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Leslie Hotson

John Leslie Hotson known as Leslie Hotson or J. Leslie Hotson was a scholar of Elizabethan literary puzzles, he was born at Delhi, Ontario, on 16 August 1897. He studied at Harvard University, where he obtained a B. A. M. A. and Ph. D, he went on to hold a number of academic posts. Hotson was known for his interest in coded information, he had a number of notable successes, but not all of his "decodings" have been accepted by other scholars. He discovered the identity of Ingram Frizer, the killer of Christopher Marlowe, reconstructed the shape of the original Shakespearean theater, he unearthed the letters that Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote to his divorced wife Harriet. Some of his solutions to literary puzzles are still in dispute, he claimed to have identified one Nicholas Colfox as the murderer of Thomas of Woodstock by "decoding" Chaucer's The Nun's Priest's Tale. He claimed to have identified Mr W H, the person to whom Shakespeare's sonnets were dedicated, as a William Hatcliffe of Lincolnshire, he argued that a miniature colour portrait by Nicholas Hilliard depicted Shakespeare as a young man.

As the New York Times stated in his obituary: "it was chiefly as a Shakespearian detective that Dr Hotson remained in the public eye, sometimes to the annoyance of rival scholars who discounted his theories."His first major work, The Death of Christopher Marlowe — which made his name — is still in print. He stumbled across the evidence while decoding Chaucer's Nun's Priest's Tale in the archives of the English Public Records Office in 1923–24, he died on 16 November 1992 in Connecticut. Pacifist - served with Friends Relief Unit in France, 1918–1919 Educated at Harvard and Yale Married 1919, Mary May Peabody Fulbright Exchange Scholar at Bedford College, London Taught at Harvard and New York University Guggenheim Fellow 1929 and 1930 in 16th and 17th Century English Literature Taught at Haverford College Second War – Officer in Signal Corps Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, 1954–60 He is the author of many books of literary biography and detection, such as: Colfox vs Chauntecleer 1924 PMLA XXXIX The Death of Christopher Marlowe 1925 The Commonwealth and Restoration Stage 1929 Shakespeare versus Shallow 1931 The Adventure of a Single Rapier 1931 I, William Shakespeare Shakespeare's Sonnets Dated Shakespeare's Motley The First Night of Twelfth Night, 1954 Shakespeare's Wooden O, 1959 Mr WH, 1964 Shakespeare by Hilliard, 1977

Cermatulus nasalis

Cermatulus nasalis is a species of predatory shield bug in the family Pentatomidae. It is known as the brown soldier bug or glossy shield bug and is native to Australia and New Zealand. Three subspecies are recognised: C. nasalis hudsoni Woodward 1953 C. nasalis nasalis C. nasalis turbotti Woodward 1950 Female Cermatulus nasalis are between 10.5 and 12.5 millimetres in length and males are smaller. The head has a bluntly rounded snout; the prothorax is broadly triangular and marked with fine perforations, the colour being some shade of yellowish-, orangeish- or rusty-brown with blackish markings and fine brownish-black punctuations. The dorsal surface of the abdomen is black and the ventral surface a mottled yellowish-brown; the forewings are brown, each having a large black triangular patch on the posterior part. The antennae and legs are yellowish-brown. Cermatulus nasalis is predatory and feeds on a variety of insect species, plunging its beak into its prey and sucking out the body fluids. There is just one generation each year, breeding taking place over a period of several weeks during the summer.

The female lays a batch of about thirty black eggs in three neat rows, on a patch of bark. The newly hatched nymphs are red with black heads and feed at first on the bacteria that coat the eggs, on plant sap, they moult each instar having a different pattern of red and black markings. From the second instar onwards they are predators and feed on caterpillars and other insects with soft bodies