New research suggests it belongs to the section Xylinosium, together with two species from the Mediterranean: V. arborescens and V. saxifraga. The species name decumbens refers to the fact. Viola decumbens occurs only in the extreme south of the Western Cape, can be found in for instance in the Kogelberg en Hottentots Holland area, it prefers moist sandy soils on low altitude slopes

Nayyar Hussain

Syed Nayyar Hussain is a former Pakistani cricketer who played first-class cricket from 1955 to 1978. Nayyar Hussain made his first-class debut for Central Zone against the touring Indians in 1954-55, scoring 60 not out in a team total of 123 in the first innings, taking two wickets. Over the next few seasons he appeared for Combined Services, having moderate success as a middle-order batsman and occasional leg-spinner, he established himself as an all-rounder in 1964-65, when in six matches he took 23 wickets at an average of 14.34 and scored 427 runs at 47.44. Combined Services played two matches that season in the Ayub Trophy: he took 5 for 25 and 6 for 61 and top-scored in each innings with 57 and 28 in a four-wicket victory over Sargodha a few days he took 7 for 55 and 1 for 63 and top-scored with 58 and second-top-scored with 46 in a three-wicket loss to Lahore Education Board. Playing for Rawalpindi Greens in the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, he scored his only first-class century, 125 against Pakistan International Airlines.

The Combined Services team went into abeyance after the 1964-65 season. Nayyar Hussain played; when Combined Services returned to first-class level in 1976-77 he was appointed captain, resumed his career at the age of 41 to lead the team in the Patron's Trophy in 1976-77 and 1977-78. In his last match, against Peshawar, he bowled 59 overs and took 4 for 77 and 4 for 161. Nayyar Hussain at ESPNcricinfo Nayyar Hussain at CricketArchive