Saarbrücken is the capital and largest city of the state of Saarland, Germany. Saarbrücken is Saarland's administrative and cultural centre and is next to the French border. Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, Malstatt-Burbach, it was the industrial and transport centre of the Saar coal basin. Products included iron and steel, beer, optical instruments and construction materials. Historic landmarks in the city include the stone bridge across the Saar, the Gothic church of St. Arnual, the 18th-century Saarbrücken Castle, the old part of the town, the Sankt Johanner Markt. In the 20th century, Saarbrücken was twice separated from Germany: in 1920–35 as capital of the Territory of the Saar Basin and in 1947–56 as capital of the Saar Protectorate. In modern German, Saarbrücken translates to Saar bridges, indeed there are about a dozen bridges across the Saar river. However, the name predates the oldest bridge in the historic center of Saarbrücken, the Alte Brücke, by at least 500 years.
The name Saar stems from the Celtic word sara, the Roman name of the river, saravus. However, there are three theories about the origin of the second part of the name Saarbrücken; the most popular theory states that the historical name of the town, derived from the Celtic word briga, which became Brocken in High German. The castle of Sarabrucca was located on a large rock by the name of Saarbrocken overlooking the river Saar. A minority opinion holds that the historical name of the town, derived from the Old High German word Brucca, meaning bridge, or more a Corduroy road, used in fords. Next to the castle, there was a ford allowing land-traffic to cross the Saar. A rejected theory claims that the historical name of the town, derived from the Germanic word bruco. There is an area in St Johann called Bruchwiese, which used to be swampy before it was developed, there were flood-meadows along the river, those are marshy. However, the Saarbrücken area was first settled by Celts and not by Germanic peoples.
In the last centuries BC, the Mediomatrici settled in the Saarbrücken area. When Julius Caesar conquered Gaul in the 1st century BC, the area was incorporated into the Roman Empire. From the 1st century AD to the 5th century, there was the Gallo-Roman settlement called vicus Saravus west of Saarbrücken's Halberg hill, on the roads from Metz to Worms and from Trier to Strasbourg. Since the 1st or 2nd century AD, a wooden bridge upgraded to stone, connected vicus Saravus with the south-western bank of the Saar, today's St Arnual, where at least one Roman villa was located. In the 3rd century AD, a Mithras shrine was built in a cave in Halberg hill, on the eastern bank of the Saar river, next to today's old "Osthafen" harbor, a small Roman camp was constructed at the foot of Halberg hill next to the river. Toward the end of the 4th century, the Alemanni destroyed the castra and vicus Saravus, removing permanent human presence from the Saarbrücken area for a century; the Saar area came under the control of the Franks towards the end of the 5th century.
In the 6th century, the Merovingians gave the village Merkingen, which had formed on the ruins of the villa on the south-western end of the Roman bridge, to the Bishopric of Metz. Between 601 and 609, Bishop Arnual founded a community of a Stift, there. Centuries the Stift, in 1046 Merkingen, took on his name, giving birth to St Arnual; the oldest documentary reference to Saarbrücken is a deed of donation from 999, which documents that Emperor Otto III gave the "castellum Sarabrucca" to the Bishops of Metz. The Bishops gave the area to the Counts of Saargau as a fief. By 1120, the county of Saarbrücken had been formed and a small settlement around the castle developed. In 1168, Emperor Barbarossa ordered the slighting of Saarbrücken because of a feud with Count Simon I; the damage can not have been grave. In 1321/1322 Count Johann I of Saarbrücken-Commercy gave city status to the settlement of Saarbrücken and the fishing village of St Johann on the opposite bank of the Saar, introducing a joint administration and emancipating the inhabitants from serfdom.
From 1381 to 1793 the counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken were the main local rulers. In 1549, Emperor Charles V prompted the construction of the Alte Brücke connecting Saarbrücken and St Johann. At the beginning of the 17th century, Count Ludwig II ordered the construction of a new Renaissance-style castle on the site of the old castle, founded Saarbrücken's oldest secondary school, the Ludwigsgymnasium. During the Thirty Years' War, the population of Saarbrücken was reduced to just 70 by 1637, down from 4500 in 1628. During the Franco-Dutch War, King Louis XIV's troops burned down Saarbrücken in 1677 completely destroying the city such that just 8 houses remained standing; the area was incorporated into France for the first time in the 1680s. In 1697 France was forced to relinquish the Saar province, but from 1793 to 1815 regained control of the region. During the reign of Prince William Henry from 1741 to 1768, the coal mines were nationalized and his policies created a proto-industrialized economy, laying the foundation for Saarland's highly industrialized economy.
Saarbrücken was booming, Prince William Henry spent on building and on infrastructure like the Saarkran
Cardiff is the capital of Wales, its largest city. The eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom, it is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural institutions and Welsh media, the seat of the National Assembly for Wales. At the 2011 census, the unitary authority area population was estimated to be 346,090, the wider urban area 479,000. Cardiff is a significant tourist centre and the most popular visitor destination in Wales with 21.3 million visitors in 2017. In 2011, Cardiff was ranked sixth in the world in National Geographic's alternative tourist destinations. Cardiff is the county town of the historic county of Glamorgan. Cardiff is part of the Eurocities network of the largest European cities. A small town until the early 19th century, its prominence as a major port for the transport of coal following the arrival of industry in the region contributed to its rise as a major city. In 1905, Cardiff was made a city and proclaimed the capital of Wales in 1955. At the 2011 Census the population was 346,090.
The Cardiff Built-up Area covers a larger area outside the county boundary and includes the towns of Dinas Powys and Penarth. Since the 1980s, Cardiff has seen significant development. A new waterfront area at Cardiff Bay contains the Senedd building, home to the Welsh Assembly and the Wales Millennium Centre arts complex. Current developments include the continuation of the redevelopment of the Cardiff Bay and city centre areas with projects such as the Cardiff International Sports Village, a BBC drama village, a new business district in the city centre. Sporting venues in the city include the Principality Stadium—the national stadium and the home of the Wales national rugby union team—Sophia Gardens, Cardiff City Stadium, Cardiff International Sports Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park and Ice Arena Wales; the city hosted Commonwealth Games. The city was awarded the title of European City of Sport twice, due to its role in hosting major international sporting events: first in 2009 and again in 2014.
The Principality Stadium hosted 11 football matches as part of the 2012 Summer Olympics, including the games' opening event and the men's bronze medal match. Caerdydd derives from the earlier Welsh form Caerdyf; the change from -dyf to -dydd shows the colloquial alteration of Welsh f and dd, was also driven by folk etymology. This sound change had first occurred in the Middle Ages. Caerdyf has its origins in post-Roman Brythonic words meaning "the fort of the Taff"; the fort refers to that established by the Romans. Caer is Welsh for fort and -dyf is in effect a form of Taf, the river which flows by Cardiff Castle, with the ⟨t⟩ showing consonant mutation to ⟨d⟩ and the vowel showing affection as a result of a genitive case ending; the anglicised form Cardiff is derived from Caerdyf, with the Welsh f borrowed as ff, as happens in Taff and Llandaff. As English does not have the vowel the final vowel has been borrowed as; the antiquarian William Camden suggested that the name Cardiff may derive from *Caer-Didi, a name given in honour of Aulus Didius Gallus, governor of a nearby province at the time when the Roman fort was established.
Although some sources repeat this theory, it has been rejected on linguistic grounds by modern scholars such as Professor Gwynedd Pierce. Archaeological evidence from sites in and around Cardiff: the St Lythans burial chamber near Wenvoe,. A group of five Bronze Age tumuli is at the summit of the Garth, within the county's northern boundary. Four Iron Age hill fort and enclosure sites have been identified within Cardiff's present-day county boundaries, including Caerau Hillfort, an enclosed area of 5.1 hectares. Until the Roman conquest of Britain, Cardiff was part of the territory of the Silures – a Celtic British tribe that flourished in the Iron Age – whose territory included the areas that would become known as Breconshire and Glamorgan; the 3.2-hectare fort established by the Romans near the mouth of the River Taff in AD 75, in what would become the north western boundary of the centre of Cardiff, was built over an extensive settlement, established by the Romans in the 50s AD. The fort was one of a series of military outposts associated with Isca Augusta that acted as border defences.
The fort may have been abandoned in the early 2nd century. However, by this time a civilian settlement, or vicus, was established, it was made up of traders who made a living from the fort, ex-soldiers and their families. A Roman villa has been discovered at Ely. Contemporary with the Saxon Shore Forts of th
The Roundhouse is a performing arts and concert venue situated at the Grade II* listed former railway engine shed in Chalk Farm, England. It was built in 1847 by the London and North Western Railway as a roundhouse, a circular building containing a railway turntable, but was only used for this purpose for about a decade. After being used as a warehouse for a number of years, the building fell into disuse just before the Second World War, it was first made a listed building in 1954. It reopened after twenty-five years, in 1964, as a performing arts venue, when the playwright Arnold Wesker established the Centre 42 Theatre Company and adapted the building as a theatre; this large circular structure has hosted various promotions, such as the launch of the underground paper International Times in 1966, one of only two UK appearances by The Doors with Jim Morrison in 1968, the Greasy Truckers Party in 1972. The Greater London Council ceded control of the building to the Camden London Borough Council in 1983.
By that time, Centre 42 had run out of funds and the building remained unused until a local businessman purchased the building in 1996 and performing arts shows returned. It was closed again in 2004 for a multi-million pound redevelopment. On 1 June 2006, the Argentine show Fuerzabruta opened at the new Roundhouse. Since 2006, Roundhouse has hosted the BBC Electric Proms and numerous iTunes Festivals, as well as award ceremonies such as the BT Digital Music Awards and the Vodafone Live Music Awards. In 2009, Bob Dylan performed a concert, iTunes promoted a music iTunes Festival, at the venue. In line with the continuing legacy of avant-garde productions, No Fit State Circus performed Tabu during which the audience were encouraged to move around the performance space; the Roundhouse was built in 1846 as a turntable engine shed for the London and Birmingham Railway, was known as the Great Circular Engine House, or the Luggage Engine House. The original building was built by Branson & Gwyther, using designs by architects Robert B.
Dockray and Robert Stephenson. Within ten years locomotives became too long for the building to accommodate, the Roundhouse was used for various other purposes; the longest period of use was as a bonded warehouse for Gin distillers A Gilbey Ltd.. In 1964 the premises were transferred to Centre 42, which prepared a scheme to convert the building into "a permanent cultural centre with a theatre, art gallery and workshops, committee rooms for local organisations, youth club and restaurant dance-hall"; this was estimated to cost between £300,000 and £600,000, was supported by "well-known actors, authors and others". In 1966 the Roundhouse became an arts venue, after the freehold was taken up by the new Greater London Council; the opening concert was the 15 October 1966 All Night Rave, in which Soft Machine and Pink Floyd appeared at the launch of the underground newspaper International Times. During the next decade the building became a significant venue for UK Underground music events Middle Earth and Implosion.
Many of these were promoted by Jeff Dexter. Other bands playing at the Roundhouse during this period included Gass, The Rolling Stones, Jeff Beck, The Yardbirds, Zoot Money's Dantalian's Chariot, David Bowie, The Sinceros, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, The Incredible String Band, The Doors with Jefferson Airplane, The Clash with The Jam, Elkie Brooks, Otis Redding, Motörhead, who appeared at the Roundhouse on 20 July 1975; the building was used in 1996 to film the promotional video for the Manic Street Preachers' single "A Design for Life" prior to the start of redevelopment. Promotional videos for the singles "Handbags and Gladrags" by Stereophonics, "Burn Burn" by Lostprophets, were filmed there. A scene from "Smashing Time" set in the revolving restaurant at the top of the GPO tower, was filmed there in 1967. In July that year the Roundhouse hosted the "Dialectics of Liberation" with R. D. Laing, Herbert Marcuse and Allen Ginsberg; the Roundhouse has been used for theatre, has had two periods of theatrical glory, with musicals such as Catch My Soul.
Under administrator George Hoskins, the first phase featured experimental theatre productions, such as the Living Theatre production of 1776 and other plays directed by Peter Brook. The once controversial nude revue Oh! Calcutta! opened in July 1970, started a run of nearly four thousand performances in London, the anarchic "Evening of British Rubbish" with professor Bruce Lacey and the Alberts had one performance in 1967. The Greater London Council passed the building to the Camden London Borough Council in 1983, it was closed as a venue due to lack of funds. During this time, on New Year's Eve 1991/92, Spiral Tribe held a week long party in the venue. During the party the generators cut out, so power had to be sourced from nearby British Rail train lines; the building lay empty until it was purchased for £6m in 1996 by the Norman Trust led by the philanthropist Torquil Norman. In 1998 he set up the Roundhouse Trust and led its redevelopment, with a board of trustees which included musicians Bob Geldof and Suggs, filmmaker Terry Gilliam.
The venue opened for a two-year period to raise awareness and funds for a redevelopment scheme, with former Battersea Arts Centre director Paul Blackman as its director. Shows promoted at this time included the Royal National Theatre's Oh, What a Lovely War!, dancer Michael Clark's comeback performance, percussion extravaganza Stomp, Ken Campbell's twenty-four-hour-long show The Warp and the Argentine De La Guarda's Villa Villa which ran for a year, becoming the venue's longest run
Rothbury is a town and civil parish in Northumberland, England. It is located on the River Coquet, 13.5 miles northwest of Morpeth and 26 miles north-northwest of Newcastle upon Tyne. At the time of the 2001 UK Census, Rothbury had a population of 1,740, increasing to 2,107 at the 2011 Census. Rothbury emerged as an important town in the historic district of Coquetdale because of its situation at a crossroads over a ford along the River Coquet. Turnpike roads leading to Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Alnwick and Morpeth allowed for an influx of families and the enlargement of the settlement during the Middle Ages. Rothbury was chartered as a market town in 1291, became a centre for dealing in cattle and wool for the surrounding villages well into the Early Modern Period. Today, the town is used as a staging point for recreational walking. Points of interest around Rothbury include: the Victorian mansion Cragside, the Simonside Hills and Northumberland National Park; the area around Rothbury was populated during the prehistoric period, as evidenced by finds dating from the Mesolithic period and although all the known finds are from beyond the outer edges of the modern town.
Sites include a cairnfield, standing stone and cup marked rock on Debdon Moor to the north of the town, a well-preserverd circular cairn some 26 feet in diameter, a late Neolithic or Bronze Age standing stone, an extensive hillfort, covering an area 165 by 125 metres and associated cairnfield to the west of the town. No evidence of the Roman period has been found because the town was a considerable distance beyond Hadrian's Wall. Fragments from an Anglo-Saxon cross dating from the 9th century, are the only surviving relics pre-dating the Norman conquest, they were discovered in 1849, when part of the church was demolished, in 1856. They are now in the University of Newcastle Museum; the first documentary mention of Rothbury, according to a local history, was in around the year 1100, as Routhebiria, or "Routha's town". The village was retained as a Crown possession after the conquest, but in 1201 King John signed the Rothbury Town Charter and visited Rothbury four years when the rights and privileges of the manor of Rothbury were given to Robert Fitz Roger, the baron of Warkworth.
Edward I visited the town in 1291, when Fitz Roger obtained a charter to authorise the holding of a market every Thursday, a three-day annual fair near St Matthew's Day, celebrated on 21 September. Rothbury was not significant at the time, with records from 1310 showing that it consisted of a house, a garden, a bakehouse and a watermill, all of which were leased to tenants; when the line of Fitz Roger died out, the village reverted to being a crown possession, but in 1334 Edward III gave it to Henry de Percy, given the castle and baronry of Warkworth six years earlier. Despite the Scottish border wars, the village rose in prosperity during the 14th century, had become the village with the highest parochial value in Northumberland by 1535. Feuds still dominated local affairs, resulting in some parishioners failing to attend church because of them in the 16th century, at other times, gathering in armed groups in separate parts of the building. Rothbury became a important village in Coquetdale, being a crossroads situated on a ford of the River Coquet, with turnpike roads leading to Newcastle upon Tyne, Alnwick and Morpeth.
After it was chartered as a market town in 1291, it became a centre for dealing in cattle and wool for the surrounding villages. A market cross was erected in 1722, but demolished in 1827. In the 1760s, according to Bishop Pococke, the village had a small craft industry, including hatters. At that time, the village's vicarage and living was in the gift of the Bishop of Carlisle, worth £500 per year. Rothbury has had a bloody history. In the 15th and 16th centuries the Coquet Valley was a pillaging ground for bands of Reivers who attacked and burned the town with terrifying frequency. Near the town's All Saints' Parish Church stands the doorway and site of the 17th century Three Half Moons Inn, where the Earl of Derwentwater stayed with his followers in 1715 prior to marching into a heavy defeat at the Battle of Preston. Hill farming has been a mainstay of the local economy for many generations. Names such as Armstrong and Robson remain well represented in the farming community, their forebears, members of the reiver'clans', were in constant conflict with their Scots counterpart.
The many fortified farms, known as bastle houses, are reminders of troubled times which lasted until the unification of the kingdoms of England and Scotland in 1603. There is two stories of Gilpin at Rothbury's Church; the first is that two rival gangs were threatening each other during his sermon Realizing that they might break into fighting Gilpin stood between them asking them to reconcile. They agreed as long. Another story is that Gilpin ask the sexton about it, he told him. Gilpin thus took the glove and put it in his pocket and carried his sermon and no one challenged him. Rothbury is the site of Cragside, a Victorian country house built for the industrialist Sir William Armstrong Lord Armstrong of Cragside; the house was built as a "shooting box" between 1862 and 1865 extended as a "fairy palace" between 1869 and 1900. The house and its estate are now in the possession of the National Trust and are open to the public; the Rothbury Electoral Division is in the parliamentary constituency of Berwick-upon-Tweed.
At the 2011 census it had a population of 5,316. Rot
Geneva is the second-most populous city in Switzerland and the most populous city of Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland. Situated where the Rhône exits Lake Geneva, it is the capital of the Canton of Geneva; the municipality has a population of 200,548, the canton has 495,249 residents. In 2014, the compact agglomération du Grand Genève had 946,000 inhabitants in 212 communities in both Switzerland and France. Within Swiss territory, the commuter area named "Métropole lémanique" contains a population of 1.26 million. This area is spread east from Geneva towards the Riviera area and north-east towards Yverdon-les-Bains, in the neighbouring canton of Vaud. Geneva is a global city, a financial centre, a worldwide centre for diplomacy due to the presence of numerous international organizations, including the headquarters of many agencies of the United Nations and the Red Cross. Geneva hosts the highest number of international organizations in the world, it is where the Geneva Conventions were signed, which chiefly concern the treatment of wartime non-combatants and prisoners of war.
In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the world's fifteenth most important financial centre for competitiveness by the Global Financial Centres Index, fifth in Europe behind London, Zürich and Luxembourg. In 2019 Geneva was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Zürich and Basel; the city has been referred to as the world's most compact metropolis and the "Peace Capital". In 2017, Geneva was ranked as the seventh most expensive city in the world. Geneva was ranked third in purchasing power in a global cities ranking by UBS in 2018; the city was mentioned in Latin texts, by Caesar, with the spelling Genava from the Celtic *genawa- from the stem *genu-, in the sense of a bending river or estuary. The medieval county of Geneva in Middle Latin was known as pagus major Genevensis or Comitatus Genevensis. After 1400 it became the Genevois province of Savoy; the name takes various forms in modern languages, Geneva in English, French: Genève, German: Genf, Italian: Ginevra, Romansh: Genevra.
The city shares the origin of * genawa "estuary", with the Italian port city of Genoa. Geneva was an Allobrogian border town, fortified against the Helvetii tribe, when the Romans took it in 121 BC, it became Christian under the Late Roman Empire, acquired its first bishop in the 5th century, having been connected to the Bishopric of Vienne in the 4th. In the Middle Ages, Geneva was ruled by a count under the Holy Roman Empire until the late 14th century, when it was granted a charter giving it a high degree of self-governance. Around this time, the House of Savoy came to at least nominally dominate the city. In the 15th century, an oligarchic republican government emerged with the creation of the Grand Council. In the first half of the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation reached the city, causing religious strife, during which Savoy rule was thrown off and Geneva allied itself with the Swiss Confederacy. In 1541, with Protestantism on the rise, John Calvin, the Protestant Reformer and proponent of Calvinism, became the spiritual leader of the city and established the Republic of Geneva.
By the 18th century, Geneva had come under the influence of Catholic France, which cultivated the city as its own. France tended to be at odds with the ordinary townsfolk, which inspired the failed Geneva Revolution of 1782, an attempt to win representation in the government for men of modest means. In 1798, revolutionary France under the Directory annexed Geneva. At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, on 1 June 1814, Geneva was admitted to the Swiss Confederation. In 1907, the separation of Church and State was adopted. Geneva flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, becoming the seat of many international organizations. Geneva is located at 46°12' North, 6°09' East, at the south-western end of Lake Geneva, where the Rhône flows out, it is surrounded by three mountain chains, each belonging to the Jura: the Jura main range lies north-westward, the Vuache southward, the Salève south-eastward. The city covers an area of 15.93 km2, while the area of the canton is 282 km2, including the two small exclaves of Céligny in Vaud.
The part of the lake, attached to Geneva has an area of 38 km2 and is sometimes referred to as petit lac. The canton has only a 4.5-kilometre-long border with the rest of Switzerland. Of 107.5 km of border, 103 are shared with France, the Département de l'Ain to the north and west and the Département de la Haute-Savoie to the south and east. Of the land in the city, 0.24 km2, or 1.5%, is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.5 km2, or 3.1%, is forested. The rest of the land, 14.63 km2, or 91.8%, is built up, 0.49 km2, or 3.1%, is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2, or 0.1%, is wasteland. Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 3.4%, housing and buildings made up 46.2% and transportation infrastructure 25.8%, while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 15.7%. Of the agricultural land, 0.3% is used for growing crops. Of the water in the municipality, 0.2 % is composed of lakes and 2.9 % streams. The altitude of Geneva is 373.6 metres, corresponds to the altitude of
Ericsson Globe known as Stockholm Globe Arena and referred to in Swedish as Globen, is an indoor arena located in Stockholm Globe City, Johanneshov district of Stockholm, Sweden. The Ericsson Globe is the largest hemispherical building on Earth and took two and a half years to build. Shaped like a large white ball, it has an inner height of 85 meters; the volume of the building is 605,000 cubic meters. It has a seating capacity of 16,000 spectators for shows and concerts, 13,850 for ice hockey, it represents the Sun in the Sweden Solar System, the world's largest scale model of the Solar System. Globen was inaugurated on 19 February 1989 after a construction period of less than three years; the first major sporting event was the 1989 World Ice Hockey Championships. On February 2, 2009, the naming rights to the Stockholm Globe Arena were acquired by Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson, it became known as the Ericsson Globe; the Globe is used for ice hockey, is the former home arena of AIK, Djurgårdens IF, Hammarby IF.
It opened in 1989 and seats 13,850 for ice hockey games, but is used for musical performances as well as other sports than ice hockey, for example futsal. It is owned by FCA fastigheter; the third team to play a home game in their league was Huddinge IK, followed by Hammarby IF and AC Camelen. The first international game played in Globen was between Hammarby IF and Jokerit a couple of weeks before the grand opening, although the players were only 12 years old at the time and it was a friendly game; the arena has been the home of the finals of Sveriges Television's yearly music competition Melodifestivalen since 2002. Ericsson Globe has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2000 and Eurovision Song Contest 2016, it will host several matches of the 2023 World Men's Handball Championship with Sweden co-hosting alongside Poland. It could host men's ice hockey if Åre are awarded the 2026 Winter Olympics; the arena hosted NHL Challenge series, when teams from the NHL came to Sweden to play against Swedish teams: the Vancouver Canucks in 2000, the Colorado Avalanche in 2001 and the Toronto Maple Leafs in 2003.
The first two games of the 2008–09 season of the NHL, between the Ottawa Senators and the Pittsburgh Penguins were played in the Globen, although the rink was altered to NHL specifications. The first two games of the 2009-10 season of the NHL, a home-and-home series between the St. Louis Blues and Detroit Red Wings October 2–3; the first two games of the 2010-11 season of the NHL, a home-and-home series between the San Jose Sharks and Columbus Blue Jackets took place on October 8 and 9, 2010. The game on October 8 was won by San Jose Sharks 3-2; the second game, on October 9, was won 3-2 in overtime by Columbus Blue Jackets. The venue once again played host to two NHL Premiere games for the 2011–12 NHL season as the New York Rangers played the Los Angeles Kings on October 7 and Anaheim Ducks on October 8; the venue most hosted the Ottawa Senators and the Colorado Avalanche on 10 and 11 November 2017. Pope John Paul II held a mass in the arena in 1989 as the first pope to hold a mass in Sweden.
Other political leaders appearances at the arena have included Nelson Mandela. American rapper Eminem performed in 2001 with "The Anger Management Tour"; the first appearance in Sweden for the rapper Eminem owing to cancellation of the 2005 tour. He was back in the arena in 2018 with "Revival Tour". American singer Mariah Carey performed at the arena during her Charmbracelet World Tour on October 5, 2003. American singer Cher performed during her marathon Living Proof: The Farewell Tour on June 15, 2004. Justin Timberlake performed for 15,000 fans in 2007 with the show of his tour FutureSex/LoveShow. Nine years in the same arena, he was invited to an interval act of Eurovision Song Contest 2016. Canadian Young Money-rapper Drake performed a sold-out show for his Club Paradise Tour in April 2012. Lady Gaga performed here on 30 and 31 August 2012 as part of her Born This Way Ball Tour and on 30 September 2014 in her ArtRave: The Artpop Ball. Jennifer Lopez performed on the 5 November 2012 on her Dance Again World Tour.
Soundgarden performed in September 1995. Gary Moore was the first rock act to appear The Globe on 8 April 1989, as part of his After The War world tour. A small cottage in aluminum with a 12-square-metre base was placed upon the Globe on May 26, 2009; the artist's intention with the arrangement is to illustrate two important symbols for Sweden: the high-technology Globe building and the traditional, simple small countryside cottage in Falu red with house corners painted in white. The house was positioned some distance from the exact top position of the Globe; the artist hopes he will manage to place a similar cottage on the Moon. The cottage remained on the Globe until October 2009. Skyview is an exterior inclined elevator which transports visitors to the top of the arena for a unobstructed view of Stockholm, it has two spherical gondolas, each able to accommodate up to 16 passengers, which travel along parallel tracks on the exterior of the south side of the globe. Skyview carried 160,000 people during its first year of operation.
Hovet Tele2 Arena MSG Sphere London MSG Sphere Las Vegas Stockholm Globe Arenas, website.. Stockholm Globe City Hockeyarenas.net entry Web cams monitoring the construction on the Globe Arena
Never Ending Tour
The Never Ending Tour is the popular name for Bob Dylan's endless touring schedule since June 7, 1988. During the course of the tour, musicians have gone as the band continued to evolve, they amassed a huge fan base with some fans traveling from around the world to attend as many Dylan shows as possible. According to Swedish researcher Olof Björner Dylan played his 2,000th show of the Never Ending Tour on October 16, 2007, in Dayton, Ohio. Dylan has attributed much of the versatility of his live shows to the talent of his backing band, with whom he recorded each of his 21st Century studio albums: Love and Theft; the tour's name was cemented when journalist Adrian Deevoy published his interview with Dylan in Q Magazine no.39, December 1989. The critic Michael Gray listened to Deevoy's interview tape, points out in The Bob Dylan Encyclopedia that though Deevoy's article put the phrase into Dylan's mouth, in fact the label came from Deevoy in the following exchange: AD:'Tell me about this live thing.
You've gone straight into this tour again — one tour straight into the next one.' BD:'Oh, it's all the same tour.' AD:'It's the Never Ending Tour?' BD:'Yeah, yeah'. Dylan has been dismissive of the Never Ending Tour tag. In the sleeve notes to his album World Gone Wrong, Dylan wrote: Don't be bewildered by the Never Ending Tour chatter. There was a Never Ending Tour but it ended in 1991 with the departure of guitarist G. E. Smith; that one's long gone but there have been many others since then: "The Money Never Runs Out Tour" "Southern Sympathizer Tour" "Why Do You Look At Me So Strangely Tour" "The One Sad Cry Of Pity Tour" "Outburst Of Consciousness Tour" "Don't Let Your Deal Go Down Tour" and others, too many to mention each with their own character & design. In a 2009 interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Dylan queried the validity of the term Never Ending Tour, saying: Critics should know there is no such thing as forever. Does anybody call Henry Ford a Never Ending Car Builder? Anybody say that Duke Ellington was on a Never Ending Bandstand Tour?
These days, people are lucky to have a job. Any job. So critics might be uncomfortable with my working so much. Anybody with a trade can work as long. A carpenter, an electrician, they don't need to retire. The tour was interrupted in 1997 when Dylan was forced to cancel dates after suffering a serious medical issue in May. CBS Records announced he was being hospitalized for a fatal chest infection, histoplasmosis. Andrew Muir published Razor's Edge: Bob Dylan and the Never Ending Tour in September 2001; the book chronicles the first fifteen years of Dylan's Never Ending Tour from the point of view of a committed fan of the Tour, analysing how Dylan varies his interpretations of his songs, exploring Dylan's possible motivations. In July 2013, Muir updated Razor's Edge when he published One More Night: Bob Dylan's Never Ending Tour: this book covers Dylan's touring activities from 1988 to 2011; the only complete live album of material recorded with the Never Ending Tour band is MTV Unplugged, recorded in 1994 and released in 1995.
In 1994, Bob Dylan's performance of "Highway 61 Revisited" was recorded at Woodstock'94 and released on CD and VHS. In 2001, Sony released Live 1961–2000: Thirty-Nine Years of Great Concert Performances which included six songs recorded on the Never Ending Tour between 1994 and 2000; the songs were: "Somebody Touched Me", "Dignity", "Cold Irons Bound", "Born in Time", "Country Pie" and "Things Have Changed". Dylan's performance of "Down Along the Cove" from the Bonnaroo Music Festival 2004 was released on the Bonnaroo 2004 CD by Sanctuary Records in 2005. Spanish TV station TVE2 broadcast three songs, "It Ain't Me Babe", "Rollin' and Tumblin'" and "Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues", from the concert that Dylan performed at the Rock In Rio Festival, in Madrid on July 6, 2008. Dylan's 2008 album, The Bootleg Series Vol. 8: Tell Tale Signs, included five live performances from the Never Ending Tour, recorded between 1992 and 2004. The songs were "High Water", "Ring Them Bells", "Cocaine Blues", "The Girl on the Greenbriar Shore", "Lonesome Day Blues".
In 2009, former Never Ending Tour drummer, Winston Watson released a DVD, Bob Dylan Never Ending Tour Diaries: Drummer Winston Watson's Incredible Journey, documenting his years touring with Dylan between 1992 and 1996. For a two and a half year period, between 2003 and 2006, Dylan ceased playing guitar, stuck to the keyboard during concerts. Various rumors circulated as to why Dylan gave up guitar during this period, none reliable. According to David Gates, a Newsweek reporter who interviewed Dylan in 2004, "basically it has to do with his guitar not giving him quite the fullness of sound he was wanting at the bottom. He's thought of hiring a keyboard player so he doesn't have to do it himself, but hasn't been able to figure out who. Most keyboard players, he says, like to be soloists, he wants a basic sound." Dylan's touring band has two guitarists along with a multi-instrumentalist who plays pedal & lap steel, banjo and viola However since 2018/2019, Dylan has how stuck with one guitarist and back to 5 members since 2004.
From 2002 to 2005, Dylan's keyboard had a piano sound. In 2006, this was changed to an organ sound. At the start of his Spring 2007 tour in Europe, Dylan once again began playing guitar, he plays organ and will play songs on guitar and take center-stage with just his harmonica and microphone. On June 30, 2012 D