Connellsville is a city in Fayette County, United States, 50 miles southeast of Pittsburgh on the Youghiogheny River, a tributary of the Monongahela River. It is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area; the population was 7,637 at the 2010 census, down from 9,146 at the 2000 census. During the French and Indian War, a British army commanded by General Edward Braddock approached Fort Duquesne and crossed the Youghiogheny River at Stewart's Crossing, situated in the middle of what is now the city of Connellsville. Connellsville was founded as a township in 1793 as a borough on March 1, 1806, by Zachariah Connell, a militia captain during the American Revolution. In February 1909, balloting in New Haven and Connellsville resulted in these two boroughs joining and becoming the first city in Fayette County on May 12, 1911. Due to the city's location in the center of the Connellsville Coalfield, coal mining, coke production, other accompanying industries became the major sources of employment and revenue during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Connellsville became known at the "Coke Capital of the World" due to the amount and quality of coke produced in the city's many beehive ovens. During this time, Connellsville had more millionaires per capita than any other city in the United States. Connellsville is located in northeastern Fayette County along the Youghiogheny River, a north-flowing tributary of the Monongahela River; the city is with the downtown on the eastern side. It is bordered to the south by the borough of South Connellsville. U. S. Route 119 passes through the northern and western sides of the city, leading north 22 miles to Greensburg and southwest 11 miles to Uniontown, the Fayette County seat. Pittsburgh is 50 miles to the northwest via US 119 and Interstate 76. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, Connellsville has a total area of 2.29 square miles, of which 2.18 square miles is land and 0.10 square miles, or 4.63%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,146 people, 3,963 households, 2,377 families residing in the city.
The population density was 4,053.5 people per square mile. There were 4,434 housing units at an average density of 1,965.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.54% White, 3.93% Black, 0.13% American Indian, 0.33% Asian, 0.17% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population. There were 3,963 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.0% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 19.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,070, the median income for a family was $28,105. Males had a median income of $28,942 versus $23,016 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,165. About 22.4% of families and 28.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over. Residents of Connellsville may attend the local, public schools operated by Connellsville Area School District which provides full day kindergarten through 12th grade. By 2015, the District's enrollment declined to 4,321 students. In 2008, The district's enrollment was 5,219 pupils. In 2015, Connellsville Area School District ranked 401st out of 493 ranked public school districts for academic achievement of its pupils, by the Pittsburgh Business Times. In April 2015, the Pennsylvania Department of Education released a report identifying that five Connellsville Area School District schools were among the lowest achieving schools for reading and mathematics in the state.
They were: Clifford N. Pritts Elementary School, Dunbar Boro Elementary School, Dunbar Township Elementary School, West Crawford Elementary School and Zachariah Connell Elementary School. In 2012, 2013 and 2014, only Zachariah Connell Elementary School was on the state's lowest achievement list. In 2011, five district schools were on the bottom 15% achievement list: Zachariah Connell Elementary School, Springfield Elementary School, Dunbar Township Elementary School, Connellsville Township Elementary School, Connellsville Junior HIgh School West. Parents and students may be eligible for scholarships to transfer to another public or nonpublic school through the state's Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program passed in June 2012; the scholarships are limited to those students whose family's income is less than $60,000 annually, with another $12,000 allowed per dependent. Maximum scholarship award is $8,500, with special education students receiving up to $15,000 for a year's tuition. Parents pay any difference between the receiving school's tuition rate.
Students may seek admission to neighboring public school districts. Each year the PDE publishes the tuition rate for each individual public school district. Connellsville Area Senior High School students and adults can attend the publicly funded Connellsville Career & Technical Center, located in the community. CACTC provides students training in the: construction and mechanical trades, automobile repairs, culinary arts, health aids, computer technical careers and other fields. Enrollment
New Haven, Illinois
New Haven is a village in Gallatin County, United States, along the Little Wabash River near its mouth at the Wabash River. The population was 433 at the 2010 United States Census, down from 477 at the 2000 census. Before the New Haven vicinity was settled, it was inhabited by multiple indigenous cultures; some countryside southeast of the village near the Wabash was the location of a village of a Late Woodland people known as the "Duffy Complex". New Haven is located in the northeast corner of Gallatin County at 37°54′26″N 88°7′37″W, it is bordered to the north by White County, the Little Wabash River forms part of the northern border. Illinois Route 141 passes through the northern part of the village, leading east 5 miles to the Indiana border at the Wabash River and 13 miles to Mount Vernon and west 12 miles to U. S. Route 45 northwest of Omaha, Illinois. Shawneetown, the Gallatin County seat, is 17 miles to the south. According to the 2010 census, New Haven has a total area of 1.258 square miles, of which 1.23 square miles is land and 0.028 square miles is water.
At the 2000 census, there were 477 people, 203 households and 138 families residing in the village. The population density was 395.7 per square mile. There were 240 housing units at an average density of 199.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.58% White, 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population. There were 203 households of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.90. 23.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.
The median household income was $27,083 and the median family income was $29,875. Males had a median income of $25,000 and females $19,500; the per capita income was $12,367. About 20.3% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.8% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over. 1887. History of Gallatin, Hamilton and Williamson Counties, Illinois. Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Co. Musgrave, Jon, ed. 2002. Handbook of Old Gallatin County and Southeastern Illinois. Marion, Ill.: IllinoisHistory.com. 464 pages. New Haven https://web.archive.org/web/20020823054622/http://www.lth6.k12.il.us/schools/gallatin/new_haven.htm
New Haven, Vermont
New Haven is a town in Addison County, United States. The population was 1,727 at the 2010 census. In addition to the town center, New Haven contains the communities of Belden, New Haven Junction and New Haven Mills. New Haven is located in the Champlain Valley, it is bordered by Ferrisburgh and Monkton to the north, Bristol to the east, Middlebury to the south, Weybridge to the southwest, Waltham to the northwest. The town of Addison, west of Weybridge and Waltham, touches New Haven at one corner. Otter Creek, one of the longest rivers in Vermont, forms part of the town's southwest border, with falls at Belden and Huntington Falls; the New Haven River, rising to the east in the Green Mountains, flows into Otter Creek at Brooksville. U. S. Route 7 runs north-south through the town, connecting Middlebury. Vermont Route 17 crosses Route 7 at New Haven Junction and runs east into Bristol and west to Addison and the Crown Point Bridge over Lake Champlain into New York. According to the United States Census Bureau, New Haven has a total area of 41.5 square miles, of which 41.2 square miles is land and 0.35 square miles, or 0.84%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,666 people, 613 households, 459 families residing in the town. The population density was 40.0 people per square mile. There were 646 housing units at an average density of 15.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.26% White, 0.24% African American, 0.60% Native American, 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population. There were 613 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.0% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.09. In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $47,014, the median income for a family was $52,083. Males had a median income of $33,352 versus $22,721 for females; the per capita income for the town was $21,321. About 3.8% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. Wolcott Turner Brooks, Wisconsin State Assemblyman Josiah Bushnell Grinnell, founder of Grinnell and benefactor of Grinnell College Homer Hulbert and activist for Korean independence Curtis M. Lampson, fur merchant, best remembered for his promotion of the transatlantic telegraph cable Edward Pier, Wisconsin State Senator Royal T. Sprague, 11th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California Allen R. Sturtevant, Associate Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court Town of New Haven official website
New Haven 600
New Haven 600 is a series of pump-action shotguns manufactured by O. F. Mossberg & Sons on behalf of department stores, most notably the Montgomery Ward Company, Western Auto, other retail stores. New Haven is one of O. F. Mossberg & Sons' private, promotional brands; the New Haven 600 is identical to the Mossberg 500 from O. F. Mossberg & Sons, with the addition of an anti-rattle system in the magazine tube; the 600 series comprises varying models of hammerless, pump action repeaters, all of which share the same basic receiver and action, but differ in bore size, barrel length, choke options, magazine capacity, "furniture" materials. 600AT = 12 gauge 600BT = 16 gauge 600CT = 20 gauge 600ET =.410 bore Mossberg 500 O. F. Mossberg & Sons Pump-action shotgun Mossberg corporate website. Manuals in PDF format for the 500. Maverick Arms corporate website, a subsidiary of Mossberg
New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad known as the New Haven, was a railroad that operated in the New England region of the United States from 1872 to 1968, dominating the region's rail traffic for the first half of the 20th century. Beginning in the 1890s and accelerating in 1903, New York banker J. P. Morgan sought to monopolize New England transportation by arranging the NH's acquisition of 50 companies, including other railroads and steamship lines, building a network of electrified trolley lines that provided interurban transportation for all of southern New England. By 1912, the New Haven operated more than 2,000 miles of track, with 120,000 employees, monopolized traffic in a wide swath from Boston to New York City; this quest for monopoly angered Progressive Era reformers, alienated public opinion, resulted in high prices for acquisitions, increased construction costs. Debt soared from $14 million in 1903 to $242 million in 1913, while the advent of automobiles and buses reduced railroad profits.
In 1913, the federal government filed an anti-trust lawsuit that forced the NH to divest its trolley systems. The line became bankrupt in 1935, was reorganized and reduced in scope, went bankrupt again in 1961, in 1969 was merged with the Penn Central system, formed a year earlier by the merger of the New York Central Railroad and Pennsylvania Railroad. S. until the Enron Corporation superseded it in 2001. The remnants of the system now comprise Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line, Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Shore Line East, parts of the MBTA, numerous freight operators such as CSX and the Providence and Worcester Railroad; the majority of the system is now owned publicly by the states of Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts. The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad was formed on July 24, 1872, through the consolidation of the New York and New Haven Railroad and Hartford and New Haven Railroad, it owned a main line from New York City to Springfield, Massachusetts via New Haven and Hartford and leased other lines, including the Shore Line Railway to New London.
The company leased more lines and systems forming a virtual monopoly in New England south of the Boston and Albany Railroad. The first line of the original system to open was the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, opened from Hartford to New Haven, with steamship connections to New York in 1839, to Springfield, with rail connections to Worcester and Boston, in 1844; the New York and New Haven was built as it ran parallel to the Long Island Sound coast and required many bridges over rivers. It opened in 1848, using trackage rights over the New York and Harlem Railroad from Woodlawn in the Bronx south to Manhattan. With the opening of Grand Central Terminal in 1913, New Haven's New York City terminal was moved there/ About the beginning of the 20th century, New York investors led by J. P. Morgan gained control, in 1903 installed Charles S. Mellen as President. Charles Francis Murphy's New York Contracting and Trucking company was awarded a $6 million contract in 1904 to build rail lines in the Bronx for the New York, New Haven, Hartford Railroad.
An executive at the railroad said. In response to this contract, the New York State Legislature amended the city's charter so that franchise-awarding power was removed from the city board of aldermen and given to the Board of Estimate and Apportionment, which only became defunct in 1989. Morgan and Mellen achieved a complete monopoly of transportation in southern New England, purchasing other railroads and steamship and trolley lines. More than 100 independent railroads became part of the system before and during these years, reaching 2,131 miles at its 1929 peak. Substantial improvements to the system were made during the Mellen years, including electrification between New York and New Haven. Morgan and Mellen went further and attempted to acquire or neutralize competition from other railroads in New England, including the New York Central's Boston and Albany Railroad, the Rutland Railroad, the Maine Central Railroad, the Boston and Maine Railroad, but the Morgan-Mellen expansion left the company financially weak.
In 1914, 21 directors and ex-directors of the railroad were indicted for "conspiracy to monopolize interstate commerce by acquiring the control of all the transportation facilities of New England." Under the stress of the Great Depression the company became bankrupt in 1935, remaining in trusteeship until 1947. Common stock was voided and creditors assumed control. After 1951 both freight and passenger service lost money; the earlier expansion had left NH with a network of low-density branch lines that could not pay their own maintenance and operating costs. The freight business was short-haul, requiring switching costs that could not be recovered in short-distance rates, they had major commuter train services in New York and Boston, but these always lost money, unable to recover their investment providing service just twice a day during rush hour. The demise of the New Haven may have been hastened by the opening of the Connecticut Turnpike in 1958 and other interstate highways. With decades of inadequate investment, the New Haven could not compete against automobiles or trucks.
In 1954 the flashy Patrick B. McGinnis led a proxy fight against incumbent president Frederic C. "Buck" Dumaine Jr. vowing to re
New Haven, Connecticut
New Haven is a coastal city in the U. S. state of Connecticut. It is located on New Haven Harbor on the northern shore of Long Island Sound in New Haven County, is part of the New York metropolitan area. With a population of 129,779 as determined by the 2010 United States Census, it is the second-largest city in Connecticut after Bridgeport. New Haven is the principal municipality of Greater New Haven, which had a total population of 862,477 in 2010. New Haven was the first planned city in America. A year after its founding by English Puritans in 1638, eight streets were laid out in a four-by-four grid, creating what is known as the "Nine Square Plan"; the central common block is the New Haven Green, a 16-acre square at the center of Downtown New Haven. The Green is now a National Historic Landmark, the "Nine Square Plan" is recognized by the American Planning Association as a National Planning Landmark. New Haven is the home of Yale University; as New Haven's biggest taxpayer and employer, Yale serves as an integral part of the city's economy.
Health care, professional services, financial services, retail trade contribute to the city's economic activity. The city served as co-capital of Connecticut from 1701 until 1873, when sole governance was transferred to the more centrally located city of Hartford. New Haven has since billed itself as the "Cultural Capital of Connecticut" for its supply of established theaters and music venues. New Haven had the first public tree planting program in America, producing a canopy of mature trees that gave the city the nickname "The Elm City". Before Europeans arrived, the New Haven area was the home of the Quinnipiac tribe of Native Americans, who lived in villages around the harbor and subsisted off local fisheries and the farming of maize; the area was visited by Dutch explorer Adriaen Block in 1614. Dutch traders set up a small trading system of beaver pelts with the local inhabitants, but trade was sporadic and the Dutch did not settle permanently in the area. In 1637 a small party of Puritans wintered over.
In April 1638, the main party of five hundred Puritans who had left the Massachusetts Bay Colony under the leadership of the Reverend John Davenport and London merchant Theophilus Eaton sailed into the harbor. It was their hope to set up a theological community with the government more linked to the church than that in Massachusetts, to exploit the area's excellent potential as a port; the Quinnipiacs, who were under attack by neighboring Pequots, sold their land to the settlers in return for protection. By 1640, "Qunnipiac's" theocratic government and nine-square grid plan were in place, the town was renamed Newhaven, with'haven' meaning harbor or port; the settlement became the headquarters of the New Haven Colony, distinct from the Connecticut Colony established to the north centering on Hartford. Reflecting its theocratic roots, the New Haven Colony forbid the establishment of other churches, whereas the Connecticut Colony permitted them. Economic disaster struck Newhaven in 1646, when the town sent its first loaded ship of local goods back to England.
It never reached its destination, its disappearance stymied New Haven's development versus the rising trade powers of Boston and New Amsterdam. In 1660, Colony founder John Davenport's wishes were fulfilled, Hopkins School was founded in New Haven with money from the estate of Edward Hopkins. In 1661, the Regicides who had signed the death warrant of Charles I of England were pursued by Charles II. Two of them, Colonel Edward Whalley and Colonel William Goffe, fled to New Haven for refuge. Davenport arranged. A third judge, John Dixwell, joined the others. In 1664 New Haven became part of the Connecticut Colony when the two colonies were merged under political pressure from England, according to folklore as punishment for harboring the three judges; some members of the New Haven Colony seeking to establish a new theocracy elsewhere went on to establish Newark, New Jersey. It was made co-capital of Connecticut in 1701, a status it retained until 1873. In 1716, the Collegiate School relocated from Old Saybrook to New Haven, establishing New Haven as a center of learning.
In 1718, in response to a large donation from British East India Company merchant Elihu Yale, former Governor of Madras, the name of the Collegiate School was changed to Yale College. For over a century, New Haven citizens had fought in the colonial militia alongside regular British forces, as in the French and Indian War; as the American Revolution approached, General David Wooster and other influential residents hoped that the conflict with the government in Britain could be resolved short of rebellion. On 23 April 1775, still celebrated in New Haven as Powder House Day, the Second Company, Governor's Foot Guard, of New Haven entered the struggle against the governing British parliament. Under Captain Benedict Arnold, they broke into the powder house to arm themselves and began a three-day march to Cambridge, Massachusetts. Other New Haven militia members were on hand to escort George Washington from his overnight stay in New Haven on his way to Cambridge. Contemporary reports, from both sides, remark on the New Haven volunteers' professional military bearing, including uniforms.
On July 5, 1779, 2,600 loyalists and British regulars under General Wil
New Haven County, Connecticut
New Haven County is a county in the south central part of the U. S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the population was 862,477 making it the third-most populous county in Connecticut. Two of the state's largest cities, New Haven and Waterbury, are part of New Haven County. New Haven County comprises the New Haven-Milford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. County governments were abolished in Connecticut in 1960. Thus, as is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties, there is no county government, no county seat; until 1960, the city of New Haven was the county seat. In Connecticut, towns are responsible for all local government activities, including fire and rescue, snow removal and schools. In some cases, neighboring towns will share certain activities, e.g. schools, etc. New Haven County is a group of towns on a map, has no specific government authority; the county Sheriff system was abolished by voters and replaced by State Judicial Marshals in 2000.
As a result, the state judicial system in New Haven County has three judicial districts: New Haven, Ansonia-Milford, Waterbury. Following the process of unification of New Haven Colony with Connecticut Colony in 1664-65, cohesion could be improved. New Haven County was constituted by an act of the Connecticut General Court on May 10, 1666, along with Hartford County, Fairfield County, New London County; the act establishing the county states: This Court orders that from the east bounds of Guilford vnto ye west bounds of Milford shalbe for future one County wch shalbe called the County of N: Hauen. And it is ordered that the County Court shalbe held at N: Hauen on the second Wednesday in March and on the second Wednesday in Nouember yearely; as established in 1666, New Haven County consisted of the towns of Milford, New Haven, Guilford. The town of Wallingford was established in 1670 in unincorporated area north of New Haven and formally added to New Haven County in 1671. In 1675, the town of Derby was established north of Milford.
In 1686, the town of Waterbury was assigned as part of Hartford County. Waterbury was transferred to New Haven County in 1728. In 1722, most of northwestern Connecticut was placed under the jurisdiction of New Haven County. Eight years in 1730, the eastern half of northwestern Connecticut was transferred to the jurisdiction of Hartford County. By mid-1738, with the exception of the towns of New Milford and Salisbury, the entire territory of northwestern Connecticut was under Hartford County. In 1751, Litchfield County was constituted consisting of all the towns in northwestern Connecticut. Between 1780 and 1807, several more towns were established along the northern boundary of New Haven County, resulting in the alteration of the limits of the county; the final boundary alteration leading to the modern boundary resulted from the establishment of the town of Middlebury on October 8, 1807. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 862 square miles, of which 605 square miles is land and 258 square miles is water.
It is the second-largest county in Connecticut by total area. The terrain is flat near the coast, with low hills defining the rest of the area, rising only in the north of the county; the highest elevation is close to the northernmost point in the county, found at two areas of 1,050 feet above sea level in the town of Wolcott. The lowest point is sea level. Notable geographic landmarks include West Rock and East Rock. Hartford County Middlesex County Fairfield County Litchfield County New Haven county is bounded on the south by Long Island Sound. Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge As of 1960, counties in Connecticut do not have any associated county government structure. All municipal services are provided by the towns. In order to address issues concerning more than one town, several regional agencies that help coordinate the towns for infrastructure, land use, economic development concerns have been established. Within the geographical area of New Haven County, the regional agencies are: South Central Central Naugatuck Valley The Valley The geographic area of the county is served by the three separate judicial districts: Ansonia-Milford and New Haven.
The Ansonia-Milford jurisdiction has one in Derby, the other in Milford. The Waterbury and New Haven judicial districts have superior courthouses located in Waterbury, New Haven. Law enforcement within the geographic area of the county is provided by the respective town police departments. Prior to 2000, a County Sheriff's Department existed for the purpose of executing judicial warrants, prisoner transport, court security; these responsibilities have now been taken over by the Connecticut State Marshal System. Fire protection in the county is provided by the towns. Several towns have fire districts that provide services to a section of the town. Founded in 1937, New Haven County has a county-wide fire-protection agency called "New Haven County Fire Emergency Plan" based in Hamden to "Coordinate Mutual Aid - Radio Problems, assist members of county at major incidents if requested, provide training". Water service is provided by a regional non-profit public corporation known as the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority.
The Regional Water Authority supplies water to most of the towns within New Haven County, excluding the Waterbury area and the towns of Guilford and Madison. The Regional Water Authority is one o