Deweyville is a census-designated place in Newton County, on the central eastern border of Texas, United States. The population was 1,023 at the 2010 census, down from 1,190 at the 2000 census. Deweyville is located at 30°17′47″N 93°44′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 11.3 square miles, of which, 11.2 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. It is located along the Sabine River; this settlement was established in 1898 as a sawmill site by the Sabine Tram Company, which had a logging operation. It was named after George Dewey, an admiral in the United States Navy, victorious in the Battle of Manila Bay in the Spanish–American War in the Philippines that same year. Within two years a post office would be established. For a short time this town was the largest in Newton County. Electricity was installed for the residents of Deweyville in the 1920s; the original settlement was called "Possum Bluff". It was purchased by Pierre Lavine from Bill Morrison, for a team of oxen in 1886.
A Texas Historical Marker was erected in 1967 on Highway 12 near the Texas / Louisiana border stating this information. The marker was moved to the front of the Deweyville Public Library; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,190 people, 459 households, 325 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 105.9 people per square mile. There were 528 housing units at an average density of 47.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.40% White, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.17% from other races, 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population. There were 459 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.0% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,714, the median income for a family was $35,150. Males had a median income of $35,250 versus $15,852 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $13,136. About 13.5% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Deweyville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Over 5000 homes were flooded in Deweyville and the surrounding area, to include parts of Louisiana along the Sabine River, during the month of March 2016.
The flooding was caused by the release of water from the Toledo Bend Reservoir. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Deweyville, Texas
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
United States Geological Survey
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, the natural hazards that threaten it; the organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility; the USGS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior. The USGS employs 8,670 people and is headquartered in Reston, Virginia; the USGS has major offices near Lakewood, Colorado, at the Denver Federal Center, Menlo Park, California. The current motto of the USGS, in use since August 1997, is "science for a changing world." The agency's previous slogan, adopted on the occasion of its hundredth anniversary, was "Earth Science in the Public Service." Since 2012, the USGS science focus is directed at six topical "Mission Areas", namely Climate and Land Use Change, Core Science Systems, Ecosystems and Minerals and Environmental Health, Natural Hazards, Water.
In December 2012, the USGS split the Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health Mission Area resulting in seven topical Mission Areas, with the two new areas being: Energy and Minerals and Environmental Health. Administratively, it is divided into six Regional Units. Other specific programs include: Earthquake Hazards Program monitors earthquake activity worldwide; the National Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colorado on the campus of the Colorado School of Mines detects the location and magnitude of global earthquakes. The USGS runs or supports several regional monitoring networks in the United States under the umbrella of the Advanced National Seismic System; the USGS informs authorities, emergency responders, the media, the public, both domestic and worldwide, about significant earthquakes. It maintains long-term archives of earthquake data for scientific and engineering research, it conducts and supports research on long-term seismic hazards. USGS has released the UCERF California earthquake forecast.
As of 2005, the agency is working to create a National Volcano Early Warning System by improving the instrumentation monitoring the 169 volcanoes in U. S. territory and by establishing methods for measuring the relative threats posed at each site. The USGS National Geomagnetism Program monitors the magnetic field at magnetic observatories and distributes magnetometer data in real time; the USGS collaborates with Canadian and Mexican government scientists, along with the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to produce the North American Environmental Atlas, used to depict and track environmental issues for a continental perspective. The USGS operates the streamgaging network for the United States, with over 7400 streamgages. Real-time streamflow data are available online. National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center implements partner-driven science to improve understanding of past and present land use change, develops relevant climate and land use forecasts, identifies lands and communities that are most vulnerable to adverse impacts of change from the local to global scale.
Since 1962, the Astrogeology Research Program has been involved in global and planetary exploration and mapping. In collaboration with Stanford University, the USGS operates the USGS-Stanford Ion Microprobe Laboratory, a world-class analytical facility for U--Pb geochronology and trace element analyses of minerals and other earth materials. USGS operates a number of water related programs, notably the National Streamflow Information Program and National Water-Quality Assessment Program. USGS Water data is publicly available from their National Water Information System database; the USGS operates the National Wildlife Health Center, whose mission is "to serve the nation and its natural resources by providing sound science and technical support, to disseminate information to promote science-based decisions affecting wildlife and ecosystem health. The NWHC provides information, technical assistance, research and leadership on national and international wildlife health issues." It is the agency responsible for surveillance of H5N1 avian influenza outbreaks in the United States.
The USGS runs 17 biological research centers in the United States, including the Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. The USGS is investigating collaboration with the social networking site Twitter to allow for more rapid construction of ShakeMaps; the USGS produces several national series of topographic maps which vary in scale and extent, with some wide gaps in coverage, notably the complete absence of 1:50,000 scale topographic maps or their equivalent. The largest and best-known topographic series is the 7.5-minute, 1:24,000 scale, quadrangle, a non-metric scale unique to the United States. Each of these maps covers an area bounded by two lines of latitude and two lines of longitude spaced 7.5 minutes apart. Nearly 57,000 individual maps in this series cover the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii, U. S. territories, areas of Alaska near Anchorage and Prudhoe Bay. The area covered by each map varies with the latitude of its represented location due to convergence of the meridians. At lower latitudes, near 30° north, a 7.5-minute quadrangle contains an area of about 64 square miles.
At 49° north latitude, 49 square miles are contained within a quadrangle of that size. As a unique non-metric map scale, the 1:24,000 scale requires a separate and specialized romer scale for pl
Newton County, Texas
Newton County is the easternmost county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 14,445, its county seat is Newton. The county is named for a veteran of the American Revolutionary War. Newton County is included in the Beaumont-Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of 2000, it had the second-lowest population density for all counties in East Texas, behind only Red River County, the lowest population density in Deep East Texas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 940 square miles, of which 934 square miles is land and 6.1 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 190 State Highway 12 State Highway 62 State Highway 63 State Highway 87 Recreational Road 255 Sabine County Vernon Parish, Louisiana Beauregard Parish, Louisiana Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana Orange County Jasper County As of the census of 2000, 15,072 people, 5,583 households, 4,092 families resided in the county; the population density was 16 people per square mile.
The 7,331 housing units averaged 8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 75.84% White, 20.69% Black, 0.63% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races. About 3.79% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 5,583 households, 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were not families. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was distributed as 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,500, for a family was $34,345. Males had a median income of $31,294 versus $17,738 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $13,381. About 15.50% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.40% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those age 65 or over. Newton County was once one of the most Democratic-leaning counties in East Texas and the Deep South altogether; the county voted for the Democratic candidate in every election since Texas first participated in 1848. When Republicans Herbert Hoover and Dwight D. Eisenhower carried Texas in 1928, 1952, 1956 Newton County remained Democrat; the Democratic streak in Newton County was ended in 1968 when American Independent Party candidate George Wallace narrowly won the county with 42.6% of the vote against Democrat Hubert Humphrey's 41.7%. President Richard Nixon in 1972 became the first Republican to win the county in an election with 54% of the vote against Democrat George McGovern's 45.4%. After 1972, the county returned to voting Democrat, surviving the landslide elections of Republicans Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush in 1980, 1984, 1988, respectively.
In fact, Newton County was Walter Mondale's strongest county in East Texas in the 1984 election, winning 60.6% of the vote, one of only four in the region to vote for him. Michael Dukakis in 1988 remains the last Democratic presidential candidate to win over 60% of the vote in the county. Since 1992, the Democratic percentage in Newton County has decreased in every election, culminating in Al Gore's narrow win in 2000 with 50.16% against Governor George W. Bush's 48.56%. As of 2016, Gore remains the last Democrat to win the county's votes in a presidential election. Since 2004, the Republican candidate has comfortably carried the county in every election, with Bush winning 55.42% in 2004, John McCain winning 65.51% in 2008, Mitt Romney winning 70.06% in 2012. Newton Deweyville South Toledo Bend Belgrade Princeton Shankleville National Register of Historic Places listings in Newton County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Newton County Newton County government's website Newton County Public Health District The Public Health District Website for Newton County.
Newton County from the Handbook of Texas Online
South Toledo Bend, Texas
South Toledo Bend is a census-designated place in Newton County, United States. The population was 524 at the 2010 census, down from 576 at the 2000 census. South Toledo Bend is located at 31°9′24″N 93°36′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau in 2000, the CDP has a total area of 21.2 square miles, of which, 18.5 square miles of it is land and 2.7 square miles of it is water. The CDP lost area prior to the 2010 census; the new total area is 5.7 square miles, of which, 3.2 square miles of it is land and 2.5 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 576 people, 289 households, 199 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 31.2 people per square mile. There were 723 housing units at an average density of 39.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.70% White, 2.26% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population. There were 289 households out of which 10.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 2.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families.
27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.37. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 10.2% under the age of 18, 3.1% from 18 to 24, 15.1% from 25 to 44, 37.2% from 45 to 64, 34.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,697, the median income for a family was $42,212. Males had a median income of $33,646 versus $14,375 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,238. About 4.1% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over. Toledo Bend tourism site Partnership of Southeast Texas -- regional economic development site