The New Zealand Young Nationals, more called the Young Nats, is the youth wing of the New Zealand National Party, a centre-right political party in New Zealand, a member of the International Young Democrat Union. The National Party has had a youth section since its inception in 1936; the Young Nationals have been a strong lobby group inside the National Party, at the forefront of policy development being representative as a Core Group or a Policy Action Group of the party at varying times. For a short period during the party's earlier years there was a younger section of the National party for pre-teenage members but has since disappeared due to the changing environment of New Zealand politics and society. Prior to the group being named the Young Nations, the New Zealand National Party's Youth section was known as the Junior Nationals. In the lead up to the 1949 election, the Wellington branch had 3,500 members and the Auckland branch consisted of 2,500 members; the group hosted a number of community events such as dances, debating/discussion, Lectures/addresses.
Barry Gustafson stated in the book the First 50 Years that as late as the 1960s the New Zealand Junior Nationals were sex-stereotyping jobs so that only males could stand for public and authoritative offices, females were confined to roles such as secretaries. In 1967 the group voted to change the name to the Young Nationals as Junior Nationals was seen to have negative connotations; this renamed group attracted members for political reasons rather than social activities like its predecessor. In 1968 the National Party agreed to for two Young Nationals to sit on the party's Dominion Council. 1971 brought upon Young Nationals creating political discussion groups called'Pol Link's' which enabled the group to research and discuss political issues allowing the National Party to understand the contemporary issues of young generations. In 2015 the Young Nats claimed to have over 20,000 likes on their Facebook page and over 6,000 official members. In 2009, under major changes led by the organisation's governing executive, the Young Nationals were re-organised to serve as a more effective tool for policy activism and campaign activity.
As of 2011, The Young Nationals are divided into five regions nationwide, Central North Island, Lower North Island, Canterbury/Westland and Southern. Each of these regions are headed by their own Chair and executive group and supervised by a National Executive, elected annually during the National Party Conference; the National Executive set the leadership for the Young Nationals during the year. Some regions of the Young Nationals may have branches; these include the Alfred Street Young Nationals, which are based in Auckland and considered a counter group to the Princes Street Labour movement and VicNats, based around Victoria University. In 2011, the Young Nationals celebrated 75 years as New Zealand's oldest and largest political youth movement; the more liberal views of the Young Nationals have been at odds with those of the wider party. The shift in party opinion in areas such as the nuclear ships debate, economic reform, liquor law reform, anti-discrimination laws has been influenced by the Young Nationals.
The Young Nationals have been at the forefront of lobbying the New Zealand Government to adopt and pass legislation that would move tertiary Students’ Associations to a system of voluntary membership. Student Union membership is compulsory in New Zealand for most university students, they believe that students deserve the same choices as all other New Zealanders as students are the only group who are forced to join a union. As a result of this policy, the Young Nationals, in conjunction with ACT on Campus, Free Me and other New Zealanders, were successful in winning select committee and subsequently government support to pass a private member's Bill by ACT MP Heather Roy to introduce voluntary membership to student associations in tertiary institutions; the Bill, Education Amendment, was passed into law in September 2011, took effect in 2012. The Young Nationals, in conjunction with other New Zealand political party youth wings, support the current purchase age for alcohol of 18 years, they argue that the two biggest problems with the current law are the lack of emphasis on individual responsibility, the ineffective attempts to enforce moderate drinking and that raising the age, both at off-licences and at bars, will not solve the problem that New Zealand society faces around the issue of binge drinking.
At the National Party Conference 2010 the Young Nationals passed a remit, led by 2010 National Policy Chair Edward Greig, for the continuation of a drinking age of 18. The Young Nationals do not support increasing the driving age and believe that it unjustly impacts on young people, without dealing with the real causes of poor driver skill levels, they believe that increasing driver training requirements, as well as tougher testing, will raise the levels of driver competency across all age brackets and that raising the driving age does nothing to reduce the lack of driver skills. Rt Hon Sir Robert Muldoon – Former Prime Minister Rt Hon Sir Jack Marshall – Former Prime Minister Rt Hon Winston Peters – Current Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of New Zealand First Rt Hon Simon Upton – Former Minister of Health Rt Hon Jonathan Hunt ONZ – Former Labour Party MP and Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives Hon David Caygill – Former Labour Minister of Finance Hon Roger Sowry – Former Minister of Social Welfare Hon Ruth Richardson – Patron Peter Goodfellow – Current Party President Hon Bill English – Former Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition Hon Dr Nick Smith – Former Minister for Housing and the Environment.
Hon Tony Ryall – For
Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya class motorship is a class of Russian river passenger ships. It is named after the October Revolution. Three-deck cargo-passenger ships built in Czechoslovakia, 1957–1962. List of river cruise ships Rossiya class motorship Rossiya class motorship Dmitriy Furmanov class motorship Baykal class motorship Rodina class motorship Anton Chekhov class motorship Vladimir Ilyich class motorship Maksim Gorkiy class motorship Sergey Yesenin class motorship Тип Октябрьская Революция Проекты 26-37, 92-055
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to fishing: Fishing – activity of trying to catch fish. Fish are caught in the wild. Techniques for catching fish include hand gathering, netting and trapping. Fishing – trying to catch fish. Fishing industry – any industry or activity concerned with taking, processing, storing, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Fishing techniques – methods for catching fish, or methods for catching other aquatic animals such as molluscs and edible marine invertebrates. Fishing tackle -- the equipment used by fishermen. Fishing vessel – a boat or ship used to catch fish in the sea, or on a lake or river. Fisherman or fisher – someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish, including recreational fishermen. Fishing has existed as a means of obtaining food since the Mesolithic period. Worldwide, there are fish farmers. Recreational fishing or sport fishing – fishing for pleasure or competition. Environmental impact of fishing – Fish hook – a device for catching fish either by impaling them in the mouth or, more by snagging the body of the fish.
Circle hook – a type of fish hook, curved back in a circular shape. Hookset – a motion made with a fishing rod in order to "set" a fish hook into the mouth of a fish once it has bitten a fishing lure or bait. Fishing gaff – a pole with a sharp hook on the end, used to stab a large fish and lift the fish into the boat or onto shore. Sniggle – a type of fish hook used for catching eels, using the method of sniggling. Fishing line – a cord used or made for angling. Monofilament – fishing line made from a single fiber of plastic. Multifilament or The super lines' – a type of fishing line. Braided – one of the earliest types of fishing line and, in its modern incarnations, is still popular in some situations because of its high knot strength, lack of stretch, great overall power in relation to its diameter. Power pro – a type of fishing line made out of a material called Spectra fibers. Swivel – a small device consisting of two rings connected to a pivoting joint. Fishing sinker or knoch – a weight used in conjunction with a fishing lure or hook to increase its rate of sink, anchoring ability, and/or casting distance.
Sandsinker – lead-free fishing sinkers made of fabric and filled with sand. Downrigger – Aa device used while fishing using the trolling method, which places a lure at the desired depth. Bombarda – a type of weighted float used in rod and reel fishing. Arlesey Bomb – an angling weight developed by Richard Walker at the lake in Arlesey. Fishing rod or fishing pole – a tool used to catch fish in conjunction with the pastime of angling, can be used in competition casting. Fishing reel – a device attached to a fishing rode used to wind the line up. Bamboo fly rod, split cane rod, or cane – a fly fishing rod, made from bamboo. Fly rod building – constructing a fly fishing rod to match the performance desires of the individual angler. Fishing rod tapers -- how much a fishing rod flexes under pressure. Fishing bait – any substance used to attract and catch fish. Bait fish – fish caught for use as bait to attract large predatory fish game fish. Groundbait -- used in coarse fishing. Chum – luring animals fish or sharks, by throwing "chum" into the water.
Clonk – a fishing tool used for catfish fishing in Europe. Worm compost – the product or process of composting utilizing various species of worms red wigglers, white worms, earthworms to create a heterogeneous mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, vermicast. Worm charming, worm grunting, or worm fiddling – attracting earthworms from the ground. Boilies Plastic bait – Soft plastic bait known as just plastic bait, is any of a range of plastic-based fishing baits, termed so because of their soft, flexible rubber texture. Soft plastic bait – Soft plastic bait known as just plastic bait, is any of a range of plastic-based fishing baits, termed so because of their soft, flexible rubber texture. Plastic worm – A plastic worm is a plastic fishing lure made to simulate an earthworm. Deadsticking – While fishing for black bass, deadsticking is the act of presenting a soft plastic lure either by casting or a vertical drop and allowing the bait to remain motionless for an extended period time before retrieval.
Texas rig – The Texas rig is a technique used for fishing with soft plastic lures. Carolina rig – The Carolina rig is a plastic bait rig similar to the Texas rig, but with the weight fixed above the hook, instead of sliding down to it. Fishing lure – type of artificial fishing bait, designed to attract a fish's attention; the lure uses movement, vibration and color to bait fish. Artificial fly – An artificial fly or fly lure is a type of fishing lure used in the sport of fly fishing. Fishing plug – Plugs are a popular type of hard-bodied fishing lure. Swimbait – Swimbaits are a loosely defined class of fishing lures that imitate fish and tend to be distinct in design from a typical crankbait. Hair rig – The hair rig is piece of fishing tackle which allows a bait to be presented without sitting directly on the hook. Little Cleo – The Little Cleo is a small spoon lure made by the Acme Tackle Company which comes in nine sizes from 1⁄16 oz to 1 1⁄4 oz, in many different color combinations. Mormyshka – Mormyshka is a sort of fishing lure or a jig.
The Drakenstein Municipal Council is the elected unicameral legislature of the Drakenstein Local Municipality in Paarl, Western Cape, South Africa. The municipal council consists of sixty-five members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Thirty-three councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in thirty-three wards, while the remaining thirty-two are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received; the Council was established in the year 2000 and is governed by the Democratic Alliance. The following parties/coalitions have governed the council: MPAC Corporate Services Financial Services Community Services Local Labour Forum Planning and Economic Development Infrastructure Services Training and Development Appeal Budget Steering From 2000 to 2006, the mayor of the municipality was Christian Johannes George Leander of the NNP, it was divided with a total of fifty-eight councillors. After the local government elections of 2006, a coalition was formed by the African National Congress and the Independent Democrats, Charmaine Manuel of the ANC was elected as Mayor with Wilhelm Nothnagel of the ID as Deputy Mayor.
The municipality was divided with a total of sixty-one councillors. In April 2007, the ID broke the coalition, formed a new coalition with the Democratic Alliance. During the floor crossing period in September 2007, seven councillors defected to the ANC, giving the ANC an outright majority on the council. Charmaine Manuel returned with Nothnagel continuing as deputy. In the 2011 local government elections the DA managed to turn the tables, obtained an outright majority on the council, holding 35 seats out of 61. Gesie van Deventer was elected Mayor with Conrad Poole as Deputy Mayor. In May 2016, Mayor Van Deventer resigned and Deputy Mayor Poole took office as Mayor. Gert Combrink was elected Deputy Mayor. In the election of 3 August 2016 the Democratic Alliance obtained a majority of forty-three seats on the council. Conrad Poole was re-elected as Mayor, while Combrink was re-elected; the following table shows the results of the 2016 election. Drakenstein Municipality inaugurates DA-led council Drakenstein Local Municipality
Robert Poulet was a Belgian writer, literary critic and journalist. Politically he was a Maurras-inspired integral nationalist who became associated with a collaborationist newspaper during the occupation of Belgium by Nazi Germany. Educated at the Faculté des Mines in his hometown, Poulet served in the First World War and before taking odd jobs in Belgium and France, he began writing for a number of literary reviews in the 1920s and published his first novel, the surrealist Handji, in 1931. He became a part of the'Groupe du Lundi' that built up around Franz Hellens which attacked the regional novels prevalent in France at the time and instead endorsed magic realism; as a literary critic he became noted for his rejection of female authors, dismissing them as midinettes en diable. Poulet was involved in politics during the early 1930s when he was a member of the corporatist study group Réaction. Although not altogether enamoured of Nazism he became the'political director' of Le Nouveau Journal, a collaborationist paper launched by Paul Colin in October 1940.
A strong supporter of Belgian independence, he was influenced by Charles Maurras and the Action Française and by 1941 was in agreement with Raymond de Becker that a corporatist, authoritarian party of state should be created. His idea was soon abandoned however when the Nazis decide to instead back Léon Degrelle and Rexism, a philosophy to which Poulet was opposed. Despite all of this Poulet never opposed the Nazis and wrote in support of them during his time at Le Nouveau Journal, he praised them in their war against the Soviet Union due to his own strict anti-communism. He was sentenced to death in October 1945 for collaboration but, after serving six years imprisonment, ostensibly on'death row', he was released and allowed to return to France. Following his move to France he published a number of autobiographical novels in which he sought to justify his war-time collaboration as trying to safeguard the monarchy and Belgian independence, he would act as a reader at Éditions Denoël and Plon, as well as writing for the far right journal Rivarol, the Catholic paper Présent and Ecrits de Paris, amongst other publications.
He was a close friend and supporter of Robert Faurisson and joined him in advocating Holocaust denial. Despite Poulet's controversial opinions, famed The Adventures of Tintin cartoonist Hergé, who worked for Poulet during the war, maintained a lifelong friendship with Poulet until Hergé's death in 1983. Poulet's autobiography, Ce n'est pas un vie, appeared in 1976, he died in 1989
Joe McElderry, a British pop singer, has released five studio albums, ten singles and ten music videos on recording labels Syco and Decca. McElderry rose to fame after winning The X Factor and signing a million pound record deal with Simon Cowell's company Syco, His debut single "The Climb" debuted at number two selling over 450,000 copies in its first week of release; the following week, the single rose to the top of the charts and remains McElderry's only chart topper. After releasing his debut album Wide Awake, McElderry was dropped from Syco despite its number three chart placing. McElderry signed a record deal with Decca after winning Popstar to Operastar. On 19 August 2011 McElderry released Classic. On 28 November the same year, McElderry released his third studio album Classic Christmas, which debuted and peaked at number 15. On 10 September 2012, McElderry released, it debuted at number eight on the UK chart