A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though novelists write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional novelists, thus make a living writing novels and other fiction, while others aspire to support themselves in this way or write as an avocation. Most novelists struggle to get their debut novel published, but once published they continue to be published, although few become literary celebrities, thus gaining prestige or a considerable income from their work. Novelists come from a variety of backgrounds and social classes, this shapes the content of their works. Public reception of a novelist's work, the literary criticism commenting on it, the novelists' incorporation of their own experiences into works and characters can lead to the author's personal life and identity being associated with a novel's fictional content. For this reason, the environment within which a novelist works and the reception of their novels by both the public and publishers can be influenced by their demographics or identity.
Some novelists have creative identities derived from their focus on different genres of fiction, such as crime, romance or historical novels. While many novelists compose fiction to satisfy personal desires and commentators ascribe a particular social responsibility or role to novel writers. Many authors use such moral imperatives to justify different approaches to novel writing, including activism or different approaches to representing reality "truthfully". Novelist is a term derivative from the term "novel" describing the "writer of novels"; the Oxford English Dictionary recognizes other definitions of novelist, first appearing in the 16th and 17th centuries to refer to either "An innovator. However, the OED attributes the primary contemporary meaning of "a writer of novels" as first appearing in the 1633 book "East-India Colation" by C. Farewell citing the passage "It beeing a pleasant observation to note the order of their Coaches and Carriages.. As if it had bin the spoyles of a Tryumph leading Captive, or a preparation to some sad Execution" According to the Google Ngrams, the term novelist first appears in the Google Books database in 1521.
The difference between professional and amateur novelists is the author's ability to publish. Many people take up novel writing as a hobby, but the difficulties of completing large scale fictional works of quality prevent the completion of novels. Once authors have completed a novel, they will try to get it published; the publishing industry requires novels to have accessible profitable markets, thus many novelists will self-publish to circumvent the editorial control of publishers. Self-publishing has long been an option for writers, with vanity presses printing bound books for a fee paid by the writer. In these settings, unlike the more traditional publishing industry, activities reserved for a publishing house, like the distribution and promotion of the book, become the author's responsibility; the rise of the Internet and electronic books has made self publishing far less expensive and a realistic way for authors to realize income. Novelists apply a number of different methods to writing their novels, relying on a variety of approaches to inspire creativity.
Some communities encourage amateurs to practice writing novels to develop these unique practices, that vary from author to author. For example, the internet-based group, National Novel Writing Month, encourages people to write 50,000-word novels in the month of November, to give novelists practice completing such works. In the 2010 event, over 200,000 people took part – writing a total of over 2.8 billion words. Novelists don't publish their first novels until in life. However, many novelists begin writing at a young age. For example, Iain Banks began writing at eleven, at sixteen completed his first novel, "The Hungarian Lift-Jet", about international arms dealers, "in pencil in a larger-than-foolscap log book". However, he was thirty before he published his first novel, the controversial The Wasp Factory in 1984; the success of this novel enabled Banks to become a full-time novelist. An important writers' juvenilia if not published, is prized by scholars because it provides insight into an author's biography and approach to writing.
Novelists publish as early as their teens. For example, Patrick O'Brian published his first novel, Caesar: The Life Story of a Panda-Leopard, at the age of 15, which brought him considerable critical attention. Barbara Newhall Follett's The House Without Windows, was accepted and published in 1927 when she was 13 by the Knopf publishing house and earned critical acclaim from the New York Times, the Saturday Review, H. L. Mencken; these works will achieve popular success as well. For example, though Christopher Paolini's Eragon, was not a great critical success, but its popularity among readers placed it on the New York Times Children's Books Best Seller list for 121 weeks. First-time novelists of any age find themselves unable to get works published, because of a number of reasons reflecting the inexperience of the author and the economic realities of publishers. Authors mus
Activism consists of efforts to promote, direct, or intervene in social, economic, or environmental reform with the desire to make changes in society. Forms of activism range from mandate building in the community, petitioning elected officials, running or contributing to a political campaign, preferential patronage of businesses, demonstrative forms of activism like rallies, street marches, sit-ins, or hunger strikes. Activism may be performed on a day-to-day basis in a wide variety of ways, including through the creation of art, computer hacking, or in how one chooses to spend their money. For example, the refusal to buy clothes or other merchandise from a company as a protest against the exploitation of workers by that company could be considered an expression of activism. However, the most visible and impactful activism comes in the form of collective action, in which numerous individuals coordinate an act of protest together in order to make a bigger impact. Collective action, purposeful and sustained over a period of time becomes known as a social movement.
Activists have used literature, including pamphlets and books to disseminate their messages and attempt to persuade their readers of the justice of their cause. Research has now begun to explore how contemporary activist groups use social media to facilitate civic engagement and collective action combining politics with technology; the Online Etymology Dictionary records the English words "activism" and "activist" as in use in the political sense from the year 1920 or 1915 respectively. The history of the word activism traces back to earlier understandings of collective behavior and social action; as late as 1969 activism was defined as "the policy or practice of doing things with decision and energy", without regard to a political signification, whereas social action was defined as "organized action taken by a group to improve social conditions", without regard to normative status. Following the surge of so-called "new social movements" in the United States in the 1960's, a new understanding of activism emerged as a rational and acceptable democratic option of protest or appeal.
However, the history of the existence of revolt through organized or unified protest in recorded history dates back to the slave revolts of the 1st century BC in the Roman Empire, where under the leadership of former gladiator Spartacus 6,000 slaves rebelled and were crucified from Capua to Rome in what became known as the Third Servile War. In English history, the Peasant's Revolt erupted in response to the imposition of a poll tax, has been paralleled by other rebellions and revolutions in Hungary and more for example, Hong Kong. In 1930 under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi thousands of protesting Indians participated in the Salt March as a protest against the oppressive taxes of their government, resulting in the imprisonment of 60,000 people and eventual independence for their nation. In nations throughout Asia and South America, the prominence of activism organized by social movements and under the leadership of civil activists or social revolutionaries has pushed for increasing national self-reliance or, in some parts of the developing world, collectivist communist or socialist organization and affiliation.
Activism has had major impacts on Western societies as well over the past century through social movements such as the Labour movement, the Women's Rights movement, the civil rights movement. Activists can function in a number of roles, including judicial, environmental and design. Most activism has focused on creating substantive changes in the policy or practice of a government or industry; some activists try to persuade people to change their behavior directly, rather than to persuade governments to change laws. For example, the cooperative movement seeks to build new institutions which conform to cooperative principles, does not lobby or protest politically. Other activists try to persuade people or government policy to remain the same, in an effort to counter change. Activism is not always an activity performed by those; the term activist may apply broadly to anyone who engages in activism, or be more narrowly limited to those who choose political or social activism as a vocation or characteristic practice.
Judicial activism involves the efforts of public officials. Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. - American historian, public intellectual, social critic - introduced the term "judicial activism" in a January 1946 Fortune magazine article titled "The Supreme Court: 1947". Activists can be public watchdogs and whistle blowers, attempting to understand all the actions of every form of government that acts in the name of the people and hold it accountable to oversight and transparency. Activism involves an engaged citizenry. Environmental activism takes quite a few forms: the protection of nature or the natural environment driven by a utilitarian conservation ethic or a nature oriented preservationist ethic the protection of the human environment (by pollution prevention or the protection of cultural heritage or quality of life the conservation of depletable natural resources the protection of the function of critical earth system elements or processes such as the climate; the power of Internet activism came into a global lens with the Arab Spring protests starting in late 2010.
People living in the Middle East and North African countries that were experiencing revolutions used social networking to communicate information about protests, including videos recorded on smart phones
Wembley Arena is an indoor arena in Wembley, London. With 12,500 seats, it is London's second-largest indoor arena after The O2 Arena, the eighth-largest in the United Kingdom; the Empire Pool was built for the 1934 British Empire Games at Wembley, by Arthur Elvin, housed a swimming pool, as reflected by its name. The pool itself was last used for the 1948 Summer Olympics; the building is used for music, family entertainment and sport. It was designed without the employment of an architect. Williams built a unique structure, with cantilevers meeting in the middle, thus avoiding the need for internal pillars, he used high quality concrete, meaning that it has aged far better than many more recent concrete buildings. Work on the Empire Pool began in November 1933, it was opened on 25 July 1934 by the Duke of Gloucester. At the time it had the largest span of any similar structure in the world; as with the Stadium, construction was supervised by R. J. Fowler, Wembley's chief building inspector. Elvin introduced ice hockey to the new Empire Pool in October 1934.
In 1976, the Empire Pool was awarded Grade II Listed status, recognising it as a building of special architectural interest, technological innovation and virtuosity. On 1 February 1978, the Empire Pool was renamed Wembley Arena; when the venue was known as the Empire Pool, it hosted the annual NME Poll Winners Concerts during the mid-1960s. Audiences of 10,000 viewed acts like The Beatles, T. Rex; the Eagles on their Hotel California 1978 tour, The Grateful Dead, Dire Straits, who played there on their "Brothers In Arms" tour in 1985 and "On Every Street" tour in 1991, Status Quo, The Who, Dave Dee, Beaky, Mick & Tich, were among many others. The individual performances were finished by a famous personality joining the respective performer on stage and presenting them with their award; the Beatles were presented with one of their awards by actor Roger Moore and Joe Brown was joined on stage by Roy Orbison, to present him with his own award. These ceremonies were filmed and broadcast on television.
The venue was renovated, along with Wembley Stadium, as part of the early-21st-century regeneration of the Wembley Park area. The arena was temporarily closed in February 2005, with refurbishment costing £35m. Concerts were held at the neighbouring temporary 10,000-seat Wembley Arena Pavilion instead; the new arena opened to the public on 2 April 2006, with a concert by the English electronic-music band Depeche Mode. The temporary pavilion was moved to Malta Fairs & Convention Centre in Attard, where it opened in December 2006. In September 2013, it was announced that AEG Facilities had signed a 15-year contract to operate the arena; the building was renamed The SSE Arena on 1 June 2014 after SSE plc bought the naming rights to the venue for 10 years. The Grateful Dead have released recordings of complete shows from 7–8 April 1972 as part of Europe'72: The Complete Recordings; the Grateful Dead performed at Wembley Arena on 31 October 1990 as part of their fall 1990 European concert tour. Bruce Hornsby accompanied the band for this concert.
A notable attendance record was set in the early 1970s by David Cassidy, in his first tour of Great Britain in 1973, when he sold out six performances in one weekend. The experience and the associated mass hysteria was documented in a TV special called "David Cassidy: Weekend At Wembley". ABBA played six sold-out concerts, from 5 to 10 November 1979; the shows were filmed by Swedish television for a documentary, released in 2004 on DVD as ABBA in Concert. In September 2014 Universal Music released Live at Wembley Arena, featuring most of the concert of 10 November on CD, vinyl LP and digital format. After the tour, the members of the band talked about the warmth of the Wembley audience. "It was like coming home after a couple of nights," said guitarist Björn Ulvaeus. A finale from these concerts, "The Way Old Friends Do", is the closing track on ABBA's seventh studio album, Super Trouper. Vocalist Agnetha Fältskog said it was the vibe from the audience that made the track work so much better as a live performance than as a studio track.
Tina Turner is the female artist with the most shows, with 25 and with 5 at Wembley Stadium Cliff Richard is the male artist with the most number of shows with 61, whereas Status Quo hold the record for a rock band with 45 performances. Irish band Westlife are the pop band with most shows with 28, comedian Lee Evans 23 performances. American pop superstar Prince played 35 concerts at the venue between 1986–1998. During their 1998 Spiceworld Tour the Spice Girls played a total of 8 sold out concerts at the venue in April 1998; the arena hosted the final of The X Factor in 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. After a shake up, in 2017, it was instead hosted at The ExCel Centre, but in November 2018, it was confirmed Wembley Arena would return to host The X Factor Final 2018. Britney Spears performed there on 10, 11 and 12 October 2000 as part of her Oops!... I Did It Again Tour, she returned on 2004 for four shows during her The Onyx Hotel Tour. Kylie Minogue performed there on 24, 25, 26 and 27 May 2002 as part of her KylieFever2002.
She returned in 2007 for seven shows during her Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. B
"Three Lions" is a song released in 1996 as a single by English band The Lightning Seeds to mark the England football team's hosting of that year's European Championships. The music was written by the Lightning Seeds' Ian Broudie, with comedians David Baddiel and Frank Skinner—presenters of football-themed comedy show Fantasy Football League—providing the lyrics; the title comes from the emblem of the England football team, in turn derived from the Royal Arms of England. This song is one of only three songs to top the British charts more than once with lyric variants, the others being "Mambo No. 5" and "Do They Know It's Christmas?". It regularly reappears in the UK singles chart around major football tournaments involving the England team; the song has been described as the de facto "anthem" of English football since 1996. Its chorus, with the refrain "It's coming home", has become a popular chant for fans at England games in subsequent years; the lyrics, unlike those of most football songs, speaks not of unbounded optimism for victory, but instead talk of how since 1966 and the one success of the English football team, every tournament has ended in dashed hopes.
However, the repeated failures have not dampened the feeling that England could again reach those heights. The song's intro included samples of pessimism from football pundits: "I think it's bad news for the English game." "We're not creative enough. "We'll go on getting bad results." Despite the failures of the past, each tournament is greeted with fresh hopes that this might be the year they do it again: "I know, but it could be again", the song's chorus proclaimed that "It's coming home, it's coming home, it's coming, football's coming home" which refers, like the tournament's slogan, "Football comes home", to the invention of the modern game in England. The song makes reference to English footballing heroes and famous moments of the past, specifically: Bobby Moore – "That tackle by Moore" – his tackling of Brazilian striker Jairzinho in the 1970 World Cup Gary Lineker – "When Lineker scored" – his equalising goal against West Germany in the 1990 World Cup semi-final Bobby Charlton – "Bobby belting the ball" – his long-range goal against Mexico in the 1966 World Cup Nobby Stiles – "And Nobby dancing" – his victory jig with the trophy in hand after the 1966 World Cup finalAccording to Frank Skinner's autobiography, the original lyrics submitted to the FA included the line "Butcher ready for war" instead of "Bobby belting the ball".
The former was a reference to a notorious World Cup qualifier against Sweden in 1989, where defender Terry Butcher gave a committed performance, despite his head bleeding profusely for much of the match. The FA requested as to avoid suggestions of hooliganism imagery; the "ready for war" motif was used in the 1998 version of the song, attributed to Paul Ince. The commentary of the end of the song contrasts that of the song's opening with positive lines which suggest that England could win a major football championship: "England have done it in the last minute of extra time!" "What a save! Gordon Banks!" "Good old England, England that couldn't play football." "England have got it in the bag." The crowd noise in the intro of the track is in fact Brøndby fans recorded by Ian Broudie at Anfield during a UEFA Cup tie in October 1995. On the CD of The Beautiful Game – Official Album of Euro 96, there are two tracks which are recordings of Baddiel and Broudie trying to formulate what the song's lyrics should be when in the process of writing it.
Track one is called "Three Lions Version One", where there are such lyrics as "Three Lions on a shirt / Just near where it says Umbro / The white one shows the dirt / The grey one not as much so...". And "Three Lions Version Two", where they discuss writing the song in parody of Bruce Forsyth after when Baddiel suggests writing about the Beautiful Game, to which Skinner suggests is Play Your Cards Right. Lyrics include "Nothing for a pair / Dollies do your dealing..." in reference to Forsyth's usual catchphrases. The Britpop phenomenon was at its peak in 1996, the Lightning Seeds were one of its leading lights, so their involvement gave the song wide appeal, it reached number one in the singles chart, as England progressed to the semi-finals, stadiums around the country echoed to the sound of fans singing the song after English victories over Scotland, the Netherlands and Spain. It was so popular, in fact, that other teams liked it. England faced Germany in the semi-finals, Jürgen Klinsmann said that the Germans were singing the song themselves on the way to the stadium, the German team and the crowd sang the song as they paraded the trophy on the Römer balcony in Frankfurt.
The single as a result made #16 in the German singles chart. The song was sung by Germany fans during their team's first appearance at the new Wembley in 2007 and is still heard on German radio stations; the original version of the song still receives regular airplay in England around the time of a major football tournament. It has been adopted as a terrace chant and is sung by fans at England international matches today; when it was sung by England fans at the 2006 Wor
Capitalism is an economic system based on the private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit. Characteristics central to capitalism include private property, capital accumulation, wage labor, voluntary exchange, a price system, competitive markets. In a capitalist market economy, decision-making and investment are determined by every owner of wealth, property or production ability in financial and capital markets, whereas prices and the distribution of goods and services are determined by competition in goods and services markets. Economists, political economists and historians have adopted different perspectives in their analyses of capitalism and have recognized various forms of it in practice; these include welfare capitalism and state capitalism. Different forms of capitalism feature varying degrees of free markets, public ownership, obstacles to free competition and state-sanctioned social policies; the degree of competition in markets, the role of intervention and regulation, the scope of state ownership vary across different models of capitalism.
The extent to which different markets are free as well as the rules defining private property are matters of politics and policy. Most existing capitalist economies are mixed economies, which combine elements of free markets with state intervention and in some cases economic planning. Market economies have existed under many forms of government and in many different times and cultures. Modern capitalist societies—marked by a universalization of money-based social relations, a large and system-wide class of workers who must work for wages, a capitalist class which owns the means of production—developed in Western Europe in a process that led to the Industrial Revolution. Capitalist systems with varying degrees of direct government intervention have since become dominant in the Western world and continue to spread. Over time, capitalist countries have experienced consistent economic growth and an increase in the standard of living. Critics of capitalism argue that it establishes power in the hands of a minority capitalist class that exists through the exploitation of the majority working class and their labor.
Supporters argue that it provides better products and innovation through competition, disperses wealth to all productive people, promotes pluralism and decentralization of power, creates strong economic growth, yields productivity and prosperity that benefit society. The term "capitalist", meaning an owner of capital, appears earlier than the term "capitalism" and it dates back to the mid-17th century. "Capitalism" is derived from capital, which evolved from capitale, a late Latin word based on caput, meaning "head"—also the origin of "chattel" and "cattle" in the sense of movable property. Capitale emerged in the 12th to 13th centuries in the sense of referring to funds, stock of merchandise, sum of money or money carrying interest. By 1283, it was used in the sense of the capital assets of a trading firm and it was interchanged with a number of other words—wealth, funds, assets, property and so on; the Hollandische Mercurius uses "capitalists" in 1654 to refer to owners of capital. In French, Étienne Clavier referred to capitalistes in 1788, six years before its first recorded English usage by Arthur Young in his work Travels in France.
In his Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, David Ricardo referred to "the capitalist" many times. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, an English poet, used "capitalist" in his work Table Talk. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon used the term "capitalist" in his first work, What is Property?, to refer to the owners of capital. Benjamin Disraeli used the term "capitalist" in his 1845 work Sybil; the initial usage of the term "capitalism" in its modern sense has been attributed to Louis Blanc in 1850 and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in 1861. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels referred to the "capitalistic system" and to the "capitalist mode of production" in Capital; the use of the word "capitalism" in reference to an economic system appears twice in Volume I of Capital, p. 124 and in Theories of Surplus Value, tome II, p. 493. Marx did not extensively use the form capitalism, but instead those of capitalist and capitalist mode of production, which appear more than 2,600 times in the trilogy The Capital. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term "capitalism" first appeared in English in 1854 in the novel The Newcomes by novelist William Makepeace Thackeray, where he meant "having ownership of capital".
According to the OED, Carl Adolph Douai, a German American socialist and abolitionist, used the phrase "private capitalism" in 1863. Capitalism in its modern form can be traced to the emergence of agrarian capitalism and mercantilism in the early Renaissance, in city states like Florence. Capital has existed incipiently on a small scale for centuries in the form of merchant and lending activities and as small-scale industry with some wage labour. Simple commodity exchange and simple commodity production, which are the initial basis for the growth of capital from trade, have a long history. Classical Islam promulgated capitalist economic policies such as free banking, their use of Indo-Arabic
Peter Hugh Dennis, known professionally as Hugh Dennis, is an English comedian, writer and voice-over artist, best known for being one half of Punt and Dennis with comedy partner Steve Punt, playing Pete Brockman, the father in the BBC One sitcom Outnumbered. Since 2005, Dennis has been a regular panellist on the BBC Two satirical comedy show Mock the Week. Since October 2014, Dennis has appeared in the sitcom Not Going Out as Toby, he starred as the narrator in CBBC's The Zoo. Dennis, the younger of two boys, was born in Kettering, the son of schoolteacher Dorothy M. and John D. Dennis, his brother named John, was the British Ambassador to Angola from 2014 to 2018. He grew up in Mill Hill in North London as his father was appointed as parish priest of Mill Hill soon after his birth, his father became the Bishop of Knaresborough and of Saint Edmundsbury and Ipswich. Dennis was educated at University College School in London. During his time at UCS, he was head boy in his final year. Subsequently, Dennis went on to read for the Geography Tripos as an exhibitioner at St John's College, Cambridge.
His dissertation was titled "The Spatial Distribution of Elementary Education in 19th-century Wakefield". He joined the Footlights, where he first met Punt and club president Nick Hancock and the trio collaborated on a number of projects besides the annual revue. In a 2016 interview with ITV's This Morning programme, Dennis said that he was approached by Britain's domestic intelligence service, MI5, whilst at Cambridge University and attended a preliminary interview. After graduating with a first, Dennis worked for Unilever for six years in the marketing department while performing comedy with Punt at venues including The Comedy Store on the weekends; the duo formed half of the team of The Mary Whitehouse Experience on BBC Radio 1. Dennis uses his middle name Hugh as his stage name because Equity had a Peter Dennis when he first started; when the BBC commissioned the series for BBC Two, Dennis took a sabbatical as the rehearsal days changed to weekdays and went into comedy full-time. While an impressionist, Dennis did voices for Spitting Image and appeared with Punt as resident support comics on two TV series hosted on the BBC by Jasper Carrott.
Dennis appeared twice as a contestant on the topical panel show Have I Got News for You, including one opposite former schoolmate Self. Punt and Dennis' radio career includes over a decade of performing Punt and Dennis, It's Been a Bad Week, The Party Line and the satirical radio comedy show, The Now Show. On The Now Show, Dennis is in a line-up including Punt, Mitch Benn, Laura Shavin, Jon Holmes and Marcus Brigstocke, he is friends with Chris Morris and has had cameos on Brass Eye as well as doing the narration for the CBBC show Sam and Mark's Guide To Dodging Disasters. In December 2009, Dennis joined Oz Clarke in presenting the sixty minute Christmas special Oz and Hugh Drink to Christmas broadcast on BBC Two. In December 2010 the pair returned for a four-part series called Oz and Hugh Raise the Bar, which puts them in a competition to create a bar featuring only local British food and drinks. Dennis has starred in a number of sitcoms, including My Hero, in which he played obnoxious GP Piers Crispin.
From 2007 to 2014, he starred in Outnumbered, a semi-improvised sitcom based around family life and won a BAFTA nomination in the comedy category for the 2009 Christmas special. On Radio 4 he featured in the sitcom Revolting People which, like Outnumbered, was co-written by Andy Hamilton. Besides his regular television work, Dennis is a panellist on Mock the Week and has appeared in every episode since its inception, he is a regular guest on various BBC-broadcast comedy panel game shows such as They Think It's All Over, Would I Lie To You?, QI and has guest hosted Have I Got News for You. In 2011, Dennis hosted Loose. Beginning on 16 February 2012, Dennis and Julia Bradbury hosted a four-part BBC One documentary series The Great British Countryside. From October 2014, Dennis has started appearing in the sitcom Not Going Out as Toby. Dennis lives in London, he has been married twice: to Miranda Carroll, to Catherine "Kate" Abbot-Anderson, with whom he has a son and a daughter. In June 2018, it was confirmed that Dennis was in a relationship with actress Claire Skinner, who starred opposite him in the sitcom Outnumbered.
In July 2008, Dennis received an Honorary Fellowship from the University of Northampton. Dennis took part in the 2007 L'Étape du Tour, cycling an open stage of the Tour de France for amateurs, held in the mountains two weeks before the main event, he completed it in 7 minutes. He said: "I was an hour ahead of the broom, the vehicle that gathers the slower riders and disqualifies them." In October 2011, Dennis completed the Great South Run in Portsmouth for the Alzheimer's Society. Dennis was the subject of the BBC One programme Who Do You Think You Are? in which he tries to find out more about his two grandfathers and their backgrounds. His paternal great-grandfather was a miner at Kiveton Park Colliery near Sheffield whose younger son, Dennis' grandfather, served as an officer during World War I, was coincidentally trained at Dennis' alma mater St John's College, his maternal grandfather served in France during the Great War and was in the Suffolk Regiment. Denn
David Lionel Baddiel is an English comedian and television presenter. He is known for his work alongside Rob Newman in The Mary Whitehouse Experience and partnership with Frank Skinner. Besides comedy, Baddiel is a published novelist and a screenwriter, the author of the children's novels The Parent Agency, The Person Controller, AniMalcolm and Birthday Boy. Baddiel was born in Troy, New York, moved to England with his parents when he was four months old, his father, Colin Brian Baddiel, was Welsh-born from a working class background and worked as a research chemist with Unilever before being made redundant in the 1980s, after which he sold Dinky Toys at Grays Antique Market. His mother, was German-born, she died in 2014, was a five-month-old refugee child when she was brought to the United Kingdom in 1939 by her parents after escaping from Nazi Germany, where her father, had been stripped of his assets. Soon after their arrival, Ernst was interned as an enemy alien on the Isle of Man for a year.
Baddiel is the second of three sons. His parents were both from Jewish families. Baddiel grew up in Dollis Hill, north London, he attended primary school at the North West London Jewish Day School in Brent. After studying at The Haberdashers' Aske's Boys' School in Elstree, a public school near Borehamwood, Hertfordshire, he studied English at King's College, where he was a member of the Cambridge Footlights, graduated with a double first, he did not complete it. After leaving university, Baddiel became a professional stand-up comedian in London, as well as a writer for acts including Rory Bremner and series including Spitting Image, his first television appearance came in one episode of the showbiz satire, Filthy and Catflap. In 1988, he was introduced to Rob Newman, the two formed a writing partnership. Subsequently, paired up with Steve Punt and Hugh Dennis another comedy duo, they began writing and performing in The Mary Whitehouse Experience, on BBC Radio 1 where the show ran for four series and a special.
This success led the show to transfer to BBC2 where it ran for two series, after which both duos decided to end the show. During this time, Baddiel co-hosted the Channel 4 programme, A Stab in the Dark. Once The Mary Whitehouse Experience had concluded and Newman once again teamed up for Newman and Baddiel in Pieces which ran for seven episodes on BBC2 featuring character sketches, as well monologues and observation routines. Despite a tense working relationship, the show saw Newman and Baddiel find enormous success as live performers, held up as examples of comedy as ‘the new Rock’n’Roll’, with their tour culminating in the first-ever sold-out gig for a comedy act at Wembley Arena, playing to 12,500 people. Despite this success, increasing tension between the pair led to them announcing that the tour would be their last, their final tour was the subject of a BBC2 documentary and Baddiel on the Road to Wembley. Baddiel subsequently began sharing a flat with fellow comedian Frank Skinner. Both lifelong football fans, the pair created and performed Fantasy Football League, a popular entertainment show based on the growing fantasy football craze.
Running for three series on BBC2, followed by a series of live specials throughout the 1998 World Cup and again through the 2004 European Championship, as well as a series of podcasts for The Times from Germany at the 2006 World Cup, another series for Absolute Radio from South Africa during the 2010 World Cup. During this time the duo twice topped the UK Singles Chart with the football anthem "Three Lions", co-written and performed with The Lightning Seeds; the song was written as the England football team's official anthem for UEFA Euro 1996 and was subsequently re-recorded with updated lyrics as the unofficial anthem for the 1998 World Cup. The song has captured many British fans and has had unofficial re-writes for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. After ending Fantasy Football League, the pair took an improvised question-and-answer show to the Edinburgh Fringe which became a television series and Skinner Unplanned, which ran for five series on ITV, as well as a West End run at the Shaftesbury Theatre in 2001.
The pair appeared on a celebrity special of Who Wants to be a Millionaire? in 2001, becoming the first celebrity contestants to reach £250,000 for their charities, the Catholic Children’s Society and the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. On the Official UK Charts on 13 July 2018, the song Three Lions by Baddiel, Frank Skinner and The Lightning Seeds re-entered the charts at Number 1. Celebrating the progress of England national football team at the 2018 FIFA World Cup. with the phrase "it's coming home" featuring on social media and television. Baddiel has written four novels: Time for Bed, Whatever Love Means, The Secret Purposes and The Death of Eli Gold. In June 2015, Baddiel published his first children’s novel, The Parent Agency which won the LOLLIE award for ‘best laugh out loud book for 9-13 year olds’ and is now being developed into a feature film by written and produced by Baddiel, by Fox 2000 Pictures, his subsequent children’s novels include The Person Controller, AniMalcolm, Birthday Boy and Head Kid.
He wrote The Boy Who Could do What He Liked, a short story published for World Book Day 2016, In 2001, Baddiel wrote and starred in Baddiel's Syndrome, a sitcom for Sky 1 which starred Morwenna Banks, Stephen Fry and Jonathan Bailey which ran for fourteen episodes. He wrote the comedy film