A locket is a pendant that opens to reveal a space used for storing a photograph or other small item such as a lock of hair. Lockets are given to loved ones on holidays such as Valentine's Day and occasions such as christenings, weddings and, most noticeably during the Victorian Age, funerals, they opened to reveal a portrait miniature. Lockets are worn on chains around the neck and hold a photo of the person who gave the locket, or they could form part of a charm bracelet, they come in many shapes such as ovals and circles and are made of precious metals such as gold or silver befitting their status as decorative jewellery. Lockets hold only one or two photographs, but some specially made lockets can hold up to eight; some lockets have been fashioned as'spinner' lockets, where the bail that attaches to the necklace chain is attached but not fixed to the locket itself, free to spin. This was a common style in the Victorian Age. Around 1860 memento lockets started to replace mourning rings as the preferred style of mourning jewellery.
Keepsake lockets can be made with a glass pane at the front so that what is inside can be seen without opening the locket. Such lockets are used for items like locks of hair which could fall out and become lost if the locket were opened, whereas photograph lockets are enclosed on all sides and the photographs are secured by pieces of clear plastic. Another kind of locket still made was in a filigree style with a small cushion in the centre to which a few drops of perfume should be added. Perfume lockets were popular in eras when personal hygiene was restricted and sweet smelling perfume was used to mask the odour of a person or their companions. Rare World War I- and World War II-era British and American military uniform locket buttons exist, containing miniature working compasses. Stanhope
Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961. It is published in London and has been edited by Ian Hislop since 1986; the publication is recognised for its prominent criticism and lampooning of public figures. It is known for its in-depth investigative journalism into under-reported scandals and cover-ups. Private Eye is Britain's best-selling current affairs magazine, such is its long-term popularity and impact that many of its recurring in-jokes have entered popular culture; the magazine bucks the trend of declining circulation for print media, having recorded its highest circulation in the second half of 2016. The forerunner of Private Eye was a school magazine published at Shrewsbury School in the mid-1950s and edited by Richard Ingrams, Willie Rushton, Christopher Booker and Paul Foot. After National Service and Foot went as undergraduates to Oxford University, where they met their future collaborators Peter Usborne, Andrew Osmond, John Wells and Danae Brooks, among others.
The magazine proper began when Usborne learned of a new printing process, photo-litho offset, which meant that anybody with a typewriter and Letraset could produce a magazine. The publication was funded by Osmond and launched in 1961, it was named when Osmond looked for ideas in the well-known recruiting poster of Lord Kitchener and, in particular, the pointing finger. After the name Finger was rejected, Osmond suggested Private Eye, in the sense of someone who "fingers" a suspect; the magazine was edited by Booker and designed by Rushton, who drew cartoons for it. Its subsequent editor, pursuing a career as an actor, shared the editorship with Booker, from around issue number 10, took over from issue 40. At first, Private Eye was a vehicle for juvenile jokes: an extension of the original school magazine, an alternative to Punch. However, according to Booker, it got "caught up in the rage for satire". After the magazine's initial success, more funding was provided by Nicholas Luard and Peter Cook, who ran The Establishment – a satirical nightclub – and Private Eye became a professional publication.
Others essential to the development of the magazine were Auberon Waugh, Claud Cockburn, Barry Fantoni, Gerald Scarfe, Tony Rushton, Patrick Marnham and Candida Betjeman. Christopher Logue was another long-time contributor, providing the column "True Stories", featuring cuttings from the national press; the gossip columnist Nigel Dempster wrote extensively for the magazine before he fell out with Ian Hislop and other writers, while Foot wrote on politics, local government and corruption. Ingrams continued as editor until 1986. Ingrams remains chairman of the holding company. Private Eye reports on the misdeeds of powerful and important individuals and has received numerous libel writs throughout its history; these include three issued by James Goldsmith and several by Robert Maxwell, one of which resulted in the award of costs and reported damages of £225,000, attacks on the magazine by Maxwell through a book, Malice in Wonderland, a one-off magazine, Not Private Eye. Its defenders point out that it carries news that the mainstream press will not print for fear of legal reprisals or because the material is of minority interest.
As well as covering a wide range of current affairs, Private Eye is known for highlighting the errors and hypocritical behaviour of newspapers in the "Street of Shame" column, named after Fleet Street, the former home of many papers. It reports on parliamentary and national political issues, with regional and local politics covered in equal depth under the "Rotten Boroughs" column. Extensive investigative journalism is published under the "In the Back" section tackling cover-ups and unreported scandals. A financial column called "In the City", written by Michael Gillard under the pseudonym "Slicker", has generated a wide business readership as a number of significant financial scandals and unethical business practices and personalities have been exposed there; some contributors to Private Eye are media figures or specialists in their field who write anonymously under humorous pseudonyms, such as "Dr B Ching" who writes the "Signal Failures" column about the railways, in reference to the Beeching cuts.
Stories sometimes originate from writers for more mainstream publications who cannot get their stories published by their main employers. Private Eye has traditionally lagged behind other magazines in adopting new typesetting and printing technologies. At the start it was laid out with scissors and paste and typed on three IBM Electric typewriters – italics and elite – lending an amateurish look to the pages. For some years after layout tools became available the magazine retained this technique to maintain its look, although the three older typewriters were replaced with an IBM composer. Today the magazine is still predominantly in black and white and there is more text and less white space than is typical for a modern magazine. Much of the text is printed in the standard Times New Roman font; the former "Colour Section" was printed in black and white like the rest of the magazine: only the content was colourful. While the magazine in general reports corruption, self-interest and incompetence in a broad range of industries and lines of work, certain people and entities have received a greater amount of attention and coverage in its pages.
As the most visible public figures, prime ministers and senior politicians make the most n
The Cure are an English rock band formed in Crawley in 1976. The band has experienced several line-up changes, with vocalist and principal songwriter Robert Smith being the only constant member; the Cure first began releasing music in the late 1970s with their debut album Three Imaginary Boys. During the early 1980s, the band's dark and tormented music was a staple of the emerging style of music known as gothic rock. Following the release of the album Pornography in 1982, the band's future was uncertain. Smith was keen to move past the gloomy reputation his band had acquired, introducing a greater pop sensibility into the band's music. Songs such as "Let's Go to Bed", "Just Like Heaven", "Lovesong", "Friday I'm in Love" aided the band in receiving commercial popularity; the band are estimated to have sold 27 million records as of 2004 and have released 13 studio albums, two EPs and over 30 singles to date. As of March 2019, the band are in the process of recording their fourteenth studio album which they hope to have released by the end of the year.
They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019. The founder members of the Cure were school friends at Notre Dame Middle School in Crawley, West Sussex, whose first public performance was at an end-of-year show in April 1973 as members of a one-off school band called Obelisk; that band consisted of Robert Smith on piano, Michael "Mick" Dempsey on guitar, Laurence "Lol" Tolhurst on percussion, Marc Ceccagno on lead guitar and Alan Hill on bass guitar. In January 1976 while at St Wilfrid's Comprehensive School Ceccagno formed a 5-piece rock band with Smith on guitar and Dempsey on bass, along with two other school friends, they called themselves Malice and rehearsed David Bowie, Jimi Hendrix and Alex Harvey songs in a local church hall. By late April 1976, Ceccagno and the other two school friends had left, Tolhurst, Martin Creasy, Porl Thompson had joined the band; this lineup played all three of Malice's only documented live shows during December 1976. In January 1977, following Martin Creasy's departure, influenced by the emergence of punk rock, Malice's remaining members became known as Easy Cure after a song written by drummer Laurence Tolhurst.
During March 1977 Easy Cure hired and fired a vocalist known only as Gary X, who by April had been replaced by Peter O'Toole. This lineup gave their first live performance on 24 April at Saint Edward's Hall, Sussex, England. On 5 May Easy Cure made the first of many regular live appearances at the Crawley pub known as The Rocket. Within the same month, the band recorded a demo in Robert's parents' house and won a talent contest, signed a recording contract with German record label Ariola-Hansa on 18 May. In September Peter O’Toole left the group to live on a kibbutz in Israel. Both Malice and Easy Cure auditioned several vocalists before Robert Smith assumed the role of Easy Cure's frontman in September 1977; the new fourpiece of Robert, Porl and Laurence recorded their first studio demo sessions as Easy Cure for Hansa at SAV Studios in London between October and November 1977. That year, Easy Cure won a talent competition with German label Hansa Records, received a recording contract. Although the band recorded tracks for the company, none were released.
They continued to perform around Crawley throughout 1977 and 1978. On 19 February 1978 they were joined at The Rocket for the first time by a support band from Horley called Lockjaw, featuring bassist Simon Gallup. Hansa was dissatisfied with the group's demos and did not wish to release "Killing an Arab"; the label suggested. They refused, by March 1978 Easy Cure's contract with the label had been dissolved. Smith recalled, "We were young, they just thought. They wanted us to do cover versions and we always refused."On 22 April 1978, Easy Cure played their last gig at the Montefiore Institute Hall before guitarist Porl Thompson was dropped from the lineup because his lead guitar style was at odds with Smith's growing preference for minimalist songwriting. That month, the band recorded their first sessions as a trio at Chestnut Studios in Sussex, which were distributed as a demo tape to a dozen major record labels; the demo found its way to Polydor Records scout Chris Parry, who signed the Cure to his newly formed Fiction label—distributed by Polydor—in September 1978.
The Cure released their debut single "Killing an Arab" in December 1978 on the Small Wonder label as a stopgap until Fiction finalised distribution arrangements with Polydor. "Killing an Arab" garnered both acclaim and controversy: while the single's provocative title led to accusations of racism, the song is based on French existentialist Albert Camus's novel The Stranger. The band placed a sticker label that denied the racist connotations on the single's 1979 reissue on Fiction. An early NME article on the band wrote that the Cure "are like a breath of fresh suburban air on the capital's smog-ridden pub-and-club circuit", noted, "With a John Peel session and more extensive London gigging on their immediate agenda, it remains to be seen whether the Cure can retain their refreshing joie de vivre." The Cure released their debut album Three Imaginary Boys in May 197
Charles, Prince of Wales
Charles, Prince of Wales is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. He has been Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay since 1952, is the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history, he is the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958. Charles was born at Buckingham Palace as the first grandchild of King George Queen Elizabeth, he was educated at Cheam and Gordonstoun schools, which his father, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, had attended as a child, as well as the Timbertop campus of Geelong Grammar School in Victoria, Australia. After earning a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Cambridge, Charles served in the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976. In 1981, he married Lady Diana Spencer and they had two sons: Prince William —later to become Duke of Cambridge—and Prince Harry —later to become Duke of Sussex. In 1996, the couple divorced following well-publicised extramarital affairs by both parties.
Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris the following year. In 2005, Charles married long-time partner Camilla Parker Bowles; as Prince of Wales, Charles undertakes official duties on behalf of the Queen and the Commonwealth realms. Charles founded The Prince's Trust in 1976, sponsors The Prince's Charities, is a patron, president and a member of over 400 other charities and organisations; as an environmentalist, he raises awareness of organic farming and climate change which has earned him awards and recognition from environmental groups. His support for alternative medicine, including homeopathy, has been criticised by some in the medical community and his views on the role of architecture in society and the conservation of historic buildings have received considerable attention from British architects and design critics. Since 1993, Charles has worked on the creation of Poundbury, an experimental new town based on his preferences, he is an author and co-author of a number of books. Charles was born at Buckingham Palace in London during the reign of his maternal grandfather George VI on 14 November 1948, at 9:14 pm, the first child of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, first grandchild of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
He was baptised in the palace's Music Room by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948. The death of his grandfather and the accession of his mother as Queen Elizabeth II in 1952 made Charles her heir apparent; as the monarch's eldest son, he automatically took the titles Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. Charles attended his mother's coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953; as was customary for upper-class children at the time, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed and undertook his education between the ages of five and eight. Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, making him the first heir apparent to be educated in that manner. On 7 November 1956, Charles commenced classes in west London, he did not receive preferential treatment from the school's founder and headmaster, Stuart Townend, who advised the Queen to have Charles train in football because the boys were never deferential to anyone on the football field.
Charles attended two of his father's former schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, from 1958, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland, beginning classes there in April 1962. Though he described Gordonstoun, noted for its rigorous curriculum, as "Colditz in kilts", Charles subsequently praised Gordonstoun, stating it had taught him "a great deal about myself and my own abilities and disabilities, it taught me to accept challenges and take the initiative." In a 1975 interview, he said he was "glad" he had attended Gordonstoun and that the "toughness of the place" was "much exaggerated". He spent two terms in 1966 at the Timbertop campus of Geelong Grammar School in Victoria, during which time he visited Papua New Guinea on a school trip with his history tutor, Michael Collins Persse. In 1973, Charles described his time at Timbertop as the most enjoyable part of his whole education. Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming Head Boy, he left in 1967, with six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C respectively.
On his early education, Charles remarked, "I didn't enjoy school as much as I might have, but, only because I'm happier at home than anywhere else."Charles broke royal tradition a second time when he proceeded straight to university after his A-levels, rather than joining the British Armed Forces. In October 1967, he was admitted to Trinity College, where he read anthropology and history. During his second year, Charles attended the University College of Wales in Aberystwyth, studying Welsh history and language for a term, he graduated from Cambridge with a 2:2 Bachelor of Arts on 23 June 1970, the first heir apparent to earn a university degree. On 2 August 1975, he was awarded a Master of Arts degree from Cambridge, in accordance with the university's practice. Charles was created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester on 26 July 1958, though his investiture was not held until 1 July 1969, when he was crowned by his mother in a televised ceremony held at Caernarfon Castle, he took his seat in the House of Lords in 1970, he made his maiden speech at a debate in June 1974, becoming the first royal to speak in the Lords since his great-great-grandfather Edward VII speaking as Prince of Wales, in 1884.
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording, devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning. One of the meanings is obvious, given the context, whereas the other may require more thought; the innuendo may convey a message that would be awkward, sexually suggestive, or offensive to state directly. A double entendre may exploit puns to convey the second meaning. Double entendres rely on multiple meanings of words, or different interpretations of the same primary meaning, they exploit ambiguity and may be used to introduce it deliberately in a text. Sometimes a homophone can be used as a pun; when three or more meanings have been constructed, this is known as etc.. A person, unfamiliar with the hidden or alternative meaning of a sentence may fail to detect its innuendos, aside from observing that others find it humorous for no apparent reason; because it is not offensive to those who do not recognise it, innuendo is used in sitcoms and other comedy where the audience may enjoy the humour while being oblivious to its secondary meaning.
A triple entendre is a phrase that can be understood in any of three ways, such as in the back cover of the 1981 Rush album Moving Pictures which shows a moving company carrying paintings out of a building while people are shown being moved and a film crew makes a "moving picture" of the whole scene. The expression comes from French double = "double" and entendre = "to hear". However, the English formulation is a corruption of the authentic French expression à double entente. Modern French uses double sens instead. In Homer's The Odyssey, when Odysseus is captured by the Cyclops Polyphemus, he tells the Cyclops that his name is Oudeis; when Odysseus attacks the Cyclops that night and stabs him in the eye, the Cyclops runs out of his cave, yelling to the other cyclopes that "No-one has hurt me!", which leads the other cyclopes to take no action under the assumption that Polyphemus blinded himself by accident, allowing Odysseus and his men to escape. Some of the earliest double entendres are found in the Exeter Book, or Codex exoniensis, at Exeter Cathedral in England.
The book was copied around AD 975. In addition to the various poems and stories found in the book, there are numerous riddles; the Anglo-Saxons did not reveal the answers to the riddles, but they have been answered by scholars over the years. Some riddles were double-entendres, such as Riddle 25 which suggests the answer "a penis" but has the correct answer "an onion". Examples of sexual innuendo and double-entendre occur in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales, in which the Wife of Bath's Tale is laden with double entendres; the most famous of these may be her use of the word "queynte" to describe both domestic duties and genitalia. The title of Sir Thomas More's 1516 fictional work Utopia is a double entendre because of the pun between two Greek-derived words that would have identical pronunciation: with his spelling, it means "no place". Sometimes, it is unclear. For example, the character Charley Bates from Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist is referred to as Master Bates; the word "masturbate" was in use when the book was written, Dickens used colourful names related to the natures of the characters.
The title of Damon Knight's story To Serve Man is a double entendre which could mean "to perform a service to humanity" or "to serve a human as food". An alien cookbook with the title To Serve Man is featured in the story which could imply that the aliens eat humans; the story was the basis for an episode of The Twilight Zone. At the end of the episode the line "It's a cookbook!" Reveals the truth. Shakespeare used double entendres in his plays. Sir Toby Belch in Twelfth Night says of Sir Andrew's hair. Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit"; the title of Shakespeare's play Much Ado About Nothing is a pun on the Elizabethan use of "no-thing" as slang for vagina. In the UK, starting in the 19th century, Victorian morality di
The Orb are an English electronic music group founded in 1988 by Alex Paterson and The KLF member Jimmy Cauty. Beginning as ambient and dub DJs in London, their early performances were inspired by electronic artists of the 1970s and 1980s, most notably Brian Eno and Kraftwerk; because of their psychedelic sound, the Orb developed a cult following among clubbers "coming down" from drug-induced highs. The Orb have maintained their drug-related science fiction themes despite personnel changes, including the departure of Cauty and members Kris Weston, Andy Falconer, Simon Phillips, Nick Burton, Andy Hughes. Paterson has been the only permanent member, continuing to work as the Orb with Swiss-German producer Thomas Fehlmann and with Martin "Youth" Glover, bassist of Killing Joke. Beyond recognition on their albums and concerts, his unauthorised use of other artists' works has led to disputes with musicians, most notably with Rickie Lee Jones. During their live shows of the 1990s, the Orb performed using digital audio tape machines optimised for live mixing and sampling before switching to laptops and digital media.
Despite changes in performance method, the Orb maintained their colourful light shows and psychedelic imagery in concert. These visually intense performances prompted critics to compare the group to Pink Floyd, they released their fifteenth studio album, No Sounds Are Out of Bounds, on 22 June 2018 via Cooking Vinyl. Alex Paterson began his music career in the early 1980s as a roadie for the post-punk rock band Killing Joke, for whom his childhood friend Martin "Youth" Glover played bass. After leaving Killing Joke in 1986, Paterson met future KLF member Jimmy Cauty and the duo began DJ-ing and producing music together under the name The Orb. Paterson and Cauty's first release was a 1988 acid house anthem track, "Tripping on Sunshine", released on the German record compilation Eternity Project One; the following year, the Orb released the Kiss EP, a four-track EP based on samples from New York City's KISS FM. It was released on Paterson and Glover's new record label WAU! Mr. Modo Records, which they created out of a desire to maintain financial independence from larger record labels.
After spending a weekend of making what Paterson described as "really shit drum sounds", the duo decided to abandon beat-heavy music and instead work on music for after-hours listening by removing the percussion tracks. Paterson and Cauty began DJ-ing in London and landed a deal for the Orb to play the chill out room at London nightclub Heaven. Resident DJ Paul Oakenfold brought in the duo as ambient DJs for his "The Land of Oz" event at Heaven. Though the Orb's Monday night performances had only several hardcore followers their chill-out room act grew popular over the course of their six-month stay to the point that the room was packed with around 100 people; the Orb's performances became most popular among weary DJs and clubbers seeking solace from the loud, rhythmic music of the dancefloor. The Orb built up melodies using multitrack recordings linked to a mixer; the group incorporated many CDs, BBC sound effects into the act accompanied with pieces of popular dance tracks such as "Sueño Latino".
Though the group used a variety of samples, they avoided heavy rhythm and drums so that the intended ambient atmosphere was not disrupted. Most the group played dub and other chill-out music, which it described as ambient house for the E generation. Throughout 1989 the Orb, along with Martin Glover, developed a music production style that incorporated ambient music with a diverse array of samples and recordings; the British music press labelled the music ambient house. The culmination of the group's musical work came toward the end of the same year when they recorded a session for John Peel on BBC Radio 1; the track known as "Loving You," was improvisational and featured a wealth of sound effects and samples from science fiction radio plays, nature sounds, Minnie Riperton's "Lovin' You". For its release as a single on the record label Big Life, the Orb changed the title to "A Huge Ever Growing Pulsating Brain That Rules from the Centre of the Ultraworld". Upon the single's release, Riperton's management forced Big Life to remove the unlicensed Riperton sample, ensuring that only the initial first-week release of the single contained the original vocals of Minnie Riperton.
Despite its running time of 22 minutes, the sample-laden single reached #78 on the British singles charts. Soon thereafter, the Orb were commissioned by Dave Stewart to remix his top-20 single "Lily Was Here"; the group obliged and were soon offered several more remix jobs from artists including Erasure and System 7. In 1990, Paterson and Cauty held several recording sessions at Trancentral; when offered an album deal by Big Life, the Orb found themselves at a crossroads: Cauty preferred that the Orb release their music through his KLF Communications label, whereas Paterson wanted to ensure that the group did not become a side-project of the KLF. Because of these issues and Paterson split in April 1990, with Paterson keeping the name the Orb; as a result of the break-up, Cauty removed Paterson's contributions from the in-progress recordings and released the album as Space on KLF Communications. Out of these sessions came the KLF album Chill Out, on which Paterson appeared in an uncredited role.
Following the split, Paterson began working with Youth on the track "Little Fluffy Clouds". The group incorporated samples from Steve Reich's Electric Counterpoint; the signature of the piece centres around the repeated phrases sampled from the voice of singer/songwriter Rickie Lee Jones, her spaced-out childlike ramble taken from a promotional CD released by Geffe
Wembley Arena is an indoor arena in Wembley, London. With 12,500 seats, it is London's second-largest indoor arena after The O2 Arena, the eighth-largest in the United Kingdom; the Empire Pool was built for the 1934 British Empire Games at Wembley, by Arthur Elvin, housed a swimming pool, as reflected by its name. The pool itself was last used for the 1948 Summer Olympics; the building is used for music, family entertainment and sport. It was designed without the employment of an architect. Williams built a unique structure, with cantilevers meeting in the middle, thus avoiding the need for internal pillars, he used high quality concrete, meaning that it has aged far better than many more recent concrete buildings. Work on the Empire Pool began in November 1933, it was opened on 25 July 1934 by the Duke of Gloucester. At the time it had the largest span of any similar structure in the world; as with the Stadium, construction was supervised by R. J. Fowler, Wembley's chief building inspector. Elvin introduced ice hockey to the new Empire Pool in October 1934.
In 1976, the Empire Pool was awarded Grade II Listed status, recognising it as a building of special architectural interest, technological innovation and virtuosity. On 1 February 1978, the Empire Pool was renamed Wembley Arena; when the venue was known as the Empire Pool, it hosted the annual NME Poll Winners Concerts during the mid-1960s. Audiences of 10,000 viewed acts like The Beatles, T. Rex; the Eagles on their Hotel California 1978 tour, The Grateful Dead, Dire Straits, who played there on their "Brothers In Arms" tour in 1985 and "On Every Street" tour in 1991, Status Quo, The Who, Dave Dee, Beaky, Mick & Tich, were among many others. The individual performances were finished by a famous personality joining the respective performer on stage and presenting them with their award; the Beatles were presented with one of their awards by actor Roger Moore and Joe Brown was joined on stage by Roy Orbison, to present him with his own award. These ceremonies were filmed and broadcast on television.
The venue was renovated, along with Wembley Stadium, as part of the early-21st-century regeneration of the Wembley Park area. The arena was temporarily closed in February 2005, with refurbishment costing £35m. Concerts were held at the neighbouring temporary 10,000-seat Wembley Arena Pavilion instead; the new arena opened to the public on 2 April 2006, with a concert by the English electronic-music band Depeche Mode. The temporary pavilion was moved to Malta Fairs & Convention Centre in Attard, where it opened in December 2006. In September 2013, it was announced that AEG Facilities had signed a 15-year contract to operate the arena; the building was renamed The SSE Arena on 1 June 2014 after SSE plc bought the naming rights to the venue for 10 years. The Grateful Dead have released recordings of complete shows from 7–8 April 1972 as part of Europe'72: The Complete Recordings; the Grateful Dead performed at Wembley Arena on 31 October 1990 as part of their fall 1990 European concert tour. Bruce Hornsby accompanied the band for this concert.
A notable attendance record was set in the early 1970s by David Cassidy, in his first tour of Great Britain in 1973, when he sold out six performances in one weekend. The experience and the associated mass hysteria was documented in a TV special called "David Cassidy: Weekend At Wembley". ABBA played six sold-out concerts, from 5 to 10 November 1979; the shows were filmed by Swedish television for a documentary, released in 2004 on DVD as ABBA in Concert. In September 2014 Universal Music released Live at Wembley Arena, featuring most of the concert of 10 November on CD, vinyl LP and digital format. After the tour, the members of the band talked about the warmth of the Wembley audience. "It was like coming home after a couple of nights," said guitarist Björn Ulvaeus. A finale from these concerts, "The Way Old Friends Do", is the closing track on ABBA's seventh studio album, Super Trouper. Vocalist Agnetha Fältskog said it was the vibe from the audience that made the track work so much better as a live performance than as a studio track.
Tina Turner is the female artist with the most shows, with 25 and with 5 at Wembley Stadium Cliff Richard is the male artist with the most number of shows with 61, whereas Status Quo hold the record for a rock band with 45 performances. Irish band Westlife are the pop band with most shows with 28, comedian Lee Evans 23 performances. American pop superstar Prince played 35 concerts at the venue between 1986–1998. During their 1998 Spiceworld Tour the Spice Girls played a total of 8 sold out concerts at the venue in April 1998; the arena hosted the final of The X Factor in 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. After a shake up, in 2017, it was instead hosted at The ExCel Centre, but in November 2018, it was confirmed Wembley Arena would return to host The X Factor Final 2018. Britney Spears performed there on 10, 11 and 12 October 2000 as part of her Oops!... I Did It Again Tour, she returned on 2004 for four shows during her The Onyx Hotel Tour. Kylie Minogue performed there on 24, 25, 26 and 27 May 2002 as part of her KylieFever2002.
She returned in 2007 for seven shows during her Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour. B