Mixed-sex education known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures in Western countries. Single-sex education, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries; the relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate. The world's oldest co-educational day and boarding school is Dollar Academy, a junior and senior school for males and females from ages 5 to 18 in Scotland, United Kingdom. From its opening in 1818 the school admitted both boys and girls of the parish of Dollar and the surrounding area; the school continues in existence to the present day with around 1,250 pupils. The first co-educational college to be founded was Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Ohio, it opened on December 3, 1833, including 29 men and 15 women. Equal status for women did not arrive until 1837, the first three women to graduate with bachelor's degrees did so in 1840.
By the late 20th century, many institutions of higher learning, for people of one sex had become coeducational. In early civilizations, people were educated informally: within the household; as time progressed, education became more formal. Women had few rights when education started to become a more important aspect of civilization. Efforts of the ancient Greek and Chinese societies focused on the education of males. In ancient Rome, the availability of education was extended to women, but they were taught separately from men; the early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. In the 16th century, at the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic church reinforced the establishment of free elementary schools for children of all classes; the concept of universal elementary education, regardless of sex, had been created. After the Reformation, coeducation was introduced in western Europe, when certain Protestant groups urged that boys and girls should be taught to read the Bible.
The practice became popular in northern England and colonial New England, where young children, both male and female, attended dame schools. In the late 18th century, girls were admitted to town schools; the Society of Friends in England, as well as in the United States, pioneered coeducation as they did universal education, in Quaker settlements in the British colonies and girls attended school together. The new free public elementary, or common schools, which after the American Revolution supplanted church institutions, were always coeducational, by 1900 most public high schools were coeducational as well. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coeducation grew much more accepted. In Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the education of girls and boys in the same classes became an approved practice. In Australia there is a trend towards increased coeducational schooling with new coeducational schools opening, few new single sex schools opening and existing single sex schools combining or opening their doors to the opposite gender.
The first mixed-sex institution of higher learning in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute, renamed National Central University and Nanjing University. For millennia in China, public schools public higher learning schools, were for men. Only schools established by zongzu were for both male and female students; some schools such as Li Zhi's school in Ming Dynasty and Yuan Mei's school in Qing Dynasty enrolled both male and female students. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University and Peking Girls' Higher Normal School, but there were no coeducation in higher learning schools. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of mixed-sex education, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students at the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal School held on December seventh, 1919, he proposed that the university recruit female students. The idea was supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming, such famous professors as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo, but opposed by many famous men of the time.
The meeting decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal School enrolled eight Chinese female students in 1920. In the same year Peking University began to allow women students to audit classes. One of the most notable female students of that time was Jianxiong Wu. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded; the Chinese government has provided more equal opportunities for education since and all schools and universities have become mixed-sex. In recent years, many female and/or single-sex schools have again emerged for special vocational training needs but equal rights for education still apply to all citizens. In China Muslim Hui and Muslim Salars are against coeducation, due to Islam, Uyghurs are the only Muslims in China that do not mind coeducation and practice it. Admission to the Sorbonne was opened to girls in 1860; the baccalaureat became gender-blind in 1924, giving equal chances to all girls in applying to any universities. Mixed-sex education became mandatory for primary schools in 1957 and for all universities in 1975.
St. Paul's Co-educational College was the first mixed-sex secondary school in Hong Kong, it was founded in 1915 as St. Paul's Girls' College. At the end of World War II it was temporarily merged with St. Paul's College, a boys' school; when classes at the campus of St. Paul'
Carol Ann Decker is an English musician and lead vocalist for the band T'Pau, which had international success in the late 1980s. Although Decker's music is associated with the group, she released "One Heart," a solo single in 1995, to support the centenary of the Halifax World Cup Rugby League. Decker's personal record label is named GnatFish. Decker was born in Huyton and educated in Wellington, Shropshire. In addition to her musical achievements, Decker has acted on both stage and screen, including a part in the film Nine Dead Gay Guys. TV appearances include Hit Me, One More Time. Decker appeared in the British comedy series Trigger Happy TV, in which she appeared in a "bull in a china shop" sketch, in another sketch where she accompanied Dom Joly as he pretended to be a door-to-door salesman. In 2003 she appeared in the play Mum's The Word at the Albery Theatre in London. Decker took part in the prime time BBC One show Just the Two of Us, which began on 2 January 2007. However, despite singing duets with Beverley Knight, Tony Christie and Natasha Hamilton and her singing partner Gregg Wallace were the first to be eliminated from the show after singing The Jacksons' "Blame It on the Boogie".
Decker appeared in the video for Peter Kay and Matt Lucas's charity single "I'm Gonna Be" for Comic Relief's Red Nose Day 2007. She released the single "Just Dream" in download-only format in September 2007. In 2018 Carol Decker was a contestant on Celebrity Masterchef. T'Pau member Ronnie Rogers was her boyfriend at the time, they co-wrote the majority of the band's songs. Decker began dating restaurateur Richard Coates in 1996, they have two children and Dylan, married in 2006. That same year, Decker became a joint tenant of the Cherry Tree Inn at Stoke Row near Henley, which Coates had established, it closed in 2012. T'Pau official website Gnatfish Records Carol Decker on IMDb
Shrewsbury Sixth Form College
Shrewsbury Sixth Form College is a post-secondary co-educational selective sixth-form college located in Shrewsbury, the county town of Shropshire, England. The college, referred to as SSFC has an enrolment of 1,650 students ranging between the ages of 16 to 19; the curriculum consists of A2 levels and a small range of BTECs. GCSE English Language and Maths can only be taken alongside an A level programme as resits; the college was ranked as the 17th-best sixth-form college in 2012, has the best A-Level performance of any state-funded institution in Shropshire, has been awarded'Beacon Status'. The college's Welsh Bridge campus includes several buildings of Grade II-listed status. Shrewsbury Sixth Form College was founded in 1981 and has developed into one of the top sixth forms in the country; the college has been at the top of the sixth-form college league tables for both AS and A2 level results for many years. Nationally the college was rated as 12th- and 27th-best in 2004 and 2005 with students having an average of 305.1 UCAS points in 2004.
In 2009 AS level pass rates were at 94.7%, with 66% achieving grades A-C. For A2 level in the same period, pass levels were up to 98.7%, with 79% achieving A-C grades. In the 2010 rankings, the college had the second best A-Level performance in Shropshire, after Concord College, superseding William Brookes School, Shrewsbury School and Shrewsbury High School. In 2012, the college ranked well in The Sunday Times Schools Guide. In 2013, the college achieved a 98% pass rate, with more than half of the students obtaining A*-B grades. SSFC performs well against local fee-paying schools, with the average A/AS points per student at 852, versus 873 for Shrewsbury School and 876 for Shrewsbury High School; this is higher than both the Local Authority and national results, for comparison, nearby Shrewsbury College of Arts and Technology achieves a score of 574. In 2009 the college surpassed Shrewsbury School, becoming the third best A-Level institution in Shropshire after Concord College and Shrewsbury High School.
Many students go on to study at Russell Group universities. In 2013 and 2014 six and seven students were offered places at Oxford or Cambridge. In April 2016 it was announced that on 31 July 2016 the college would merge with Shrewsbury College to form the Shrewsbury Colleges Group; the separate identities of the two colleges as a sixth-form college and a vocational college will continue. The merger has been supported by the government's Area Review process; the college, comprising two campuses, is located on the banks of the River Severn. The Welsh Bridge Campus occupies the main and ancillary buildings of the former Priory Grammar School for Boys. English Bridge Campus – comprising Wakeman Hall and sports fields – Courses: Art & Design including Food Technology, Sport & PE, Health & Social Care, Music & Dramatic Arts. Welsh Bridge Campus – comprising Austin, Priory Hall, Priory House, Severn – Courses: Work Applied subjects, Social Science, including electronics, Maths; the college has 1,650 students.
The college is the sixth form for the following schools: Shrewsbury Academy, Priory School, Meole Brace School, Belvidere School, Corbet School, Mary Webb School and Science College and Church Stretton School. Students from outside the'partner schools' are accepted. Students in Shropshire are additionally able to go to other sixth-form colleges, which exist in Oswestry and Telford. A-Level performance is comparable to the nearby independent fee-paying Shrewsbury School and Shrewsbury High School, resulting in a noticeable presence of independent-school students at the college. Female students outnumber male students; the percentage of students from a minority ethnic heritage is small, mirroring the profile in the locality. The college has a fair representation system with elected student presidents for each year representing the views and working attitudes of the current students. Listed buildings in Shrewsbury Shropshire County Council page on the College Edubase
Burton Borough School
Burton Borough School is situated on the southern edge of Newport, England, in Audley Avenue. The school was opened in 1957 and since has developed steadily. In September 2004 it was designated a Specialist Arts College; the school is named after a local man J. S. Burton Borough, a High Sheriff and deputy lieutenant for Shropshire and was the first governor of the school. Over the last ten years the school has grown due to the growth of Newport, the school went from 800 to 1,300 pupils and has had to expand and modernise the building; the first large piece of building work was in 1999 when it was decided to expand the music department, by building a new complex fitted with art gallery, large music rooms, small rooms for'one to one' development, a theatre and external theatre, plus a recording studio. With the new pupils, the school received additional funding from the government, which the school decided to spend developing the English department, by building a new block made up of five new classrooms, this development went alongside the new gym and sports hall, built next to the Army Cadet Force hut.
The school was awarded a'good' Ofsted report in March 2013. The school has built a reputation for its music and its Concert Band and Big Band have won numerous awards and competed in national and international competitions, they win the top awards at the national concert band festivals. In March 2014 construction work started behind the current main building of a new teaching block which will replace a number of the current classrooms, scheduled for completion for the start of term in September 2015; this is funded through the UK governments Building Schools for the Future programme. The new school building, which lies behind the concurrent building, was completed in June 2015; the building is modern and much more suited to the greater supply of pupils. The vast central space of the building is open plan and it connects directly to the English block, now the Maths block. Within the new building is a library, unisex toilets and 30 new classrooms: including a design and technology block, a large meeting room, STEM and COMMS classrooms and various ICT suites throughout the building.
David Pallett - English Darts Player David Johnson - Former Jamaica, Ipswich Town and Nottingham Forest footballer Adam Proudlock - Former Wolves, Ipswich Town and Nottingham Forest footballer James Sutton - TV actor best known for starring in Hollyoaks and Emmerdale Ricky Bailey - professional rugby league footballer for St. Helens School website
The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is a non-ministerial department of the UK government, reporting to Parliament. Ofsted is responsible for inspecting a range of educational institutions, including state schools and some independent schools, it inspects childcare and fostering agencies and initial teacher training, regulates a range of early years and children’s social care services. The Chief Inspector is appointed by an Order-in-Council and thus becomes an office holder under the Crown. Amanda Spielman has been HMCI since 2017. In 1833, Parliament agreed an annual grant to the National Society for Promoting Religious Education and the British and Foreign School Society, which provided Church of England and non-denominational elementary schools for poor children. To monitor the effectiveness of the grant, two inspectors of schools were appointed in 1837, Seymour Tremenheere and the Rev. John Allen. Dr. James Kay-Shuttleworth secretary of the Privy Council education committee, ensured that the inspectors were appointed by Order-in-Council to guard their independence.
The grant and inspection system was extended in 1847 to Roman Catholic elementary schools established by the Catholic Poor School Committee. Inspectors were organised on denominational lines, with the churches having a say in the choice of inspectors, until 1876, when inspectors were re-organised by area. After the Education Act 1902, inspections were expanded to state-funded secondary schools along similar lines. Over time, more inspections were carried out by inspectors based in local education authorities, with HMI focussing on reporting to the Secretary of State on education conditions across the country; the government of John Major, concerned about variable local inspection regimes, decided to introduce a national scheme of inspections though a reconstituted HMI, which became known as the Office for Standards in Education. Under the Education Act 1992, HMI would supervise the inspection of each state-funded school in the country, would publish its reports for the benefit of schools and government instead of reporting to the Secretary of State.
In September 2001, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools in England became responsible for registration and inspection of day care and childminding in England, the position was renamed Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education, Children's Services and Skills. This was done by 150 local authorities, based on their implementation by 1992 of the Daycare Standards provisions of the 1989 Children Act. Schedule 11 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006 changed the way in which Ofsted works without changing the provision. Since 2006 the structure of Ofsted has derived elements from business models, with a Chair, an executive board, regional officers, a formal annual report to Parliament in the light of concerns about schools, local authority children's services. In April 2007 the former Office for Standards in Education merged with the Adult Learning Inspectorate to provide an inspection service that includes all post-16 government funded education. At the same time it took on responsibility for the registration and inspection of social care services for children, the welfare inspection of independent and maintained boarding schools from the Commission for Social Care Inspection.
The services Ofsted inspects or regulates now include: local services, child day care, children's centres, children's social care, CAFCASS, state schools, independent schools and teacher training providers and learning and skills providers in England. It monitors the work of the Independent Schools Inspectorate. HMI are empowered and required to provide independent advice to the United Kingdom government and parliament on matters of policy and to publish an annual report to parliament on the quality of educational provision in England. Ofsted distributes its functions amongst its offices in London, Nottingham, Cambridge and Bristol. Ofsted only covers England; the current Chief Inspector is Amanda Spielman, appointed in January 2017 replacing Sir Michael Wilshaw. Ofsted directly employs Her Majesty's Inspectors; as of July 2009 there were 443 HMIs, of whom 82 were engaged in management, 245 in the inspection of schools, the rest in inspection of other areas for which Ofsted in responsible. All HMIs inspecting schools have teaching experience.
Most school inspections were carried out by Additional Inspectors employed by external companies known as Regional Inspection Service Providers. As of July 2009 there were 1,948 AIs. Although Ofsted claims that most of these have teaching experience, in 2012 it was forced to admit that it had done no quality control checks on these inspectors, that many of them – including lead inspectors – were not qualified teachers and many had no experience of working with children. A further scandal surrounded headteachers dismissed following poor OFSTED reports being hired as inspectors. In 2015, 40% of additional inspectors who wanted to continue working for OFSTED were not re-hired after a contractual change. Although OFSTED insisted that this was part of a quality control process and'should not be seen as an admi
Telford College is a further education college in Telford, England. It operates from one main site and many in-company training sites and community-based courses spread out across Shropshire and the whole of the United Kingdom. During 2017 the college improved its Ofsted rating to Grade 3; the college was founded in 1892 by Charles Walker as the Centre for Art and Science Classes and was based in Oakengates, Shropshire. From 1913 until the Second World War it was based in the former Coffee House and Recreation Centre in Market Street, since demolished by the Telford Development Corporation; the college moved to a new site, built in 1926, down Hartsbridge Road becoming the Walker Technical College. In the 1960s it opened a larger campus on Haybridge Road in Wellington which became the part of new town of Telford. On 1 January 1983 the college was renamed Telford College of Arts and Technology abbreviated as TCAT; the Bridge Centre opened in 1990 followed by a new Learning Resource Centre and the Haybridge Restaurant in 1997.
On 12 November 2004 W Block Centre of Vocational Excellence was opened by Mr Michael Beasley CBE. On 31 October 2005 E Block and S Block were opened by HRH the Princess Royal. In 2006 it received good grades after an OFSTED inspection. In 2008 the college celebrated the Queens Anniversary Award with a visit to Buckingham Palace to meet Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh. On 16 October 2012 the Construction Centre, converted from the old sports hall, was opened by Tony Gray CEO of the Southwater Event Group. In May 2013 the Discovery and Oakdene Centres opened. In January 2014 the Orange Tree Restaurant, purchased by the college and converted from the Telford and Wrekin Council's Social Education Centre within the campus, opened for the teaching of catering courses and is open to the public once a week. In September 2014 the Automotive Engineering centre opened; the official opening was performed on 7 November 2014 by British touring car champion Matt Neal. On 17 October 2015 the college's Willow Tree Centre was opened by Councillor Paul Watling, cabinet member for children, young people and families in the Telford and Wrekin Council.
In September 2017 the college merged with New College, Telford forming Telford College unveiling the current logo beforehand. The college continued to use two existing campuses until September 2018, with New College keeping its separate identity until when all students were moved to the existing Haybridge Road campus with a further £2 million investment in a new facility, it has over 16,000 students: 15,000 part-time. Students at present include school leavers, individuals taking a second chance at education, employees of multi-national companies and overseas students; the college offers a wide range of vocational courses including NVQs, preparatory degree and tailor-made programmes. Since its merger with New College Telford, it has offered 22 A-level qualifications and became the second largest A-level provider in Shropshire after Shrewsbury Sixth Form College. Telford College website Telford College Superdome sports Website Telford College Activ8 young persons 14-16yrs Website Orange Tree at Telford College restaurant website
Wellington is a town in the unitary authority of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire and now forms part of the new town of Telford, with which it has become contiguous. The total town population of Wellington was 25,554 in 2011 making it by far the largest of the borough towns and the third largest town in Shropshire when counted independently from Telford. However, the town centre serves a greater area of 60,000, its name is most derived from that of a Saxon settler - Weola - whose farmstead would have been located somewhere in the centre of town near The Green. A church has stood near that site for 1000 years and a priest is mentioned in the Domesday Book; the original churchyard still remains. A new church, designed by George Steuart, was built in 1789. Wellington's first market charter was granted to Giles of Erdington, lord of the manor, is dated 1244 and a market still exists today; the market had an open-sided market hall by 1680 - and much earlier - but this was dismantled c.1805.
In 1841, a market company formed to purchase the market rights from Lord Forester in 1856. Several years in 1848, the company built a town hall with the butter market below, creating a permanent covered home for traders. In 1642 King Charles I stayed overnight'in the environs of' Wellington when on his way from Newport to Shrewsbury to rally support for his cause, while here he made his'Wellington Declaration' in which he said that he would uphold the Protestant Religion, the Laws of England, the Liberty of Parliament; the second Shropshire Olympian Games, organised by celebrated Olympic revivalist Dr William Penny Brookes, were held in Wellington in May 1861. To the north-east of the town is the site of Apley Castle a fourteenth-century fortified manor house, the remains of which were converted into a stable block with the building of a grand Georgian house, itself demolished in the 1950s; the surviving stable block retains some medieval features. Dawley New Town was designated by the Government in 1963, was expanded to encompass Wellington in 1968 under the new name of Telford, named for the great engineer and first county surveyor of Shropshire, Thomas Telford.
The creation of Telford has divided opinion in Wellington since, with some celebrating the jobs and investment it brought to the area and others bemoaning the negative impact on Wellington's own economy – as well as its status and sense of identity. The development of Telford Town Centre since the 1970s has hit Wellington's retail centre hard; the local football team had its name changed from Wellington Town to Telford United. Local politics left Wellington in conflict with Wrekin District Council for many years, with claims and counter claims of neglect. In more recent years, the Council has started making heavy investment to make improvements to the town. Chief amongst these has been the redeveloped Wellington Civic and Leisure Centre near the centre of the town, which has brought together the library, town council, swimming pool and gym, along with a new register office. 200 borough council officers are located at the new complex. The area's largest employers are located in nearby areas of Telford, with Wellington itself housing hundreds of small businesses in its shops and small manufacturing units.
A range of nationwide chains have branches in Wellington but over the last thirty years, many have shunned Wellington in favour of premises in Telford Centre. Wellington is one of the area's main centres for pubs and small hotels; the Wrekin, one of Shropshire's most famous landmarks, provides Wellington with a rolling green backdrop to the south-west. Located just two miles from the centre of the town, it brings tens of thousands of walkers and cyclists to Wellington every year. Located in the town's Victorian market hall, Wellington Market operates four days a week and houses over 100 stalls. A Farmers' Market takes place on the fourth Saturday of the month, bringing together several Shropshire food producers and retailers in the market's historic home of Market Square. A short walk from the centre of the town is Sunnycroft, a Victorian villa and mini-estate now owned and run by the National Trust; the New Buck's Head football stadium, home to A. F. C. Telford United, is in Wellington. Other sporting clubs include the Wellington Cricket Club in the Birmingham League Premier Division, Wrekin Golf Club.
Wellington is home to the Belfrey Theatre an amateur venue run by the Wellington Theatre Company which puts on an annual season of plays and other shows. The area's music and theatre groups host performances throughout the year, there are craft markets at both Belmont Hall and Christ Church. In March, the town marks Charter Day, when the 1244 charter is delivered by a messenger on horseback. A jury convenes in the Market Square to appoint the town crier, ale taster and market clerk for the year ahead. During the summer, around 40 events take place in and around the town, including the historically-inspired Midsummer Fayre, the town carnival and Lions Day at Bowring Park, the Wellington Walking Festival. Sounds in The Square brings live music to the heart of the town across weekends in July and August, various concerts and fetes complete the programme. Autumn kicks off with The Wrekin Barrel Race, when teams race to carry a nine-gallon beer barrel to the top of The Wrekin hill. October sees the arrival of The Wellington Arts Festival, the UK's largest free access festival with a wide range of e