Newton County is a county in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,330; the county seat is Jasper. Newton County is Arkansas's 46th county, formed on December 14, 1842, named for Thomas W. Newton, an Arkansas Congressman, it is dry county. Newton County is part of AR Micropolitan Statistical Area. Newton County residents were divided during the Civil War, serving in both the Confederate and Union armies. John Cecil, who had served as Newton County's sheriff, served as a Confederate Captain. Jasper blacksmith James R. Vanderpool served as Captain of Union Company C, 1st Regiment Arkansas Infantry Volunteers, while farmer and teacher John McCoy served as Captain of Union Company F, 1st Regiment Arkansas Infantry Volunteers. Many Newton County citizens served under each of these men, as well as in other units; as an example of how the war divided families, Confederate Captain Cecil's brother, served as a sergeant in Union Company D, 2nd Regiment Arkansas Cavalry Volunteers.
Violence took a severe toll on the civilian population, at one point, Captains McCoy and Vanderpool escorted 20 wagons of Unionist families from Newton County to Missouri to seek refuge. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 823 square miles, of which 821 square miles is land and 2.3 square miles is water. Newton County lies entirely within the rugged Boston Mountain range of the Ozark Mountains where elevations exceed 2,500 feet; the Buffalo National River, a popular destination for canoeing and recreation, runs through the county from west to east. Highway 7, which traverses the county from north to south, has been rated as one of the most scenic drives in the region. Boone County Searcy County Pope County Johnson County Madison County Carroll County Buffalo National River Ozark National Forest Upper Buffalo Wilderness Mystic Cavern As of the 2000 census, there were 8,608 people, 3,500 households, 2,495 families residing in the county; the population density was 4/km one of the most sparse among county populations in Arkansas.
There were 4,316 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 99.29% White, 0.00% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.00% from two or more races. 0.00 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 3,500 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 27.60% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,756, the median income for a family was $30,134. Males had a median income of $22,406 versus $17,654 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,788. About 15.70% of families and 20.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.80% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. Native residents of Newton County were interviewed in 1970 for research being done by a doctoral student at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville. A Ph. D. degree was awarded to Bethany K. Dumas in May 1971 after she completed "A Study of the Dialect of Newton County, Arkansas." Results are discussed in two of her published articles/chapters: "The Morphology of Newton County, Arkansas: An Exercise in Studying Ozark Dialect," Mid–South Folklore 3, 115–125, "Southern Mountain English" Chapter 5 of The Workings of Language, ed. R. S. Wheeler, Westport, CT, London: Praeger, 1999, 67-79; the county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Arkansas and the Arkansas Code.
The quorum court is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are called justices of the peace and are elected from county districts every even-numbered year; the number of districts in a county vary from nine to fifteen, district boundaries are drawn by the county election commission. The Newton County Quorum Court has nine members. Presiding over quorum court meetings is the county judge, who serves as the chief operating officer of the county; the county judge is elected at-large and does not vote in quorum court business, although capable of vetoing quorum court decisions. Along with adjacent Searcy County, Newton is unique among Arkansas counties in being traditionally Republican in political leanings during the overwhelmingly Democratic "Solid South" era; this Republicanism resulted from their historical paucity of slaves, in turn created by infertile soils unsuitable for intensive cotton farming, produced support for the Union during the Civil War.
These were the only two counties in Arkansas to be won by Alf Landon in 1936, Wendell Willkie in 1940, Charles Evans Hughes in 1916, Calvin Coolidge in 1924. Since the Civil War the only Democrats to gain an absolute majority of Newton County's vote have been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and Jimmy Carter in 1976; the Republican nominee has received over sixty percent in all Presidential el
Amado Alonso was a Spanish philologist and literary critic, who became a naturalised citizen of Argentina and one of the founders of stylistics. He was a pupil of Ramón Menéndez Pidal at the Center for Historical Studies in Madrid, where he worked on phonetic and geographical linguistics. Between 1927 and 1946 he lived in Buenos Aires, he went to Harvard University and lived in America until his death. Alonso studied a variety of linguistic topics including phonetics and lexis, he showed a keen interest in the study of his native language while contributing directly to the Latin American academic world. Without diverging from Menéndez Pidal's philological orientation, Alonso adopted a linguistic research project; the works of Hispanoamerican authors Bello and Cuervo, had impacted his studies and research. His comparative studies on American Spanish have contributed to a greater linguistic appreciation to the language, his first published work was in the field of language history, showing derivations of modern Spanish words such as Augustu > agosto and auguriu > agüero.
From until 1927 he wrote eight other articles, most of them published in the Revista de Filología Española. Alonso published some of his most important works between 1928 and 1938 while residing in Buenos Aires, his numerous articles in newspapers and magazines were collected and published in linguistic studio, but his two-volume work, "From medieval to modern Spanish pronunciation" was published post-posthumously by Rafael Lapesa 1955. Alonso popularized the main philosophical currents of his time. In 1945 he translated a Course in General Linguistics by Ferdinand de Saussure, who added an important preface, as he had done with the work of Charles Bally and Karl Vossler. While at Harvard he founded the Nueva Revista de Filología Española published by the Colegio de Mexico, to reignite the spirit of the Revista de Filología Española and directed by him in Buenos Aires from 1939 to 1946. Estructura de las sonatas de Valle Inclán – El problema de la lengua en América – Castellano, español, idioma nacional.
Historia espiritual de tres nombres – Gramática Castellana En colaboración con Pedro Henríquez Ureña. – Poesía y estilo de Pablo Neruda – Ensayo sobre la novela histórica: El modernismo – Traducción y prólogo del Curso de Lingüística General de F. de Saussure – Estudios lingüísticos. Temas españoles – Estudios lingüísticos. Temas hispanoamericanos – Materia y forma en poesía – De la pronunciación medieval a la moderna en español –
Baron 52 was the call sign of a United States Air Force EC-47 carrying eight crew members, shot down over Laos during the predawn hours of 5 February 1973, a week after the Paris Peace Accords ended the United States involvement in the Vietnam War. The remains of four crewmen were recovered from the crash site, but those of the remaining four have never been found. Although the U. S. government considers them to have been killed in action and as late as 1996 listed them as "accounted for", family members and POW/MIA advocates believe the four survived the crash and were taken captive and sent to the USSR. The intelligence gatherers and their equipment would have been valued by the Soviets who maintained a presence both in Laos and North Vietnam; the incident has been featured on several nationwide news programs and a 1991 episode of the U. S. television series Unsolved Mysteries. More recent research by the National Alliance of Families for the Return of America's Servicemen presented to Congress has prompted a status review of the incident scheduled to take place in 2016.
Although the Paris Peace Accords had ended the United States' direct role in the Vietnam War, only a week after its signing the U. S. Air Force sent an EC-47Q electronic warfare collection aircraft on a night-time radio-direction-finding mission to monitor the Ho Chi Minh trail and locate North Vietnamese tanks moving south; the plane, tail number 43-48636, belonged to the 361st Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron and began its mission from Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base. The flight crew were part of the 361st while the collection crew manning the rear of the plane were from Det 3, 6994th Security Squadron. Over Laos, the plane began taking anti-aircraft fire and went down in Salavan Province, Laos about 50 miles east of the city of Salavan and 20 miles from the border with South Vietnam at a site in the jungle within 8 miles of three major roads leading into North Vietnamese-held territory. 361st Tactical Electronic Warfare Squadron: Capt. George R. Spitz – Pilot 2nd Lt. Severo J. Primm III – Co-Pilot Capt. Arthur R. Bollinger – Navigator 1st Lt. Robert E. Bernhardt – 3rd Pilot6994th Security Squadron: SSgt.
Todd M. Melton – Radio Operator Sgt. Joseph A. Matejov – Radio Operator Sgt. Peter R. Cressman – Radio Operator Sgt. Dale Brandenburg – Systems Repair Technician The location of the wreckage was first discovered by U. S. Air Force search and rescue on 7 February 1973; the plane was determined to have crashed inverted, coming to rest upside down in the jungle. A team consisting of three pararescuemen and an intelligence expert were on the ground for an hour and found three bodies in the charred wreckage, those of Spitz and Bollinger in the cockpit, still strapped in their seats. Outside of the wreckage, they found Lt. Bernhardt's body. In the rear of the plane they observed that the jump door had been removed, the crew's safety belts were unbuckled, all of the top secret sensitive equipment was missing as were the rear crew's parachutes. On 9 February 1973, Bernhardt's remains were recovered and positively identified four days later. On 22 February, the other seven men were declared killed in action despite no confirmation of the fates of the four members of the collection crew.
The families of the missing crew members believe there is evidence they bailed out and were taken captive by the North Vietnamese Army. They point to information in official reports, such as the fact that their safety belts were unbuckled and their remains were not at the crash site, to support their beliefs that the rear crew had time to bail out. In addition, at 8:00 AM on 5 February, U. S. Intelligence listening post at Phu Bai Combat Base in South Vietnam intercepted NVA communications from the area indicating they were transporting four captured Airmen; such communications continued to be intercepted for the next three months. On record is a Pathet Lao radio intercept regarding four "air pirates" captured the day Baron 52 was shot down. S. aircraft was downed that day. A Laotian operative secretly working for the U. S. reported observing the transport of four prisoners along the road near the crash site. All of these records remained classified by the U. S. government. This evidence was first presented to the American public by columnist Jack Anderson on the U.
S. news program Good Morning America in 1978. During Anderson's report, he stated a "Pentagon spokesman now agrees there's a good chance these four men were survivors of the crash. Yet, the Pentagon deliberately gave the families misinformation". In 1992, in front of the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs, a representative of the Defense Intelligence Agency testified that it was the government's position that these reports were unrelated to Baron 52. In November 1992, the Lao government allowed a team to survey the crash site where a dogtag with Sgt. Matejov's name on it was found, after nearly 20 years. Recovered were 23 bone fragments and half of a tooth which were taken to the Central Identification Laboratory in Hawaii, where Ellis R. Kerley publicly stated that the bone fragments "can not be proven conclusively to be human." According to further testimony given before the House Subcommittee by Albert Santoli, Kerley was replaced by "a U. S. Army Lt. Colonel, professionally a dentist, who has limited forensic experience", the bone fragments were declared to be the remains of all seven of the remaining crew members.
The families requested DNA analysis be done on the bone fragments and tooth, but their requests were denied by the govern
Windowizards, Inc. was an American home improvement company headquartered in Levittown, Pennsylvania which served southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Virginia. Windowizards’s primary services included window replacement and bathroom remodeling, siding and installation services. In 2009, the company came under fire after an investigation by Philadelphia television station WTXF Fox 29 reported that the company engaged in deceptive business practices by selling insulated windows that did not contain the amount of foam insulation which the company had claimed they did. In 2010, the company closed all of its showrooms except at its main office. On December 16, 2010, Windowizards abruptly closed its business, locking out its employees, leaving customers with deposits paid for unfinished work, covering its sign with a tarp, its website was taken offline as well. Company president and founder Harvey Goodman refused to speak to reporters from the Philadelphia Daily News about the closure; the company's 100 employees were telephoned in the evening of December 15, 2010 and advised they no longer had jobs with the company.
On February 18, 2011, Goodman declared personal bankruptcy in Florida. Although the company reopened in late December 2010 shortly after closing, in early February 2011 the company closed again, prompting both civil and criminal investigations by Bucks County, Pennsylvania authorities contacted by customers with incomplete work and unrefunded deposits
Frank B. Hu is a Chinese American diabetes researcher, he is Chair of the Department of Nutrition and the Fredrick J. Stare Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Professor of Medicine at the Harvard Medical School. Hu is the Director of the Epidemiology and Genetics Core of the Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center. H. Chan School of Public Health. Hu was elected into the National Academy of Medicine in 2015, one of the highest honors in the fields of health and medicine. A native of Hubei Province, China, Hu received his M. D. from the Tongji Medical University in Wuhan in 1988, his Ph. D. from the University of Illinois at Chicago in 1996. Hu's research has focused on diet/lifestyle and genetic determinants of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, his group has conducted detailed analyses of many dietary and lifestyle factors and risk of diabetes and CVD, including sugar-sweetened beverages, red meat and polyunsaturated fatty acids and dietary patterns.
These findings have contributed to current public health recommendations and policies for prevention of chronic diseases. Dr. Hu's group has identified novel biomarkers and gene-environment interactions in relation to risk of obesity and diabetes by integrating cutting-edge omics technologies into epidemiological studies. In addition, Dr. Hu has been collaborating with researchers from China to study nutrition transition, metabolic phenotypes, cardiovascular disease in Chinese populations, his researches have extended to global nutrition and policy issues. In 1997, he published a study showing that types of fat are more important than total amount of fat in determining risk of heart disease in the Nurses' Health Study, his recent work shows that unsaturated fats polyunsaturated fats, and/or high-quality carbohydrates can be used to replace saturated fats to reduce coronary heart disease risk in the Nurses' Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study. In 2001, Hu published a study to quantify the preventability of type 2 diabetes through diet and lifestyle, showing that up to 90% of diabetes cases can be prevented by eating a healthy diet, maintaining normal weight, exercising not smoking tobacco, consuming alcohol moderately.
Hu has conducted extensive research on sugar-sweetened beverages and the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease. Dr. Hu is a recipient of the Kelly West Award for Outstanding Achievement in Epidemiology from the American Diabetes Association in 2010, he served on the IOM Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries, the AHA/ACC Obesity Guidelines Expert Panel. Dr. Hu served on the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, USDA/HHS, he is the principal author of a textbook on Obesity Epidemiology. Frank Hu at Google Scholar
TrueVisions is a cable and satellite television operator in Thailand. TrueVisions is owned by the True Corporation; until February 2007, it was called UBC-True. In 1989, the International Broadcasting Corporation was established by Thaksin Shinawatra, it was the first national cable TV provider. The MCOT gave the IBC a twenty year concession to a provide subscription television service; the IBC broadcast its programmes via super high frequency microwaves using MMDS. In 1995, after approval for an expansion of coverage area, the IBC began its first DTH service. In 1997, the South African–Dutch company, MIH Limited, bought a sixteen percent stake in the IBC; the IBC obtained most program content from the channels of other countries including HBO, CNN and ESPN. In September 1995, UTV began a CATV service in the Bangkok metropolitan area; the service was provided on a hybrid fiber coaxial network. The cable technology allowed a number of channels to be offered with high quality sound and pictures, it provided a pay-per-view option.
By 1997, the hybrid fiber coaxial cable network reached about 800,000 homes. In 1997, UTV sold the cable infrastructure component of its business to its sister company, Asia Multimedia Company Limited; this allowed UTV to focus on service delivery to subscribers. In February 1998, after the onset of the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the IBC merged with UTV in order to decrease operational costs; the United Broadcasting Corporation was formed. The UBC split into two companies: UBC plc. which provided a pay-television service via the IBC's satellite transmission concession, UBC Cable Co. Ltd. which provided a pay-television service via UTV's cable concession. In November 2005, True Corporation bought a 30.59 percent stake in UBC from MIH Holdings. It launched a tender offer for the 221 million shares outstanding at 26.5 baht per share and delisted UBC from the Stock Exchange of Thailand. In April 2006, UBC rebranded to "UBC-True". UBC was delisted from SET on April 11, 2006. On April 2, 2006, UBC-True announced that it would launch the documentary channels Explore 1, Explore 2, Explore 3 in October 2006.
UBC-True announced the launch of entertainment channels, G-Square and UBC Preview, followed by two music channels, Majung TV and True Music. On January 24, 2007, UBC-True was re-branded as "TrueVisions", it announced its purchase of exclusive rights to the Premier League. On July 12, 2012, after a long battle about Copyright infringement, TrueVisions switched its content encryption system to VideoGuard, it upgraded its video encryption from MPEG-2 to MPEG-4. This was used with the new HD set-top box launched in October 2011. In 2012, TrueVisions lost its bid for the 2013 – 2016 Premier League broadcast rights to a new company, CTH. In 2016, TrueVisions restored the Premier League contents through beIN Sports, the Qatar based sports network. After negotiations, TrueVisions aired 6 beIN sports channels. At the end of the 2008 financial year, TrueVisions had 799,837 subscribers; the table below, charts the annual growth of TrueVisions' subscriber base: In July 2008, TrueVisions launched its PVR system.
The TrueVisions PVR set-top box included a 140 GB hard drive for recording. It was sold separately with an extra monthly fee. In October 2011, TrueVisions launched an HD descrambler and all-in-one set-top box called "HD Plus" following the launch of its HDTV service; the HD Plus was manufactured by Humax. HD Plus has the PVR feature which recorded using an external eSATA hard drive. On September 22, 2014, the extra monthly fee for PVR was removed for customers with premium packages. In November 2007, TrueVisions started testing its high definition broadcasts and its new HD PVR set-top box; the system was demonstrated at the Bangkok ICT Expo. In 2010, TrueVisions offered customers with premium subscriptions three HD channels for an extra payment; the original HD set-top box did not have a DVR function. In 2011, TrueVisions offered CATV customer eight new HD channels, a new combined HD and PVR set-top box; this coincided with extension of fibre optic cable networks to some provincial areas. On July 16, 2012, TrueVisions expanded their HD offerings to seventeen channels, making all HD channels available to both DSTV and CATV subscribers.
In September 2016, TrueVisions offered fifty-six HD channels. In 2008, TrueVisions tested 3D broadcasts, showing short European-made vignettes filmed using the Pulfrich effect. In 2009, segments of Academy Fantasia were broadcast live using the Pulfrich effect. Since 2013, the True Film HD channel has aired selected movies in a Side-By-Side 3D format. On May 18, 2018, TrueVisions announced it will broadcast most of the 2018 FIFA World Cup live matches in UHD on a new dedicated 4K channel; the "TrueID TV" service offers its customers more viewing options. Customers can view their subscribed channels on any mobile device. Functions include "on demand" and "picture quality". Media of Thailand TrueVisions Website True Website True Visions Website True Vision English website