The River Suir is a river in Ireland that flows into the Atlantic Ocean near Waterford after a distance of 185 kilometres. The catchment area of the Suir is 3,610 km2, its long term average flow rate is 76.9 cubic metres per second, about twice the flow of either River Barrow or River Nore before these join, but a little less than Barrow's flow when it meets the Suir 20 km downstream. Popular with anglers, it holds plentiful reserves of brown trout. While the Suir holds the record for a salmon taken from an Irish river, as is the case in many other Atlantic rivers, salmon stocks have been in decline in recent years. Rising on the slopes of Devil's Bit Mountain, just north of Templemore in County Tipperary, the Suir flows south through Loughmore, Holycross and Knockgraffon. Merging with the River Aherlow at Kilmoyler and further on with the Tar, it turns east at the Comeragh Mountains, forming the border between County Waterford and County Tipperary, it passes through Cahir and Carrick-on-Suir before reaching Waterford.
Near the Port of Waterford it meets the River Barrow at Cheekpoint to form a wide navigable estuary, capable of accommodating seagoing vessels up to 32,000 tons dwt. It exits to the sea between Hook Head. Together with the Nore and the Barrow, the river is one of the trio known as The Three Sisters; the Suir is known in Irish as the Siúr and it is thought the present spelling in English with the u and i reversed is due to a mistake. Some people therefore feel that the spelling in English should be Siur and this spelling is seen.. Edmund Spenser author of The Fairie Queene, in his writings during the Elizabethan age while domiciled in County Cork, referred to the'gentle Shure', probable a most accurate spelling and the most phonetically correct of the period. In the early years of the 21st century, the remains of a large Viking settlement were found at a bend in the river at Woodstown just upstream from Waterford. In Clonmel, the Suir floods the local area after heavy rainfalls falling in the up river catchment of 2,173 km2.
The Office of Public Works completed and installed a Flood Forecasting System, used to forecast flooding in January 2008 and January 2009, the flooding of January 2009 being a 1 in 5-year event. Phase 1 of the Clonmel Flood defence which stated in 2007 is scheduled for completion in late 2009 and phase two and three as one contract by 2011/2012; the flood defence consists of demountable barriers and earth banks. The Gashouse Bridge, Coleville Road, Davis Road, the quays and the Old Bridge are the worst affected areas. Clonmel is not tidal; the tide turns above the Miloko chocolate crumb factory in Carrick-on-Suir. The flood waters spill onto the land above Miloko on the County Waterford side of the river. Carrick-on-Suir has a 1 -- 50-year flood defence; the Office of Public Works now plan to install a 1–200-year flood defence where the river Suir flows through Waterford city. Rivers of Ireland Salmon Ireland, information on the Salmon rivers of Ireland The Suir Navigation from Carrick to Clonmel
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area, it separates the "Old World" from the "New World". The Atlantic Ocean occupies an elongated, S-shaped basin extending longitudinally between Europe and Africa to the east, the Americas to the west; as one component of the interconnected global ocean, it is connected in the north to the Arctic Ocean, to the Pacific Ocean in the southwest, the Indian Ocean in the southeast, the Southern Ocean in the south. The Equatorial Counter Current subdivides it into the North Atlantic Ocean and the South Atlantic Ocean at about 8°N. Scientific explorations of the Atlantic include the Challenger expedition, the German Meteor expedition, Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and the United States Navy Hydrographic Office; the oldest known mentions of an "Atlantic" sea come from Stesichorus around mid-sixth century BC: Atlantikoi pelágei and in The Histories of Herodotus around 450 BC: Atlantis thalassa where the name refers to "the sea beyond the pillars of Heracles", said to be part of the sea that surrounds all land.
Thus, on one hand, the name refers to Atlas, the Titan in Greek mythology, who supported the heavens and who appeared as a frontispiece in Medieval maps and lent his name to modern atlases. On the other hand, to early Greek sailors and in Ancient Greek mythological literature such as the Iliad and the Odyssey, this all-encompassing ocean was instead known as Oceanus, the gigantic river that encircled the world. In contrast, the term "Atlantic" referred to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and the sea off the Strait of Gibraltar and the North African coast; the Greek word thalassa has been reused by scientists for the huge Panthalassa ocean that surrounded the supercontinent Pangaea hundreds of millions of years ago. The term "Aethiopian Ocean", derived from Ancient Ethiopia, was applied to the Southern Atlantic as late as the mid-19th century. During the Age of Discovery, the Atlantic was known to English cartographers as the Great Western Ocean; the term The Pond is used by British and American speakers in context to the Atlantic Ocean, as a form of meiosis, or sarcastic understatement.
The term dates to as early as 1640, first appearing in print in pamphlet released during the reign of Charles I, reproduced in 1869 in Nehemiah Wallington's Historical Notices of Events Occurring Chiefly in The Reign of Charles I, where "great Pond" is used in reference to the Atlantic Ocean by Francis Windebank, Charles I's Secretary of State. The International Hydrographic Organization defined the limits of the oceans and seas in 1953, but some of these definitions have been revised since and some are not used by various authorities and countries, see for example the CIA World Factbook. Correspondingly, the extent and number of oceans and seas varies; the Atlantic Ocean is bounded on the west by South America. It connects to the Arctic Ocean through the Denmark Strait, Greenland Sea, Norwegian Sea and Barents Sea. To the east, the boundaries of the ocean proper are Europe: the Strait of Africa. In the southeast, the Atlantic merges into the Indian Ocean; the 20° East meridian, running south from Cape Agulhas to Antarctica defines its border.
In the 1953 definition it extends south to Antarctica, while in maps it is bounded at the 60° parallel by the Southern Ocean. The Atlantic has irregular coasts indented by numerous bays and seas; these include the Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Caribbean Sea, Davis Strait, Denmark Strait, part of the Drake Passage, Gulf of Mexico, Labrador Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, Norwegian Sea all of the Scotia Sea, other tributary water bodies. Including these marginal seas the coast line of the Atlantic measures 111,866 km compared to 135,663 km for the Pacific. Including its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers an area of 106,460,000 km2 or 23.5% of the global ocean and has a volume of 310,410,900 km3 or 23.3% of the total volume of the earth's oceans. Excluding its marginal seas, the Atlantic covers 81,760,000 km2 and has a volume of 305,811,900 km3; the North Atlantic covers 41,490,000 km2 and the South Atlantic 40,270,000 km2. The average depth is 3,646 m and the maximum depth, the Milwaukee Deep in the Puerto Rico Trench, is 8,486 m.
The bathymetry of the Atlantic is dominated by a submarine mountain range called the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It runs from 87°N or 300 km south of the North Pole to the subantarctic Bouvet Island at 42°S; the MAR divides the Atlantic longitudinally into two halves, in each of which a series of basins are delimited by secondary, transverse ridges. The MAR reaches above 2,000 m along most of its length, but is interrupted by larger transform faults at two places: the Romanche Trench near the Equator and the Gibbs Fracture Zone at 53°N; the MAR is a barrier for bottom water, but at these two transform faults deep water currents can pass from one side to the othe
The River Lagan is a major river in Northern Ireland which runs 53.5 miles from the Slieve Croob mountain in County Down to Belfast where it enters Belfast Lough, an inlet of the Irish Sea. The River Lagan forms much of the border between County Antrim and County Down in the east of Ulster, it rises as a fast-moving stream near to the summit of Slieve Croob. From here it continues on its journey to Belfast through Dromara and Dromore. On the lower slopes of the mountain, it is joined by another branch from Legananny Mountain, just opposite Slieve Croob. At Dromara, about four miles from its source, its height above the sea is 390 ft; as the river continues on its journey to Belfast, it turns east to Magheralin into a broad plain between the plateaus of Antrim and Down. The river drains 609 square km of agricultural land and flows over 70 km from the Mourne Mountains to the Stranmillis Weir, from which point on it is estuarine; the catchment consists of enriched agricultural grassland in the upper parts, with a lower section draining urban Belfast and Lisburn.
There is one significant tributary, the Ravernet River, there are several minor tributaries, including the Carryduff River, the River Farset and the Blackstaff River. Water quality is fair, though there are localised problems and occasional pollution incidents due to effluent from farms. Work is proceeding to restore a self-sustaining population of Atlantic salmon to the river. Ptolemy's Geography described a river called Λογια; the river name is thought to connect with * laks. The name Belfast originates from the Irish Béal Feirste, or the mouth of the Farset, the river on which the city was built and which flows into the Lagan; the Farset has been superseded by the River Lagan as the most important river. The Farset languishes in obscurity, covered over by the city's High Street. In 1989 the Laganside Corporation was established by the British government to redevelop the areas surrounding the Lagan in Belfast. Major developments of the Laganside Corporation along the river include the regeneration of the city's former Gasworks, the Odyssey entertainment and leisure development, the Lanyon Place development, which includes the Waterfront Hall, in many ways the flagship of the corporation.
One of the earliest and most important undertakings of the Corporation was the Lagan Weir. Completed in 1994 at a cost of £14m, the weir controls the level of water upstream. One of the main functions of the weir was to reduce unsightly mud flats at low tide; this was successful, but mud flats are still evident on the river. The weir is a series of massive steel barriers which are raised as the tide retreats so as to keep the river at an artificially constant level. This, improvements to the sewerage system, massive dredging of the river by mechanical excavators, has led to a marked improvement in water quality and the environment around the river. Lagan Weir and aeration have increased water quality in the river, salmon are returning. An otter and seals have followed the fish that now move up river to spawn in what was once an aquatic death trap; the river is used by a number of rowing clubs, including Queen's University Boat Club, Queen's Ladies Boat Club, Methodist College Boat Club, Royal Belfast Academical Institution Rowing Club, Belfast Rowing Club and Lagan Scullers Club.
The Boathouses are all based between the Stranmillis Weir. In September 2010, dredging commenced on the river Lagan; the operation was expected to last until spring 2011. In a similar way to the regeneration of Belfast riverside Lisburn City Council has embarked on a series of developments around the River Lagan; the centre-piece of this strategy has been the Lagan Valley Island complex. Opened in 2001 the building is surrounded by the Lagan on one side and a channel linked to the river on the other. In the late 19th century the Lagan Navigation was built from Lough Neagh to Belfast, using some of the river as a navigable waterway and diverting water from other areas to supply separate canal sections. However, by the mid-20th century the route had fallen into disuse and was derelict; the M1 motorway was built across the route. The section of the navigation's towpath running from Lisburn to the centre of Belfast has been restored. Atlantic salmon became extirpated in the River Lagan, which enters the Irish Sea through the port of Belfast, between 1750 and 1800, coinciding with a period of major population growth, industrialisation and the construction of a navigable waterway based on the river.
The latest record of a salmon population in the river dates from 1744. From 1950 to 1990, water quality in the river improved as a result of improved sewage treatment, the Lagan Navigation was abandoned and fell into disuse, many industrial effluents were diverted to sewer. A fish survey in the early 1970s found no fish at all in the urban reach of river through Belfast. Brown trout and several other species remained present in the upper reaches of the river throughout the worst of the downstream urban problems; the 1980s saw some recreational angling for non-migratory fish developing in the Belfast reaches of the river, there were occasional reports of migratory salmon or sea trout being seen in the river. In 1991, the first of a series of stockings took place and the first adult salmon returned to the Lagan in 1993. Plants such as Elodea and others have been reco
The River Lee is a river in Ireland. It rises in the Shehy Mountains on the western border of County Cork and flows eastwards through Cork, where it splits in two for a short distance, creating an island on which Cork's city centre is built, empties into the Celtic Sea at Cork Harbour on the south coast, one of the largest natural harbours in the world; the catchment area of the River Lee is 1,253 km2. The long-term average flow rate of the River Lee is 40.4 Cubic Metres per second A hydro-electric scheme was built on the river, upstream from Cork City, this part of the river now contains the Carrigadrohid and Inniscarra reservoirs. The river is crossed by 42 bridges, 29 of which are in Cork City, one tunnel; the river provides an 8 kilometres stretch of salmon fishing. Ptolemy's Geography described a river called Δαβρωνα or Λαβρωνα, sometimes considered to refer to the River Lee. Though unconfirmed, the Irish name for the river, may derive from Corca Luighe, which in turn derives from'Luighe', the son of a quasi-mythical Milesian noble.
There is the Λουρ which passes through Tralee. The River Lee has its source in the Shehy Mountains near Gougane Barra, where there is a forest park, chapel and shop; the Lee flows from the lake of Gougane Barra as a fast paced torrent, but by the town of Ballingeary it eases and flows into Lough Allua. Departing the lough, running east, it again becomes a rapid flow before running into The Gearagh and Carrigadrohid feeder reservoirs and into the Inniscarra reservoir created by Inniscarra Dam. Moving on, it flows down from the dam, in normal conditions a gentle river until it comes to Ballincollig Weir in Ballincollig Park; the Lee flows into the city under Inniscarra Bridge and flows parallel to the Carrigrohane road. Along this section gauges monitor the water levels from the Inniscarra Dam; the river flows over the Lee weir and is split into the north and south channel at a sluice. This area is popular for recreation and fishing; the two channels join again at the Cork docks and enter the extensive estuary and harbour, south of Glanmire, passing either side of Great Island to fill the outer harbour, reaching the open sea between Whitegate and Crosshaven.
The upper tributaries of the Lee include the large Sullane River from near Ballyvourney, the small Buinea and Glashagariff Rivers, the River Dripsey and its tributary the Ryelane, the River Bride from Crookstown via Ovens, the Shournagh River. City area tributaries include the combined Maglin and Curraheen Rivers, capturing the Glasheen River and joining at the western end of the UCC complex, the Kiln River which joins by the Christy Ring Bridge in the city centre, a little west of St. Patrick's Bridge. Estuarine tributaries include Glashaboy River, passing Glanmire, the Douglas or Tramore River which drains parts of the southern city, Owennacurra River, the Owenaboy River at the final mouth of the outer Lee estuary. Recreation activities on the Lee include sailing, from a sailing club based on Inniscarra lake, where people swim. There is a kayak club based on the Lee Road. Water skiing takes place on Inniscarra lake and several rowing clubs are based on the Lee including the "Lee Rowing Club", "Shandon Boat Club" and “Cork Boat Club”.
Naomhoga Chorcai is based on the Marina, is Ireland's largest Currach rowing club. Angling is common from the banks of the Lee Fields. Tidal considerations, combined with low-lying urban developments, dam management contribute to repeated flooding events on the Lee. For example, specific streets in Cork city centre have been affected by floods more than 100 times since the mid-19th century. In late 2009 the river flooded, causing some of the most significant damage in Cork city for a number of centuries; the Lee Water Station was forced to shut down after being submerged under six metres of water, resulted in 40% of Cork City being without running water for over a week. Lower-lying parts of the University College Cork campus were flooded extensively, resulting in lectures being cancelled throughout the week. There was severe damage to the university's newly built IT building, the Western Gateway Building, situated next to the river on a known floodplain, where for example a 300-seat auditorium was flooded to near ceiling height.
To prevent issues upstream, the ESB made a controversial decision to release water from the Inniscarra hydro-electric dam. This released 535 tonnes of water per second into the flooded river, raising the flood to 1.5 metres in parts of the city centre. The ESB insisted this was an essential move, if water had not been released, the flooding would have been much worse; the Gearagh Salmon Ireland, information on the Salmon rivers of Ireland
Ulster Scots dialects
Ulster Scots or Ulster-Scots known as Ulster Scotch, Scots-Irish and Ullans, is the Scots language as spoken in parts of Ulster in Ireland. It is considered a dialect or group of dialects of Scots, although groups such as the Ulster-Scots Language Society and Ulster-Scots Academy consider it a language in its own right, the Ulster-Scots Agency and former Department of Culture and Leisure have used the terminology Ulster-Scots language; some definitions of Ulster Scots may include Standard English spoken with an Ulster Scots accent. This is a situation like that of Lowland Scots and Scottish Standard English with words pronounced using the Ulster Scots phonemes closest to those of Standard English. Ulster Scots has been influenced by Hiberno-English Mid-Ulster English, by Ulster Irish; as a result of the competing influences of English and Scots, varieties of Ulster Scots can be described as "more English" or "more Scots". The Scots language arrived in Ulster during the early 17th century, when large numbers of Scots speakers arrived from Lowland Scotland during the Hamilton and Montgomery Settlements and the Ulster Plantation.
The earliest Scots writing in Ulster dates from that time, until the late 20th century, written Scots from Ulster was identical with that of Scotland. However, since the revival of interest in the Ulster dialects of Scots in Ulster in the 1990s, new orthographies have been created, according to Irish language activist Aodán Mac Póilin, seek "to be as different to English as possible." While once referred to as Scotch-Irish by several researchers, that has now been superseded by the term Ulster Scots. Speakers refer to their vernacular as'Braid Scots','Scotch' or'the hamely tongue'. Since the 1980s Ullans, a portmanteau neologism popularized by the physician, amateur historian and politician Ian Adamson, merging Ulster and Lallans, the Scots for Lowlands, but an acronym for “Ulster-Scots language in literature and native speech” and Ulstèr-Scotch, the preferred revivalist parlance, have been used; the term Hiberno-Scots is used, but it is used for the ethnic group rather than the vernacular.
During the middle of the 20th century, the linguist R. J. Gregg established the geographical boundaries of Ulster's Scots-speaking areas based on information gathered from native speakers. Ulster Scots is spoken in mid and east Antrim, north Down, north-east County Londonderry, in the fishing villages of the Mourne coast, it is spoken in the Laggan district and parts of the Finn Valley in east Donegal and in the south of Inishowen in north Donegal. The 1999 Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey found that 2% of Northern Ireland residents claimed to speak Ulster Scots, which would mean a total speech community of 30,000 in the territory. Other estimates range from 35,000 in Northern Ireland, to an "optimistic" total of 100,000 including the Republic of Ireland. Speaking at a seminar on 9 September 2004, Ian Sloan of the Northern Ireland Department of Culture and Leisure accepted that the 1999 Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey "did not indicate that unionists or nationalists were any more or less to speak Ulster Scots, although in absolute terms there were more unionists who spoke Ulster Scots than nationalists".
In the 2011 census of Northern Ireland, 16,373 people stated that they can speak, read and understand Ulster Scots and 140,204 people reported having some ability in Ulster Scots. Enthusiasts such as Philip Robinson, the Ulster-Scots Language Society and supporters of an Ulster-Scots Academy are of the opinion that Ulster Scots is a language in its own right; that position has been criticised by the Ulster-Scots Agency, a BBC report stating: " accused the academy of wrongly promoting Ulster-Scots as a language distinct from Scots." This position is reflected in many of the Academic responses to the "Public Consultation on Proposals for an Ulster-Scots Academy" Some linguists, such as Raymond Hickey, treat Ulster Scots as a dialect of English. Other linguists treat it as a variety of the Scots language; the Concise Ulster Dictionary writes that "Ulster Scots is one dialect of Lowland Scots, now regarded as a language by the European Bureau for Lesser-Used Languages." The Northern Ireland Department of Culture and Leisure considers Ulster Scots to be "the local variety of the Scots language."
It has been said that its "status varies between dialect and language". Ulster Scots is defined in an Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of Ireland establishing implementation bodies done at Dublin on the 8th day of March 1999 in the following terms: "Ullans" is to be understood as the variety of the Scots language traditionally found in parts of Northern Ireland and Donegal; the North/South Co-operation Northern Ireland Order 1999, which gave effect to the implementation bodies incorporated the text of the agreement in its Schedule 1. The declaration made by the United Kingdom Government regarding the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages reads as follows: The United Kingdom declares, in accordance with Article 2, paragraph 1 of the Charter that it recognises that Scots and Ulster Scots meet the Charter's definition of a regional or minority language for the purposes of Part II of the Charter; this recognition differed signif
The River Boyne is a river in Leinster, the course of, about 112 kilometres long. It rises at Trinity Well, Newberry Hall, near Carbury, County Kildare, flows towards the Northeast through County Meath to reach the Irish Sea between Mornington, County Meath, Baltray, County Louth. Salmon and trout can be caught in the river, surrounded by the Boyne Valley, it is crossed just west of Drogheda by the Boyne River Bridge, which carries the M1 motorway, by the Boyne Viaduct, which carries the Dublin-Belfast railway line to the east. The catchment area of the River Boyne is 2,695 km2; the long term average flow rate of the River Boyne is 38.8 cubic metres per second. Despite its short course, the Boyne has historical and mythical connotations; the Battle of the Boyne, a major battle in Irish history, took place along the Boyne near Drogheda in 1690 during the Williamite war in Ireland. It passes through the ancient town of Trim, Trim Castle, the Hill of Tara, the Hill of Slane, Brú na Bóinne, Mellifont Abbey, the medieval town of Drogheda.
In the Boyne Valley can be found other historical and archaeological monuments, including Loughcrew, Celtic crosses, castles. This river has been known since ancient times; the Greek geographer Ptolemy drew a map of Ireland in the 2nd century which included the Boyne, which he called Βουουινδα or Βουβινδα. During the High Middle Ages, Giraldus Cambrensis called it the Boandus. In Irish mythology it is said that the river was created by the goddess Boann, according to F. Dinneen, lexicographer of the Irish Gaelic language, Boyne is an anglicised form of the name. In other legends, it was in this river where Fionn mac Cumhail captured Fiontán, the Salmon of Knowledge; the Meath section of the Boyne was known as Smior Fionn Feidhlimthe. The Boyne Navigation is a series of canals running parallel to the main river from Oldbridge near Drogheda to Navan. Owned by An Taisce and derelict, the Inland Waterways Association of Ireland are restoring the navigation to navigable status; the canal at )Oldbridge which runs through the battle of the Boyne Site was the first to be restored.
A rock with indications of being Prehistoric art was found in August 2013. Cliadh O’Gibne reported through the Archaeological Survey of Ireland that a boulder with geometric carvings had been found in Donore, County Meath; the Boyne Fishermen's Rescue and Recovery Service, near Drogheda, County Louth, were doing one of their regular operations to remove shopping trolleys from the Boyne, in May 2013, when they discovered an ancient log boat, which experts believe may be 5000 years old. Initial examination by an underwater archaeologist, suggests it could be rare because, unlike other log-boats found here, it has oval shapes on the upper edge which could have held oars. Investigations were on-going as of 2013. In 2006, the remains of a Viking ship were found in the river bed in Drogheda during dredging operations; the vessel is to be excavated. See Annals of Inisfallen AI770.2 The battle of Bolg Bóinne against the Uí Néill, by the Laigin. HMS Boyne Salmon fishing on the River Boyne, from Salmon Ireland A canoeing and kayaking guide to the River Boyne, from Irish Whitewater
The River Erne in the northwest of the island of Ireland, is the second-longest river in Ulster flowing through Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. It rises on the east shoulder of Slieve Glah mountain three miles south of Cavan in County Cavan, Republic of Ireland, flows 80 miles through Lough Gowna, Lough Oughter and Upper and Lower Lough Erne, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, to the sea at Ballyshannon, County Donegal back in the Republic. For 30 miles from Crossdoney in County Cavan to Enniskillen in County Fermanagh, it is difficult to distinguish the river as it winds its way through interconnected loughs or parts of loughs nestling among the drumlin hills of Cavan and south Fermanagh; the river is 120 kilometres long and is used for fly fishing for trout and salmon, with a number of fisheries along both the river itself and its tributaries. The town of Enniskillen is situated on an island in the river, between Upper and Lower Lough Erne, it is linked to the River Shannon by the Shannon–Erne Waterway.
The total catchment area of the River Erne is 4,372 km2. The long-term average flow rate of the River Erne is 101.7 cubic metres per second The river takes its name from a mythical princess named Éirne. The building of hydroelectric power stations at Cliff and Ballyshannon caused local salmon beats to be flooded; the run of salmon into the Erne has now declined to a level, of little angling value, except for the few fish that are caught below Cliff when the power station is generating. Roach first appeared in the river in 1963, there was an increase in the roach population in 1968; this increase could well have had an adverse effect on trout stocks, which went into decline at that time. Water pollution became a problem in the 1970s and up to 1987. Since 1987 the pollution problem has been controlled, the roach population has declined and trout stocks have made a return and provide good angling once more, both on the Erne itself and its tributaries. Live aboard pleasure cruisers are available in several locations along the Erne waterway, including Belturbet, Carrybridge, Bellanaleck and Killadeas.
In addition to the use of the Erne for live aboard boating holidays, sections of the river are used for water skiing, bank fishing, jet skiing and scuba diving. Boaters are cautioned, by the Northern Ireland Tourist Board, that Upper Lough Erne is a maze of small islands needing careful navigation, waves on Lower Lough Erne can reach "open-sea dimensions"; the Erne waterway is home to ancient ruins, both Christian and Pagan, with ruins found in several locations, including: Crom Estate, on the North bank of the Upper Erne channel, Gad Island, near Crom Estate, Devenish Island, Inismacsaint Island, Davy’s Island, White Island, Boa Island. Many of these locations can only be reached by boat. Devenish Island has a historical display centre adjacent to its ruins. Visitors sometimes use rental boats and the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland Activity Map of Lough Erne to locate these ancient sites; the song Buachaill Ón Éirne is an Irish ballad about a young boy from the Erne area. It has been recorded by such groups as Clannad and The Corrs.
A number of places were once accessible by train along the River Erne, with the once extensive Great Northern Railway and the Sligo and Northern Counties Railway both serving the area. Information and maps of the Erne from the Inland Waterways Association of Ireland