Newfoundland general election, 1832

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Newfoundland general election, 1832
Flag of Newfoundland 1862-1870.svg
November 1832 (1832-11) 1836 →
members →

15 seats in the Newfoundland House of Assembly
8 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
 
Party Conservative Liberal
Seats won 10 5

Newfoundland general election, 1832.svg
Results by riding

Elected party

Conservative

The 1st Newfoundland general election came after many years of agitation against the British Parliament. Newfoundland was the last British colony in North America to gain representative government.

Results by party[edit]

Leader Seats won
     Conservative 10
     Liberal 5
Total 15

Member distribution[edit]

The first general election for Newfoundland was held in November, 1832. The island was divided into nine electoral districts:

  • Conception Bay (4 members)
  • St. John's (3 members)
  • Placentia and St. Mary's (2 members)
  • Bonavista Bay (1 member)
  • Burin (1 member)
  • Ferryland (1 member)
  • Fogo (1 member)
  • Fortune Bay (1 member)
  • Trinity Bay (1 member)

None of the west coast of Newfoundland was represented during the 1832 general election because it fell within the jurisdiction of the French and American treaty shores. 15 seats in total, were up for election and representation to govern the affairs of the island.

Districts[edit]

The districts were determined by settlements and landmarks along the coast, with no consideration given to areas inland. It was determined that all residents lived on or near the coast.

Candidate requirements[edit]

Each candidate had to be male, twenty-one years or older, of sound understanding, either natural-born to the island or a lawfully naturalized British citizen, and a resident of two years standing who had occupied a dwelling as either tenant or owner. Also, no candidate could have a criminal record for any infamous or heinous crime.[1] Voters were held to much the same restrictions as candidates except the residency requirement was reduced from two years to one.

Election[edit]

The election was conducted over a period of two months from the day of proclamation to the last polling date of December 8, 1832. There were forty-seven polling booths located at strategic locations and not all communities had one. Except for the districts of St. John's, Conception Bay, and Bonavista, the candidates were elected by acclamation.

District of Conception Bay[edit]

The nomination for Conception Bay was held on October 31, 1832, with the following candidates nominated for the four available seats:

Candidates October 31 November 1 November 2 November 3 Total
Robert Pack 380 197 228 131 936
Charles Cozens 376 195 223 129 923
Peter Brown 364 202 224 133 923
James Power 371 198 209 126 904
Robert J. Pinsent 31 56 36 20 143

After the election results of November 3, 1832, Robert Pinsent withdrew and the remaining four were declared representatives for the district.

District of St. John's[edit]

Seven candidates offered themselves for election after the reading of the Proclamation and the Writ. Two more offered after the first polling day, which was met with some skepticism. Nominated were:

Candidates November 5 November 6 November 7 November 8 November 9 November 10 November 12(a) Total
John Kent 19 129 137 152 197 190 69 893
William Thomas 17 64 115 141 158 194 73 762
Patrick Kough 4 88 122 124 130 123 56 647
William Carson 15 63 115 119 137 142 41 632
William Row(b) 5 34 nob(c) nob nob nob nob 39
Patrick Power(b) 0 28 nob nob nob nob nob 28
Patrick Mullowney(b) 0 27 nob nob nob nob nob 27
Walsh(b)(d) nob 18 nob nob nob nob nob 18
Ryan(b)(d) nob 12 nob nob nob nob nob 12

(a) No voting took place on Sunday, November 11.
(b) dropped out of the race after results of November 6.
(c) nob - not on ballot.
(d) not one of the original nominees.

After the results of voting on November 12, 1832, Dr. William Carson withdrew and the remaining three were declared as representatives of the District of St. John's.

At the opening of the House of Assembly on January 2, 1833, Dr. Carson petitioned the House for Patrick Kough's removal, claiming he was a government employee and ineligible. The petition was denied.

District of Bonavista[edit]

There were two candidates for the district of Bonavista, Hugh Alexander Emerson and William Brown. After three polling stations had voted, William Brown withdrew. The returning officer, Peter LeMessurier, refused to recognize his withdrawal from the race and continued to the next polling station at Greenspond, a Brown stronghold. After those results, William Brown was declared the winner, and no voting took place at the remaining polling station at Cape Freels.

At the opening of the House of Assembly on January 2, 1833, Hugh Alexander Emerson petitioned the House for William Brown's removal due to Peter LeMessurier's actions. The petition was denied.

Results by riding[edit]

Electoral District Candidates   Incumbent
  Old Conservative   Liberal
1. Bonavista Bay William Brown
2. Burin William Hooper
3. Conception Bay Charles Cozens Peter Brown
James Power
Robert Pack
4. Ferryland Robert Carter
5. Fortune Bay Newman Hoyles
6. Placentia and St. Mary's John Martin Roger Sweetman
7. St. John's Patrick Kough
William Thomas
John Kent
8. Trinity Bay John Bingley Garland
9. Twillingate and Fogo Thomas Bennett

Governance[edit]

John Bingley Garland was appointed the first Speaker of the House. Both John Bingley Garland and William Thomas were appointed to the Executive Council and resigned their seats in the House of Assembly. William Row, who ran for a seat in St. John’s, was given the seat for Trinity Bay and Dr. William Carson was given a seat for the District of St. John's.

See also[edit]

References[edit]