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New York Road Runners

New York Road Runners is a non-profit running organization based in New York City whose mission is to help and inspire people through running. It was founded in 1958 by Ted Corbitt with 47 members and has since grown to membership of more than 60,000. NYRR serves nearly 600,000 runners of all ages and abilities annually through hundreds of races, community open runs, training sessions, other running-related programming, with nearly 250,000 youth participating in free fitness programs and events nationally, including 125,000 in New York City’s five boroughs. NYRR is headed by CEO Michael Capiraso. NYRR is founded as the Road Runners Club – New York Association with about 40 members; the founder of the Road Runners Club of America, H. Browning Ross, encourages the group, which meets at Macombs Dam Park in the Bronx; the club is led by 1952 African American Olympian Ted Corbitt who opens the club to all races and running speeds. Throughout the 1960s and early 70s, under six different presidents, NYRR remains a tight band of committed runners, with about 250 members.

1970: spearheaded by Fred Lebow and NYRR president Vince Chiappetta, the first New York City Marathon takes place in Central Park in 1970, with 127 entrants, 55 finishers, a $1 entry fee.1972: New York City Marathon co-founder Fred Lebow takes over as president of NYRR and helps lead the "running boom", sweeping the country. NYRR stages the Crazylegs Mini Marathon, the first all-women road race.1976: NYRR, inspired by Fred Lebow's vision, takes the New York City Marathon out of Central Park and into the streets of the city's five boroughs with a field of 2,090 runners. Over the next five years, NYRR launches the Fifth Avenue Mile, the Empire State Building Run-Up, the JPMorgan Chase Corporate Challenge.1978: Fred Lebow hires high school science teacher Allan Steinfield to oversee the technical and operations aspects of NYRR events.1980s Fred Lebow and Allan Steinfeld recruit some of the world's best athletes to headline races. These runners include Bill Rodgers, Frank Shorter, Joan Benoit Samuelson, Alberto Salazar, Lasse Viren, Mary Decker Slaney, Grete Waitz, who goes on to win the New York City Marathon a record nine times.

1981: NYRR purchases a townhouse on the Upper East Side to house its "International Running Center." By the end of the decade, membership soars to nearly 30,000. NYRR races are among the first to offer prize money.1990s 1990: Fred Lebow is diagnosed with brain cancer, to the heartbreak of the organization. Lebow inspires cancer patients worldwide by running during his months of chemotherapy.1992: With his cancer in remission, Fred Lebow poignantly completes the 1992 New York City Marathon in 5:32:34, accompanied by Grete Waitz.1994: On October 9, just four weeks before the 25th New York City Marathon, Lebow sadly loses his battle with cancer. Allan Steinfeld takes over as NYRR CEO and New York City Marathon race director.1998: Mary Wittenberg, an attorney and the winner of the 1987 Marine Corps Marathon, is hired as NYRR's first director of administration. Wittenberg oversees NYRR's business and operations. NYRR launches the New York Road Runners Foundation with a commitment to give back to the community.

In the year, it was decided to focus on youth due to the nation's childhood obesity crisis and a lack of P. E. programs in NYC schools. In 1999 NYRR launched running programs in several NYC middle schools, commencing a long-term commitment to youth programming that has evolved into Rising New York Road Runners.2000s 2001: NYRR, in a demonstration of the power of running to help heal a shattered city, stages the New York City Marathon less than two months after the September 11 attacks.2003: NYRR signs a multi-year deal with financial services company ING as the first title sponsor of the New York City Marathon. NYRR continues to grow—membership reaches 40,000—and to extend its influence on a local and international scale.2005: Mary Wittenberg is named Allan Steinfeld's successor as president and CEO of NYRR and race director of the New York City Marathon. The first woman to hold these positions, she oversees NYRR's 160 full-time employees.2006: The New York City Marathon joins four other leading marathons—Berlin, Boston and London—to form the World Marathon Majors, a two-year series showcasing the sport's top athletes and awarding an unprecedented $1 million champions' prize.

NYRR hosts the USA Cross Country Championships in the Bronx's Van Cortlandt Park. NYRR inaugurates the New York City Half, which starts in Central Park, continues through Times Square, finishes in lower Manhattan; the inaugural race has some 10,000 finishers.2007: NYRR hosts the U. S. Olympic Trials Men's the Team USA selection race for the 2008 Beijing Games. Ryan Hall breaks the U. S. Olympic Trials record with his 2:09:03 marathon finish time on a course in Central Park.2008: World record-holder Paula Radcliffe of Great Britain wins her third New York City Marathon in as many tries.2009: The 40th running of the New York City Marathon sets an all-time marathon finisher record at 43,660 runners. Meb Keflezighi of Mammoth Lakes, CA, takes first place in the New York City Marathon and is the first American to win the race in the 27 years since Alberto Salazar won his third title in 1982. NYRR enters the social media realm with an array of Facebook fan pages and Twitter feeds.2010s 2010: NYRR and the Department of Parks & Recreation co-sponsor the four-mile Run for Haiti in response to the devastating earthquake there.

The event raises more than $430,000 for New York's Haiti Relief Fund. NYRR launches Running Start, a free collection of online

Otto J. Hager House

Otto J. Hager House is a historic building located in Waukon, United States. Built from 1907 to 1908, the Hager house is the only known Iowa commission for Chicago architect Robert Clossen Spencer, Jr. Spencer played a leading role in the development of the Prairie School movement in the Midwest, his work was influenced by the English Arts and Crafts movement, but with this house he moved away from that influence. It was designed in; the two-story, brick residence with a rubble stone foundation follows a rectangular plan. The main facade is asymmetrical; the open entry porch features a superimposed chamfered balcony room. It is balanced by the stepped window stair set to the right; these two elements are vertically aligned with two hipped dormers on the roof. The entry is flanked by two free-standing flared columns with decorative capitals, they support an exposed wooden beam below the balcony room. Postville limestone contrasts with the red Monona brick, was used for the water table, first floor window sills, terrace copings, a continuous projecting belt course, chimney copings, a surround on the stair window set.

The back of the house features a half-octagonal kitchen wing, in line with the main entrance. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985

Prisoners' Round (after Gustave Doré)

Prisoners' Round known as The Prisoners' Round, or Prisoners Exercising, or Penitentiary, is a February 1890 oil painting by Vincent van Gogh. The late work was painted at Saint-Paul Asylum in Saint-Rémy, inspired by an 1872 engraving by Gustave Doré of the exercise yard at Newgate Prison; the original oil painting is held by the Pushkin Museum in Moscow. Van Gogh suffered an attack of mental ill health in 1888, he was detained in a mental hospital from May 1889 to May 1890; the director of the hospital, Dr Peillon, Van Gogh's brother Theo encouraged Vincent to paint to aid his recovery. Unable to go out to paint from life, he turned to copying other works including photographs and engravings. Rather than copying Doré's print, he worked from a more distinct woodblock reproduction by Héliodore Pisan, from a Dutch magazine, De Katholieke Illustratie; the painting depicts a group of prisoners walking in a circle around a claustrophobic prison yard, surrounded by brick walls with a few small arched windows high up.

The prisoners are parading past detectives. The work is dominated by depressing tones of blue and green in the shadowy depths of the yard, with splashes of red on the better lit bricks above, two small white butterflies higher up. One prisoner at the front of the group, without a cap, whose features may resemble Vincent, has turned his head to look out at the viewer; the scene recalls Van Gogh's own detention, his psychological isolation. Van Gogh wrote to his brother Theo van Gogh that he found it difficult to do this work and his painting of Men Drinking. Just a few months Van Gogh shot himself in July 1890, this was one of the works displayed around Van Gogh's coffin before his funeral. Émile Bernard wrote of "Convicts walking in a circle surrounded by high prison walls, a canvas inspired by Doré of a terrifying ferocity and, symbolic of his end. Wasn't life like that for him, a high prison like this with such high walls - so high…and these people walking endlessly round this pit, weren't they the poor artists, the poor damned souls walking past under the whip of Destiny?"

On the death of Theo van Gogh in January 1891, the painting was inherited by his wife Johanna van Gogh-Bonger. It passed through the ownership of Willy Gretor, Maurice Fabre and Alexandre Berthier, 3rd Prince of Wagram, it was held in Russia by Ivan Morozov by 1909. His collection was nationalised by the Soviet government and became part of the State Museum of New Western Art in Moscow; the painting moved to the newly created Pushkin Museum in 1948. Letter from Vincent van Gogh to Theo van Gogh, Saint-Rémy, 10 or 11 February 1890 Letter to Theo van Gogh. Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Wednesday, 12 February 1890. Letter from Emile Bernard to Albert Aurier, Paris, 2 August 1890

Jessica Gill

Jessica Gill is a camogie player. She won a camogie All Star award in 2008 and played in the 2008 All Ireland final and 2009 All Ireland club final, she was named the 2007 Young Player of the Year. Official Camogie Website Galway Camogie website of 2009 championship in On The Ball Official Camogie Magazine https://web.archive.org/web/20091228032101/http://www.rte.ie/sport/gaa/championship/gaa_fixtures_camogie_oduffycup.html Fixtures and results] for the 2009 O'Duffy Cup All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship: Roll of Honour Video highlights from Galway's 2009 championship matches against Kilkenny and Wexford. Video highlights of 2009 championship Part One and part two Reports of 2008 All Ireland final in Independent, Irish Times Examiner, Reaction in Examiner Video highlights of 2008 championship Part One, Part Two and Part three Video of 2008 All Ireland finals preview Video of 2008 All Ireland semi-final Wexford v Galway

Charlotte of Bourbon

Charlotte of Bourbon was a Princess consort of Orange as the third spouse of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish. She was the fourth daughter of Louis, Duke of Montpensier and Jacqueline de Longwy, Countess of Bar-sur-Seine, her paternal grandparents were Louis, Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon and Louise de Bourbon, Duchess of Montpensier. Her maternal grandparents were John IV de Longwy, Baron of Pagny, Jeanne of Angoulême, a natural half-sister of King Francis I of France, her mother, was a believer in the Reformed doctrines, she secretly taught them to her children. By some accounts, Charlotte's father determined to thwart his wife's influence by sending three of his daughters to convents. Charlotte was only thirteen years old and begged to be allowed to stay with her mother, who died during the time Charlotte was in the convent, her father, influential in the court of Catherine de' Medici, placed her in the royal convent of Jouarre, near Meaux, to be raised as a nun.

When she was professed as a nun at the age of thirteen, she made a formal written protest. Other sources claim that Louis wanted to avoid paying dowries in order to conserve his only son's patrimony. Charlotte was first sent to Jouarre; the plan for Charlotte was to succeed her aunt. This plan was carried out upon the aunt's death, against Charlotte's wishes, despite her being only 12. While abbess, Charlotte was secretly instructed in Calvinism by a dissident priest; the young Charlotte shocked both her family and the royal court by fleeing the convent in 1572, announcing her conversion to Calvinism and, on the advice of Jeanne d'Albret, fleeing to the Electorate of the Palatinate, well beyond her parents' reach. On 24 June 1575 Charlotte married the Protestant Prince of Orange, they had six daughters, including Louise Juliana of Nassau, from whom descended the House of Hanover and most other royal houses. The marriage was happy–it is said to have been the only one of William's four marriages, for love–and the obvious happiness of the couple increased William's popularity.

Charlotte died from exhaustion while trying to nurse her husband after an assassination attempt in 1582. Though William was outwardly stoical, it was feared. Charlotte's death was mourned. Following her death, William married on 24 April 1583, his fourth and last wife, Louise de Coligny, by whom he had a son Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange. William's brother John, who had opposed the marriage, paid tribute to Charlotte as a wife "so distinguished by her virtue, her piety, her great intelligence, in sum as perfect as he could desire her". Blaisdell, Charmarie, ‘Religion and Class: Nuns and Authority in Early Modern France’, in Michael Wolfe, Changing Identities in Early Modern France, pp. 147–168. Dalberg-Acton, John Emerich Edward, et al; the Cambridge Modern History. Vol. III, New York: Macmillan Co, 1902. Googlebooks.com Accessed July 30, 2007 Robin, Diana Maury. Encyclopedia of Women in the Renaissance: Italy and England. ABC-CLIO. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter

Miocene fauna of north-eastern Paratethys

The largest mid miocene deposits in Ukraine are situated near Ternopil city. Here several species of corals, crabs and whales have been found. One of the most interesting discoveries is a daira speciosa carapace with a haliotis shell, it had symbiotic relationship with this crab. 13 million years ago the area was part of a shallow sea called the Paratethys, why there were found few vertebrate fossils. Grains of sedimentary rock were too large to preserve small and delicate bones; however and crabs carapaces, because they were hard enough, survived. Most of the fossils found. EchinoidsEuptagusCrabsDaira speciosa Xantho moldavicusMollusksLithophaga sp. Turbo sp. Haliotis volhynica Conus sp. Cypraea sp. CoralsUnidentified speciesWhalesPhocoena sp. Miocene Radwański, Andrzej. "Middle Miocene coralgal facies at Maksymivka near Ternopil: A preliminary account". Acta Geologica Polonica. 56: 89–103. OCLC 70123144. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. Studencka, Barbara. "Bivalves from the Middle Miocene reefs of Poland and Ukraine: A new approach to Badenian/Sarmatian boundary in the Paratethys".

Acta Geologica Polonica. 61: 79–114. Miocene crabs. Palaeotm.com Kiev paleontological museum