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New Republic (Star Wars)

The New Republic is a fictional government in the Star Wars universe. The government is a restoration of the Galactic Republic, a democratic state that governed the galaxy for a thousand years until being reorganized into the Galactic Empire by Palpatine, it is first portrayed onscreen in Star Wars: The Force Awakens where it is depicted as the ruling government of the galaxy and primary target of the First Order, a military power that seeks to restore the Galactic Empire. It was destroyed 30 years after Return of the Jedi by the First Order and its Starkiller Base when Hosnian Prime was destroyed; the New Republic debuted in the 1991 Star Wars Legends novel, Heir to the Empire, by author Timothy Zahn. A year after its decisive victory at the Battle of Endor as depicted in Return of the Jedi, the Rebel Alliance reorganized itself into the New Republic; the goal of the New Republic was to restore the democratic rule of the galaxy that had existed under its predecessor state, the Old Republic.

The Republic pressed its advantage against the Empire by pursuing shattered imperial forces across the galaxy. The Republic placed its first capital on the planet Chandrila, but would decide to rotate its capital among the Republic's many member planets in order to symbolically differentiate itself from the Old Republic, rather than being seated on the planet Coruscant, the capital planet of the Old Republic and the Galactic Empire; the restored Senate oversees the stripping of strong executive powers from the chancellor and heavy demilitarization after a peace treaty is signed with the Empire after the Battle of Jakku that reduces it to a rump state in the Outer Rim of the Galaxy. As depicted in the film, Star Wars: The Force Awakens, as well as surrounding published material, which takes place three decades after the events of Return of the Jedi, the New Republic has defeated the Galactic Empire and placed itself as the ruling government of the galaxy. Despite this, thousands of Imperial loyalists and military officers retreated into the unexplored regions of the galaxy in hopes of rebuilding the Old Empire, as it was being called, restoring Imperial rule to the galaxy.

These individuals were able to form the First Order, an offshoot of the Empire seeking to destroy the Republic and rule the galaxy. For the three decades preceding the film, the First Order operated secretly in the unexplored regions, rebuilding its army and starfleet, in hopes of resurrecting the Empire. Inspired by the ideology of the Old Empire, the First Order constructed Starkiller Base, which hosted a massive superweapon, capable of destroying entire star systems at once; the superweapon was built into a mobile planet from the unexplored regions of the galaxy, would travel across multiple star systems to draw their sun's energy in order to charge its weapon. In The Force Awakens, the First Order's General Hux, who commands Starkiller Base, has its superweapon fire on the Hosnian system, which includes Courtsilius, Hosnian and Hosnian Prime, the capital planet of the Republic at the time; the weapon is successful, destroys a portion of the Republic's defense fleet and Senate, the ruling legislative body of the Republic, as well as the system itself, killing billions of citizens.

However, Starkiller Base is destroyed by the Resistance, a splinter of the Republic's military and protagonists of the film, during a battle shortly after the destruction of the Hosnian system. It is revealed in the sequel Star Wars: The Last Jedi that the New Republic was disbanded after the destruction of the Senate; the First Order, under the leadership of Supreme Leader Snoke, begins seizing military control of the galaxy as Republic systems either choose to capitulate to the reigning First Order or resist their conquest. Vice Admiral Holdo asserts to the Resistance that their mission is to survive and restore the Republic, thereby suggesting that it has collapsed as the Resistance begins to be referred to as rebels. However, the novelization of "The Last Jedi" states that some Republic commanders survived the Hosnian Cataclysm and have returned to their homeworlds. Leia sends Resistance agents to those worlds to galvanize support. Following the Alliance to Restore the Republic's victory at the Battle of Endor, depicted in Return of the Jedi, the Rebel Alliance temporarily reorganizes into the Alliance of Free Planets.

The new Alliance serves as a provisional government which transitions into the New Republic. The New Republic is threatened by the Dark Empire in the 3-part graphic novel of the same name. In the process of the Yuuzhan Vong Invasion, the New Republic is destroyed. At the end of The New Jedi Order, the New Republic is reborn as the Galactic Federation of Free Alliances. After Disney's acquisition of the franchise, the Expanded Universe was rebranded as Legends and declared non-canon. Wendig, Chuck. Star Wars: Aftermath. Gray, Claudia. Lost Stars. Hidalgo, Pablo. Star Wars: The Force Awakens: The Visual Dictionary. New Republic on Wookieepedia, a Star Wars wiki

Lake Waipori

Lake Waipori is the smaller and shallower of the pair of lakes located in the wetlands to the south west of Dunedin in New Zealand on the Waipori River. The Waipori River is a major tributary of the Taieri River, these wetlands form the southern edge of the Taieri Plains; the lake is inhabited by various wetland birds. It is however too shallow and inaccessible to allow for recreation other than fishing and duck hunting in season, it is possible to travel from the Waipori River at Berwick through the lake and through to Lake Waihola in a flat bottomed dinghy or jetboat. The lake is too shallow for other forms of motorboat; the lake is bordered to the southwest by the Sinclair Wetlands

Kamilaroi Highway

The Kamilaroi Highway is a 605-kilometre state highway located in the north-western region of New South Wales, Australia. The highway's northwestern terminus is at a junction with the Mitchell Highway at Bourke, its southeastern terminus is a junction with the New England Highway north of Willow Tree. The highway is named after the Kamilaroi Indigenous Australian people, it was signed National Route 37, poorly west of Walgett. This route was replaced by the alpha numeric route number B51 between the New England Highway and Newell Highway, before continuing to Walgett unnumbered. Here at its junction with the Castlereagh Highway it becomes the B76, continues along the largely unsigned part of National Route 37 towards Bourke and the Mitchell Highway, its status as a highway is new, having only become State Highway 29 in February 1999, the same point in time that it was named the Kamilaroi Highway. The Kamilaroi Highway crosses the Bogan River 43 kilometres east of Bourke; the Brewarrina Lift Bridge, built in 1888 over Barwon River on the Kamilaroi Highway has been assessed as being of State significance.

5 kilometres north of Boggabri is a spectacular landmark called Gin’s Leap, known in the days of Cobb and Co as "The Rock". It is said that a young Aboriginal girl, being pursued by white settlers on horseback, jumped to her death rather than be raped and shot like others in her family. Highways in Australia List of highways in New South Wales Media related to Kamilaroi Highway at Wikimedia Commons Kamilaroi Highway website - website "The Kamilaroi Highway". The Kamilaroi Highway Project. 2013. Kamilaroi Highway - Narrabri information website

Undernutrition in children

Undernutrition in children, where an individual is not getting enough calories, protein, or micronutrients, is common globally and may result in both short and long term irreversible negative health outcomes. This is sometimes called malnutrition, but this could refer to getting too much food; the World Health Organization estimates that malnutrition accounts for 54 percent of child mortality worldwide, about 1 million children. Another estimate by WHO states that childhood underweight is the cause for about 35% of all deaths of children under the age of five years worldwide; the main causes are unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene, factors related to society and poverty, maternal factors, gender issues and – – poverty. There are three used measures for detecting malnutrition in children: stunting and wasting; these measures of malnutrition are interrelated, but studies for the World Bank found that only 9 percent of children exhibit stunting and wasting. Children with severe acute malnutrition are thin, but they also have swollen hands and feet, making the internal problems more evident to health workers.

Children with severe malnutrition are susceptible to infection. Undernutrition in children causes direct structural damage to the brain and impairs infant motor development and exploratory behavior. Children who are undernourished before age two and gain weight later in childhood and in adolescence are at high risk of chronic diseases related to nutrition. Studies have found a strong association between child mortality. Once malnutrition is treated, adequate growth is an indication of recovery. After recovering from severe malnutrition, children remain stunted for the rest of their lives. Mild degrees of malnutrition double the risk of mortality for respiratory and diarrheal disease mortality and malaria; this risk is increased in more severe cases of malnutrition. Undernourished girls tend to grow into short adults and are more to have small children. Prenatal malnutrition and early life growth patterns can alter metabolism and physiological patterns and have lifelong effects on the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Children who are undernourished are more to be short in adulthood, have lower educational achievement and economic status, give birth to smaller infants. Children face malnutrition during the age of rapid development, which can have long-lasting impacts on health. Inadequate food intake, psychosocial deprivation, the environment, social inequality and genetics contribute to childhood malnutrition. Inadequate food intake such as a lack of proteins can lead to Kwashiorkor and other forms of Protein–energy malnutrition; the World Health Organization estimated in 2008 that globally, half of all cases of undernutrition in children under five were caused by unsafe water, inadequate sanitation or insufficient hygiene. This link is due to repeated diarrhoea and intestinal worm infections as a result of inadequate sanitation. However, the relative contribution of diarrhea to undernutrition and in turn stunting remains controversial. In all countries, the poorest quintile of children has the highest rate of malnutrition.

However, inequalities in malnutrition between children of poor and rich families vary from country to country, with studies finding large gaps in Peru and small gaps in Egypt. In 2000, rates of child malnutrition were much higher in low income countries compared to middle income countries and the United States. Studies in Bangladesh in 2009 found that the mother’s illiteracy, low household income, higher number of siblings, less access to mass media, less supplementation of diets, unhygienic water and sanitation are associated with chronic and severe malnutrition in children. Diarrhea and other infections can cause malnutrition through decreased nutrient absorption, decreased intake of food, increased metabolic requirements, direct nutrient loss. Parasite infections, in particular intestinal worm infections, can lead to malnutrition. A leading cause of diarrhea and intestinal worm infections in children in developing countries is lack of sanitation and hygiene. Other diseases that cause chronic intestinal inflammation may lead to malnutrition, such as some cases of untreated celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease.

Children with chronic diseases like HIV have a higher risk of malnutrition, since their bodies cannot absorb nutrients as well. Diseases such as measles are a major cause of malnutrition in children; the nutrition of children 5 years and younger depends on the nutrition level of their mothers during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Infants born to young mothers who are not developed are found to have low birth weights; the level of maternal nutrition during pregnancy can affect composition. Iodine-deficiency in mothers causes brain damage in their offspring, some cases cause extreme physical and mental retardation; this affects the children’s ability to achieve their full potential. In 2011 UNICEF reported that thirty percent of households in the developing world were not consuming iodized salt, which accounted for 41 million infants and newborns in whom iodine deficiency could still be prevented. Maternal body size is associated with the size of newborn children. Short stature of the mother and poor maternal nutrition stores increase the risk of intrauterine growth retardation.

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East Rockingham, Western Australia

East Rockingham is an industrial suburb within the Kwinana Industrial Area, part of Perth and located within the City of Rockingham. It is home to two caravan parks; the suburb developed as a rural community in the 1850s when various pioneers took up land and settled in the area along Mandurah Road. The Rockingham Road Board's offices were located in East Rockingham between 1905 and 1929; the Stephenson-Hepburn Plan for Perth and Fremantle identified the strategic importance of the locality for industrial development. The suburb today contains various industrial developments, with LandCorp making plans to release more land for industrial purposes; the Water Corporation intends to construct a wastewater treatment facility in East Rockingham. The suburb was named Challenger for a period between 1992 and 1996; as of 2020, 113 places are heritage-listed in the City of Rockingham, of which seven are on the State Register of Heritage Places, with five of those located in East Rockingham. Significant places: The Pines and Paradise Mona's Mount - farm cottage Wheatfields - former farm cottage Smirk's Cottage - former farm cottage Sloan's Cottage - former farm cottage.

WW2 coastal defence bunker East Rockingham School site East Rockingham Roads Board office site East Rockingham Pioneer Cemetery Hymus house and dairy Chesterfield inn and dairy Woodbine ruin Sam Chalwell's house site Ellendale Old Abattoir Lealholm Lake Cooloongup Flora and Fauna Reserve

David Tutonda

David Tutonda is a Congolese professional footballer who plays as a defender for National League club Barnet. Tutonda was born in Kinshasa, DR Congo and moved to London, England with his family at the age of five, he did not start playing football until the age of 12. Tutonda was subsequently spotted by Cardiff City academy manager Neal Ardley, who signed him in October 2012, he was offered a professional contract with Cardiff in April 2014. On 13 February 2015, he joined League Two club Newport County on an initial one-month loan. Tutonda made his Football League debut for Newport the day after when he was in the starting line-up for the fixture against Wycombe Wanderers. Newport won the match 2–1, he scored his first Football League goal for Newport on 18 April 2015. Tutonda joined League Two club York City on 7 August 2015 on a six-month loan, he made his debut a day in the opening match of the 2015–16 season, a 3–0 away defeat to Wycombe Wanderers. The loan was terminated early on 27 November 2015.

On 31 December 2016, Tutonda agreed to sign for League Two club Barnet on a two-year contract, effective from 1 January 2017. He scored his first goal for the club on 29 April 2017 in a 3–1 win over Grimsby Town; as of 21 December 2019 David Tutonda profile at the Barnet F. C. website David Tutonda at Soccerbase