A student athlete is a participant in an organized competitive sport sponsored by the educational institution in which he or she is enrolled. Student-athletes are full time athletes at the same time. Colleges offer athletic scholarships in many sports. Many student athletes are given scholarships to attend these institutions but scholarships are not mandatory in order to be called a student athlete. In the United States, athletic scholarships are regulated by either the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics or the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which sets minimum standards for both the individuals awarded the scholarships and for the institutions granting them. Students that are talented may get scholarships for playing a particular sport; the term student-athlete was coined in 1964 by Walter Byers, the first-ever executive director of the NCAA, to counter attempts to require universities to pay workers' compensation. When making the ultimate decision of choosing his or her college they may sign The National Letter of Intent.
The NLI is an agreement between the athlete and their school they have chosen to certify that they are entering a four-year institution for the first time. In order to sign the school has to have offered financial aid and the student has met the institution's admission requirements, it is a belief that student athletes comprise one of the most diverse groups of people on our college campuses today with regard to factors such as personal history, academic preparedness, life goals and expectations and psychological skills, developmental readiness. Student athletes are to come into contact with important and influential alumni who can help them during their college years and - most importantly- after college. Student athletes receive athletic scholarships from a college or university, though they may be attending secondary school or a bathometric tertiary quad-mechanics school. An athletic scholarship is a form of scholarship to attend a college or university awarded to an individual based predominantly on his or her ability to play in a sport.
Athletic scholarships are common in the United States, but in many countries they are rare or non-existent. Although, every year more and more people outside the United States receive scholarships. Athletes are subject to eligibility rules that may require them to maintain a certain grade point average and may bar them from participating in professional competition. Aside from scholarships, many are prohibited from receiving special treatment or incentives based on their athletic abilities. However, institutions may give student athletes additional assistance in academic support areas such as tutoring and library services. Many coaches hear from hundreds or thousands of students each year who are looking for athletic scholarships and/or an opportunity to compete in intercollegiate athletics; the coaches have to determine who they want on their teams difficult decisions for these coaches because out of those hundreds or thousands of students wishing to play at the collegiate level only a small amount will be chosen because NAIA and NCAA have strict rules on the number of players allowed to be on college rosters.
Competitive intercollegiate sports were not introduced into post secondary education in the United States until the nineteenth century. The first popular collegiate sport was crew but this was short lived as high media coverage and scholarships made football a lucrative industry in the late 1880s; as interest in football grew so did its aggressiveness and thus its resulting injuries. The NCAA was born out of President Theodore Roosevelt's demand to reform college football, he wanted this because football was an rough sport which caused many serious injuries. Since the 1930s the relationship between sports and universities have been turbulent. Since the 1930s the media's coverage of sports has proven to be a big time revenue earner for schools' sports programs; this coverage of sports draws attention towards the schools and this in turn not only affects the financial capabilities of the institution but its enrollment. Many student athletes from the top college sports at a particular college can increase enrollment numbers by winning games and championships.
To deal with many of the ills within intercollegiate sports the NCAA has put together a number of pieces of legislation. In the past two decades, the NCAA has implemented several landmark policies to address some of the persistent concerns about the role of intercollegiate athletics in post-secondary education and the conflicting demands faced by student athletes, notably Proposition 48. Student athletes in high school are expected to meet or exceed the requirements in order to play sports in high school. Many states enforce strict rules for their student athletes which are sometimes called "no pass, no play," which require 70's or above in all classes for sports eligibility. California, for example, expects a "C" average in every class. College athlete Eligibility Requirements for U. S Colleges The NCAA gives a guided list of prerequisites for potential collegiate athletes divided by school divisions: To participate in Division I athletics or receive an athletic scholarship during the first year of college, a student-athlete in high school must: Complete the 16 core-course requirements in eight semesters: 4 years of English, 3 years of math, 2 years of natural or physical science (including one year of lab science if offered by the h
Middlesex County, New Jersey
Middlesex County is a county located in north- central New Jersey, United States. In 2017 the Census Bureau estimated the county's population at 842,798, making it the state's second-most populous county, an increase of 4.1% from 809,858 in the 2010 census. Middlesex is part of the New York metropolitan area, its county seat is New Brunswick; the center of population of the state of New Jersey is located in Middlesex County, in East Brunswick Township, just east of the New Jersey Turnpike. The 2000 Census showed that the county ranked 63rd in the United States among the highest-income counties by median household; the Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 143rd-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States as of 2009. Middlesex County holds the nickname, "The Greatest County in the Land"; the county was settled due to its ideal location near the Raritan River and was established as of March 7, 1683, as part of the Province of East Jersey and was partitioned as of October 31, 1693, into the townships of Piscataway, Perth Amboy and Woodbridge.
Somerset County was established on May 1688, from portions of Middlesex County. The county's first court met in June 1683 in Piscataway, held session at alternating sites over the next century in Perth Amboy and Woodbridge before relocating permanently to New Brunswick in 1778. Middlesex County hosts an extensive park system totaling more than 6,300 acres. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 322.83 square miles, including 308.91 square miles of land and 13.91 square miles of water. The county is named after the historic English county of Middlesex. Bisected by the Raritan River, the county is topographically typical of Central Jersey in that it is flat; the elevation ranges from sea level to 300 feet above sea level on a hill scaled by Major Road/ Sand Hill Road near Route 1 in South Brunswick Township. Union County, New Jersey – north Monmouth County, New Jersey – southeast Mercer County, New Jersey – southwest Somerset County, New Jersey – northwest Richmond County, New York – northeast As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 809,858 people, 281,186 households, 203,016.292 families residing in the county.
The population density was 2,621.6 per square mile. There were 294,800 housing units at an average density of 954.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 58.60% White, 9.69% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 21.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.99% from other races, 2.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.40% of the population. There were 281,186 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.8 and the average family size was 3.29. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94 males; as of the 2010 Census, there were 170,070 people of Asian descent in Middlesex County accounting for 21% of the county's total population. At 61.57% of the population of Asian descent, Indian Americans accounted for a majority of the county's Asian population or 12.93% of the county's total population in 2010, increasing to 119,579 by 2015, more than that of the other sub-groups combined. Middlesex County had the largest population of Asian Indians of all counties in New Jersey. In Middlesex County, election ballots are printed in English, Gujarati and Punjabi. Middlesex County has the largest and fastest growing population of Chinese Americans of all counties in New Jersey, in places such as East Brunswick. Edison is developing a sprawling suburban Chinatown, with other Chinese communities spread out over the county; as of the 2000 United States Census there were 750,162 people, 265,815 households, 190,855 families residing in the county.
The population density was 2,422 people per square mile. There were 273,637 housing units at an average density of 884 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 68.42% White, 9.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 13.89% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.71% from other races, 2.60% from two or more races. 13.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among residents listing their ancestry, 16.1% were of Italian, 13.8% Irish, 10.2% German and 9.8% Polish ancestry according to the 2000 Census. There were 265,815 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age wa
Monmouth County, New Jersey
Monmouth County is a county located in Central New Jersey, in the United States within the New York metropolitan area, the northernmost county along the Jersey Shore. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 626,351, making it the state's fifth-most populous county, representing a decrease of 0.6% from the 2010 Census, when the population was enumerated at 630,380, in turn an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 Census. As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County, its county seat is Freehold Borough. The most populous place was Middletown Township, with 66,522 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Howell Township covered 61.21 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality. In 2015, the county had a per capita personal income of $69,410, the fifth-highest in New Jersey and ranked 74th of 3,113 counties in the United States. Monmouth County ranked 38th among the highest-income counties in the United States as of 2011, placing it among the top 1.2% of counties by wealth.
As of 2009, it was ranked 56th in the United States by personal per-capita income. In 1609, the English navigator, Henry Hudson, his crew aboard the Dutch vessel Half Moon spotted land in what is now Monmouth County, most off Sandy Hook. Among the first European settlers and majority landowners in the area were Richard and Penelope Stout. Penelope miraculously survived her wounds from a native attack in Sandy Hook and further lived to the age of 110. Additionally, a group of Quaker families from Long Island settled the Monmouth Tract, an early land grant from Richard Nicolls issued in 1665, they were followed by a group of Scottish settlers who inhabited Freehold Township in about 1682–85, followed several years by Dutch settlers. As they arrived in this area, they were greeted by Lenape Native Americans, who lived in scattered small family bands and developed a amicable relationship with the new arrivals. Enslaved Africans were present in the area from at least 1680, by 1726 made up 9% of the total population of the county.
Monmouth County was established on March 1683, while part of the province of East Jersey. On October 31, 1693, the county was partitioned into the townships of Freehold and Shrewsbury, its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris that the county should be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership. In 1714, the first county government was established. At the June 28, 1778, Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold Township, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War, it was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale. At independence, Monmouth's population included 1,640 slaves, as well as an undetermined number of free African Americans.
The number of enslaved persons fell steeply after 1820, though a small number remained until at least 1850. Monmouth's free African American population climbed from 353 in 1790 to 2,658 in 1860. Ocean County was carved out of Monmouth County in 1850. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 665.32 square miles, including 468.79 square miles of land and 196.53 square miles of water. Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point, variously listed at 380 to 391 feet above sea level; the top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories. The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust section of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are very hilly; the lowest point is sea level. Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of fishing.
Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow from the Raritan Bayshore into Raritan Bay and Lower New York Bay and into the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway, which attracts as many as 1,600 boats each weekend during the peak season; the county adjoins: Middlesex County, New Jersey – northwest Ocean County, New Jersey – south Mercer County, New Jersey – west Burlington County, New Jersey – southwest Richmond County, New York - north Gateway National Recreation Area As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 630,380 people, 233,983 households, 163,320.134 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,344.7 per square mile. There were 258,410 housing units at an average density of 551.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 82.60% White, 7.37% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 4.96% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, 1.96% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.67% of the population. There were 233,983 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with n
New York State Public High School Athletic Association
The New York State Public High School Athletic Association is the governing body of interscholastic sports for most public schools in New York outside New York City. The organization was created in 1923, after a predecessor organization called the New York State Public High School Association of Basketball Leagues began in 1921 to bring consistency to eligibility rules and to conduct state tournaments, it consists of 768 member high schools from the state divided into 11 numbered sections. It is a member of the National Federation of State High School Associations as well as the New York State Federation of Secondary School Athletic Associations; the NYSPHSAA acknowledges and holds championships for over 30 sports throughout 3 seasons: Fall and Spring. Fall Sports Winter Sports Spring Sports The NYSPHSAA is divided into eleven sections by geographical areas; the official membership list is at the NYSPHSAA site. Section 1: Dutchess, Rockland, Westchester Counties Section 2: Capital District Section 3: Central New York Section 4: Southern Tier Section 5: Genesee Valley Section 6: Western New York Section 7: Champlain Area Section 8: Nassau County Section 9: Orange, Ulster Counties Section 10: St. Lawrence Area Section 11: Suffolk County Each section is further divided into classes, by school enrollment size.
The classes are, from largest schools to smallest, AA, A, B, C, D, though the classifications and enrollment numbers for each classification vary by sport. In wrestling, separate sectional and state tournaments are held for Division I and Division II; each section holds a sectional championship tournament in each sport and class. The sectional champions meet first in regional competition in state competition, to determine the state champion in each class. New York State Public High School Athletic Association Boys Basketball Championships Public Schools Athletic League New York state high school boys basketball championships Official site
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
The Star-Ledger is the largest circulated newspaper in the U. S. is based in Newark. It is a sister paper to The Jersey Journal of Jersey City, The Times of Trenton and the Staten Island Advance, all of which are owned by Advance Publications. In 2007, The Star-Ledger's daily circulation was more than the next two largest New Jersey newspapers combined and its Sunday circulation larger than the next three papers combined, it has suffered great declines in print circulation in recent years, to 180,000 daily in 2013 and 114,000 "individually paid print circulation,", the number of copies being bought by subscription or at newsstands, in 2015. In July 2013, The Ledger announced. In 2013, Advance Publications announced it was exploring cost-saving changes among its New Jersey properties, but was not considering mergers or changes in publication frequency at any of the newspapers, nor the elimination of home delivery; the Newark Daily Advertiser, founded in 1832, was Newark's first daily newspaper.
It subsequently evolved into the Newark Star-Eagle, owned by what became Block Communications. S. I. Newhouse bought the Star-Eagle from Block in 1939 and merged it with the Newark Ledger to become the Newark Star-Ledger; the paper dropped Newark from its masthead sometime in the 1970s, but is still popularly called the Newark Star-Ledger by many New Jersey residents. During the 1960s The Star-Ledger's chief competitor was the Newark Evening News, once the most popular newspaper in New Jersey. In March 1971, the Star-Ledger surpassed the Evening News in daily circulation, because the Newark News was on strike; the Evening News shut down in 1972. After the Newark Evening News moved to a high-traffic area the Star-Ledger opened a satellite plant in Piscataway; the Piscataway location offered quick access to Union, Monmouth and Middlesex counties. The Star-Ledger was the recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting in 2005 for its comprehensive and clear-headed coverage of the resignation of New Jersey Governor Jim McGreevey, after he confessed to adultery with a male lover.
The paper awards the Star-Ledger Trophy each year to the number one high school teams in their respective sport in New Jersey. In 2005, George Arwady became the publisher of The Star-Ledger. A graduate of Columbia University, Arwady had been the publisher of the Kalamazoo Gazette in Kalamazoo, Michigan. Having worked with the Newhouse family for years, Arwady was asked to move to Newark to financially revamp the paper. Due to financial losses, the paper's parent company Advance Publications announced on July 31, 2008, that it would sell the Star-Ledger unless 200 non-union staff voluntarily left under a buyout offer, its unionized truck drivers and mailers agreed to concessions. On September 16, publisher George Arwady sent employees an email saying that management felt progress had been made on the buyout and concessions from the mailers, but that management is "far from an agreement with the Drivers' union.". The email continued: Since it is doubtful that the Drivers will ratify an agreement by October 8, 2008, we will be sending formal notices to all employees this week, as required by both federal and New Jersey law, advising you that the Company will be sold, or, failing that, that it will close operations on January 5, 2009.
On October 24, 2008, the newspaper announced that 168 newsroom employees had offered to take the company's buyout offer, that the company had accepted 151 of them, which resulted in a 40% reduction in newsroom staff. On January 16, 2013, the newspaper announced the layoffs of 34 employees including 18 newsroom staff; the Newark headquarters of the Star-Ledger, home to the state's largest newspaper for nearly 50 years, was sold to a New York developer in July 2014, according to a news article released by the paper. The Star-Ledger, which Vezza said will continue to be published seven days a week, will retain a presence in Newark in leased office space located within the downtown Gateway Center complex, where the publisher, the newspaper's editorial board, its columnists, its magazine staff and a handful of other jobs will be based. Advance Publications, the owner of the newspaper, launched a new media company — NJ Advance Media — in 2014 to provide content and marketing services for its online presence at NJ.com, many of its New Jersey newspapers out of the offices in Woodbridge.
The sales and marketing staffs moved to Woodbridge in June 2014. Amzi Armstrong William Burnet Kinney Thomas T. Kinney James Smith, Jr. Paul Block Samuel Irving Newhouse, Sr. Donald Newhouse Richard Vezza After Kevin Whitmer left in September 2015, Richard Vezza assumed the position as editor. Prior to Whitmer, James Willse manned the helm from 1995, he was appointed following the retirement of 32-year veteran editor Mort Pye. Willse was the former publisher of the New York Daily News. Prior to accepting the Ledger's editorship, Willse headed the review of electronic information options for all Newhouse newspapers, he expanded the Ledger' use of color and encouraged a more aggressive editorial team. The National Press Foundation named Willse its 1999 recipient of the George Beveridge Editor of the Year Award in recognition of Ledger's coverage of racial profiling by the New Jersey State Police; the Star-Ledger was featured prominently various times in the television series The Sopranos, an HBO drama series set in New Jersey.
Tony Soprano received home delivery of the paper, several episodes opened with him picking it up at the end of his driveway. The Sopranos creator David Chase credited a
Minnesota State High School League
The Minnesota State High School League is a voluntary, non-profit association for the support and governance of interscholastic activities at high schools in Minnesota, United States. The association supports fine arts programs for member schools. Membership includes nearly 500 schools, including special schools, home schools, 435 high schools; the State High School League is an affiliate of the National Federation of State High School Associations. The League addresses sportsmanship, chemical health, scholarship recognition, oversees tournament officials and judges; the League provides educational programs for coaches. The organization's operating revenue is derived from tournament ticket sales, broadcast rights, corporate sponsorship, sale of tournament merchandise; the MSHSL was founded in 1916 as the State High School Athletic Association in order to promote and regulate school athletics. It expanded its mission to include fine arts programs. Beginning with the 2015 season, the MSHSL created geographic football districts for regular season scheduling.
The change was designed to help programs having difficulty finding opponents for an eight-game schedule. In 2015, the MNHSL board approved a policy on transgender athletes that allowed those born male but identify as female to be eligible for girls’ teams. Girls were eligible to compete in boys' sports; the policy requires applying for eligibility, sets out criteria for approval including a written statement from a health care professional, places the decision with the school's activities director. Religiously-affiliated private schools are exempt from the policy. On April 17, 1975 the member schools of the Minnesota State High School League approved amendments that provided the changes necessary to implement reorganization for two class competition. Prior to this, schools of all sizes were competing against each other; the idea behind the division was to reduce the inherent advantage, given to the larger schools. The Board of Directors assigned the largest 128 schools by enrollment to the AA classification.
All other member schools were assigned to Class A. Each class is split into eight sections, with the number of teams in each section varying. In April 1983 the Board of Directors adopted a policy which assigned schools with a minimum enrollment of 500 students to Class AA and schools with an enrollment 1-499 to Class A. Depending on the number of schools participating in an activity, additional classes may be needed or no class system may be needed at all; the highest current class in any activity is AAAAAA for football. At the end of the regular season, every MSHSL team is seeded into a sectional tournament. For each class, the state is divided into 8 sections; every two years, the MSHSL determines section placement. Different sections have different numbers of teams depending upon the class and activity in question. For example, most sections in football have 8 teams. In a typical 8-team section, all 8 teams will make the playoffs regardless of their regular season record. If a football section has 9 teams the ninth team will not make the playoffs.
In all other sports, every team advances to the postseason. In basketball, for Classes AAAA and AAA, a typical section has 8 team, whereas a typical section in Class AA has about 16 teams, a Class A section can have 20 or more. In these cases where a section has more or less teams than an 8 or 16, higher seeded teams may receive byes, or lower seeded teams may have to play an extra play-in game; the other option is for a section to be divided into two 8-team sub-sections with the sub-section champions playing for the section title. These sections are geographical, are numbered from Southeast to Northwest. Thus, with football, for example, Section 1AAA would have schools in Class AAA that are from the Southeastern part of the state, while Section 7AAAA will have Class AAAA schools from the Northeastern part of the state; as a general rule, this serves pretty well, however it breaks down when dealing with the larger classes. In Class AAAAA Football, given the concentration of large schools in the Twin Cities Metro, Section 1AAAAA comprises the three Rochester public schools and four southern suburbs.
At the other end, Section 8AAAAA covers the entire northern half of the state with Bemidji, Moorhead, one of the St. Cloud public schools, three northern exurbs. Sections 2AAAAA-7AAAAA are a mixture of suburbs and Minneapolis/St. Paul schools; each section has its own procedures for determining seeding in the section tournament. Some sections use elaborate point systems while others base seeding on records; the winner of the section tournament advances to State. The winners of the section tournaments are seeded into a single elimination state tournament. Pairings of section champion at State are predetermined before the season by the MSHSL. In the Fall of 2005, the MSHSL experimented by having coaches seed the State Soccer Tournament; the following sports are offered under the supervision of the MSHSL. All of these sports have a single elimination tournament at the end of the season which awards a state championship to the winning team; some sports award individual championships as well. For a complete list of state championship winners by sport see the list of Minnesota State High School League State Championships.
Because of the large number of high schools and large distances spanned between some of them, many schools are organized into conferences. These conferences, according to Minnesota State High School League rules, must have a minimum of five members, are composed of schools that are in close geographic proximity and have similar e