Yael Friedman Averbuch is an American soccer defender. She plays for the Reign FC in the National Women's Soccer League and for the United States women's national soccer team. During her career as a center midfielder at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Averbuch was named national player of the year by both Soccer Buzz and Top Drawer Soccer. Averbuch was selected in the first round of the 2009 WPS Draft by her home state team, Sky Blue FC, she played for Kopparbergs/Göteborg FC in the Damallsvenskan and the UEFA Women's Champions League and made a brief stint with WFC Rossiyanka. She is a two-time WPS champion with the Western New York Flash. Averbuch played for the United States at every level of the youth national teams, as of 2013 played for the United States women's national soccer team, she is the executive director of the National Women's Soccer League Players Association, a union for players in the NWSL who are not allocated by the U. S. and Canadian national teams. Averbuch, Jewish, was born in New York City.
She is the daughter of Paul Friedman. Her middle name is her father's last name and her last name is her mother's maiden name. Averbuch grew up in Montclair, New Jersey, where she attended Montclair High School, graduating in 2005. Yael attained High Honor Roll status all four years in high school, she did not play high school soccer, concentrating on club soccer instead. She was named an NSCAA All-American and USYSA All-American as a sophomore and senior; as a junior and senior, she was named Parade All-American. During her career as a center midfielder at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Averbuch set a record starting 105 consecutive games, she was a two-time captain and was selected first-team All-Performer the Atlantic Coast Conference, one of the most competitive conferences in the country. She helped the Tar Heels win two NCAA Women's College Cup titles in 2006 and 2008. In 2006 and 2007, she earned NSCAA All-America first team status. In 2008, she was named to the NSCAA All-America second team and earned NSCAA Scholar-Athlete of the Year and NCAA VIII Award honors.
As a freshman in 2005, Averbuch started all 25 games. She scored three of her four goals off direct kicks as the team's free kick and corner kick specialist, she was named to the Soccer America and Soccer Buzz first-team freshman All-America teams after notching seven assists and four goals in her first season with the Tar Heels. She was named the Soccer Buzz Southeast Region Freshman of the Year and was tapped for the All-Southeast Region Second Team and Southeast Region All-Freshman Team. Averbuch was recognized by the ACC as an Academic All-Conference player and as a member of ACC All-Freshmen Team, she was named to the Duke adidas Classic All-Tournament Team as well as the 2005–06 ACC Honor Roll. In 2006, Averbuch was Carolina's second-leading scorer with 39 points and led the team in game-winning goals with seven, she was named national player of the year by both Soccer Buzz and Top Drawer Soccer and was a finalist for both the Missouri Athletic Club Hermann Trophy and the Honda Soccer Award.
She set an NCAA record for fastest goal scored in a game when she scored four seconds into the match at Yale on the direct kick at midfield to start the game. Averbuch assisted on both goals against UCLA in the NCAA semifinals and was named the ACC's Offensive Player of the Year, Soccer Buzz's Southeast Region player of the year, first-team All-ACC, All-ACC Academic for a second straight year, she was named to ESPN The Magazine's women's soccer third-team Academic All-America. During her junior year in 2007, Averbuch started every game for the Tar Heels, she was fourth on the team with 18 points, collected six goals and six assists for the season, led the team in shots taken with 88. She was named to the ESPN The Magazine/College Sports Information Directors of America Academic All-District Team and was a second-team ESPN The Magazine All-America selection, she was named ACC's Scholar-Athlete of the Year for women's soccer and was an All-ACC Academic Team selection, first-team All-ACC and All-ACC Tournament selection.
She was a finalist for Soccer Buzz Player of the Year and a MAC Hermann Trophy semifinalist. She made three first-team All-America Teams as named by the NSCAA coaches, Soccer America and Soccer Buzz and was an Umbro/Soccer News Net Player of the Year Award finalist. Averbuch was a Soccer Buzz and NSCAA first-team All-Southeast Region selection as well as Jewish Sports Review All America. Averbuch played for the New Jersey Lady Stallions in the W-League from 2002 to 2004. At just 14 years of age, she became the youngest player at that time to appear in the W-League. Averbuch was selected in the first round of the 2009 WPS Draft by her home state team, Sky Blue FC. During the 2009 season, she started 14 of 18 games and assisted Keeley Dowling's game-winning goal in the WPS Semifinal against the Saint Louis Athletica; the team went on to beat the Los Angeles Sol 1–0 to clinch the 2009 WPS Championship. In 2010, Averbuch returned to Sky Blue, starting 19 and scoring one goal. In 2011, Averbuch signed with the Western New York Flash.
She made 14 appearances with eight starts, playing a total of 751 minutes, helping her team win the 2011 WPS Championship in penalties by scoring the winning penalty kick against the Philadelphia Independence. After the end of the 2011 WPS season and suspension of the league, Averbuch headed to Moscow, Russia for a month to join WFC Rossiyanka for the quarterfinal of the UEFA Champions League. She, along with Kia McNeill and Leigh Ann Robinson, were brought in by the coach to help strengthen the team as it prepared to face Germany's 1. FFC Turbine Po
Amber Jean Brooks is an American soccer player. She plays for the Houston Dash in the National Women's Soccer League, on loan to Australian club Adelaide United for the 2018–19 W-League season, she has played for Bayern Munich in the German Bundesliga, the Portland Thorns and Seattle Reign of the NWSL, the Vancouver Whitecaps of the W-League. She has represented the United States as member of numerous youth national teams and has one cap with the senior national team. Brooks was born in Evansville and attended Pennington School in New Jersey, she had 30 assists during her first three years for a total of 154 points. She did not play as a senior due to a knee injury and National Team commitments. Brooks was named first-team All-County and a Parade Magazine All-America as a junior after she helped the team finish the 2008 season undefeated at 18–0, winning its sixth straight Prep-A state championship and its third MCT Championship in five years. Pennington was ranked by the ESPN Rise as the number one team in the nation the same year.
Brooks was awarded the 2008 NSCAA Girls' Scholar Athlete of the Year Award and was ranked by ESPN Rise as the number one recruit in the nation in 2009. Brooks was captain of the University of North Carolina Tar Heels women's soccer team her junior and senior year, she accrued several accolades during her four years with the Tar Heels, becoming a two-time NCAA National Champion and winning the College Cup in 2009 and in 2012. She added 19 assists during her college career. During the summer of 2011, Brooks played for the Vancouver Whitecaps in the W-League, she made five appearances, playing 391 minutes, provided one assist. On January 11, 2013, Brooks signed with German club, Bayern Munich in the Bundesliga until June 30, 2014. In her first Bundesliga game against SGS Essen, she scored two goals, including the game-winning goal in the 90th minute. Brooks was drafted by Portland Thorns on January 18, 2013 during the 2013 National Women's Soccer League College Draft, her debut came. She would go on to start another 19 matches for the club in addition to a solitary substitution appearance.
Brooks collected her first and only goal for the Thorns during the season while adding two assists, though her primary contributions were on the defensive end of the field where her ferocity led to a team-leading four yellow cards on the season. After the conclusion of the Thorns 2014 season, the team announced that she would be on loan to her previous side Bayern Munich and become the second Portland member to be headed to Germany after the 2014 season, following teammate Veronica Boquete to the Bundesliga. While Portland indicated that Brooks would be re-signed for the 2015 National Women's Soccer League season, she was instead traded to the Western New York Flash on November 6, 2014 in exchange for midfielder McCall Zerboni and defender Kathryn Williamson. In March 2015, Brooks was traded to Seattle Reign along with the rights to Abby Wambach in exchange for Sydney Leroux and Amanda Frisbie, she scored one goal for Seattle. On October 26, 2015, Brooks was traded to the Houston Dash in exchange for Meghan Klingenberg and a conditional selection in the 2017 NWSL College Draft from Seattle Reign.
Brooks had her contract option exercised for the 2017 season. She was named the 2017 Dash MVP and played all 2,160 minutes of the regular season, scored one goal and tallied two assists, captaining the side eight times, she was re-signed for the 2018 season. Brooks was named 2018 Dash Defender of the Year; the club has exercised her contract option for the 2019 season. Brooks signed with Adelaide United for the 2018–19 W-League season, alongside Houston Dash teammate Veronica Latsko. Brooks has competed on behalf of the United States in various national youth teams since 2007, including at the 2008 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup; as a member of the U-20 national team, she represented the United States at the 2010 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup in Germany and won the 2010 CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship. She was a captain of the U-23 national team. On November 10, 2013 Brooks made her debut for the U. S. WNT team against Brazil in a friendly; as of match played August 27, 2015. Brooks has won one honour to date, the 2012 CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship that she won with the United States U-20s.
United States U-20CONCACAF Women's U-20 Championship: 2012 List of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill alumni List of recipients of Today's Top 10 Award Amber Brooks – FIFA competition record US Soccer player profile Portland Thorns FC player profile FC Bayern Munich player profile University of North Carolina player profile Amber Brooks on Twitter
Maya Alexandria Hayes is an American soccer player. Hayes was a member of the United States under-20 women's national soccer team, plays the position of forward. In 2012, she helped. Hayes was born in New York City to Derek Hayes, she has four siblings. Hayes attended a private school located in Livingston, New Jersey, she grew up in New Jersey. Hayes attended Pennsylvania State University from 2010 to 2013 where she played for the Nittany Lions. In 2011, she scored 31 goals, earned 70 points, led the nation in goals and points, she set a new Penn Big Ten Conference record for points in a single season. Hayes finished her Penn State career having scored. Hayes was selected by Sky Blue FC in the first round of the 2014 NWSL College Draft. A few weeks the team signed her. Hayes played for the United States under-18 women's national soccer team, she competed for the United States at the 2012 FIFA Under-20 Women's World Cup tournaments. On August 20, 2012, at Hiroshima Big Arch, she scored a hat-trick in a 4–0 win against Ghana, in the first match played by the United States at the 2012 FIFA Under-20 Women's World Cup.
Three days at the same venue, in the second match against China, she scored a 36th-minute equalizer goal to tie the game at 1-1, the final score. In their last match in Group D, the United States team conceded a 0-3 loss to Germany. With no further goal from Hayes in the knock-out stage, the United States team won the 2012 Japan FIFA Under-20 Women's World Cup tournament with two goals from Kealia Ohai and one goal each from Vanessa DiBernardo and Morgan Brian. Hayes is gay. 2012 CONCACAF Under-20 Women's Championship squads 2010 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup squads Maya Hayes profile at National Women's Soccer League Maya Hayes profile at Sky Blue FC Maya Hayes – FIFA competition record U. S. Soccer player profile Penn State player profile Maya Hayes on Twitter
Away colours are a choice of coloured clothing used in team sports. They are required to be worn by one team during a game between teams that would otherwise wear the same colours as each other, or similar colours; this change prevents confusion for officials and spectators. In most sports, it is the visiting or road team that must change – second-choice kits are known as away kits or change kits in British English, road uniforms in American English; some sports leagues mandate that away teams must always wear an alternative kit, while others state that the two teams' colours should not match. In some sports, conventionally the home team has changed its kit. In most cases, a team wears its away kit only when its primary kit would clash with the colours of the home team. However, sometimes teams wear away colours by choice even in a home game. At some clubs, the away kit has become more popular than the home version. Replica home and away kits are available for fans to buy; some teams have produced third-choice kits, or old-fashioned throwback uniforms.
In North American sports, road teams wear a change uniform regardless of a potential colour clash. "Color vs. color" games are a rarity, having been discouraged in the era of black-and-white television. All road uniforms are white in gridiron football and the National Hockey League, while in baseball, visitors wear grey. In the National Basketball Association and NCAA basketball, home uniforms are white or yellow, visiting teams wear the darker colour. Most teams choose to wear their colour jerseys at home, with the road team changing to white in most cases. White road uniforms gained prominence with the rise of television in the 1950s. A "white vs. color" game was easier to follow in black-and-white. According to Phil Hecken, "until the mid 1950′s, not only was color versus color common in the NFL, it was the norm." Long after the advent of colour television, the use of white jerseys has remained in every game. The NFL's current rules require that a team's home jerseys must be "either white or official team color" throughout the season, "and visiting clubs must wear the opposite".
If a team insists on wearing its home uniforms on the road, the NFL Commissioner must judge on whether their uniforms are "of sufficient contrast" with those of their opponents. The road team might instead wear a third jersey, such as the Seattle Seahawks' "Wolf Grey" alternate. According to the Gridiron Uniform Database, the Cleveland Browns wore white for every home game of the 1955 season; the only times they wore brown was for games at Philadelphia and the New York Giants, when the Eagles and Giants chose to wear white. In 1964 the Baltimore Colts, Cleveland Browns, Minnesota Vikings and Los Angeles Rams wore white for their home games according to Tim Brulia's research; the St. Louis Cardinals wore white for several of their home games, as well as the Dallas Cowboys; until 1964 Dallas had worn blue at home, but it was not an official rule that teams should wear their coloured jerseys at home. The use of white jerseys was introduced by general manager Tex Schramm, who wanted fans to see a variety of opponents' jersey colours at home games.
The Cowboys still wear white at home today. White has been worn at home by the Miami Dolphins, Washington Redskins, Philadelphia Eagles, several other NFL teams. Teams in cities with hot climates choose white jerseys at home during the first half of the season, because light colours absorb and retain less heat in sunlight – as such, the Dolphins, who stay white year-round, will use their coloured jerseys for home night games; every current NFL team except the Seattle Seahawks has worn white at home at some time in its history. During the successful Joe Gibbs era, the Washington Redskins chose to wear white at home in the 1980s and 1990s, including the 1982 NFC Championship Game against Dallas. Since 2001 the Redskins have chosen to wear white jerseys and burgundy jerseys equally in their home games, but they still wear white against the Cowboys; when Gibbs returned from 2004 to 2007, they wore white at home exclusively. In 2007, they wore a white throwback jersey; the Dallas Cowboys' blue jersey has been popularly viewed to be "jinxed" because of defeats at Super Bowl V in 1971, in the 1968 divisional playoffs at Cleveland, Don Meredith's final game as a Cowboys player.
Dallas's only victory in a conference championship or Super Bowl wearing the blue jerseys was in the 1978 NFC Championship game at the Los Angeles Rams. Super Bowl rules changed to allow the designated home team to pick their choice of jersey. White was chosen by the Cowboys, the Redskins, the Pittsburgh Steelers, the Denver Broncos, the New England Patriots; the latter three teams wear colours at home, but Pittsburgh had worn white in three road playoff wins, while Denver cited its previous Super Bowl success in white jerseys, while being 0–4 when wearing orange in Super Bowls. Teams playing against Dallas at home wear their white jerseys to try to invoke the "curse", as when the Philadelphia Eagles hosted the Cowboys in the 1980 NFC Championship Game. Teams including the St. Louis Cardinals and New York Giants followed suit in the 1980s, the Carolina Panthers did so from 1995 until 2006, including two playoff games; the Hous
FIFA eligibility rules
As the governing body of association football, FIFA is responsible for maintaining and implementing the rules that determine whether an association football player is eligible to represent a particular country in recognised international competitions and friendly matches. In the 20th century, FIFA allowed a player to represent any national team, as long as the player held citizenship of that country. In 2004, in reaction to the growing trend towards naturalisation of foreign players in some countries, FIFA implemented a significant new ruling that requires a player to demonstrate a "clear connection" to any country they wish to represent. FIFA has used its authority to overturn results of competitive international matches that feature ineligible players. FIFA's eligibility rules demand that in men's competitions, only men are eligible to play, that in women's competitions, only women are eligible to play, it was possible for players to play for different national teams. For example, Alfredo Di Stéfano played for Spain.
Di Stefano's Real Madrid teammate Ferenc Puskás played for Spain after amassing 85 caps for Hungary earlier in his career. A third high-profile instance of a player switching international football nationalities is Jose Altafini, who played for Brazil in the 1958 FIFA World Cup and for Italy in the subsequent 1962 FIFA World Cup. Other 20th-century examples of players representing two or three separate countries are: Joe Gaetjens – László Kubala – Raimundo Orsi – Luis Monti – Michel Platini – José Santamaría – Alberto Spencer – This does not include the hundreds of players whose teams were affected by changes to geopolitical borders e.g. East Germany/Germany, Soviet Union/Ukraine, Yugoslavia/Croatia. Furthermore, some international players have played for another FIFA-recognised country in unofficial international matches, i.e. fixtures not recognised by FIFA as full internationals. This category includes Daniel Brailovsky who played for Uruguay youth teams, was featured in camps for Argentina and years officially represented Israel.
These caps are not recognised due to a dispute between FIFA and the Colombian Football Federation at the time. In January 2004, a new ruling came into effect that permitted a player to represent one country at youth international level and another at senior international level, provided that the player applied before their 21st birthday; the first player to do so was Antar Yahia, who played for the France under-18s before representing Algeria in qualifiers for the 2004 Olympic Games. More recent examples include Sone Aluko, who has caps for the England under-19s and Nigeria, Andrew Driver, a former England under-21 representative, committed to the Scotland national team. In March 2004, FIFA amended its wider policy on international eligibility; this was reported to be in response to a growing trend in some countries, such as Qatar and Togo, to naturalise players born and raised in Brazil that have no apparent ancestral links to their new country of citizenship. An emergency FIFA committee ruling judged that players must be able to demonstrate a "clear connection" to a country that they had not been born in but wished to represent.
This ruling explicitly stated that, in such scenarios, the player must have at least one parent or grandparent, born in that country, or the player must have been resident in that country for at least two years. In November 2007, FIFA President Sepp Blatter told the BBC: "If we don't stop this farce, if we don't take care about the invaders from Brazil towards Europe and Africa in the 2014 or the 2018 World Cup, out of the 32 teams you will have 16 full of Brazilian players."The residency requirement for players lacking birth or ancestral connections with a specific country was extended from two to five years in May 2008 at FIFA's Congress as part of Blatter's efforts to preserve the integrity of competitions involving national teams. The relevant current FIFA statute, Article 7: Acquisition of a new nationality, states: Any player... who assumes a new nationality and who has not played international football shall be eligible to play for the new representative team only if he fulfils one of the following conditions: a) He was born on the territory of the relevant association.
Under the criteria it is possible for a player to have a choice of representing several national teams. It is not uncommon for national team managers and scouts to attempt to persuade players to change their FIFA nationality. Gareth Bale was asked about a possibility to play for England, being of English descent through his grandmother, but opted to represent Wales, his country of birth. In June 2009, FIFA Congress passed a motion that removed the age limit for players who had alre
Mercer County Community College
Mercer County Community College is a public, community college in Mercer County, New Jersey. More than 13,000 students enroll in more credit courses each year. Established in 1966, MCCC has an open-door admission policy; the 292-acre West Windsor Township Campus was opened in 1971 to serve the needs of Mercer County residents. The main buildings on campus feature brutalist architecture, once popular in 1960s college campus construction; the newly expanded James Kerney Campus, located in downtown Trenton, serves as an educational and cultural hub for city residents. Students can enroll in a dual admissions program, which guarantees transfer into the junior year at six New Jersey colleges: Rutgers University, Rider University, The College of New Jersey, Montclair State University, the New Jersey Institute of Technology and Thomas Edison State College, they recently added the program for the Virginia school James Madison University. Mercer County Community College is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.
The college is accredited by the Commission on Higher Education of the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and is authorized by the State of New Jersey's Commission on Higher Education to award associate degrees. Many academic programs are accredited by national professional associations and their boards of certification; the nursing program is accredited by the New Jersey Board of Nursing and the Accreditation Commission for Education in Nursing. The Radiography program is accredited by the Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology and approved by the New Jersey Radiologic Technology Board of Examiners; the Medical Laboratory Technology program is accredited by the National Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel. The Physical Therapist Assistant program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education of the American Physical Therapy Association; the Legal Assistant program is approved by the American Bar Association. The Funeral Service program is accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education.
Aviation Flight Technology is accredited by the Aviation Accreditation Board International. Mercer has a program for students with special needs, called the DREAM program, run by the offices of Special Services located on the West Windsor Campus; the program has students who are in the college work as mentors to the students who need help for the semester. In 2006, the Academic Theatre and Dance programs at the college assumed new direction under Program Coordinator Jody P. Person. In partnership with the Entertainment Technology program, the Theatre and Dance programs set out to offer students two-year training in the performing arts after the model of a four-year conservatory. In September 2008, the programs adopted a new logo and moniker, "MCCC On Stage," to represent the combined output of the Theatre and Entertainment Technology Programs Theatre and Entertainment Technology programs faculty include Jody Gazenbeek-Person, Janell Byrne, Robert Terrano, M. Kitty Getlick, Kate Pinner, Alex DeFazio, Louis Wells.
The Theatre program is home to the college's Drama Club, which produces Late Night Series, a twice-monthly open-mic night on campus. MCCC is a member of the Garden State Athletic Conference and the National Junior College Athletic Association, its teams are known as the Mercer Vikings. It fields teams in baseball, men's and women's basketball, women's cross country, men's and women's soccer and men's and women's tennis. MCCC is home to a wide variety of clubs and student activities boards. Chess Club Christian Fellowship Disney Club Drama Club Future Teachers Club Go Green Club International Student Organization L. G. B. T. F Club - Lesbian, Bisexual, Friends Music Club Muslim Student Association Phi Beta Lambda Phi Theta Kappa Philosophy Club Programs for Academic Services and Success Club Student Government Association The College VOICE - student newspaper Viking 89 Radio Station Mercer County Television channel 26 is an Educational-access television station in West Windsor, New Jersey, United States and operated by Mercer County Community College.
The Student television station is transmitted to all of Mercer County, New Jersey, via cable TV channel 26 on the Comcast, reaching an excess of 90,000 households. In January 2009, MCTV became available on Verizon FiOS channel 20 in Mercer County. Jim Adams, soccer goalkeeper who most played for the Cincinnati Excite in the American Indoor Soccer League. Bill Andracki, soccer goalkeeper who had an extensive professional career playing both indoor and outdoor soccer. Antron Brown, drag racer Heath Fillmyer, professional baseball pitcher for the Kansas City Royals. Dave Gallagher, former Major League Baseball player Stern John Daouda Kanté Darin Lewis Evans Wise Ken Wolski New Jersey County Colleges WWFM Official website
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under