DNTV2 was a television station in Dunedin, New Zealand established by the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation in 1962. Its base, studio complex operated from the historic Garrison Hall in Dowling Street; until 2010 Garrison Hall was occupied by NHNZ which has since moved to a larger facility in Melville Street. Garrison Hall remains a television production hub to this day, it is now home to Animation Research, Taylormade Media, The Video Factory and Kahawai Productions. Broadcasting to Dunedin began on 31 July 1962; this followed successful start ups in Auckland and Christchurch. There was no networking between the four stations, imported programmes and news footage needed to be physically sent between the different centres meaning differing transmission dates; the first network news was read by Dougal Stevenson on 5 November 1969. Following expansion in the 1960s, news and production staff moved to other locations nearby including Orbell Chambers and the Methodist Central Mission, both in Stuart Street.
The set construction unit moved to Fryatt Street in the city's wharf area. This left the Garrison Hall facility as studios, transmission control, make-up and dressing rooms. On 1 April 1975, DNTV2 was folded, along with Wellington-based WNTV1 into Television One; the newly created network would have two production facilities, those being Garrison Hall and the newly opened Avalon Television Centre. Although the Avalon facility was larger and purpose built, at times the production output from the Dunedin operation exceeded that of Avalon. In 1980 Television One was combined with Television Two to create a combined Television New Zealand; the Dunedin operation becoming one of four TVNZ production sites along with Wellington and Christchurch. Although it was the smallest of the production centres, its share of output to the national networks stood at around 30% before TVNZ began cutbacks in the late 1980s and early 1990s. In effort to stave off competition from the soon to launch TV3, TVNZ production was scaled back nationwide and centralised in a new facility in Auckland.
While TVNZ was scaling back production, one exception was the Natural History Unit, which continued to thrive and was sold off by TVNZ as a going concern as NHNZ. Other offshoot production companies were born out of TVNZ's retreat from Dunedin. Notable companies being Animation Research, Taylormade Productions, Kids TV. TVNZ Television One NHNZ Television in New Zealand Animation Research Limited Taylormade Media Limited NHNZ Television New Zealand
TVNZ 1 is the first national television channel owned and operated by the state-owned broadcaster Television New Zealand. It was the first major television broadcaster in New Zealand, starting out from 1960 onwards as independent government operated facilities in the four main centres of Auckland, Wellington and Dunedin, began sharing programming between them all in real time in 1969, becoming NZBC TV; the collective group was renamed Television One in 1975 upon the break-up of the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation, became a part of TVNZ in 1980 when Television One and South Pacific Television merged. The channel assumed its current name in October 2016. TVNZ 1 is both a commercial broadcaster. Central to TVNZ 1 is news and current affairs, produced under the banner 1 News Now. Other programming consists of drama, general entertainment and documentaries, both locally and internationally produced; the channel is broadcast on the government owned Kordia terrestrial network as well as on one of the two Kordia satellite transponders, included in channel packages on the Freeview and Sky platforms.
It is estimated that 98.6% of New Zealand households with a television have access to TVNZ 1. Over 50% of the channel's programming is local content. At 7:30pm on 1 June 1960, New Zealand's first television channel, AKTV2, started broadcasting in Auckland from the NZBC building at 74 Shortland Street used to broadcast public radio station 1YA and now home to The University of Auckland's Gus Fisher Gallery. Owned and operated by the New Zealand Broadcasting Service, it broadcast for two hours a day, two days a week. Christchurch's CHTV3 followed in June 1961, Wellington's WNTV1 a month and Dunedin's DNTV2 on 31 July 1962; the numbers referred to the VHF Band I channel allocation that the main transmission was broadcast on: channel 1 in Wellington, channel 2 in Auckland and Dunedin, channel 3 in Christchurch. After these four stations were networked, TV One continued to broadcast on these frequencies until analogue switch-off in 2013. Television licences were introduced in August 1960 costing NZ£4.
Television advertisements began in April 1961 and were allowed only on Tuesdays and Saturdays. Relay stations expanded the four channels into regional New Zealand. AKTV2 was extended to Waikato and Tauranga in 1963 and to Whangarei in 1966. WNTV1 was extended to Manawatu and Wairarapa in 1963, to the Hawke's Bay in 1964, to Taranaki in 1966. DNTV2 was extended to South Otago and Southland in 1964, while CHTV3 was extended to South Canterbury in 1965. By 1965, 300,000 television licences had been issued, television was broadcasting seven nights a week; the four television facilities were unlinked, programming had to be shipped between stations. However, for urgent news video, it was possible to link the two stations in each island using Post Office Telephone Department coaxial toll lines at the expense of a number of voice channels; this method was too costly for the regular programming. The most notable example of the unlinked facilities was when the inter-island ferry TEV Wahine sank in Wellington Harbour on 10 April 1968 – newscasts of the disaster had to be transmitted over Post Office lines by WNTV1 to AKTV2 in Auckland.
However, due to the storm disrupting both shipping and flights for a further 24 hours, the first video of the sinking crossed Cook Strait via regular transmissions from WNTV1 and was received on a owned television set in Blenheim, at the top of the South Island some 80-kilometre line-of-sight distance from Wellington. A Blenheim-based news reporter's film camera was pointed at the television the exposed film was rushed by road to Christchurch and transmitted over CHTV3, concurrently sent further south to DNTV2 for transmission there via a coax cable link; this Blenheim film appears to be the only surviving footage of the first day, it shows part of the television set that the camera was pointed at. By the time of the Apollo 11 mission in July 1969, the two islands were each network-capable via microwave link, but the link over Cook Strait had not been completed, there was no link between New Zealand and the outside world. Footage of the moon landing was recorded on video tape at the Australian Broadcasting Commission's ABN-2 in Sydney rushed by an RNZAF English Electric Canberra to Wellington and WNTV1.
To forward this to the South Island, the NZBC positioned one of its first outside broadcasting vans to beam the footage to a receiving dish across Cook Strait, from which it was forwarded through the commissioned South Island network. The link was completed that year, the first NZBC Network News transmitted on 3 November, read by newsreader Dougal Stevenson; the NZBC's microwave network between facilities was much ad-hoc. Due to a shortage of microwave links, the network was completed by "off air" hops, where a 100 kW regional transmitter was received and re-transmitted by another; the network news was made possible by switching inputs to the regional transmitters, so that a signal could be relayed across the country. For instance, the Te Aroha regional transmitter for Hamilton could be switched away from Auckland programming to relay off-air, the Wellington signal coming up the country. Auckland could see Wellington via Te
Te Aroha is a rural town in the Waikato region of New Zealand with a population of 3,906 people in the 2013 census, an increase of 138 people since 2006. It is 50 km south of Thames, it sits at the foot of 952 metres Mount Te Aroha, the highest point in the Kaimai Range. The name Te Aroha comes from the Māori name of Mount Te Aroha. In one version, Rāhiri, the eponymous ancestor of Ngāti Rāhiri Tumutumu, climbed the mountain and saw his homeland in the distance and felt a sense of love for it; the name is rendered in English as "place of love". On 17 February 1985 Te Aroha experienced a severe flash flood that washed boulders and trees through the town. Most shops and more than 50 homes were damaged. Te Aroha Borough Council took over from the 1880 Town Board on 2 May 1898. Herriesville became part of Te Aroha Borough Council; the 1938 Council Chambers is now a Category 2 listed building. Matamata-Piako District Council took over under the 1989 local government reforms. Coulter Bridge, over the Waihou River, on Kenrick St was rebuilt in 1910 and the present bridge was built alongside it in 1928.
The railway bridge was rebuilt in 1912. It will not be replaced; the Thames Branch reached Te Aroha in 1895 and the station opened on 1 March 1886. The station was described in 1902 as, "of wood, include a ladies' waiting room, a public waiting room, a vestibule, stationmaster's office, ticket office, parcels office. There is a long asphalted platform"; the area west of the Waihou was named Herriesville from 1914, when a private railway siding was opened on 24 January 1914 to serve the A&P ground. William Herries had been a local landowner. Seven railway cottages were built in 1924. Both stations closed to passengers on 11 September 1967 and to freight on 11 July 1986, though Herriesville was only open for racecourse traffic; the Waihou River runs through Te Aroha. Close by to the east is the base of the Kaimai Range, the town is overlooked by the 952-metre Mount Te Aroha. To the north of the town is the low-lying, swampy land of the Hauraki Plains. Thermal and mineral springs are both found close to the centre of the town, as is the world's only hot soda water geyser.
Te Aroha is at the centre of a dairy farming community and much of its economic activity is in serving that community. Tourism is increasing in Te Aroha; the mineral baths are a popular spot for tourists and locals alike. Mining played a role in the area, has left some legacies – not all of them positive, such as toxic residues leaking from the abandoned Tui mine tailings dam. Miners' cottages are in evidence. Te Aroha is the location of the only natural soda water geyser in the world; the geyser is located in the oldest intact Edwardian domain in New Zealand. The Hauraki Rail Trail has been opened, connecting the town to Paeroa and beyond. Waihou and Te Aroha Cobras play an annual rugby match for the Dr Dunn memorial trophy; this is one of the biggest days on the calendar of Te Aroha. A Day in the Domain was started in Te Aroha in 1977 by the Arts Council and continues to be a fun, affordable day out; the day attracts artists and performers from far and wide with a variety of stalls and foodies on display.
Entertainment is free with games all day. The King and Queen of the Mountain and Bald Spur Derby have been annual events in Te Aroha since the 1950s. Held the weekend before Christmas, the challenge is to be the first man or woman up Mt Te Aroha and back down again; this has been achieved in under one hour. The Bald Spur Derby offers competitors a still challenging course. Te Aroha AP & H Show has been running since the 1890s. Boasting one of the most extensive home industries sections, it has full agricultural and equestrian sections and the usual country fair activities such as the gumboot throwing competition and cattle dogs. Te Aroha Cruise started 2014. Olympic Gold Medalist Peter Snell All Blacks Don Clarke, Kevin'Herb' Schuler, Carl Hoeft, Keith Robinson and Kevin O'Neill Ian S. Ardern of the First Quorum of the Seventy of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was born in the town Robert Coulter, Mayor of Te Aroha and Labour MP David Cunliffe, former leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, was born in Te Aroha.
Stuart Farquhar, Olympic javelin thrower Jack Body, New Zealand composer Don Beard, New Zealand cricketer and principal of Te Aroha College from 1961 to 1982 Todd Muller, Member of Parliament for Bay of Plenty, was born in Te Aroha. Te Aroha i-SITE Visitor Centre Te Aroha Museum Website Te Aroha section of the MPDC website Te Aroha CollegePhotos - Main street 1909Railway station - 1899, 1903, 1905, 1905, 1908 1910 Railway swing bridge 1898
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring. Amateur boxing is both an Olympic and Commonwealth Games sport and is a common fixture in most international games—it has its own World Championships. Boxing is overseen by a referee over a series of one- to three-minute intervals called rounds; the result is decided when an opponent is deemed incapable to continue by a referee, is disqualified for breaking a rule, or resigns by throwing in a towel. If a fight completes all of its allocated rounds, the victor is determined by judges' scorecards at the end of the contest. In the event that both fighters gain equal scores from the judges, professional bouts are considered a draw. In Olympic boxing, because a winner must be declared, judges award the content to one fighter on technical criteria. While humans have fought in hand-to-hand combat since the dawn of human history, the earliest evidence of fist-fighting sporting contests date back to the ancient Near East in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC.
The earliest evidence of boxing rules date back to Ancient Greece, where boxing was established as an Olympic game in 688 BC. Boxing evolved from 16th- and 18th-century prizefights in Great Britain, to the forerunner of modern boxing in the mid-19th century with the 1867 introduction of the Marquess of Queensberry Rules; the earliest known depiction of boxing comes from a Sumerian relief in Iraq from the 3rd millennium BC. Depictions from the 2nd millennium BC are found in reliefs from the Mesopotamian nations of Assyria and Babylonia, in Hittite art from Asia Minor. A relief sculpture from Egyptian Thebes shows both spectators; these early Middle-Eastern and Egyptian depictions showed contests where fighters were either bare-fisted or had a band supporting the wrist. The earliest evidence of fist fighting with the use of gloves can be found on Minoan Crete. Various types of boxing existed in ancient India; the earliest references to musti-yuddha come from classical Vedic epics such as the Ramayana and Rig Veda.
The Mahabharata describes two combatants boxing with clenched fists and fighting with kicks, finger strikes, knee strikes and headbutts. Duels were fought to the death. During the period of the Western Satraps, the ruler Rudradaman - in addition to being well-versed in "the great sciences" which included Indian classical music, Sanskrit grammar, logic - was said to be an excellent horseman, elephant rider and boxer; the Gurbilas Shemi, an 18th-century Sikh text, gives numerous references to musti-yuddha. In Ancient Greece boxing was enjoyed consistent popularity. In Olympic terms, it was first introduced in the 23rd Olympiad, 688 BC; the boxers would wind leather thongs around their hands. There were no boxers fought until one of them acknowledged defeat or could not continue. Weight categories were not used; the style of boxing practiced featured an advanced left leg stance, with the left arm semi-extended as a guard, in addition to being used for striking, with the right arm drawn back ready to strike.
It was the head of the opponent, targeted, there is little evidence to suggest that targeting the body was common. Boxing was a popular spectator sport in Ancient Rome. In order for the fighters to protect themselves against their opponents they wrapped leather thongs around their fists. Harder leather was used and the thong soon became a weapon; the Romans introduced metal studs to the thongs to make the cestus. Fighting events were held at Roman Amphitheatres; the Roman form of boxing was a fight until death to please the spectators who gathered at such events. However in times, purchased slaves and trained combat performers were valuable commodities, their lives were not given up without due consideration. Slaves were used against one another in a circle marked on the floor; this is. In AD 393, during the Roman gladiator period, boxing was abolished due to excessive brutality, it was not until the late 16th century. Records of Classical boxing activity disappeared after the fall of the Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common once again and interest in fighting with the fists waned.
However, there are detailed records of various fist-fighting sports that were maintained in different cities and provinces of Italy between the 12th and 17th centuries. There was a sport in ancient Rus called Kulachniy Boy or "Fist Fighting"; as the wearing of swords became less common, there was renewed interest in fencing with the fists. The sport would resurface in England during the early 16th century in the form of bare-knuckle boxing sometimes referred to as prizefighting; the first documented account of a bare-knuckle fight in England appeared in 1681 in the London Protestant Mercury, the first English bare-knuckle champion was James Figg in 1719. This is the time when the word "boxing" first came to be used; this earliest form of modern boxing was different. Contests in Mr. Figg's time, in addition to fist fighting contained fencing and cudgeling. On 6 January 1681, the first recorded boxing match took place in Britain when Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle engineered a bout between his butler and his butcher with the latter winning the prize.
Early fighting had no written rules. There were no weight divisions or round limits, no referee. In general, it was chaotic. An early article on boxing was published i
Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first two people on the Moon. Commander Neil Armstrong and lunar module pilot Buzz Aldrin, both American, landed the Apollo Lunar Module Eagle on July 20, 1969, at 20:17 UTC. Armstrong became the first person to step onto the lunar surface six hours on July 21 at 02:56:15 UTC, they spent about two and a quarter hours together outside the spacecraft, collected 47.5 pounds of lunar material to bring back to Earth. Command module pilot Michael Collins flew the command module Columbia alone in lunar orbit while they were on the Moon's surface. Armstrong and Aldrin spent 21.5 hours on the lunar surface before rejoining Columbia in lunar orbit. Apollo 11 was launched by a Saturn V rocket from Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida, on July 16 at 13:32 UTC, was the fifth crewed mission of NASA's Apollo program; the Apollo spacecraft had three parts: a command module with a cabin for the three astronauts, the only part that returned to Earth. After being sent to the Moon by the Saturn V's third stage, the astronauts separated the spacecraft from it and traveled for three days until they entered lunar orbit.
Armstrong and Aldrin moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquillity. The astronauts used Eagle's ascent stage to lift off from the lunar surface and rejoin Collins in the command module, they jettisoned Eagle before they performed the maneuvers that blasted them out of lunar orbit on a trajectory back to Earth. They returned to Earth and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on July 24 after more than eight days in space. Armstrong's first step onto the lunar surface was broadcast on live TV to a worldwide audience, he described the event as "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Apollo 11 ended the Space Race and fulfilled a national goal proposed in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy: "before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth." In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the United States was engaged in the Cold War, a geopolitical rivalry with the Soviet Union. On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite.
This surprise success fired imaginations around the world. It demonstrated that the Soviet Union had the capability to deliver nuclear weapons over intercontinental distances, challenged American claims of military and technological superiority; this precipitated the Sputnik crisis, triggered the Space Race. President Dwight D. Eisenhower responded to the Sputnik challenge by creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, initiating Project Mercury, which aimed to launch a man into Earth orbit, but on April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person in space, the first to orbit the Earth. It was another body blow to American pride. Nearly a month on May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space, completing a 15-minute suborbital journey. After being recovered from the Atlantic Ocean, he received a congratulatory telephone call from Eisenhower's successor, John F. Kennedy. Kennedy believed that it was in the national interest of the United States to be superior to other nations, that the perception of American power was at least as important as the actuality.
It was therefore intolerable that the Soviet Union was more advanced in the field of space exploration. He was determined that the United States should compete, sought a challenge that maximized its chances of winning. Since the Soviet Union had better booster rockets, he required a challenge, beyond the capacity of the existing generation of rocketry, one where the US and Soviet Union would be starting from a position of equality. Something spectacular if it could not be justified on military, economic or scientific grounds. After consulting with his experts and advisors, he chose such a project. On May 25, 1961, he addressed the United States Congress on "Urgent National Needs" and declared:I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space. We propose to accelerate the development of the appropriate lunar space craft.
We propose to develop alternate liquid and solid fuel boosters, much larger than any now being developed, until certain, superior. We propose additional funds for other engine development and for unmanned explorations-explorations which are important for one purpose which this nation will never overlook: the survival of the man who first makes this daring flight, but in a real sense, it will not be one man going to the Moon-if we make this judgment affirmatively, it will be an entire nation. For all of us must work to put him there; the effort to land a man on the Moon had a name: Project Apollo. An early and crucial decision was choosing lunar orbit rendezvous over both direct ascent and Earth orbit rendezvous. A space rendezvous is an orbital maneuver in which two spacecraft navigate through space and meet up. On July 11, 1962, James Webb announced the decision to use lunar orbit rendezvous; this resulted in a much smaller launch vehicle, in the Apollo spacecraft being composed of three major parts: a command module with a cabin for the three astr
Diving is the sport of jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard while performing acrobatics. Diving is an internationally recognized sport, part of the Olympic Games. In addition and non-competitive diving is a recreational pastime. Diving is one of the most popular Olympic sports with spectators. Competitors possess many of the same characteristics as gymnasts and dancers, including strength, kinaesthetic judgment and air awareness; some professional divers were gymnasts or dancers as both the sports have similar characteristics to diving. Dmitri Sautin holds the record for most Olympic diving medals won, by winning eight medals in total between 1992 and 2008. Although diving has been a popular pastime across the world since ancient times, the first modern diving competitions were held in England in the 1880s; the exact origins of the sport are unclear, though it derives from the act of diving at the start of swimming races. The 1904 book Swimming by Ralph Thomas notes English reports of plunging records dating back to at least 1865.
The 1877 edition to British Rural Sports by John Henry Walsh makes note of a "Mr. Young" plunging 56 feet in 1870, states that 25 years prior, a swimmer named Drake could cover 53 feet; the English Amateur Swimming Association first started a "plunging championship" in 1883. The Plunging Championship was discontinued in 1937. Diving into a body of water had been a method used by gymnasts in Germany and Sweden since the early 19th century; the soft landing allowed for more elaborate gymnastic feats in midair as the jump could be made from a greater height. This tradition evolved into'fancy diving', while diving as a preliminary to swimming became known as'Plain diving'. In England, the practice of high diving – diving from a great height – gained popularity; the event consisted of running dives from either 15 or 30 feet. It was at this event that the Swedish tradition of fancy diving was introduced to the sport by the athletes Otto Hagborg and C F Mauritzi, they demonstrated their acrobatic techniques from the 10m diving board at Highgate Pond and stimulated the establishment of the Amateur Diving Association in 1901, the first organization devoted to diving in the world.
Fancy diving was formally introduced into the championship in 1903. Plain diving was first introduced into the Olympics at the 1904 event; the 1908 Olympics in London added'fancy diving' and introduced elastic boards rather than fixed platforms. Women were first allowed to participate in the diving events for the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm. In the 1928 Olympics,'plain' and'fancy' diving was amalgamated into one event –'Highboard Diving'; the diving event was first held indoors in the Empire Pool for the 1934 British Empire Games and 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Most diving competitions consist of three disciplines: 1 m and 3 m springboards, the platform. Competitive athletes are divided by gender, by age group. In platform events, competitors are allowed to perform their dives on either the five, seven and a half, nine, or ten meter towers. In major diving meets, including the Olympic Games and the World Championships, platform diving is from the 10 meter height. Divers have to perform a set number of dives according to established requirements, including somersaults and twists.
Divers are judged on whether and how well they completed all aspects of the dive, the conformance of their body to the requirements of the dive, the amount of splash created by their entry to the water. A possible score out of ten is broken down into three points for the takeoff, three for the flight, three for the entry, with one more available to give the judges flexibility; the raw score is multiplied by a degree of difficulty factor, derived from the number and combination of movements attempted. The diver with the highest total score. Synchronized diving was adopted as an Olympic sport in 2000. Two divers perform dives simultaneously; the dives are identical. It used to be possible to dive opposites known as a pinwheel, but this is no longer part of competitive synchronized diving. For example, one diver would perform a forward dive and the other an inward dive in the same position, or one would do a reverse and the other a back movement. In these events, the diving would be judged both on the quality of execution and the synchronicity – in timing of take-off and entry and forward travel.
There are rules governing the scoring of a dive. A score considers three elements of the dive: the approach, the flight, the entry; the primary factors affecting the scoring are: if a hand-stand is required, the length of time and quality of the hold the height of the diver at the apex of the dive, with extra height resulting in a higher score the distance of the diver from the diving apparatus throughout the dive the properly defined body position of the diver according to the dive being performed, including pointed toes and feet touching at all times the proper amounts of rotation and revolution upon completion of the dive and entry into the water angle of entry – a diver should enter the water straight, without any angle. Am
Radio New Zealand
Radio New Zealand known as Radio NZ or RNZ, is a New Zealand public-service radio broadcaster and Crown entity, established under the Radio New Zealand Act 1995. It operates a news and current-affairs network, RNZ National, a classical-music and jazz network, RNZ Concert, with full government funding from New Zealand on Air. Since 2014, the organisation's focus has been to transform RNZ from a radio broadcaster to a multimedia outlet, increasing its production of digital content in audio and written forms; the organisation plays a central role in New Zealand public broadcasting. By law, it is responsible for an international service, it has a statutory role under the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act 2002 to act as a "lifeline utility" in emergency situations. The New Zealand Parliament fully funds its AM network, used in part for the broadcast of Parliamentary proceedings. Government-funded public service radio in New Zealand was provided by the Radio Broadcasting Company between 1925 and 1931, the New Zealand Broadcasting Board between 1931 and 1936, the National Broadcasting Service between 1936 and 1962, the New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation between 1962 and 1975, the Radio New Zealand state-owned enterprise between 1975 and 1995.
The organisation placed a strong emphasis on training its staff in Received Pronunciation, until it began promoting local and indigenous accents in the 1990s. As part of the process of privatisation carried out by the fourth National government, the government's commercial radio operations were sold to private investors as The Radio Network in 1996 and the government's non-commercial assets became the current Radio New Zealand Crown entity; the broadcaster is bound by the Charter and Operating Principles included in the Radio New Zealand Act, reviewed by the New Zealand Parliament every five years. The Radio New Zealand Amendment Act received Royal assent on 1 April 2016. There were some amendments to the Radio New Zealand Charter which can be found at rnz.co.nz/about/charter. Purpose: As an independent public service broadcaster, the public radio company’s purpose is to serve the public interest. Freedom of thought and expression are foundations of democratic society and the public radio company as a public service broadcaster plays an essential role in exercising these freedoms.
The public radio company fosters a sense of national identity by contributing to tolerance and understanding and promoting ethnic and artistic diversity and expression. The public radio company provides reliable and accessible news and information. RNZ broadcasts over three nationwide networks. RNZ Pacific is our overseas shortwave service, broadcasting to the South Pacific and beyond, while Radio New Zealand News provides comprehensive, up-to-the-minute news and current affairs information. RNZ allows for the archiving of broadcast material of historical interest, it must produce and commission high quality programming based on research of public needs, balance mass appeal and minority appeal programming. In achieving these objectives, it must be and financially responsible. RNZ National National Radio, is RNZ's comprehensive and independent News and Current Affairs platform and is RNZ's core offering and the primary driver of audiences to RNZ, it includes the flagship news and current affairs programmes Morning Report, Midday Report and Checkpoint as well as having news bulletins every hour.
Its news service has specialist correspondents, overseas correspondents, reporters and a network of regional reporters. Magazine programmes include a broad range of contributors, music pieces and dramas, with reports and regular features in English and Māori; the network provides coverage of science, philosophy, rural affairs and other topics. RNZ National broadcasts in AM and FM via mono terrestrial transmitters based around New Zealand and the Optus satellite, it is available on Sky Digital TV channel 421, Freeview satellite channel 50, RNZ National is available in stereo on the terrestrial Freeview HD service. You can visit RNZ's audience research page for up-to-date research for RNZ audiences. RNZ Concert is New Zealand’s fine music network. Concert promotes New Zealand music and composition and features live broadcasts of concerts and recitals, as well as international content from other public radio broadcasters, on-demand programmes. RNZ Concert is an FM radio network broadcasting classical and jazz music, as well as world music, specialist programmes and regular news updates.
The network was known as Concert FM but the name was changed as part of a wider name change within Radio New Zealand to associate Concert FM with the RNZ brand. Some changes were made to RNZ Concert in February 2018 and you can read what's new and the reasons why here; the station broadcasts in FM stereo via terrestrial transmitters located around New Zealand, as well as from the Optus satellite. It is available on Sky Digital TV channel 422, on Freeview's satellite and terrestrial services on channel 51; the playlist is among the most diverse and eclectic of the world's state run classical music networks. The AM Network is a network of radio transmitters operated by RNZ which broadcast all sittings of the New Zealand Parl