Canadian Journey Series
The Canadian Journey series is the sixth series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar designed and circulated by the Bank of Canada. It succeeded the Birds of Canada banknote series; the first of the banknotes issued into circulation was the $10 banknote on 17 January 2001, the last to be issued was the $50 banknote on 17 November 2004. The series was succeeded by the Frontier Series, banknotes of which were first issued into circulation from 2011 to 2013; this series introduced new security features, discontinued the use of planchettes, a security feature common since the earliest Canadian banknote series. All banknotes have tactile features to assist people who have visual impairments to identify the notes. Designs on the reverse of each banknote in the series were based on themes of fundamental Canadian values and achievements; the $20 banknote was awarded 2004 Banknote of the Year by the International Bank Note Society. The Bank of Canada began the process for a banknote series to replace Birds of Canada in 1997 by establishing a currency development team.
It faced several constraints, including the use of a more secure substrate, addressing increased counterfeiting, improving accessibility for those with visual impairments, ensuring a financially feasible production because of budgetary constraints. The Ministry of Finance was involved in the design process, providing ideas for banknote themes for the series; the formal design of the banknotes began in 1998 and was performed by a team led by art director Jorge Peral at the Canadian Bank Note Company, which had members from the British American Bank Note Company. The team created model designs; the Bank of Canada had considered using portraits of famous Canadian artists and inventors, instead of those of the Queen of Canada and former prime ministers, but rejected the idea at the request of Jean Chrétien, who preferred the familiar portraits. Early prototype designs included prominent portraits and vignettes of parliamentary buildings similar to those of the final design; the reverse of each denomination featured an animal indigenous to Canada in vertical portrait orientation.
The set of themes that would be chosen had to adhere to modern banknote security design principles, "reflect fundamental values recognized and cherished across the country". These values included Canadian culture and achievements, that the concepts could be rendered artistically. Two elements of the design would not be changed: the portraits featured on each denomination, the dominant colour for each denomination, both of which were to be the same as those for the respective denomination in the Birds of Canada series, it was the first time the Bank of Canada involved the public in the design process for a banknote series, conducting telephone surveys in 1997 to obtain public opinion about design themes, selecting individuals to participate in focus groups to review design selections. Children throughout Canada submitted designs to the Bank of Canada via their elementary schools, over 4,000 Canadians participated in the design process. All banknotes in the series feature a stylised Flag of Canada in the upper right-hand corner of the obverse, measured 152.4 by 69.85 millimetres.
Each banknote included an excerpt from literary works reflecting the denomination's theme. Because of the increasing proliferation of affordable consumer colour photocopiers, inkjet printers, scanners, the security features of Birds of Canada was becoming easier to circumvent; as a result, the Bank of Canada undertook development of the Canadian Journey Series, during which time it developed a new anti-counterfeiting strategy. In addition to improving the security of the substrate and the integration of security features in the banknote designs, the Bank of Canada launched a public education campaign deterred counterfeiting by closer collaboration with law enforcement, accelerated the removal and destruction of banknotes from older series from circulation. Moreover, it discourages financial transactions using banknotes from older series. In the mid 1990s, the Bank of Canada tested a new substrate, named "Luminus" and produced by Domtar, for use in printing banknotes, it printed 100,000 experimental $5 banknotes, using the Birds of Canada design, having a substrate of polymer core between two layers of cotton paper.
The notes were issued into circulation, the test found "no major problems" with the substrate. It was chosen as the substrate for the $5 and $10 banknotes in June 1998, for all other denominations in September 1999. In December 1999, the manufacturer withdrew its offer to supply the substrate because of technical production issues and its market viability; the Bank of Canada found a cotton fibre substrate with "characteristics similar to those of Luminus" on which to print the $10 banknote it would issue in January 2001, for the $5 banknote issued in March 2002. The similarity of the substrate to Luminus would enable a transition to it once production issues were resolved, as the Bank of Canada had acquired Canada-wide rights to the substrate and continued to develop it, but the project was discontinued in 2002; as a result, the Bank of Canada chose to use the standard watermarked paper, but required suppliers to include a "windowed metallic thread" in the substrate. Incorporating the desired security features into the design was a "challenging aspect of the design process".
These features included: intaglio printing, such as the raised ink in some numerals.
50-cent piece (Canadian coin)
The fifty-cent piece is the common name of the Canadian coin worth 50 cents. The coin's reverse depicts the coat of arms of Canada. At the opening ceremonies for the Ottawa branch of the Royal Mint, held on January 2, 1908, Governor General Earl Grey struck the Dominion of Canada's first domestically produced coin, it was a silver fifty-cent piece bearing the effigy of King Edward VII. Though it is minted, it is not made in large quantities, since 2004 has only been available to the public directly from the mint, it is rare to encounter this denomination in everyday transactions, since there seems to be the mistaken belief among many Canadians that the coin itself is rare and thus of value in excess of 50 cents. Most times, when a 50-cent piece is exchanged in a transaction, it is saved by its recipient. People quite upon being presented with 50-cent pieces, question the legality of the coin, because of the non-circulating status of the denomination; the coin occupies a similar status to that of the United States half-dollar coin.
Newer vending machines do not accept it when they accept coins of both higher and lower value, but many older machines that were retooled to accept loonies will misidentify a 50-cent piece as a loonie, thus allowing the value of the coin to be doubled. A unsuccessful attempt was made by the Royal Canadian Mint to promote the use of the coin when a special edition was released in 2002 marking the 50th anniversary of the accession of Elizabeth II to the throne. After this failed promotion, the mint stopped distributing 50 cent pieces to banks, now only sells them in rolls or in coin sets available directly from their Numismatic Department at twice their face value, or $25 per roll of 25 coins; the mint's website lists the 2007 coat of arms 50¢ piece as "rarely seen yet replete with tradition". During the early to mid-1920s, demand for 50-cent pieces was minimal. Only 28,000 pieces were issued between 1921 and 1929; when greater demand for the denomination arose in 1929, the Master of the Ottawa Mint decided to melt the stock of 1920 and 1921 coins.
It amounted to a total of 480,392 coins. The decision was due to the belief that the public would suspect counterfeits if a large number of coins dated 1920 and 1921 were placed into circulation, it is believed that 75 or so of the 1921 coins have survived from sets that were sold at the time. Long known as the "King of Canadian Coins", this piece brings a price commensurate with its rarity and reputation, with a high grade example having sold for US$227,546 in a January 2010 Heritage Auction; the highest graded specimen is graded by PCGS at MS-67 and sold in the year 2000 to a private collector for the sum of US$400,000. Today this coin would most bring US$1 million at an auction. Condition rarity: Almost all examples are found in good to good condition, which means in circulated condition. Based on the ICCS report of 2012 only 1 has been graded in fine condition. A total of 0 have been graded in fine and 0 in extra fine. There are 6 known in AU condition. Only 3 mint state examples of the King of Canadian coins exist making it elusive and desirable.
On average a mint state example comes up for sale once every 10 years and draws a lot of attention from wealthy buyers. Value in good and gem mint state: As of 2012 the value is estimated at US$45,000 in good condition and is estimated at US$250,000 to US$350,000 in gem mint condition; these are average trends calculated by using prices sold in the past few years. The 2000-P 50-cent piece is another astounding Canadian numismatic rarity. 276 of the 2000-P 50-cent pieces are known to have been minted. Each of these 276 coins was mounted in a clock as gifts to mint employees; this makes the 2000-P 50-cent coin one of the rarest Canadian half-dollars produced
Farthing (British coin)
The British farthing coin, from "fourthing", was a unit of currency of one quarter of a penny, or 1⁄960 of a pound sterling. It was minted in bronze, replaced the earlier copper farthings, it was used during the reign of six monarchs: Victoria, Edward VII, George V, Edward VIII, George VI and Elizabeth II, ceasing to be legal tender in 1960. It featured two different designs on its reverse during its 100 years in circulation: from 1860 until 1936, the image of Britannia. Like all British coinage, it bore the portrait of the monarch on the obverse. Before Decimal Day in 1971, there were 240 pence in one pound sterling. There were four farthings in a penny, 12 pence made a shilling, 20 shillings made a pound. Values less than a pound were written in terms of shillings and pence, e.g. three shillings and six pence, pronounced "three and six" or "three and sixpence". Values of less than a shilling were written in pence, e.g. 8d, pronounced "eightpence". A price with a farthing in it would be written like this:, pronounced "nineteen and elevenpence farthing".
The purchasing power of a farthing from 1860 to its demise in 1960 ranged between 2p to 12p. The original reverse of the coin, designed by Leonard Charles Wyon, is a seated Britannia, holding a trident, with the word FARTHING above. Issues before 1895 feature a lighthouse to Britannia's left and a ship to her right. Various minor adjustments to the level of the sea depicted around Britannia, the angle of her trident were made over the years; some issues feature toothed edges. Over the years, seven different obverses were used. Edward VII, George V, George VI and Elizabeth II each had a single obverse for farthings produced during their respective reigns. Over the long reign of Queen Victoria two different obverses were used, the short reign of Edward VIII meant that no farthings bearing his likeness were issued; the farthing was first issued with the so-called "bun head", or "draped bust" of Queen Victoria on the obverse. The inscription around the bust read VICTORIA D G BRITT REG F D; this was replaced in 1895 by the "old head", or "veiled bust".
The inscription on these coins read VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP. Coins issued during the reign of Edward VII feature his likeness and bear the inscription EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP; those issued during the reign of George V feature his likeness and bear the inscription GEORGIVS V DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP. A farthing of King Edward VIII does exist, dated 1937, but technically it is a pattern coin, i.e. one produced for official approval, which it would have been due to receive about the time that the King abdicated. The obverse shows a left-facing portrait of the king; the pattern coin of Edward VIII and regular-issue farthings of George VI and Elizabeth II feature a redesigned reverse displaying the wren, one of Britain's smallest birds. George VI issue coins feature the inscription GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX F D IND IMP before 1949, GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX FIDEI DEF thereafter. Unlike the penny, farthings were minted throughout the early reign of Elizabeth II, bearing the inscription ELIZABETH II DEI GRA BRITT OMN REGINA F D in 1953, ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D thereafter.
Pound sterling Mill British Coins – information about British coins Collection of copper & bronze pennies of Great Britain About Farthings A photographic collection of farthings Farthings Private Collection of farthings dating from 1799-1956
1935 Series (banknotes)
The 1935 Series was the first series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar issued by the Bank of Canada. They were first circulated on 11 March 1935, the same day that the Bank of Canada started operating. Two sets of banknotes were printed for each denomination, one in French for Quebec, one in English for the rest of Canada; this is the only series issued by the Bank of Canada with dual unilingual banknotes. The Bank of Canada issued a press release in February 1935 announcing details of the banknotes to "prevent possible confusion" amongst the public and as a protective measure against counterfeiting; the Bank of Canada Act which had established the Bank of Canada resulted in the repeal of the Finance Act and the Dominion Notes Act. With the introduction of the 1935 Series into circulation, the Dominion of Canada banknotes were withdrawn from circulation by the Bank of Canada from 1935 to 1950, which replaced the Department of Finance as the nation's exclusive issuer of banknotes; the Government of Canada intended to release the banknotes on the same day as the official opening of the Bank of Canada.
It required months of work and preparation for the design and production of the banknote series. Designs for the banknotes were created by the Canadian Bank Note Company and the British American Bank Note Company, both of which had designed and printed the preceding Dominion of Canada banknotes. All but the commemorative $25 banknote began circulating on 11 March 1935, the same day that the Bank of Canada started operating. All banknotes contained the words "Ottawa, Issue of 1935" centrally at the top of the obverse, except for the $20 banknote, in which the words appeared below the serial number; this is the only Bank of Canada series that includes $25 and $500 banknotes, the only series that includes the official seal of the Bank of Canada. The $500 banknote was a "carry-over from Dominion of Canada bank notes", is the only Bank of Canada banknote series to include this denomination. Other than the language in which they were printed, the English and French banknotes were the same. In May 1935, deputy governor of the Bank of Canada John Osborne wrote a letter to a colleague in England in which he stated that "the English-speaking population is inclined to mutilate the French notes, the French population complains they cannot get enough of their own notes".
All banknotes in the series measure 152.4 by 73.025 millimetres shorter and wider than the 1914, 1918, 1928, 1934 Federal Reserve Notes in circulation in the United States at the time, were described by The Ottawa Evening Citizen as a "novelty to Canada". They were printed on a material consisting of 75% linen and 25% cotton manufactured by the Howard Smith Paper Mills; the banknotes were printed in greater variation of colour than the Dominion of Canada banknotes, issued. These were green for the $1 banknote, blue for the $2 banknote, orange for the $5 banknote, dark purple for the $10 banknote, rose for the $20 banknote, reddish brown for the $50 banknote, dark brown for the $100 banknote, sepia for the $500 banknote, olive for the $1000 banknote. In April 1935, an article in The St. Maurice Valley Chronicle of Trois-Rivières stated that the appearance of the obverse of the $1 and $2 banknotes were too similar the green hue of the $1 banknote and the blue hue of the $2 banknote, it stated that the colours of the reverse were more distinct, but could be "confused in artificial light".
The same article stated that the similarity between the English and French versions of the banknotes was a positive feature. For the 1937 Series banknotes, the Bank of Canada would change the colour of the $2 banknote to terracotta red to address the issue; the design of the banknotes was in a similar formal baroque style of the earlier Dominion of Canada banknotes, with wide variation between the denominations in the series. The central numerals on the obverse of each denomination have a distinct background design, each with a portrait to the left; the corner numerals and decoration are different for each banknote denomination. The royal portraits used for the engravings were based on older photographs of each member of the royal family, who were said to "appear younger than their years on the new notes". Depicted on the $1 banknote was George V; the portrait and design was approved by Edgar Nelson Rhodes on 10 May 1934. Queen Mary appeared on the $2 banknote, her portrait based on a photograph by Hay Wrighton, engraved by Will Ford of the American Bank Note Company and master engraver Harry P. Dawson of the BABN.
The portrait of Edward, Prince of Wales wearing a colonel's uniform on the $5 banknote was based on a Department of External Affairs photograph taken by British photographer Vandyke and engraved by Dawson. On the $10 banknote was a portrait of Princess Mary based on a photograph by official British Royal Family photographer Richard Speaight and engraved by Dawson. Princess Elizabeth at the age of 8 appears on the $20 banknote, the portrait based on a Marcus Adams photograph from 1934 for which an engraving was created by master engraver Edwin Gunn of ABN; the portrait of Prince Albert, Duke of York wearing an admiral's uniform on the $50 banknote was based on a photograph taken by Bertram Park, for which an engraving was made by Robert Savage of ABN. It was subsequently used on six of the banknotes of the 1937 Series; the $100 banknote includes a portrait of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester wearing the captain's uniform of the 10th Royal Hussars based on a photograph by Vandyke for which Ford created an engraving.
The portrait of John A. Macdonald wearing a fur-collared coat and engraved by Ford is on the $500 banknote (and was used on the $10
The shilling is a unit of currency used in Austria, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, United States and other British Commonwealth countries. The shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Somalia, it is the proposed currency that the east African community plans to introduce. The word shilling comes from old English "Scilling", a monetary term meaning twentieth of a pound, from the Proto-Germanic root skiljaną meaning'to separate, divide.' The word "Scilling" is mentioned in the earliest recorded Germanic law codes, those of Æthelberht of Kent. Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog". While the derivation of "bob" is uncertain, John Camden Hotten in his 1864 Slang Dictionary says the original version was "bobstick" and speculates that it may be connected with Sir Robert Walpole. One abbreviation for shilling is s, it was represented by a solidus symbol, which may have stood for a long s or ſ, thus 1/9 would be one shilling and ninepence.
A price with no pence was sometimes written with a solidus and a dash: 11/–. The solidus symbol is still used for the Kenyan shilling, rather than sh. During the Great Recoinage of 1816, the mint was instructed to coin one troy pound of standard silver into 66 shillings, or its equivalent in other denominations; this set the weight of the shilling, its subsequent decimal replacement 5 new pence coin, at 87.2727 grains or 5.655 grams from 1816 until 1990, when a new smaller 5p coin was introduced. In the past, the English world has had various myths about the shilling. One myth was that it was deemed to be the value of a cow in a sheep elsewhere. A shilling was a coin used in England from the reign of Henry VII; the shilling continued in use after the Acts of Union of 1707 created a new United Kingdom from the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, under Article 16 of the Articles of Union, a common currency for the new United Kingdom was created. The term shilling was in use in Scotland from early medieval times.
The common currency created in 1707 by Article 16 of the Articles of Union continued in use until decimalisation in 1971. In the traditional pounds and pence system, there were 20 shillings per pound and 12 pence per shilling, thus there were 240 pence in a pound. Three coins denominated in multiple shillings were in circulation at this time, they were: two shillings, which adopted the value of 10 new pence at decimalisation. At decimalisation in 1971, the shilling coin was superseded by the new five-pence piece, of identical size and weight and had the same value, inherited the shilling's slang name of a bob. Shillings remained in circulation until the five pence coin was reduced in size in 1991. Between 1701 and the unification of the currencies in 1825, the Irish shilling was valued at 13 pence and known as the "black hog", as opposed to the 12-pence English shillings which were known as "white hogs". In the Irish Free State and Republic of Ireland the shilling coin was issued as scilling in Irish.
It was worth 1/20th of an Irish pound, was interchangeable at the same value to the British coin, which continued to be used in Northern Ireland. The coin featured a bull on the reverse side; the first minting, from 1928 until 1941, contained 75% silver, more than the equivalent British coin. The original Irish shilling coin ) was withdrawn from circulation on 1 January 1993, when a smaller five pence coin was introduced. Australian shillings, twenty of which made up one Australian pound, were first issued in 1910, with the Australian coat of arms on the reverse and King Edward VII on the face; the coat of arms design was retained through the reign of King George V until a new ram's head design was introduced for the coins of King George VI. This design continued until the last year of issue in 1963. In 1966, Australia's currency was decimalised and the shilling was replaced by a ten cent coin, where 10 shillings made up one Australian dollar; the slang term for a shilling coin in Australia was "deener".
The slang term for a shilling as currency unit was "bob", the same as in the United Kingdom. After 1966, shillings continued to circulate, as they were replaced by 10-cent coins of the same size and weight. New Zealand shillings, twenty of which made up one New Zealand pound, were first issued in 1933 and featured the image of a Maori warrior carrying a taiaha "in a warlike attitude" on the reverse. In 1967, New Zealand's currency was decimalised and the shilling was replaced by a ten cent coin of the same size and weight. Ten cent coins minted through the remainder of the 1960s included the legend "ONE SHILLING" on the reverse. Smaller 10-cent coins were introduced in 2006. Shillings were used in Malta, prior to decimalisation in 1972, had a face value of five Maltese cents. In British Ceylon, an shilling was equivalent to eight fanams. With the replacement of the rixdollar by the rupee in 1852, a shilling was deemed to be equivalent to half a rupee. On the decimalisation of the currency
Coins of the Canadian dollar
Canadian coinage is the coinage of Canada, produced by the Royal Canadian Mint and denominated in Canadian dollars and the subunit of dollars, cents. An effigy of the reigning monarch always appears on the obverse of all coins. There are standard images which appear on the reverse, but there are commemorative and numismatic issues with different images on the reverse. There are six denominations of Canadian circulation coinage in production: 5¢, 10¢, 25¢, 50¢, $1, $2, they are each named according to their value, but in practice only the 50-cent piece is known by that name. The three smallest coins are known by the traditional names "nickel", "dime", "quarter", the one-dollar and two-dollar coins are called the "loonie" and the "toonie" respectively; the production of the Canadian 1-cent piece was discontinued in 2012, as inflation had reduced its value below the cost of production. The 50¢ piece is far less circulated than other Canadian coins. Between the years 2000 and 2007 the Royal Canadian Mint struck less than 16 million of them.
This coin is sometimes called a "half-dollar". Other than the $2 coin, the denominations of Canadian coinage correspond to those of United States coinage; the sizes of the coins other than the 50¢ piece are equal to those of U. S. coins, though this was not always the case. They have a different metallic composition and most of them are thinner, thus weigh less, than the analogous U. S. coins. The U. S. penny settled on its current size in 1857, whereas the Canadian penny was much larger until 1920. Because they are mistaken for each other and the difference in their official value is small, modest quantities of U. S. and Canadian coins circulate at par in the other country near their shared border. Their differing physical characteristics prevent them from being accepted interchangeably by most coin-operated machines. There was some correspondence between the size of Canadian coins and British coins of similar value. For example, the large Canadian penny was identical in size and value to the contemporary British half-penny, 25.4 mm in the Edward VII version, larger during Victoria's reign.
The Canadian quarter was identical in size and value to the British shilling – worth 12 British pence or about 24 Canadian cents, with a 24-millimetre diameter. The Canadian 5¢ coins, until the larger nickel coins of 1922, were 15 mm silver coins quite different from the U. S. "Liberty head" nickels of 1883–1913, which were 21.2 mm and copper-nickel alloy, but more like the older U. S. half dimes. The most significant recent developments in Canadian coinage were the introduction of $1 and $2 coins and the withdrawal of the one cent piece; the $1 coin was released in 1987. The $1 banknote would remain in issue and in circulation alongside the one dollar coin for the next two years, until it was withdrawn in 1989; the coin was to be the voyageur-design silver dollar coins, in limited circulation. The dies were stolen in November 1986, requiring a redesign; the new coin is colloquially called the "loonie", for the common loon on its reverse, the name is applied to the currency unit as well. It is made of nickel-plated with aureate bronze.
The $2 coin, carrying a polar bear, was introduced in 1996. It is called the "toonie" and is bimetallic; the $2 banknote was withdrawn at the same time. Unlike several U. S. attempts to introduce a dollar coin, the new coins were accepted by the public, owing to the fact that the Bank of Canada and the government forced the switch by removing the $1 and $2 bills from circulation. Between 1997 and 2001, the $1 loon coin was not issued for general circulation. Due to the high demand for the $2 polar bear coin, the $1 coin was only produced for the standard collector sets that were made available on an annual basis, such as the Uncirculated, O Canada and Proof sets. On March 29, 2012, the Canadian government announced; the Royal Canadian Mint stopped producing 1¢ coins in May 2012, in February 2013 the Bank of Canada stopped distributing them, but the coins remain legal tender. Cash transactions are rounded to the nearest 5¢, while non-cash transactions will continue to be rounded to the nearest 1¢.
Canadian coins struck at their facilities in Winnipeg. All special wording on commemorative coins appears in both of Canada's languages and French. All of the standard wording on the reverse sides of non-commemorative coins is identical in both languages. On the obverse sides, the name and title of the Canadian Monarch appear in an abbreviated-Latin circumscription; this reads "ELIZABETH II D. G. REGINA"; the initials stand for "Dei Gratia". The Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics commemorative quarters have dropped the inscription "D. G. REGINA", they read "CANADA ELIZABETH II", along with the date of issue and Ilanaaq, the emblem of the games. Beginning in 1858, various colonies of British North America started issuing their own coins denominated in cents, featuring the likeness of Queen Victoria on the obverse; these replaced the sterling coins in cir
Royal Canadian Mint Olympic coins
Since the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, the Royal Canadian Mint has struck Summer and Winter Olympic coins to mark Games held in Canada. Most numismatists agree that the first true numismatic collection was the Olympic Five and Ten Dollar coins for the 1976 Montreal Olympics. Starting in February 1973, the Royal Canadian Mint engaged in a ambitious program. At the behest of the federal government, led by then-Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, it was agreed that these coins would help finance and commemorate the 1976 Summer Olympics; the plan was to have thirty coins, twenty-eight silver coins with face values of $5 and $10, two gold coins. This would signify the first time that the RCM issued coins with face values of $5 and $10; these coins would be categorized into seven series with each series configured into four coin sets. The seven series were constituted as follows: Geographic Olympic Motifs Early Canadian Sports Olympic Track and Field Sports Olympic Water Sports Olympic Team and Body Contact Sports Olympic SouvenirsThe $10 denomination coins have a gross weight of 48.600 grams while the $5 denomination coins have a gross weight of 24.300 grams.
Each coin is 92.5% silver for a net silver weight of 44.955 grams and 22.478 grams of silver respectively. A key highlight of these coins were the unique finishes. All 28 coins were styled in a similar fashion; the top aspect of the coin had the Olympic logo, its denomination, the wording in the same spot. The finishes consisted of two different styles; the first finish was a frosted effect which adorned the coin. The second finish was a proof finish, which consisted of frosted lettering and a design set off against a brilliant mirror field; the RCM had to obtain special equipment to achieve the desired finish. Series 1 Series 2 Series 3 Series 4 Series 5 Series 6 Series 7 100 Dollar Gold Heading into the 1980s, the Olympics would return to Canada; the city of Calgary would host the 1988 Winter Olympics. Starting in 1985, the Federal Government, under the leadership of then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, issued a ten coin set to help finance and commemorate the Olympic games. In similar style to the Montreal Olympics, the RCM would introduce coins with a face value that had never been used before.
Said coins would feature a $20 face value. These coins were issued in Proof quality only, were sold with the partnership of the Royal Bank of Canada. Unlike the Montreal coins, mintage was limited to 5,000,000 coins and this would mark the first time that any silver coin had edge lettering on it. Said lettering was'XV OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES - JEUX D'OLYMPIQUES D'HIVER.' There are existing varieties. The 10 coins were available in a green felt case with an Olympic logo on the outside and a Royal Canadian Mint medallion on the inside; the cost was $370. The medallion could be removed and the gold coin, offered separately, could be placed into its place; the numbered and signed Certificate of Authenticity was included in the cases internal cover recess. The entire case was fit into a white cardboard sleeve with the Olympic logo on the outside. One Hundred Dollar Gold The International Olympic Committee decided to commemorate the Centennial of the Olympic Games by issuing a coin set; this was a collaborative effort with five Mints contributing coins.
The first three coins were issued by the RCM in 1992. The other Mints included Austria, Australia and Greece. Two of the coins were silver with a face value of $15 while the third coin was gold and had a face value of $175; the $15 coins were sold individually or in a set. The individual coins were packaged in a burgundy leatherette case while the set was featured in a wooden display case. Both $15 coins featured lettering on its edge: CITIUS, ALTIUS, FORTIUS; the $175 coin featured a Certificate of Authenticity signed by Juan Antonio Samaranch. The lettering on its edge was the same as the lettering found on the silver coins. There are a few rare examples of these coins with a plain edge; these plain edge coins were once held by the investment firm responsible for the $50 million dollar Ohio Coingate Scandal. For the first time, the 2010 Olympic Lucky Loonie does not have a loon on it, instead has the 2010 Vancouver winter Olympic symbol ilanaaq, an inukshuk. First Strikes The Vancouver 2010 Olympic Circulation Coin Program consists of 17 coins: 15 quarters and 2 Loonies.
The D. G. Regina inscription will be removed from the Queen's effigy, making the 25-cent coins one of the few "godless circulating coins", a rare event in Canadian coinage; the first circulating $1 coin will be dated 2008 but the obverse will be the standard effigy of Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt with the wording "ELIZABETH II" and "D. G. REGINA" with the Circle M privy mark. 2007 Five different Olympic commemoratives were minted for circulation. All of these coins were made available at service stations, encapsulated on a credit card-sized card. Many pressings of the Alpine Skiing coin released to service stations and to special 2010 Winter Olympic "coin boards" in October 2007 were the victim of a pressing error called a mule, with a 2008 obverse accidentally minted rather than the expected 2007. According to the Royal Canadian Mint, "sports cards" and 10,000 "coin board" sets were released with the error before it was caught.. A similar mule occurred with the Wheelchair Curling issue, with an obverse featuring the standard Vancouver 2010 logo being used instead of the Paralympic logo.
Both coins subsequently found demand in the collectors market. 20