Next Irish general election

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Next Irish general election

← 2016 On or before 12 April 2021

159[n 1] of 160 seats[n 2] in Dáil Éireann
80 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
  Tallinn Digital Summit. Handshake Leo Varadkar and Jüri Ratas (36679163084) (cropped).jpg Micheál Martin 2015 (cropped).jpg Mary Lou McDonald (official portrait) (cropped).jpg
Leader Leo Varadkar Micheál Martin Mary Lou McDonald
Party Fine Gael Fianna Fáil Sinn Féin
Leader since 2 June 2017 26 January 2011 10 February 2018
Leader's seat Dublin West Cork South-Central Dublin Central
Last election 50 seats, 25.5% 44 seats, 24.3% 23 seats, 13.8%
Current seats 50[n 3] 44[n 4] 23

  Brendan Howlin Aviva.jpg No image.svg No image.svg
Leader Brendan Howlin Collective leadership Collective leadership
Party Labour Party Solidarity–PBP Inds. 4 Change
Leader since 20 May 2016 n/a n/a
Leader's seat Wexford n/a n/a
Last election 7 seats, 6.6% 6 seats, 3.9% 4 seats, 1.5%
Current seats 7 6 4

  Róisín Shortall TD and Catherine Murphy TD cropped.jpg Eamon Ryan Green Party.jpg
Leader Catherine Murphy
Róisín Shortall
Eamon Ryan
Party Social Democrats Green Party
Leader since 15 July 2015 27 May 2011
Leader's seat Kildare North
Dublin North-West
Dublin Bay South
Last election 3 seats, 3.0% 2 seats, 2.7%
Current seats 2 2

Incumbent Taoiseach

Leo Varadkar
Fine Gael



The next Irish general election will be held on or before Monday, 12 April 2021, the election will be called following the dissolution of the 32nd Dáil by the President, at the request of the Taoiseach. There will 159 of 160 seats contested in Dáil Éireann, with the outgoing Ceann Comhairle being re-elected automatically unless he opts to retire from the Dáil.

Electoral system[edit]

The 160 members of the Dáil will be elected in 39 multi-member constituencies, each with between three and five seats, using the single transferable vote system in which voters rank candidates on their ballot papers. When the ballot papers are counted, an electoral quota is created by dividing the number of valid votes by the number of seats, plus one.

Any candidate receiving a number of votes exceeding the quota is elected. If fewer candidates reach the quota than the number of seats to be filled, the last-placed candidate is removed from the count and the second or subsequent preferences on those ballot papers are redistributed until a candidate is elected. If such a candidate now has more votes than the quota, their surplus is given to other candidates in order of ranking on the ballot papers.

This is repeated until sufficient candidates have passed the quota to fill the available seats[1] or where a seat remains to be filled in a constituency and no candidate is capable of achieving a quota as there is nobody left to eliminate for a distribution then the highest place candidate without a quota is deemed elected at that point.

Constituency Commission 2016–17[edit]

A Constituency Commission was convened in July 2016 under the provisions of the Electoral Act 1997,[2] under the chairpersonship of Justice Robert Haughton, to redraw constituency boundaries after publication of initial population data from the 2016 census.[3]

The Commission has some discretion but is constitutionally bound to allow no more than a 30,000 population ratio per elected member and is by convention constrained not to breach 'traditional' county boundaries save in rare cases, even if this leads to slight over-representation, the Commission report was released on 27 June 2017. It recommended an increase in the number of TDs from 158 to 160.[4][5]

The Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2017, implementing these recommended changes was enacted in December 2017, just before Christmas.[6].

Now that a law implementing the recommended changes has been enacted, the election of the 33rd Dáil will be held using the new boundaries, for 160 seats.

Assuming the Ceann Comhairle at the time of the dissolution of the Dáil stands for re-election, he or she shall be deemed re-elected automatically and only 159 of the 160 seats in the Dáil will be filled in that election.

Retiring incumbents[edit]

The following members of the 32nd Dáil have announced that they will not be seeking re-election:

Constituency Departing TD Party First elected Date announced
Cavan-Monaghan Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin Sinn Féin 1997 7 March 2018[7]
Cork North-Central Dara Murphy Fine Gael 2011 19 May 2018[8]
Kerry Martin Ferris Sinn Féin 2002 18 November 2017[9]
Limerick City Michael Noonan Fine Gael 1981 18 May 2017[10]
Louth Gerry Adams Sinn Féin 2011 18 November 2017[11]
Mayo Enda Kenny Fine Gael 1975 5 November 2017[12][13]
Waterford John Deasy Fine Gael 2002 28 November 2017[14]

Latest possible date[edit]

Section 33 of the Electoral Act, 1992, establishes that the same Dáil shall not continue for a longer period than five years from the date of its first meeting,[15] the 32nd Dáil first met on 10 March 2016; therefore, the Dáil must be dissolved by or on 9 March 2021.

The same Act requires that an election be held between seventeen and twenty-five days after the writs for the election are issued,[16] this does not account for excluded days, which under Section 2 of the Electoral Act refer to a Sunday, Good Friday or a day which is declared to be a public holiday.[17] Taking into consideration St. Patrick's Day, Good Friday and Easter Monday, the Act therefore prevents the general election being held any later than Saturday, 10 April 2021.

However, Article 16.3.1 of the Constitution of Ireland specifies that a general election must take place no later than 30 days after the dissolution of Dáil Éireann, and does not specify any excluded days.[18] Therefore, the general election cannot be held later than Friday 9 April 2021.

Opinion polls[edit]

Last date
of polling
Polling firm/Commissioner/Link Sample
size
FG FF SF Lab S-PBP SD GP RI IA O/I
16 May 2018 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[19] 1,000 34 25 16 6 3 1 2 0 4 9
15 May 2018 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[20][21] 935 30 23 24 4 2 1 2 [nb 1] 3 10
30 April 2018 Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[22][23] 1,003 34 27 22 5 1 [nb 2] 3 [nb 1] 5 2
26 April 2018 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[24] 1,000 32 25 14 6 2 2 2 1 2 13
19 April 2018 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 1] 928 33 25 21 6 1 1 2 1 2 10
18 April 2018 Ireland Thinks/Irish Daily Mail[25] ? 29 26 16 5 4 3 4 [nb 1] [nb 3] 13
17 April 2018 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times [26] 1,200 31 26 22 5 2 1 3 [nb 1] 1 9
22 March 2018 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[27][28] 1,000 33 24 16 6 2 2 2 2 1 12
13 March 2018 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[29][30] 900 32 27 19 6 2 1 2 [nb 1] 3 10
22 February 2018 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[31][32] 1,000 32 29 14 6 1 2 2 1 3 10
14 February 2018 Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[33][34] 970 36 28 20 4 1 1 2 [nb 1] 3 11
13 February 2018 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[35][36] 926 36 25 16 5 3 1 1 [nb 1] 4 9
25 January 2018 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[37][38] 1,003 32 26 15 6 3 2 4 0 3 9
23 January 2018 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times [39] [p 2] 1,200 34 25 19 4 2 1 3 [nb 1] 1 11
16 January 2018 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[40][41] 920 32 26 18 6 2 1 2 [nb 1] 4 9
24 December 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 3] 913 34 26 17 5 2 2 2 [nb 1] 4 8
22 December 2017 Ireland Thinks/Irish Daily Mail[p 4] 1,144 33 26 16 6 3 2 2 [nb 1] [nb 3] 12
7 December 2017 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times [p 5][p 6] 1,200 36 25 19 4 1 1 3 [nb 1] 1 10
23 November 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 7] [p 8] 1,004 27 26 16 6 3 3 4 1 4 10
7 November 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times [p 9] 919 34 31 14 3 3 1 2 0 3 8
20 October 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post [p 10] 1,004 29 25 14 6 4 2 4 0 4 12
10 October 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times [p 11] 915 31 27 19 4 1 1 2 0 3 12
2 October 2017 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times[p 12][p 13] 1,200 31 29 19 4 2 2 3 0 1 9
22 September 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 14][p 15] 1,004 30 26 16 5 4 4 2 1 2 10
12 September 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 16][p 17] 937 33 25 19 5 1 1 2 0 4 10
21 July 2017 Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[p 18][p 19] 956 30 29 20 7 1 0 2 [nb 1] 5 7
11 July 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 20][p 21] 923 29 30 18 5 2 1 2 0 4 9
5 July 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 22][p 23] 1,000 27 24 18 6 4 2 4 3 4 8
14 June 2017 Leo Varadkar succeeds Enda Kenny as Taoiseach
10 June 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 24][p 25] 1,004 29 29 18 5 1 1 3 1 5 9
25 May 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 26][p 27] 1,004 29 21 15 6 3 4 3 1 3 15
13 May 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 28] 945 28 27 18 4 1 1 2 1 4 14
28 April 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 29] 1,004 24 28 18 6 4 4 3 1 2 10
11 April 2017 Behaviour and Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 30] 937 29 28 18 5 2 2 2 0 5 10
24 March 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 31] 1,004 24 26 17 6 4 3 4 0 3 13
8 March 2017 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 32] 934 22 28 23 6 2 1 2 0 6 9
28 February 2017 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times[p 33][p 34] 1,200 28 29 21 4 3 1 3 [nb 4] 2 9
23 February 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 35][p 36] 1,004 24 26 19 4 6 3 4 1 3 10
16 February 2017 Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[p 37][p 38] 960 25 33 20 6 3 2 2 [nb 1] 5 4
8 February 2017 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 39] 955 21 32 19 6 3 2 2 0 5 10
26 January 2017 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 40][p 41] 1,004 24 27 14 5 4 4 4 1 3 14
21 January 2017 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 42] 921 23 29 17 5 5 1 3 0 3 15
13 December 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 43] 924 26 28 19 5 3 1 3 1 5 9
6 December 2016 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times[p 44][p 45] 1,200 27 30 17 6 3 2 3 [nb 4] 2 10
25 November 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 46][p 47] 1,000 25 24 16 5 5 4 3 1 4 12
9 November 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 48] 924 28 30 17 3 3 0 2 0 5 11
27 October 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 49][p 50] 1,002 25 26 13 5 9 3 3 0 6 10
23 October 2016[nb 5] Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[p 51][p 52] 942 29 27 20 8 5 1 2 [nb 1] 5 3
12 October 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 53] 917 26 30 17 5 2 1 2 1 4 11
4 October 2016 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times[p 54][p 55] 1,200 26 26 19 5 3 2 3 [nb 4] [nb 3] 15
22 September 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 56][p 57] 1,002 25 27 15 7 6 4 2 0 4 10
14 September 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 58] 911 23 28 18 7 4 1 2 0 4 12
27 July 2016 Red C/Paddy Power[p 59][p 60] 1,000 27 28 15 4 4 3 3 0 5 10
13 July 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 61][p 62] 1,004 26 29 13 6 5 4 4 1 5 8
13 July 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 63] 909 25 30 14 6 5 2 2 0 4 12
7 July 2016 Ipsos MRBI/Irish Times[p 64][p 65] 1,200 24 33 16 5 2 2 4 [nb 4] 2 11
29 June 2016 Millward Brown/The Sunday Independent[p 66][p 67] 1,000 30 26 20 7 4 2 3 [nb 4] [nb 3] 8
15 June 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 68] 913 25 26 17 5 4 1 3 1 6 11
26 May 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 69] 1,004 26 26 15 6 5 4 2 0 4 11
11 May 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 70][p 71] 898 26 27 16 5 4 2 4 0 7 9
11 May 2016 Red C/Paddy Power[p 72][p 73] 1,015 27 25 16 5 6 4 3 1 3 10
13 April 2016 Behaviour & Attitudes/The Sunday Times[p 74][p 75] 926 23 26 17 4 4 2 3 1 8 12
10 March 2016 Red C/The Sunday Business Post[p 76][p 77] 1,006 27 25 15 4 4 5 3 2 5 9
26 February 2016 General election 25.5 24.3 13.8 6.6 3.9 3.0 2.7 2.2 4.2 13.7

Irish Polls Chart.png

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Renua is not mentioned.
  2. ^ Social Democrats are not mentioned.
  3. ^ a b c d The poll makes no distinction between different groupings of Independents, the Independent Alliance is included in the figure for Others.
  4. ^ a b c d e Renua is featured in Others.
  5. ^ Publication date - last date of polling not provided.
  1. ^ Presuming the Ceann Comhairle stands for re-election.
  2. ^ The Constituency Commission's recommendations were enacted in December 2017, increasing the size of the next Dáil to 160 seats.
  3. ^ The 50 seats for Fine Gael includes the outgoing Ceann Comhairle Seán Barrett, elected in 2011 for Fine Gael, who was returned automatically.
  4. ^ Seán Ó Fearghaíl was elected as Ceann Comhairle, and is no longer counted as a Fianna Fáil TD.

Opinion poll sources[edit]

  1. ^ McShane, Ian (23 April 2018). "April Opinion Poll - 18 April 2018" (PDF). banda.ie. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 23 January 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018. 
  3. ^ McCarthy, Justine (2017-12-24). "Poll boost helps Fine Gael end year on a high". The Sunday Times. ISSN 0956-1382. Retrieved 2018-01-02. 
  4. ^ "irelandthinks". irelandthinks. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  5. ^ "Fine Gael support surges on back of Brexit row". 
  6. ^ "Irish Times/Ipsos MRBI Poll | The Irish Times". 
  7. ^ {{https://www.rte.ie/news/ireland/2017/1125/922813-poll-business-post/
  8. ^ Colwell, Richard (27 November 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll November 17" (PDF). Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  9. ^ McShane, Ian (12 November 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - November 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  10. ^ Colwell, Richard (27 October 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll October 17" (PDF). Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  11. ^ McShane, Ian (10 October 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - October 2017" (PDF). 
  12. ^ "'Irish Times' poll: Almost half voters happy with Varadkar". 
  13. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "FG up three points in early poll boost". 
  15. ^ Colwell, Richard (26 September 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll September 17" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Fine Gael is riding high in the latest opinion poll". Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  17. ^ McShane, Ian (17 September 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - September 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  18. ^ "'Support for Fine Gael rises, opinion poll suggests'". RTÉ. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "National Opinion Poll:July 2017" (PDF). Sunday Independent/Millward Brown. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  20. ^ "Micheál Martin is well ahead of Leo Varadkar in the satisfaction ratings". 16 July 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  21. ^ McShane, Ian (16 June 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - July 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  22. ^ "Leo fails to get leadership bounce". 
  23. ^ Colwell, Richard (9 July 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - July 17" (PDF). Retrieved 11 July 2017. 
  24. ^ "Increase in support for Fine Gael, opinion poll suggests". 10 June 2017. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  25. ^ McShane, Ian (10 June 2017). "General Election Opinion Poll - June 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
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  28. ^ "Fine Gael remains Ireland's most popular party". Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
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  32. ^ McShane, Ian (12 March 2017). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes March 2017 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 13 March 2017. 
  33. ^ Leahy, Pat (2 March 2017). "Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil almost level". The Irish Times. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  34. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 4 March 2017. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
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  40. ^ Brennan, Michael (28 January 2017). "FF big winner as government support drops". "The Sunday Business Post". Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  41. ^ "Government Under Pressure as Fianna Fail Make Gains" (PDF). Red C/The Sunday Business Post. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  42. ^ McShane, Ian (21 January 2017). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes January 2017 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  43. ^ McShane, Ian (18 December 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes December 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 18 December 2016. 
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  45. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 6 December 2016. Retrieved 30 November 2017. 
  46. ^ "The Difficult Balancing Act for Fianna Fáil – Nov 16 Poll" (PDF). "RED C". Retrieved 29 November 2016. 
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  48. ^ McShane, Ian (13 November 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes November 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  49. ^ "AAA-PBP surges to record high". The Sunday Business Post. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  50. ^ "Are AAA-PBP gains more than just a one off?" (PDF). Red C/The Sunday Business Post. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016. 
  51. ^ "Exclusive poll: Fine Gael sees slip in support despite 'giveaway Budget'". Sunday Independent. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  52. ^ "National Opinion Poll: October 2016" (PDF). Sunday Independent/Millward Brown. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2016. 
  53. ^ McShane, Ian (12 October 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes October 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  54. ^ "Fianna Fáil level with Fine Gael after Seven Point drop in support". The Irish Times. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  55. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  56. ^ "FF sees support slip for first time since election". The Sunday Business Post. 25 September 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  57. ^ "No Momentum for Change Helps Govt. Survival Propects" (PDF). Red C/The Sunday Business Post. 25 September 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016. 
  58. ^ McShane, Ian (18 September 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes September 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  59. ^ "Four out of 10 people believe Taoiseach should 'quit now' - new Red C poll". Irish Independent. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  60. ^ "Fianna Fáil Most Popular Party" (PDF). Paddy Power. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  61. ^ "Surge in FF support ratchets up pressure on Kenny". The Sunday Business Post. 17 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  62. ^ "General Election Opinion Poll" (PDF). The Sunday Business Post. 17 July 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2016. 
  63. ^ McShane, Ian (19 July 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes July 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2016. 
  64. ^ "Massive surge in support for Fianna Fáil, poll shows". The Irish Times. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016. 
  65. ^ "Irish Times Poll Portal". The Irish Times. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  66. ^ "Poll exclusive: Public confidence in Independents crashes". Sunday Independent. 3 July 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  67. ^ "National Opinion Poll: June 2016" (PDF). Sunday Independent/Millward Brown. 3 July 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 July 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  68. ^ McShane, Ian (15 June 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes June 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  69. ^ "General Election Opinion Poll" (PDF). The Sunday Business Post. 29 May 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  70. ^ "Fianna Fáil has overtaken Fine Gael in popularity". The Journal. 14 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  71. ^ McShane, Ian (May 2016). "Sunday Times/Behaviour & Attitudes May 2016 Opinion Poll" (PDF). Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  72. ^ "Paddy Power Red C poll: Voters want Varadkar to replace Kenny". Irish Independent. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  73. ^ "General Election Opinion Poll" (PDF). Paddy Power. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  74. ^ "Fianna Fáil overtakes Fine Gael in latest opinion poll". The Sunday Times. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 16 April 2016. 
  75. ^ "General Election Opinion Poll" (PDF). The Sunday Times. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
  76. ^ "Another general election would produce no major gains for FF or FG". The Sunday Business Post. 12 March 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  77. ^ "General Election Opinion Poll" (PDF). The Sunday Business Post. 12 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Electoral system IPU
  2. ^ "Constituency Commission Established 14 July 2016". Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Constituency Commission Website". 
  4. ^ "Introduction and summary of recommendations" (PDF). Constituency Commission 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "Dáil constituencies where no change is recommended" (PDF). Constituency Commission 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
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  7. ^ McMorrow, Conor (2018-03-07). "Sinn Féin's Ó Caoláin will not contest next election". RTE.ie. Retrieved 2018-03-09. 
  8. ^ Sheehy, Paschal (2018-05-19). "Fine Gael TD Dara Murphy will not defend seat". RTE.ie. Retrieved 2018-05-19. 
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  10. ^ "Michael Noonan to step down as Finance Minister - and won't run again for Dail - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 19 November 2017. 
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  14. ^ "FG's John Deasy will not seek re-election due to health concerns". Irish Times. 28 November 2017. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
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  16. ^ "Electoral Act, 1992; Part XVII. The Poll". irishstatutebook.ie. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
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  21. ^ "Sinn Féin see approval rating boost under new leader Mary Lou McDonald". 2018-05-19. Retrieved 2018-05-19. 
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  29. ^ Dowling, Brian (2018-03-17). "Poll suggests rise in SF support since McDonald elected". RTE.ie. Retrieved 2018-03-18. 
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  36. ^ "B&A Poll Feb 2018" (PDF). 
  37. ^ Brennan, Michael. "Fine Gael support surges in latest opinion poll | BusinessPost.ie". www.businesspost.ie. Retrieved 2018-01-27. 
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