Altice USA, Inc. is an American cable television provider/multiple system operator with headquarters in New York City, with broadband, pay television, telephone services, Wi-Fi hotspot access, proprietary content and advertising services to 4.9 million residential and business customers in 21 states. The company operates under the Optimum and Suddenlink brands which it plans to rebrand under the Altice name; the company provides international news through the February 2017 U. S. launch of i24NEWS and local news through News 12 Networks. With its combined brands Altice USA is the fourth-largest cable provider in the U. S. with its customers residing in the New York City tri-state area, as well as a number of midwestern and southern states. In June 2017, Altice USA went public. Altice USA is based at One Court Square in Long Island City, Queens with its operational center located at Cablevision's former headquarters in Bethpage, New York. In November 2016, Altice USA announced a five-year plan for fiber-to-the-home to build a network capable of delivering 10 Gbit/s broadband speeds.
In August 2017, the company stated it was on track to reach one million homes by the end of 2018. Optimum Online, a DOCSIS Internet service that offers speeds up to 400 Mbit/s. Subscribers get access to Optimum WiFi hotspots that are located within the Altice's service area. Additionally, they may connect to hotspots provided by Charter Spectrum and Cox nationwide. Optimum Voice, a Voice over IP telephone service Optimum TV, a digital cable service Suddenlink Internet, an Internet service that offers speeds up to 1 Gbit/s Suddenlink Home Phone, a Voice over IP telephone service Suddenlink Television, a digital cable service Altice Business, an internet and television service for businesses. Altice Business is available in 21 state and serves more than 375,000 businesses. News 12 Networks, a group of cable networks that provide news, weather and sports to cable subscribers in the New York/New Jersey/Connecticut tri-state area through seven individual 24-hour local news channels and five traffic and weather channels.
News 12 Varsity Audience Partners, a provider of audience-based digital advertising solutions, which Altice USA acquired in March 2017. On May 20, 2015, Netherlands-based Altice NV announced that it would enter the U. S. cable market by purchasing Suddenlink Communications, the country's 7th-largest cable provider, for $9.1 billion. The acquisition closed on December 21, 2015. On September 17, 2015, Altice NV announced its intention to acquire Cablevision from the Dolan family and other public shareholders for $17.7 billion. The deal was approved by the FCC on May 3, 2016 and after approval from various regional regulators such as New Jersey's Board of Public Utilities and the New York Public Service Commission, closed on June 21, 2016. Under the terms of the deal, Altice paid $34.90 in cash for each share in Cablevision and a 22% premium to the company's stock price. Prior to this, Altice had acquired St. Louis-based Suddenlink Communications, both companies became subsidiaries of Altice USA.
After the purchase, the Cablevision name was retired, the company is now known as Altice USA, with Optimum remaining the customer facing brand of the company. In May 2017, Altice USA announced its intention to rebrand its Suddenlink and Cablevision properties under the Altice name by the end of the second quarter of 2018. In June 2017, Altice USA went public. On January 8, 2018, Altice NV announced. Patrick Drahi will maintain control of both companies, although they will be led by separate management teams. Altice engaged in a carriage dispute with the Dolan family. Altice's contract to carry AMC Networks group of channels was to expire on December 31, 2016. On December 28 the two sides reached an agreement, three days before their contract with AMC expired. Altice engaged in a dispute with The Walt Disney Company. On October 1, 2017, Disney and Altice reached a last-minute agreement to continue carrying the company's channels; as part of the agreement, ESPN Classic was removed from the Altice lineup.
On January 1, 2018, Altice dropped Starz, Starz Encore, all of their channels from its channel lineup. The dispute came; the dispute ended on February 2018 after both companies reached a new multi-year agreement. On September 22, 2018, 21st Century Fox announced that all of its entertainment and sports channels, including Fox owned-and-operated station WNYW and MyNetworkTV O&O WWOR-TV, would be removed from Altice on October 1 if a new retransmission agreement was not reached by that date. List of multiple-system operators List of United States telephone companies Official website
Fairfield County, Connecticut
Fairfield County is an affluent county in the southwestern corner of the U. S. state of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 916,829, estimated to have increased by 3.6% to 949,921 in 2017. The most populous county in the state, the county population represents a little over 25% of Connecticut's overall population and is one of its fastest-growing counties; the closest to New York City, the county contains four of the state's largest cities – Bridgeport, Stamford and Danbury – whose combined population of 433,368 is nearly half the county's total population. The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Fairfield County as the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area; the United States Census Bureau ranked the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 57th most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, the most populous combined statistical area and primary statistical area of the United States.
As is the case with all eight of Connecticut's counties, there is no county government and no county seat. As an area, it is only a geographical point of reference. In Connecticut, the cities and towns are responsible for all local governmental activities including fire and rescue and snow removal. Fairfield County's Gold Coast helped rank it sixth in the US in per-capita personal income by the Bureau of Economic Analysis in 2005, contributing to Connecticut being one of the most affluent states in the US. Other communities are more densely populated and economically diverse than the affluent areas for which the county is better known. Fairfield County was the home of many Native American tribes prior to the coming of the Europeans. People of the Schaghticoke tribe lived in the area of present-day New Sherman. From east to west the Wappinger sachemships included the Paugussetts and the Siwanoy. There were Paquioque and Potatuck inhabitants of Fairfield County; the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block explored coastal Connecticut in the Spring and early Summer of 1614 in the North American built vessel Onrust.
The first European settlers of the county, were Puritans and Congregationalists from England. Roger Ludlow, one of the founders of the Colony of Connecticut, helped to purchase and charter the towns of Fairfield and Norwalk. Ludlow is credited as having chosen the name Fairfield. Fairfield is a descriptive name referring to the beauty of its fields; the town of Stratford was settled in 1639 as well by Adam Blakeman. William Beardsley was one of the first settlers of Stratford in 1639. Fairfield County was established by an act of the Connecticut General Court in Hartford along with Hartford County, New Haven County, New London County. From transcriptions of the Connecticut Colonial Records for that day: This Court orders that from the east bounds of Stratford to ye bounds of Rye shalbe for future one County wch shalbe called the County of Fairfield, and it is ordered that the County Court shalbe held at Fairfield on the second Tuesday in March and the first Tuesday of November yearely. The original Fairfield County consisted of the towns of Rye, Stamford, Norwalk and Stratford.
In 1673, the town of Woodbury was added to Fairfield County. In 1683, New York and Connecticut reached a final agreement regarding their common border; this resulted in the cession of all claims to the Oblong to New York. From the late 17th to early 18th centuries, several new towns were incorporated in western Connecticut and added to Fairfield County, namely Danbury, Ridgefield and New Fairfield. In 1751, Litchfield County was constituted; the final boundary adjustment to Fairfield County occurred in 1788 when the town of Brookfield was incorporated from parts of Newtown and New Milford, with Fairfield County gaining territory from Litchfield County. Other early county inhabitants include: Joseph Hawley, who had emigrated to America in 1629 and settled in Stratford in 1650 becoming Stratford's first town clerk. Joseph Hawley's son Ephraim built the Ephraim Hawley House in 1683 in Trumbull, still standing and serves as a private residence. Thomas Fitch, from Norwalk, was a governor of the Colony of Connecticut.
Gold Selleck Silliman of the town of Fairfield fought for the Americans during the American Revolutionary War and rose to the rank of Brigadier General by 1776. He fought in the New York campaign that year. During the Revolutionary War, Connecticut's prodigious agricultural output led to it being known informally as "the Provisions State". In the spring of 1777, the British Commander-in-Chief, North America General William Howe, in New York City, ordered William Tryon to interrupt the flow of supplies from Connecticut that were reaching the Continental Army. Tryon and Henry Duncan led a fleet of 26 ships carrying 2,000 men to Westport's Compo Beach to raid Continental Army supply depots in Danbury on April 22, 1777. American Major General David Wooster, born in Stratford, was in charge of the stores at Danbury and defended them with a force of only 700 troops. Sybil Ludington helped rally Ne
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Charter Communications, Inc. is an American telecommunications and mass media company that offers its services to consumers and businesses under the branding of Spectrum. Providing services to over 26 million customers in 41 states, it is the second-largest cable operator in the United States by subscribers, just behind Comcast, third largest pay TV operator behind Comcast and AT&T, it is the fifth largest telephone provider based upon residential subscriber line count. In late 2012, with the naming of longtime Cablevision executive Thomas Rutledge as their CEO, the company relocated its corporate headquarters from St. Louis, Missouri, to Stamford, although many operations still remain based out of St. Louis. On May 18, 2016, Charter completed its acquisition of Time Warner Cable and its sister company Bright House Networks, making it the third-largest pay television service in the United States. Charter ranked No. 74 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
Charter Communications was founded in 1993 by Barry Babcock, Jerald Kent and Howard Wood, former executives at Cencom Cable Television in St. Louis, Missouri, it was incorporated in the state of Missouri in 1993. In 1995, Charter paid about $300 million for a controlling interest in Crown Media Holdings and acquired Cable South. In 1997, Charter and EarthLink joined forces to deliver high-speed Internet access through cable modems to Charter's customers in Los Angeles and Riverside, California. In 1998, Paul Allen bought a controlling interest; the company paid $2.8 billion to acquire Dallas-based cable company Marcus Cable. Charter Communications had 1 million customers in 1998. In November 1999, the company went public. At the time, it had 3.9 million customers. Charter completed more than 10 major acquisitions in 1999 when it: Added 68,000 subscribers in Southern California with the purchase of four cable systems from American Cable Entertainment of Stamford, Connecticut. Acquired 400,000 InterMedia Partners subscribers in the Southeast.
As part of the deal Charter would turn over about 140,000 of its subscribers to TCI in cable system swap. Merged with Marcus Cable Acquired cable systems serving 460,000 subscribers from Rifkin Acquisition Partners and InterLink Communications. Acquired 173,000 subscribers in central Massachusetts, from New Jersey–based Greater Media Inc. Acquired Renaissance Media Group, a New York partnership serving 130,000 customers near New Orleans, western Mississippi, Jackson, Tennessee. Acquired New Jersey-based Helicon Cable Communications; the systems served about 171,000 customers in eight states in the Northeast. Acquired Avalon Cable TV, adding 260,000 subscribers in Michigan and Massachusetts. Acquired Vista Broadband Communications in Smyrna, adding 30,000 more customers. Acquired Falcon Cable TV of Los Angeles. Falcon was the eighth-largest cable operator in the United States with about one million subscribers in 27 states in non-urban areas. Acquired Fanch Communications Inc. of Denver. Fanch had 547,000 subscribers in West Virginia, Michigan, Kentucky and Wisconsin.
Charter began swapping customers with other systems to improve the geographic clustering of its systems. In December 1999, it signed a letter of intent with AT&T Corporation to swap 1.3 million cable subscribers in St. Louis as well as in Alabama and Missouri. In 2000, Charter Communications bought select AT&T cable markets, including Reno and the City of St. Louis. In 2001, MSN and Charter signed an agreement to offer MSN content and services to Charter's broadband customers. In the same year, Charter received awards, including the Outstanding Corporate Growth Award from the Association for Corporate Growth, the R. E. "Ted" Turner Innovator of the Year Award from the Southern Cable Telecommunications Association, the Fast 50 Award for Growth from the St. Louis Regional Chamber and Growth Association. In 2008, Charter stock failed to meet NASDAQ standards and was given warning to comply by October 13 or request an extension. In 2008, it acquired the cable-television franchise and service for the Cerritos and Ventura, areas from Wave Broadband.
In February 2009, Charter Communications announced that it planned to file for Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code on or before April 1, 2009. The action would allow Charter to pay its debt obligations, cancel its obligations to shareholders. Private equity firm Apollo Management expected to own most of Charter's shares after the bankruptcy. Charter filed for a prearranged bankruptcy on March 28, 2009; the company expected the financial restructuring to reduce its debt by $8 billion, as well as adding $3 billion of new investment, refinancing other debt. On November 30, 2009, its bankruptcy plan was approved, which extinguished its stock and cut $8 billion in debt; that day, Charter emerged from bankruptcy despite many of its creditors' objections over its bankruptcy plan. On September 14, 2010, Charter Class A common stock was re-listed on NASDAQ under the symbol "CHTR". In 2011, Paul Allen stepped down as chairman and from the board of directors' seat, but at the time remained the largest single shareholder.
In that year, Charter signed a multi-year deal with TiVo to deliver content via its platform. Thomas M. Rutledge was appointed as a director and president and chief executive officer effective February 13, 2012; the same year, Charter prices $1.25 billion senior debt, offering to pay down short- and long-term debt. On February 8, 2013, Charter announced an agreement to acquire some former Bresnan Communications systems from Cablevision in a transaction worth US$1.63 billion. The deal brought Charte
Warren County, New Jersey
Warren County is a county located in the U. S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2017 Census estimate, the county's population was 106,798, making it the 19th-most populous of the state's 21 counties, representing a decrease of 1.7% from the 108,692 enumerated in the 2010 United States Census, in turn having increased by 6,255 from 102,437 counted at the 2000 Census, Its county seat is Belvidere. It is part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ metropolitan area and is considered the eastern border of the Lehigh Valley, it is considered part of the New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area, shares its eastern border with the New York City Metropolitan Area, with its northwestern section bordering The Poconos. The most populous place was Phillipsburg, with 14,950 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Hardwick Township, covered 37.92 square miles, the largest total area of any municipality. Warren County was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on November 20, 1824, from portions of Sussex County.
At its creation, the county consisted of the townships of Greenwich, Knowlton, Mansfield and Pahaquarry. The county was named for Joseph Warren, an American Revolutionary War hero of the Battle of Bunker Hill. According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 362.86 square miles, including 356.92 square miles of land and 5.94 square miles of land. Warren County has rolling hills, with the Kittatinny Ridge in the west. Allamuchy Mountain and Jenny Jump Mountain are part of the New York – New Jersey Highlands known as the Reading Prong. Around 450 million years ago, a chain of volcanic islands collided with proto North America; the chain of islands went over the North American plate, thus the Highlands were created from the island rock and so was the Great Appalachian Valley. The Highlands is the Jenny Jump Mountains. Thus, Warren County was born. Around 400 million years ago, a small continent, long and thin collided with proto North America; this created the Kittatinny Mountains. The quartzite, lying in a shallow sea over top of the Martinsburg shale and faulted due to pressure and heat.
The quartzite lifted, thus the Kittatinny Mountain was born. The final collision was; this was the final episode of the building of the Appalachian Mountains. The African plate tore away from North America; the Wisconsin Glacier covered the northern part of the county from 21,000 to 13,000 BC. This glacier covered the top of Kittatinny Mountain and carved the terrain in the northern part of the county; the terminal moraine runs from north of Belvidere to south of Great Meadows to north of Hackettstown, to north of Budd Lake. Blairstown Township, Hope Township, half of Independence Township, part of White Township, all of Allamuchy Township was covered by the Glacier; when the glacier melted, a lake was formed at Great Meadows. The lake drained leaving a large flat area filled with organic material; the county is drained by three rivers. All three rivers are narrow, they are fresh water rivers. The Paulins Kill drains the western portion of the county; the river flows from Newton to Blairstown Township, through Knowlton Township where it drains into the Delaware River.
The Pequest River drains the middle of the county flowing from Andover Township through Allamuchy to Independence Township where it turns west and flows through White Township and empties into the Delaware River at Belvidere. The third river is the Musconetcong. Starting at Lake Musconetcong, the river divides the county from Hunterdon; this river drains the southern portion of the county and empties into the Delaware River near Warren Glen. Warren County is located in two valleys of the Great Appalachian Valley; the first is the Kittatinny Valley, in the northern part of the county, the Lehigh Valley, in the southern part of the county. The Lehigh Valley starts at the terminal moraine of the Wisconsin Glacier north of Belvidere, it extends from the Delaware River south to where the Musconetcong River goes into the Delaware River, northeast to the Jenny Jump Mountains and along Route 80 to the Allamuchy Mountains to the terminal moraine near Hackettstown. The Kittatinny Valley is north of the terminal moraine.
Towns such as Blairstown, Johnsonburg and Allamuchy are in the Kittatinny Valley The highest elevation is 1,600 feet above sea level on the Kittatinny Ridge, at two areas just south of Upper Yards Creek Reservoir, west of Blairstown. The lowest point is the confluence of the Delaware and Musconetcong rivers at the county's southern tip, at 160 feet of elevation; the highest elevation on Allamuchy Mountain is 1,240 feet on the ridge northeast of Allamuchy. On Jenny Jump Mountain the highest point is 1,134 feet east of the Shiloh area or south of Interstate 80. Sunfish Pond has an elevation of 1,379 feet and upper Yards Creek Reservoir is at 1,555 feet. Warren County has a Humid Continental Climate. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Belvidere have ranged from a low of 19 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −17 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 101 °F was recorded in July 1999. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.77 inches in February to 4.65 inches in July.
Sussex County, New Jersey – nort
1080i is an abbreviation referring to a combination of frame resolution and scan type, used in high-definition television and high-definition video. The number "1080" refers to the number of horizontal lines on the screen; the "i" is an abbreviation for "interlaced". A related display resolution is 1080p, which has 1080 lines of resolution; the term assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, so the 1080 lines of vertical resolution implies 1920 columns of horizontal resolution, or 1920 pixels × 1080 lines. A 1920 pixels × 1080 lines screen has a total of 2.1 megapixels and a temporal resolution of 50 or 60 interlaced fields per second. This format is used in the SMPTE 292M standard; the choice of 1080 lines originates with Charles Poynton, who in the early 1990s pushed for "square pixels" to be used in HD video formats. Within the designation "1080i", the i stands for interlaced scan. A frame of 1080i video consists of two sequential fields of 540 vertical pixels; the first field consists of all odd-numbered TV lines and the second all numbered lines.
The horizontal lines of pixels in each field are captured and displayed with a one-line vertical gap between them, so the lines of the next field can be interlaced between them, resulting in 1080 total lines. 1080i differs from 1080p, where the p stands for progressive scan, where all lines in a frame are captured at the same time. In native or pure 1080i, the two fields of a frame correspond to different instants, so motion portrayal is good; this is true for interlaced video in general and can be observed in still images taken of fast motion scenes. However, when 1080p material is captured at 25 or 30 frames/second, it is converted to 1080i at 50 or 60 fields/second for processing or broadcasting. In this situation both fields in a frame do correspond to the same instant; the field-to-instant relation is somewhat more complex for the case of 1080p at 24 frames/second converted to 1080i at 60 fields/second. The field rate of 1080i is 60 Hz for countries that use or used System M as analog television system with 60 fields/sec, or 50 Hz for regions that use or used 625-lines television system with 50 fields/sec.
Both field rates can be carried by major digital television broadcast formats such as ATSC, DVB, ISDB-T International. The frame rate can be implied by the context, while the field rate is specified after the letter i, such as "1080i60". In this case 1080i60 refers to 60 fields per second; the European Broadcasting Union prefers to use the resolution and frame rate separated by a slash, as in 1080i/30 and 1080i/25 480i/30 and 576i/25. Resolutions of 1080i60 or 1080i50 refers to 1080i/30 or 1080i/25 in EBU notation. 1080i is directly compatible with some CRT HDTVs on which it can be displayed natively in interlaced form, but for display on progressive-scan—e.g. Most new LCD and plasma TVs, it must be deinterlaced. Depending on the television's video processing capabilities, the resulting video quality may vary, but may not suffer. For example, film material at 25fps may be deinterlaced from 1080i50 to restore a full 1080p resolution at the original frame rate without any loss. Preferably video material with 50 or 60 motion phases/second is to be converted to 50p or 60p before display.
Worldwide, most HD channels on satellite and cable broadcast in 1080i. In the United States, 1080i is the preferred format for most broadcasters, with Inc.. Viacom, AT&T, Comcast owned networks broadcasting in the format. Only Fox-owned television networks and Disney-owned television networks, along with MLB Network and a few other cable networks use 720p as the preferred format for their networks. Many ABC affiliates owned by Hearst Television and former Belo Corporation stations owned by TEGNA, along with some individual affiliates of those three networks, air their signals in 1080i and upscale network programming for master control and transmission purposes, as most syndicated programming and advertising is produced and distributed in 1080i, removing a downscaling step to 720p; this allows local newscasts on these ABC affiliates to be produced in the higher resolution to match the picture quality of their 1080i competitors. Some cameras and broadcast systems that use 1080 vertical lines per frame do not use the full 1920 pixels of a nominal 1080i picture for image capture and encoding.
Common subsampling ratios include 3/4 and 1/2. Where used, the lower horizontal resolution is scaled to capture and/or display a full-sized picture. Using half horizontal resolution and only one field of each frame results in the format known as qHD, which has fram
Comcast Corporation is an American telecommunications conglomerate headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the second-largest broadcasting and cable television company in the world by revenue and the largest pay-TV company, the largest cable TV company and largest home Internet service provider in the United States, the nation's third-largest home telephone service provider. Comcast services U. S. residential and commercial customers in 40 states and in the District of Columbia. As the owner of the international media company NBCUniversal since 2011, Comcast is a producer of feature films and television programs intended for theatrical exhibition and over-the-air and cable television broadcast, respectively. Comcast owns and operates the Xfinity residential cable communications subsidiary, Comcast Business, a commercial services provider, Xfinity Mobile, MVNO of Verizon, over-the-air national broadcast network channels, multiple cable-only channels, the film studio Universal Pictures, Universal Parks & Resorts.
It has significant holdings in digital distribution, such as thePlatform, which it acquired in 2006. In February 2014, the company agreed to merge with Time Warner Cable in an equity swap deal worth $45.2 billion, under the terms of the agreement, Comcast was to acquire 100% of Time Warner Cable. However, on April 24, 2015, Comcast terminated the agreement. Comcast and Charter Communications entered into an agreement to conduct exclusive discussions with Sprint Corporation in late June 2017. Since October 2018, it is the parent company of mass media pan-European company Sky, making it the biggest and leading media company with more than 53 million subscribers over five countries across Europe. Comcast has been criticized for multiple reasons. In addition, Comcast has violated net neutrality practices in the past. Critics point out a lack of competition in the vast majority of Comcast's service area. Furthermore, given Comcast's negotiating power as a large ISP, some suspect that Comcast could leverage paid peering agreements to unfairly influence end-user connection speeds.
Its ownership of both content production and content distribution has raised antitrust concerns. These issues, in addition to others, led to Comcast being dubbed "The Worst Company in America" by The Consumerist in 2010 and 2014. Comcast is sometimes described as a family business. Brian L. Roberts, president, CEO of Comcast, is the son of founder Ralph J. Roberts. Roberts owns or controls about 1% of all Comcast shares but all of the Class B supervoting shares, which gives him an "undilutable 33% voting power over the company". Legal expert Susan P. Crawford has said this gives him "effective control over every step". In 2010, he was one of the highest paid executives in the United States, with total compensation of about $31 million. Comcast is headquartered in Philadelphia and has corporate offices in Atlanta, Denver, New Hampshire and New York City. On January 3, 2005, Comcast announced that it would become the anchor tenant in the new Comcast Center in downtown Philadelphia; the 975 ft skyscraper is the tallest building in Pennsylvania.
Comcast has begun construction on a second 1,121 ft skyscraper directly adjacent to the original Comcast headquarters in the summer of 2014. The company is criticized by both the media and its own staff for its less upstanding policies regarding employee relations. A 2012 Reddit post written by an anonymous Comcast call center employee eager to share their negative experiences with the public received attention from publications including The Huffington Post. A 2014 investigative series published by The Verge involved interviews with 150 of Comcast's employees, it sought to examine why the company has become so criticized by its customers, the media and members of its own staff. The series claimed part of the problem is internal and that Comcast's staff endures unreasonable corporate policies. According to the report: "customer service has been replaced by an obsession with sales. A read article penned by an anonymous call center employee working for Comcast appeared in November 2014 on Cracked.
Titled "Five Nightmares You Live While Working For America's Worst Company," the article claimed that Comcast is obsessed with sales, doesn't train its employees properly and concluded that "the system makes good customer service impossible."Comcast has earned a reputation for being anti-union. According to one of the company's training manuals, "Comcast does not feel union representation is in the best interest of its employees, customers, or shareholders". A dispute in 2004 with CWA, a labor union that represented many employees at Comcast's offices in Beaverton, led to allegations of management intimidating workers, requiring them to attend anti-union meetings and unwarranted disciplinary action for union members. In 2011, Comcast received criticism from Writers Guild of America for its policies in regards to unions. Despite these criticisms, Comcast has appeared on multiple "top places to work" lists. In 2009, it was included on CableFAX magazine's "Top 10 Places to Work in Cable", which cited its "scale