United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Georgia 4-H was founded in 1904 by G. C. Adams in Newton County, United States, as the Girls Canning, Boys Corn Clubs; the Georgia 4-H Program is a branch of Georgia Cooperative Extension, part of the University of Georgia College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, is funded by the University System of Georgia and private partners. Georgia 4-H began with the start of the special Boys Corn Club contest, first organized by Superintendent of Schools, G. C. Adams. Like the corn club he organized 100 years ago, G. C. Adams was unique, he ranked high as an educator. He taught at Pine Grove School in Newton County, he was principal of Palmer Institute at Oxford, he served as county school commissioner, he was the president of the Fifth District Agriculture School at Monroe. Yet, Mr. Adams never attended high school or college, he did not go to school more than a year in his entire life. While writing about Mr. Adams in the Atlanta Constitution after he had been elected Georgia commissioner of agriculture in 1932, Stiles A. Martin called him "one of the best educated, best read and most learned men in the state."
Mr. Adams' greatest accomplishment was organizing the corn club, he is best known for that, he single-handedly developed a plan for transporting school children, which resulted in our school buses of today. In the same year he organized the first in the South; the plan was for pupils of the various schools of the county to meet and put on a program, with awards being made to schools making the best showing. Out of this grew the field days which are held in many places today, featuring musical contests and other events. Mr. Adams served in the state legislature, he was elected to represent Newton County in 1926, served two years. W. L. Weber was Mr. Adams' good friend, he was head of the English Department for Emory-at-Oxford College. Mr. Adams and Mr. Weber shared, it was during one of the walks in 1903 that Mr. Weber, from Illinois, told Mr. Adams about the success of the first known boys' corn-growing contest, held in Winnebago County, during 1900; this idea was spreading rapidly to other states.
"Prof. W. L. Weber, of Emory College, who always manifests great interest in our public school, deserves credit for inaugurating this unique contest in Newton" – G. C. Adams. From this conversation was the motivation that sparked Mr. Adams to begin making plans, which he would announce during the fall of 1904, for the first Newton County Boys Corn Club, which developed into the present day 4-H club; the plans for the contest were announced in a small article in the Covington Enterprise Newspaper on December 23, 1904. Mr. Adams published the rules for the contest on February 3, 1905, but this time he had a large article, on the front page, he established a deadline for March 15. The contest was open to any boy 6 to 18 years old, enrolled in any of the county's public schools; each boy would do all work raising his corn crop. There was no limit to extent of field; the contestant was not allowed to have any assistance. The boy selected any ten ears of corn out of his entire patch; the boy should nail them in a rat-proof box, delivered it to the Newton County Courthouse by October 7, it would be weighed on October 16 and the weight will be recorded on the box.
Of the 101 boys entering the contest, only 32 boys exhibited their corn. The first-place winner was George Plunkett with 29.9 lb. The second-place winner was Tom Greer with 27.8 lb. The third-place winners were brothers Walter Cowan, with 25.4 lb. Other details of this contest are given in the Congressional Record of the 84th Congress, First Session on January 10, 1955. Around that 1907, Oscar Herman Benson designed the first emblem for the clubs, it was a three-leaf clover, which stood for head and hands. Second year members, received a fourth H. In 1911, the 4-H design was adopted and health was added as the fourth H; the emblem has stood for head, heart and health since. The Corn Club was followed by many agricultural project clubs in the state; the most famous club was the Girls Canning Club, in 1911. Just as the boys' work started with one crop, the same method was used for the girls' club work; the tomato was selected because it was universally appreciated. It wasn't too difficult to get a good crop.
It was acid and therefore easy to can without too much spoilage. Each girl was asked to plant a plot large enough to provide tomatoes not only for family but for sale. By the time Congress passed the Smith-Lever Act, May 8, 1914, creating the Cooperative Extension Service, both boys and girls, all over Georgia, were active in one or more of the project clubs, their work was supervised by a few paid workers in some counties. After 1914, the County Agents and Home Demonstration Agents were being employed in counties throughout Georgia. Positions are funded by county and federal funds; these Agents would give the leadership to disseminating agricultural and home economic research information to farmers, homemakers and community organizations. In 1914, the Georgia Poultry Club was started, which required each member to prepare at least one setting of purebred eggs. By 1915, Georgia had 14,275 club boys. About 1921, serious thought began to be given to the matter of trying to bring back interest and develop a steady growth in 4-H club work.
Businessmen and leaders of agricultural organizations established the National Committee on Boys and Girls Club Work with E. T. Meredith as chairperson in 1921; the organization was held in Ch
Georgia State Route 81
State Route 81 is a 69.0-mile-long diagonal state highway that runs southwest-to-northeast in the northwestern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. Its route exists within portions of Henry, Newton and Barrow counties. SR 81 begins at an intersection with US 19/US 41/SR 3, just north of Hampton, in Henry County, it heads east to McDonough. There, it intersects SR 20, they run concurrent to the northeast, into the main part of town. They have an interchange with Interstate 75 at exit 218. Afterward, the two highways intersect US 23/SR 42. A little farther to the east is an intersection with SR 155. At this intersection, SR 20 splits off to the north. SR 81 heads to the southeast before curving to the northeast and crosses over the South River, into Newton County. In Henry County, SR 81 is signed as a west–east route; the highway has an intersection with SR 212. It head north before curving to the northeast again, it meets SR 162. In town is an intersection with the northern terminus of SR 162 Connector.
SR 81 passes through the main part of town. After leaving Porterdale, it enters Covington, where it turn north and intersects US 278/SR 12, before passing under, but not interchanging I-20, it passes through Oxford. On the northern end of Oxford, the road curves to the north-northeast and meet the northern terminus of SR 142, before turning to the north and entering Walton County. Northward is Walnut Grove, where it intersects SR 138; the route heads north-northwest to Loganville. In town is a brief concurrency with US 78/SR 10 and splits off to the northwest. In the main part of town is a brief concurrency with SR 20, it heads northeast, passing through rural areas of the county, before it crosses the Apalachee River into Barrow County. Southwest of Winder is an intersection with US 29/SR 316. Just before entering Winder, the highway passes Fort Yargo State Park on its western end. In Winder, it reaches its northern terminus, an intersection with US 29 Business/SR 8/SR 11/SR 53. Georgia portal U.
S. Roads portal Media related to Georgia State Route 81 at Wikimedia Commons Georgia Roads
Georgia State Route 20
State Route 20 is a 165.345-mile-long state highway in the shape of a capital J rotated ninety degrees to the left, which travels through portions of Floyd, Cherokee, Gwinnett, Rockdale and Henry counties in the northwestern and north-central parts of the U. S. state of Georgia. Its counterclockwise, or western terminus is at the Alabama state line in Floyd County, its clockwise, or eastern terminus occurs at its interchange with Lower Woolsey Road southwest of Hampton in Henry County south-southeast of the Atlanta Motor Speedway. From the Alabama state line, SR 20 proceeds east through central Floyd County into the city of Rome, is concurrent with US 27, SR 1, SR 53 through downtown Rome; the highway leaves Rome to the east, concurrent with US 411, bisecting Floyd County, enters and bisects Bartow County, still concurrent with US 411 until just north of Cartersville, after which SR 20 continues eastward on its own. The highway intersects I-75 north of Cartersville, continues to head east, passing Lake Allatoona to its north, entering Cherokee County.
SR 20 heads east into central Cherokee County and through its county seat in Canton, has a brief concurrency with I-575/SR 5, before continuing east into Forsyth County. In central Forsyth County, the highway dips southeast to pass to the south of Sawnee Mountain and heads through Cumming, crossing US 19 and SR 400, heading on into Gwinnett County, passing to the south of Lake Lanier. SR 20 turns south after an interchange with I-985/US 23/SR 365, crossing I-85 shortly thereafter; the road has provides access to SR 316, which leads to Athens. SR 20 continues southward through Lawrenceville and heads into Walton County and through Loganville, paralleling the Gwinnett–Walton County line, before crossing into Rockdale County and meeting I-20/US 278/SR 12 in Conyers. To help alleviate driver confusion due to two identically-numbered highways meeting, the highway is referred to at this point as SR 138, with which it travels concurrent through Conyers. SR 20 continues south and southwest to the Henry County seat of McDonough, where it travels concurrent with SR 81.
SR 81 departs to the west after the highways cross I-75 at exit 218. The portion of SR 20 between the western end of the SR 81 concurrency and Lower Woolsey Road, the highway's clockwise/eastern terminus, has been widened from two lanes to four, including a new southern bypass of the city of Hampton, more controlled access at US 19/US 41; the primary purpose of the widening is to facilitate the flow of traffic to and from the Atlanta Motor Speedway located near the highway's eastern terminus. The Georgia Department of Transportation average annual daily traffic numbers for the year 2011 show a variety of daily averages across SR 20; the traffic load on the highway starts at its lowest daily average load as the route starts into Floyd County, where numbers hover around 5,400 vehicles per day. These averages increase as the highway approaches Rome, going from around 12,000 vehicles to a peak of 38,000 vehicles in downtown Rome; as SR 20 becomes concurrent with US 27/SR 1, the numbers decrease to an average of 32,000, decrease more to around 15,000 as SR 20 heads east out of Rome.
The vehicle load stays in that area all the way through Floyd County and into Bartow County, as the highway is the main west-to-east thoroughfare between Rome and Cartersville. In Cartersville, where the highway is concurrent with US 41, the vehicle count reaches a zenith of just over 41,000, but drops off as the highway heads into rural Cherokee County, dipping just below 10,000 before increasing again to near 24,000 vehicles per day as it approaches I-575/SR 5. On the portion of the highway, concurrent with I-575/SR 5, the highway sees its maximum vehicle load of just over 54,000 vehicles, again dropping east of I-575/SR 5, going from around 24,000 down to 11,000, further down to around 10,000 as the Forsyth County line is reached. Numbers start to creep up again as the Forsyth county seat of Cumming approaches, going from 10,000 to over 22,000 vehicles, cresting at 37,000 vehicles south of Cumming, as the route feeds traffic onto US 19/SR 400 southbound into Atlanta. Averages stabilize around 20,000 vehicles per day as SR 20 heads into Gwinnett County cresting again at over 41,000 vehicles around I-985, dipping to around 30,000 vehicles around I-85.
South of Lawrenceville, numbers start to decrease once more from around 22,000 down to 14,000 around Loganville, dip down into average of just over 8,000 in rural Walton County. Until the highway reaches Conyers, average numbers see lows of 6,800 in Rockdale County, increasing again to just over 31,000 in and around Conyers and I-20. Decreasing once more to around 7,600 vehicles per day in Newton and northern Henry counties, another high is reached in the vicinity of I-75 with just over 28,000 vehicles per day, before the highway reaches its eastern terminus in Hampton with average traffic loads just over 12,000 vehicles per day; the following segments of SR 20 are the included as part of the National Highway System, a system of routes determined to be the most important for the nation's economy and defense: From its western terminus at the Alabama state line to Lawrenceville A small portion in Conyers The highway that would become SR 20 was established at least as early as 1919 as the entire length of SR 4 from the Alabama state line to Cartersville, an unnumbered road from Cumming to Buford, part of SR 13 from Buford to Lawrenceville, part of SR 45 from Lawrenceville to Loganville.
By the end of 1921, SR 68 was established on the current path of
American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War known as the American War of Independence, was an 18th-century war between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia in Concord led to open combat on April 19, 1775.
Militia forces besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, the Americans failed decisively in an attempt to invade Quebec and raise insurrection against the British. On July 2, 1776, the Second Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States.
In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis Cowpens, he retreated to Yorktown, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in America, but the war continued overseas. Britain scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war.
French involvement had proven decisive. Spain failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar; the Dutch were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes. Parliament passed the Stamp Act in 1765 to pay for British military troops stationed in the American colonies after the French and Indian War. Parliament had passed legislation to regulate trade, but the Stamp Act introduced a new principle of a direct internal tax. Americans began to question the extent of the British Parliament's power in America, the colonial legislatures argued that they had exclusive right to impose taxes within their jurisdictions. Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives. Parliament argued that the colonies were "represented virtually", an idea, criticized throughout the Empire. Parliament did repeal the act in 1766, but it affirmed its right to pass laws that were binding on the colonies.
From 1767, Parliament began passing legislation to raise revenue for the salaries of civil officials, ensuring their loyalty while inadvertently increasing resentment among the colonists, opposition soon became widespread. Enforcing the acts proved difficult; the seizure of the sloop Liberty in 1768 on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot. In response, British troops occupied Boston, Parliament threatened to extradite colonists to face trial in England. Tensions rose after the murder of Christopher Seider by a customs official in 1770 and escalated into outrage after British troops fired on civilians in the Boston Massacre. In 1772, colonists in Rhode Island burned a customs schooner. Parliament repealed all taxes except the one on tea, passing the Tea Act in 1773, attempting to force colonists to buy East India Company tea on which the Townshend duties were paid, thus implicitly agreeing to Parliamentary supremacy; the landing of the tea was resisted in all colonies, but the governor of Massachusetts permitted British tea ships to remain in Boston Harbor, so the Sons of Liberty destroyed the tea chests in what became known as the "Boston Tea Party".
Parliament passed punitive legislation. It closed Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for and revoked the Massachusetts Charter, taking upon themselves the right to directly appoint the Massachusetts Governor's Council. Additionally, t
Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives
Friday the 13th Part VI: Jason Lives is a 1986 American slasher film and the sixth installment in the Friday the 13th film series. It was directed by Tom McLoughlin. Although the original concept called for Tommy Jarvis, the protagonist of Friday the 13th: The Final Chapter and Friday the 13th: A New Beginning, to become the new villain, the poor fan reception of A New Beginning prompted the producers to bring back Jason Voorhees as the series' antagonist. In resurrecting Jason, McLoughlin made Jason an explicitly supernatural force for the first time in the series, depicting him as being raised from the dead via electricity; the film broke with many other series conventions, introducing metahumor and action film elements including shootouts and car chases. The film was the first in the series to receive favorable reviews since the original. In the years since its release, its self-referential humor and numerous instances of breaking the fourth wall have been praised for prefiguring Kevin Williamson's Scream series and other similar 1990s horror films.
As of 2003's Freddy vs. Jason, Jason Lives was a fan favorite of the series, in addition to receiving positive notice from horror film historians, it is followed by Friday the 13th Part VII: The New Blood. A year after the events at Pinehurst Halfway House, Tommy Jarvis, who killed mass murderer Jason Voorhees, returns to Crystal Lake, now renamed Forest Green. Tommy, still suffering from hallucinations since his past encounter with Jason, arrives with his friend Allen Hawes, hoping to cremate Jason's body and end his hallucinations once and for all. At the cemetery, they exhume Jason's corpse but seeing it causes Tommy to have an audio flashback to murdering Jason, he stabs Jason's body with a metal fence post; as he turns his back on Jason, two lightning bolts strike the post and revive Jason, who kills Hawes with a punch through the heart and retrieves the hockey mask Tommy brought with him. Tommy flees to the sheriff's office to warn the police of Jason's return, but he is caught and arrested.
His warning that Jason has returned goes unheeded by Sheriff Mike Garris. The sheriff, aware of Tommy's institutionalization and thinks he is imagining Jason, locks Tommy in a cell. On the road, camp counselors Darren and Lizabeth get lost looking for the camp, they are both killed by Jason. The following morning, Garris' daughter Megan and her friends Sissy and Paula arrive to report Darren and Lizabeth missing. Tommy warns them about Jason, but as he is now considered an urban legend, they ignore the warnings, though Megan becomes attracted to him. In the woods, Jason happens upon a corporate paintball game. During these kills, Jason discovers that he is far stronger than before when he rips off a man's arm. At Camp Forest Green, the children arrive, the teens do their best to run the camp without Darren and Lizabeth. Meanwhile, Garris decides to escort Tommy out of his jurisdiction due to his influence on Megan. Tommy tries to make a run for Jason's grave but finds that the caretaker had covered it up to deny responsibility for it being dug up, Hawes' body is buried in its place.
Tommy is handcuffed and escorted out of town by Garris, who warns him to never return. That night, Jason murders a nearby couple who witness the murder. Meanwhile, Cort goes out to have sex with a girl named Nikki; the sheriff's men find the victims' bodies and Garris implicates Tommy in the murders, believing he has gone insane imagining Jason. Tommy contacts convinces her to help him lure Jason back into Crystal Lake. Meanwhile, Jason makes his way to the camp and kills Sissy and Paula, but refrains from harming the children. Meanwhile and Megan are pulled over by Garris. Despite Megan's alibi that she was with Tommy, he does not believe him to be innocent and arrests him, goes to the camp to investigate; as Tommy and Megan develop a ruse to trick the watching deputy and escape, Jason kills Garris and two other deputies when they arrive at the camp. Jason is about to kill Megan. Tommy is attacked in a boat in the middle of the lake and ties a boulder around Jason's neck to trap him. Jason fights back.
Megan is nearly killed when Jason grabs her leg. She uses CPR to revive him. Tommy says that it is over and Jason is home. Under the water, anchored to the bottom of the lake, Jason is still alive; the final shot of the film is his eye staring off into the water, waiting patiently for an opportunity to return. Thom Mathews as Tommy Jarvis Jennifer Cooke as Megan Garris David Kagen as Sheriff Mike Garris Kerry Noonan as Paula Renée Jones as Sissy Baker Tom Fridley as Cort Darcy DeMoss as Nikki Nancy McLoughlin as Lizbeth Tony Goldwyn as Darren Alan Blumenfeld as Larry Matthew Faison as Stan Ann Ryerson as Katie Ron Palillo as Allen Hawes Vincent Guastaferro as Deputy Rick Cologne Michael Swan as Officer Pappas Courtney Vickery as Nancy Whitney Rydbeck as Roy Bob Larkin as Martin Wallace Merck as Burt Roger Rose as Steven Cynthia Kania as Annette Michael Nomad as Officer Thornton Justin Nowell as Billy Tommy Nowell as Tyen C. J. Graham & Dan Bradley as Jason Voorhees Although the previous film in the ser