Henry W. Blair
Henry William Blair was an American politician and a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Campton, Blair lost his father at his mother at twelve. Raised by neighbors on a farm, he attended school. Though he never went to college, in 1856, he began reading law with William Leverett at Plymouth, was admitted to the bar in 1859 and became Leverett's partner. Blair was appointed prosecuting attorney for Grafton County in 1860. During the Civil War Blair was rejected by the twelfth regiments as physically unfit. In 1862, when the fifteenth regiment was formed, he raised a company, enlisted as a Private and was elected Captain, he was appointed Major by his Council. After about a year at the front, he held the rank of lieutenant colonel of the Fifteenth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry. During his first battle service, the Siege of Port Hudson, he was wounded twice. After the discharge of his regiment in 1863, he was appointed deputy provost marshal and spent most of the remainder of the war at home as an invalid due to wounds and diseases contracted during the war.
Blair was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1866 and a member of the New Hampshire Senate from 1867 to 1868. Elected as a Republican to the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses, Blair served as United States Representative for the state of New Hampshire from. In 1876, he introduced the first prohibition amendment to be offered in Congress, he was not a candidate for renomination in 1878 but was elected by the New Hampshire legislature to the U. S. Senate on June 17, 1879, for the vacancy in the term ending March 4, 1885, served from June 20, 1879, to March 3, 1885; the State legislature not being in session, he was re-appointed on March 5, 1885, elected on June 17, 1885, to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1885, served from March 10, 1885, to March 4, 1891. He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1891. While in the Senate, he was chairman of the Committee on Education and Labor during the Forty-seventh through the Fifty-first Congresses. His proposed.
Blair declined an appointment by President Benjamin Harrison as judge of the United States District Court for the District of New Hampshire in 1891, but accepted an appointment as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China on March 6, 1891. The Chinese Government objected to Blair because of his role in passing the Chinese Exclusion Act and declared him persona non grata, he subsequently tendered his resignation from the diplomatic post, accepted October 6, 1891. Again elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1892, Blair served from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1895, was not a candidate for reelection in 1894, he engaged in the practice of law in Washington, D. C. until his death. Blair died in Washington, D. C. on March 14, 1920. He is interred at Campton Cemetery, New Hampshire. Son of William Henry Blair and Lois Blair, he married Eliza Nelson on December 20, 1859 and they had one son, Henry P. Blair. Gordon B. McKinney. Henry W. Blair's Campaign to Reform America: From the Civil War to the U.
S. Senate 246 pages United States Congress. "Henry W. Blair". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-02-14
Thomas M. Edwards
Thomas McKey Edwards was an American politician and a U. S. Representative from New Hampshire. Born in Keene, New Hampshire, Edwards was tutored privately, he was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, in 1813. He was admitted to the bar in 1817, commencing practice in Keene, New Hampshire. Edwards served as Postmaster of Keene from June 30, 1818, to July 23, 1829, he was in the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1834, 1836, 1838, 1839. In 1845, he abandoned his law practice and superintended the construction of the [Cheshire Railroad, serving as its first president, he served as president of the Ashuelot National Bank from 1853 until elected to Congress in 1859, when he resigned. In 1869 he was again chosen, held the office until his death in 1875, he was president of the Ashuelot Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1859 Edwards was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served as United States Representative for the 3rd congressional district of the state of New Hampshire.
He was not a candidate for renomination in 1862 to the Thirty-eighth Congress. He resumed his former business pursuits in Keene. Edwards died in Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, on May 1, 1875, he is interred at Woodland Cemetery, New Hampshire. United States Congress. "Thomas M. Edwards". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district
New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district covers the western and northern parts of New Hampshire. It includes Nashua, as well as the state capital, Concord, it is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster. The district includes: the town of Center Harbor in Belknap County all of Cheshire County all of Coos County all of Grafton County except the town of Campton all of Hillsborough County except the communities of Bedford, Goffstown and Merrimack all of Merrimack County except the town of Hooksett the towns of Atkinson, Northwood and Windham in Rockingham County all of Sullivan CountyUntil 1847, New Hampshire's representatives were elected at large from the entire state and not from districts. Districts began being used in the 1847 elections; until the 1878 elections, New Hampshire elected its members of the United States House of Representatives in March of the odd-numbered years. That would be too late for the beginning of the March 4 term, but the first session of the House didn't start until December so a March election wasn't a problem.
The district includes Dartmouth College and all of its representatives since 1995 have been Dartmouth alumni. The second district has had strong Republican leanings having voted Republican 71 times and Democrat only 15; the district has leaned Democratic in congressional races since 2006 and in presidential races since 2000. Election results from presidential races: New Hampshire's 1st congressional district New Hampshire's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Keene, New Hampshire
Keene is a city in and the seat of Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 23,409 at the 2010 census. Keene is home to Antioch University New England, it hosted the state's annual pumpkin festival—then called the Keene Pumpkin Festival—from 1991 until 2014, after which the festival moved to Laconia. A new, child-focused Keene Pumpkin Festival, organized by the state festival's previous organizers, has taken its place in the city since 2017. In 1735 Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher granted lots in the township of "Upper Ashuelot" to 63 settlers who paid five pounds each. Settled after 1736, it was intended to be a fort town protecting the Province of Massachusetts Bay from French and their Native allies during the French and Indian Wars, the North American front of the Seven Years' War; when the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed in 1741, Upper Ashuelot became part of New Hampshire. In 1747, during King George's War, the village was burned by Natives.
Colonists fled to safety, but would return to rebuild in 1749. It was regranted to its inhabitants in 1753 by Governor Benning Wentworth, who renamed it "Keene" after Sir Benjamin Keene, English minister to Spain and a West Indies trader. Located at the center of Cheshire County, Keene was designated as the county seat in 1769. Land was set off for the towns of Sullivan and Roxbury, although Keene would annex 154 acres from Swanzey. Timothy Dwight, the Yale president who chronicled his travels, described the town as "...one of the prettiest in New England." Situated on an ancient lake bed surrounded by hills, the valley with fertile meadows was excellent for farming. The Ashuelot River was used to provided water power for sawmills and tanneries. After the railroad was constructed to the town in 1848, numerous other industries were established. Keene became a manufacturing center for wooden-ware, chairs, shutters, pottery, soap, woolen textiles, saddles, mowing machines and sleighs, it had a brickyard and foundry.
Keene was incorporated as a city in 1874, by 1880 had a population of 6,784. New England manufacturing declined in the 20th century, however during the Great Depression. Keene is today a center for insurance and tourism; the city retains a considerable inventory of fine Victorian architecture from its mill town era. An example is the Keene Public Library, which occupies a Second Empire mansion built about 1869 by manufacturer Henry Colony. Keene's manufacturing success was brought on in part by its importance as a railroad city; the Cheshire Railroad, Manchester & Keene Railroad, the Ashuelot Railroad all met here. By the early 1900s all had been absorbed by the Maine Railroad. Keene was home to two railroad yards; the Manchester & Keene Branch was abandoned following the floods of 1936. Beginning in 1945, Keene was a stopping point for the Boston & Maine's streamlined trainset known at that time as the Cheshire. Keene became notable in 1962 when F. Nelson Blount chose the city for the site of his Steamtown, U.
S. A. attraction. But Blount's plan fell through and, after one operating season in Keene, the museum was relocated to nearby Bellows Falls, Vermont; the Boston & Maine abandoned the Cheshire Branch in 1972, leaving the Ashuelot Branch as Keene's only rail connection to the outside world. In 1978 the B&M leased switching operations in Keene to the Green Mountain Railroad, which took over the entire Ashuelot Branch in 1982. Passenger decline and track conditions forced the Green Mountain to end service on the Ashuelot Branch in 1983 and return operating rights to the B&M. However, there were no longer enough customers to warrant service on the line. In 1984 the last train arrived in and departed Keene, consisting of Boston & Maine EMD GP9 1714, pulling flat cars to carry rails removed from the railyard. Track conditions on the Ashuelot Branch were so poor at the time that the engine returned light to Brattleboro. A hi-rail truck was used instead to remove the flatcars. In 1995 the freight house, one of the last remaining railroad buildings in town, burned due to arson.
Since the late 20th century, the railroad beds through town were redeveloped as the Cheshire Rail Trail and the Ashuelot Rail Trail. In 2011, radical activist Thomas Ball immolated himself on the steps of a courthouse in Keene to protest what he considered the court system's abuse of divorced fathers' rights. Keene is located at 42°56′01″N 72°16′41″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.5 square miles. 37.3 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water, comprising 0.67% of the town. Keene is drained by the Ashuelot River; the highest point in Keene is the summit of Grays Hill in the city's northwest corner, at 1,388 feet above sea level. Keene is within the Connecticut River watershed, with all of the city except for the northwest corner draining to the Connecticut via the Ashuelot. State highways converge on Keene from nine directions. New Hampshire Route 9 leads northeast to Concord, the state capital, west to Brattleboro, Vermont. Route 10 leads north to Newport and southwest to Massachusetts.
Route 12 leads northwest to Walpole and Charlestown and southeast to Massachusetts. Route 101 leads east to Peterborough and Manchester, Route 32 leads south to Swanzey, New Hampshire, to Athol and Route 12A leads north to Surry and Alstead. A limited-access bypass used variously by Routes 9, 10, 12, 101 passes around the north and south sides of downtown. Keene is served by Dillant–Hopkins Airport, located
Manchester, New Hampshire
Manchester is a city in the southern part of the U. S. state of New Hampshire. It is the most populous city in northern New England, an area comprising the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont; as of the 2010 census the city had a population of 109,565, up to 111,196 in a 2017 estimate. The combined Manchester-Nashua Metropolitan Area had a 2010 population of 400,721. Manchester is, along with Nashua, one of two seats of Hillsborough County, the state's most populous. Manchester lies near the northern end of the Northeast megalopolis and straddles the banks of the Merrimack River, it was first named by the merchant and inventor Samuel Blodgett, namesake of Samuel Blodget Park and Blodget Street in the city's North End. His vision was to create a great industrial center similar to that of the original Manchester in England, the world's first industrialized city. Manchester appears favorably in lists ranking the affordability and livability of U. S. cities, placing high in small business climate, upward mobility, education level.
Native Pennacook Indians called Amoskeag Falls on the Merrimack River — the area that became the heart of Manchester — Namaoskeag, meaning "good fishing place". In 1722, John Goffe III settled beside Cohas Brook building a dam and sawmill at what was dubbed "Old Harry's Town", it was granted by Massachusetts in 1727 as "Tyngstown" to veterans of Queen Anne's War who served in 1703 under Captain William Tyng. But at New Hampshire's 1741 separation from Massachusetts, the grant was ruled invalid and substituted with Wilton, resulting in a 1751 rechartering by Governor Benning Wentworth as "Derryfield" — a name that lives on in Derryfield Park, Derryfield Country Club, the private Derryfield School. In 1807, Samuel Blodget opened a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the falls, part of a network developing to link the area with Boston, he envisioned a great industrial center arising, "the Manchester of America", in reference to Manchester, England at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution.
In 1809, Benjamin Prichard and others built a water-powered cotton spinning mill on the western bank of the Merrimack. Following Blodgett's suggestion, Derryfield was renamed "Manchester" in 1810, the year the mill was incorporated as the Amoskeag Cotton & Woolen Manufacturing Company, it would be purchased in 1825 by entrepreneurs from Massachusetts, expanded to three mills in 1826, incorporated in 1831 as the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company. Amoskeag engineers and architects planned a model company town on the eastern bank, founded in 1838 with Elm Street as its main thoroughfare. Incorporation as a city followed for Manchester in 1846, soon home to the largest cotton mill in the world—Mill No. 11, stretching 900 feet long by 103 feet wide, containing 4,000 looms. Other products made in the community included shoes and paper; the Amoskeag foundry made rifles, sewing machines, textile machinery, fire engines, locomotives in a division called the Amoskeag Locomotive Works. The rapid growth of the mills demanded a large influx of workers, resulting in a flood of immigrants French Canadians.
Many residents descend from these workers. The Amoskeag Manufacturing Company went out of business in 1935, although its red brick mills have been renovated for other uses. Indeed, the mill town's 19th-century affluence left behind some of the finest Victorian commercial and residential architecture in the state. Manchester is in south-central New Hampshire, 18 miles south of Concord, the state capital, the same distance north of Nashua, the second-largest city in the state. Manchester is 51 miles north-northwest of the largest city in New England. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.0 square miles, of which 33.1 square miles are land and 1.9 square miles are water, comprising 5.33% of the city. Manchester is drained by the Merrimack River and its tributaries the Piscataquog River and Cohas Brook. Massabesic Lake is on the eastern border; the highest point in Manchester is atop Wellington Hill, where the elevation reaches 570 feet above sea level. The Manchester Planning Board, in its 2010 Master Plan, defines 25 neighborhoods within the city.
LivableMHT has drawn maps of the neighborhoods and neighborhood village centers as defined by the city. Recognition of particular neighborhoods varies, with some having neighborhood associations, but none have any legal or political authority; the major neighborhoods include Amoskeag, Rimmon Heights, Notre Dame/McGregorville and Piscataquog/Granite Square known as "Piscat" on the West Side. In 2007, the city began a Neighborhood Initiatives program to "insure that our neighborhoods are vibrant, livable areas since these are the portions of the city where most of the residents spend their time living, playing and going to school." The purpose of this initiative is to foster vibrancy and redevelopment in the neighborhoods, to restore the sense of neighborhood communities, overlooked in the city for some time. The city began the program with street-scape and infrastructure improvements in the Rimmon Heights neighborhood of the West Side, which has spurred growth and investment in and by the community.
Despite the success of the program in Rimmon Heights, it was unclear in recent years how the city planned to implement similar programs throughout the city. The city announced plans for extending the Neighborhood Initiatives program
James W. Patterson
James Willis Patterson was an American politician and a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Henniker, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, he was the son of William and Frances M. Shepard Patterson. Patterson pursued classical studies, graduated from Dartmouth College in 1848, was principal of the Woodstock Academy in Connecticut for two years, he attended the Theological Seminary at New Haven, where he studied law. He married Sarah Parker Wilder and they had two children, George Willis Patterson and Arthur Hubert Patterson. Patterson was a professor of mathematics and meteorology at Dartmouth College from 1854 to 1865. Patterson was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1862. Elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses Patterson was a United States Representative for the third district of New Hampshire from, he was elected to the U. S. Senate and served from March 4, 1867, to March 3, 1873. In the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Enrolled Bills during the Forty-first Congress and a member of the Committee on the District of Columbia during the Forty-first and Forty-second Congresses.
In 1873, Patterson was found to have given false testimony to both House and Senate Committees who recommended his expulsion from the Senate for bribery in the Crédit Mobilier Scandal. Patterson's term expired. Patterson was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution and in 1877-1878 was again a member of the State house of representatives, he was State superintendent of public instruction from 1881 to 1893, president of American Institute of Instruction. Patterson died in Hanover, Grafton County, New Hampshire, on May 4, 1893, he is interred at Dartmouth College Cemetery, New Hampshire. The Patterson School, merged with the Garnett school in 1929 and became Shaw Middle School at Garnett-Patterson, in Washington, DC was named in his honor because he sponsored the legislation creating a public school system for black students in Washington, DC, it was closed in 2013. List of United States Senators expelled or censured List of federal political scandals in the United States United States Congress. "James W. Patterson".
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-5-12 James W. Patterson at Find a Grave
Aaron H. Cragin
Aaron Harrison Cragin was an American politician and a United States Representative and Senator from New Hampshire. Born in Weston, Cragin completed preparatory studies, studied law, was admitted to the bar in Albany, New York in 1847 and commenced practice in Lebanon, New Hampshire. Cragin was a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from 1852 to 1855. Elected by the American Party to the Thirty-fourth Congress and as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth Congress, Cragin served from. While in the House of Representatives, he was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War. Cragin resumed the practice of law and in 1859 was again a member of the State house of representatives. In 1860 he was a delegate to the Republican Convention in Chicago, a delegate to the Philadelphia loyalists convention in 1866, he was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1864. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Engrossed Bills and a member of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expense, the Committee on Naval Affairs, the Committee on Railroads.
Appointed by President Rutherford Hayes as one of the commissioners for the purchase of the Hot Springs Reservation in Arkansas, Cragin served as chairman from 1877 to 1879. Cragin died in Washington, D. C. on May 10, 1898. He is interred at School Street Cemetery, New Hampshire. Son of Aaron and Sarah Whitney, Cragin married Isabella Tuller and they had a son, Harry Wilton Cragin, who graduated from Yale University and was appointed third assistant in the United States Patent Office. United States Congress. "Aaron H. Cragin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress