Morelia spilota variegata
Morelia spilota variegata is a subspecies of python found in New Guinea and Australia, smaller than the nominate subspecies Morelia spilota spilota and has a more restricted geographic range. Adults usually grow no more than 2m, but some have been recorded at 2. 5m, there was however, one exception, one M. s. Variegata was recorded at 280 cm at the age of four years, the color pattern consists of a beige or brown ground color overlaid with blackish or gray blotches, cross-bands or stripes, or a combination of any of these. Regional color variations can include bright yellow, rust, smith,1981, Morelia variegata - Wells & Wellington,1984, and * Morelia spilota variegata - Barker & Barker,1984. Common names include carpet python, Northwestern carpet python, Irian Jaya carpet python, West Papuan carpet python, found in New Guinea and Australia in northwestern Western Australia and in the northern portion of the Northern Territory. The type locality given is North Australia, Port Essington, the snake is not venomous and kills prey by constriction.
Their diet is varied and includes many different birds and mammals, populations that inhabit forested areas are mostly arboreal and often feed on brush-tailed possums, Trichosurus. Oviparous, females deposit their eggs in secluded places such as logs and tree boles where they protect. Captive specimens have produced up to 18 eggs that hatch after a 40-day incubation period, the hatchlings are about 12 inches in length. List of pythonid species and subspecies Pythonidae by common name Pythonidae by taxonomic synonyms Morelia spilota at the Reptarium. cz Reptile Database, M. s. variegata range map at Kingsnake. com. Irian Jaya carpet python breeding cycle at Antaresia. com
Moisturizers or emollients are complex mixtures of chemical agents specially designed to make the external layers of the skin softer and more pliable. They increase the skins hydration by reducing evaporation, naturally occurring skin lipids and sterols, as well as artificial or natural oils, emollients, etc. may be part of the composition of commercial skin moisturizers. They usually are available as products for cosmetic and therapeutic uses. Moisturizers prevent and treat dry skin, protect sensitive skin, improve skin tone and texture, moisturizers can be used to prevent the skin from becoming too dry or oily, such as with light, non-greasy water-based moisturizers. Such moisturizers often contain lightweight oils, such as alcohol, or silicone-derived ingredients. For treating skin dryness, the most appropriate moisturizers are heavier, oil-based moisturizers that contain ingredients such as antioxidants, for very dry, cracked skin, petrolatum-based products are preferable, as they are longer-lasting than creams and are more effective in preventing water evaporation.
For oily skin, moisturizers can still be useful after activities causing skin dryness, such as skin care products. For oily skin, water-based moisturizers that are specifically non-comedogenic are preferable, appropriate moisturizers to keep aging skin soft and well hydrated are oil-based ones that contain petrolatum as the base, along with antioxidants or alpha hydroxy acids against wrinkles. In eczema it is generally best to match thicker ointments to the driest, flakiest skin, light emollients such as aqueous cream may not have any effect on severely dry skin. Some common emollients for the relief of eczema include Oilatum, Medi Oil, bath oils, Epaderm ointment and Eucerin lotion or cream may be helpful with itching. Lotions or creams may be applied directly to the skin after bathing to lock in moisture, moisturizing gloves can be worn while sleeping. Generally, twice-daily applications of emollients work best, while creams are easy to apply, they are quickly absorbed into the skin, and therefore need frequent reapplication.
Ointments, with water content, stay on the skin for longer and need fewer applications. Recently, which are the major constituent of the stratum corneum, have been used in the treatment of eczema. They are often one of the ingredients of modern moisturizers and these lipids were successfully produced synthetically in the laboratory. Emollients are best applied immediately after bathing when the skin is well hydrated, three methods are used to moisturize skin, These work by forming a thin film on the surface of the skin to prevent loss of moisture. Humectants, These attract water vapor from the air to moisturize the skin, restoration of deficient materials, These are more complex and try to restore natural moisturizing factors on the skin, such as amino-lipids. Four popular moisturizers were tested, providing the same result and it is not yet known if the same applies to humans
Liniment, from the Latin linere, to anoint, is a medicated topical preparation for application to the skin. Liniments are typically sold to relieve pain and stiffness, such as from sore muscular aches, liniments have been around since antiquity. Opodeldoc is a formulation invented by the Renaissance physician Paracelsus, the methyl salicylate that is the active analgesic ingredient in some heat-rub products can be toxic if they are used in excess. Heating pads are not recommended for use with heat rubs. Liniment is a very old rubbing mixture or liniment and it was used for a long period of time as a way of relieving pain caused by lumbago, neuralgia, stiffness after exercise and other conditions. It was made from aconite and chloroform, leading to its name, there have been numerous examples of poisoning from the mixture, resulting in at least one death. Bengay, spelled Ben-Gay before 1995, is a liniment used to relieve muscle and joint pain associated with arthritis, simple backaches. It was developed in France by Dr.
Jules Bengué, the name Bengué was anglicized to Bengay. It was originally produced by Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, which was acquired by Johnson & Johnson, flex-power is a liniment that claims to use nanotechnology in its formulation. IcyHot is a line of liniments produced and marketed by Chattem, in 1975 a Japanese pharmaceutical company, Rohto Pharmaceutical Co. bought the rights to market the product and in 1988 it bought the entire Mentholatum company. The ointment has a brand, Deep Heat, RUB A535 is a liniment introduced in 1919 and manufactured by Church & Dwight in Canada. It is not well-known outside of Canada, and is not sold in the United States. Tiger Balm was developed during the 1870s in Rangoon, Burma, by herbalist Aw Chu Kin, son of a Hakka herbalist in China, Aw Leng Fan and brought to market by his sons Aw Boon Haw and its use was popular in Eastern Canada. Horse liniment ingredients such as menthol, chloroxylenol, or iodine are used in different formulas in products used by humans, Absorbine, a horse liniment product manufactured by W. F.
Young, Inc. was reformulated for humans and marketed as Absorbine Jr, the company acquired other liniment brands including Bigeloil and RefreshMint. The equine version of Absorbine is sometimes used by humans, though its benefits in humans may be because the smell of menthol releases serotonin, earl Sloan was a US entrepreneur who made his initial fortune selling his fathers horse liniment formula beginning in the period following the Civil War. Sloans liniment, with capsicum as a key ingredient, was marketed for human use. He sold his company to the predecessor of Warner–Lambert, which was purchased in 2000 by Pfizer
Emmaville, New South Wales
Emmaville is a village on the Northern Tablelands in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. It is in the Glen Innes Severn Council district, Emmaville is at an elevation of 890 metres AHD. At the 2006 census, the Emmaville urban centre/locality had a population of 247, Emmaville is located on the lands of the Ngarabal people, and the area remains of great significance to them today. The Ngarabal name for the land where the township is now located is Marran, tin was first discovered on Strathbogie Station in 1872 and the settlement was called Vegetable Creek after the Chinese market gardens which developed to service the mining population. Being a private township it was never notified or proclaimed as a town or village, the population of the area in the early 1900s was about 7,000 and included 2,000 Chinese people. It was renamed in 1882 after the wife of the state Governor Lord Augustus Loftus, the name Vegetable Creek is preserved in the name of the local 17-bed hospital. A school was established in 1875 and it had 70-80 pupils in its first year, in 1927, the school moved to its present site.
Emmaville established the first medical fund in New South Wales, with aim of keeping a doctor in town, in 1891, lectures were given at the hospital and the St John Ambulance Brigade was formed as a result of this. Tin and arsenic were mined at the Ottery Mine, Tent Hill not far from Emmaville, the site has now been rehabilitated by the NSW Department of Mineral Resources and is open to tourists. This is described as one of Australias most famous manifestations of a cryptic animal and it is variously said to be a large black panther or a marsupial lion, and was sighted in February 1958 and on various occasions in the 1950s and 1960s. There are no native big cats in Australia, one suggestion is that this beast escaped from a travelling circus whose owner chose not to report the escape. Emmavilles industries are tourism and mining, there is a Mining Museum which includes a collection of mineral specimens and photographs of the towns history. Fossicking is a local tourist activity and this neat and tidy village has a post office, general store, two craft shops, a swimming pool, a caravan site and two hotels.
Emmaville has a pre-school and a public school with 60 primary and 28 secondary pupils. Since 2004 Emmaville School has catered for stage 6 students in year 11 and 12 although all of their studies except English, the Vegetable Creek Hospital in Emmaville has 17 beds and is part of the Hunter New England Local Health District. Emmaville is served by the Deepwater Community and Districts Radio, 2CBD transmitting on 91.1 FM and this is a local community Radio Station operated by volunteer Presenters and Management. Supported by way of sponsorship from businesses and community groups the programing includes Community announcements, Public Notices, Weather. Music content varies from Country and Western, Modern Pop, thomas James Richards, army officer, rugby union coach and player and sports writer Frank James Coughlan, jazz musician Richard Dick Ashley Atkinson was born on 21 May 1931 at Emmaville
Kunzea ericoides is a tree or shrub that is restricted to Australia and New Zealand. Until 1983, Kānuka was classified as being in the genus Leptospermum, Kānuka occurs in Australia and New Zealand. In Australia it occurs in South Australia, New South Wales and Queensland, as currently treated in New Zealand Kānuka is a recognised species complex with the type species only known from the northern South Island. Within this range kānuka is widespread ranging from scrub and sand dunes through lowland and montane forest. Kānuka often colonizes land recovering after a fire and is a part of the natural recovery of open disturbed ground to forest. With its small but abundant flowers it can colour a whole hillside white and it is widespread particularly in coastal scrub and colonizing land recovering after a fire or reverting to a natural state after being used for agriculture. It has been recorded growing to altitudes of 2000 metres above sea level, the wood is very hard and although not durable in the ground it is used for wharf piles and tool handles.
It is particularly popular as firewood, and burns with a great heat, in New Zealand, kānuka can grow to around 10 metres high. Kākāriki parakeets use the leaves and bark of kānuka and the related mānuka tea trees to rid themselves of parasites, apart from ingesting the material, they chew it, mix it with preen gland oil and apply it to their feathers. Mānuka and kānuka are superficially similar species and are confused with one another. The easiest way to tell the difference between them is to feel the foliage, kānuka leaves being soft, while leaves are prickly. K. ericoides may occur in the understory of certain rimu/nothofagus forests in the South Island, typical associate understory species may include Crown Fern, Blechnum discolor and Cyathodes fasciculata. Manuka John Dawson and Rob Lucas, nature guide to the New Zealand forest, Godwit Publishing David R. Given. Vegetation on heated soils at Karapiti, central North Island, New Zealand, Crown Fern, Blechnum discolor, Globaltwitcher. com, ed. N.
Stromberg PlantNET, New South Wales Flora Online, Kunzea ericoides
Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown was an English social anthropologist who developed the theory of structural functionalism and coadaptation. Alfred Reginald Radcliffe-Brown was born Alfred Reginald Brown in Sparkbrook, England, the son of Alfred Brown, a manufacturers clerk. He changed his last name, by deed poll, to Radcliffe-Brown and he was educated at King Edwards School and Trinity College, graduating with first-class honours in the moral sciences tripos. While still a student he earned the nickname Anarchy Brown for his close interest in the writings of the anarcho-communist and scientist Peter Kropotkin. Like other young men with blood in their veins, I wanted to do something to reform the world – to get rid of poverty and war, so I read Godwin, Proudhon and innumerable others. Kropotkin, but still a scientist, pointed out how important for any attempt to improve society was an understanding of it. He studied psychology under W. H. R. Rivers who, led him toward social anthropology. However at the 1914 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, in 1916 he became a director of education in Tonga, and in 1920 moved to Cape Town to become professor of social anthropology, founding the School of African Life.
Further university appointments were University of Cape Town, University of Sydney, among his most prominent students during his years at the University of Chicago was Sol Tax and Fred Eggan. He died in London in 1955 and he has been described as the classic to Bronisław Malinowskis romantic. Radcliffe-Brown brought French sociology to British anthropology, constructing a battery of concepts to frame ethnography. Radcliffe-Brown has often been associated with functionalism, and is considered by some to be the founder of structural functionalism, Radcliffe-Brown vehemently denied being a functionalist, and carefully distinguished his concept of function from that of Malinowski, who openly advocated functionalism. While Malinowskis functionalism claimed that social practices could be explained by their ability to satisfy basic biological needs. Instead, influenced by the philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead, he claimed that the fundamental units of anthropology were processes of human life. Because these are by definition characterised by constant flux, what calls for explanation is the occurrence of stability, Radcliffe-Brown asked, would some patterns of social practices repeat themselves and even seem to become fixed.
This is far from the functional explanation impugned by Carl Hempel and it is clearly distinct from Malinowskis notion of function, a point which is often ignored by Radcliffe-Browns detractors. Malinowski has explained that he is the inventor of functionalism, to which he gave its name, I cannot speak for the other writers to whom the label functionalist is applied by the authors, though I very much doubt if Redfield or Linton accept this doctrine. As for myself I reject it entirely, regarding it as useless, as a consistent opponent of Malinowskis functionalism I may be called an anti-functionalist
Descriptions of preparations are called monographs. In a broader sense it is a work for pharmaceutical drug specifications. The term derives from Ancient Greek φαρμακοποιΐα, from φάρμακον drug, followed by the verb-stem ποι- make, in early modern editions of Latin texts, the Greek spellings φ, κ and οι are respectively written as ph, c, and œ, giving the spelling pharmacopœia. In UK English, the letter œ is rendered as oe, giving us the spelling pharmacopoeia, while in American English oe becomes e, the latter is considered to be precursor to all modern pharmacopoeias, and is one of the most influential herbal books in history. In fact it remained in use until about CE1600, a number of early pharmacopoeia books were written by Persian physicians. These included The Canon of Medicine of Avicenna in 1025, and works by Ibn Zuhr in the 12th century, the Shen-nung pen tsao ching is the earliest known Chinese pharmacopia. The text describes 365 medicines derived from animals and minerals. The first known work of this kind published under civic authority appears to have been that of Tang Dynasty in China, the treatise was written by several officials of Emperor Gaozong of Tang.
The pharmacopoeia contained 850 sorts of crude medicine, revising the treatises written by ancient Chinese pharmacists, a work known as the Antidotarium Florentinum, was published under the authority of the college of medicine of Florence in the 16th century. Also Vesalius claimed he had written some dispensariums and manuals on the works of Galenus and this work contains 224 original recipes by Michel De Villeneuve and others by Lespleigney and Chappuis. As usual when it comes to pharmacopeias, this work was complementary to a previous Materia Medica that Michel De Villeneuve published that same year. This was an effort to improve public health after an outbreak of the plague. Until 1617 such drugs and medicines as were in use were sold in England by the apothecaries. In that year the apothecaries obtained a charter, and it was enacted that no grocer should keep an apothecary’s shop. Of London and destroying all the compounds which they found unfaithfully prepared, thus crabs’ eyes, oyster shells, and coral were supposed to have different properties.
An attempt was made to further the older formulae by the rejection of superfluous ingredients. In 1809 the French chemical nomenclature was adopted, and in 1815 a corrected impression of the same was issued, subsequent editions were published in 1824,1836, and 1851. The first Edinburgh Pharmacopoeia was published in 1699 and the last in 1841, the first Dublin Pharmacopoeia in 1807, hitherto these had been published in Latin
Beardy River, a perennial river that is part of the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the New England region of New South Wales, Australia. The river generally runs south of Torrington State Recreation Area, descending 675 metres over its 90 kilometres course, the Beardy River region, particularly the Beardy River Hill Catchment Management Authority sub-region, is rich in rare flora and fauna. Endangered plants such as the MacNutts wattle, velvet wattle and Torrington pea have been found here, the area is home to endangered birds such as the glossy black-cockatoo, brown treecreeper, swift parrot, square-tailed kite and barking owl. The area has a few marsupials, including the spotted-tailed quoll, squirrel glider and koala
The slit can be of varying lengths. Disadvantages include the risks inherent in the procedure itself, which is often self-performed, the ability to impregnate may be decreased. Subincisions can greatly affect urination and often require the male to sit or squat while urinating. The scrotum can be pulled up against the open urethra to quasi-complete the tube and allow an approximation to normal urination, while a few subincised men carry a tube with which they can aim. Subincision is widespread in the cultures of Indigenous Australians, and is well documented among the peoples of the central desert of Australia such as the Arrernte. The Arrernte word for subincision is arilta, and occurs as a rite of passage ritual for adolescent boys and it was given to the Arrernte by Mangar-kunjer-kunja, a lizard-man spirit being from the Dreamtime. A subincised penis is thought to resemble a vulva, and the bleeding is likened to menstruation and this type of modification of the penis was traditionally performed by the Lardil people of Mornington Island, Queensland.
The young men who chose to endure this custom were the ones to learn a simple ceremonial language. In ceremonies, repeated throughout adult life, the penis would be used as a site for ritual bloodletting. According to Ken Hale, who studied Damin, no ritual initiations have been carried out in the Gulf of Carpentaria for half a century, another indigenous Australian term for the custom is mika or the terrible rite. Indigenous cultures of the Amazon Basin practise subincision, as do Samburu herdboys of Kenya, a subincized penis can be penetrated by another penis, provided the latter is sufficiently small. In some Australian cultures, one traditional practice involved the penetration of an elders subincized penis by the penis of a young boy who was usually under age 7. Some authors have theorized that this was the purpose of subincision. Genital bisection Modern primitive Body modification General Roheim, G´esa, Bruno Symbolic Wounds, Puberty Rites and the Envious Male. Farb, Peter Mans Rise to Civilization New York, E. P.
Dutton p98-101, Polynesia Firth, Raymond, We the Tikopia, A Sociological Study of Kinship in Primitive Polynesia. Martin, John Tonga Islands, William Mariner’s Account, diamond, M. Selected Cross-Generational Sexual Behavior in Traditional Hawai’i, A Sexological Ethnography, in Feierman, J. R. Pedophilia, Biosocial Dimensions. New York, Springer-Verlag, p422-43 Melanesia Kempf, the Politics of Incorporation, Masculinity and Modernity among the Ngaing of Papua New Guinea. Hogbin, Ian The Island of Menstruating Men, Religion in Wogeo, prospect Heights, IL, Waveland Australia Basedow H. Subincision and Kindred Rites of the Australian Aboriginal
Honeydew is a sugar-rich sticky liquid, secreted by aphids and some scale insects as they feed on plant sap. When their mouthpart penetrates the phloem, the sugary, high-pressure liquid is forced out of the terminal opening. Honeydew is particularly common as a secretion in hemipteran insects and is often the basis for trophobiosis, some caterpillars of Lycaenidae butterflies and some moths produce honeydew. Honeydew can cause sooty mold — a bane of gardeners — on many ornamental plants, honeydew is secreted by certain fungi, particularly ergot. Honeydew is collected by certain species of birds, stingless bees and honey bees and this is highly prized in parts of Europe and Asia for its reputed medicinal value. Parachartergus fraternus, a wasp species, collects honeydew to feed to their growing larvae. The plant-hopper raises its abdomen and excretes a drop of honeydew almost right onto the snout of the gecko. In Norse mythology, dew falls from the ash tree Yggdrasil to the earth, and according to the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, this is what people call honeydew and from it bees feed.
In Greek mythology, méli, or honey, drips from the Manna–ash, with which the Meliae, or ash tree nymphs, nursed the infant god Zeus on the island of Crete. Honey-dew is referenced in the last lines of Samuel Coleridges poem Kubla Khan, perhaps because of its connotations, And all who heard should see them there, And all should cry. His flashing eyes, his floating hair, weave a circle round him thrice, And close your eyes with holy dread, For he on honey-dew hath fed, And drunk the milk of Paradise. In the Hebrew Bible, while the Israelites are wandering through the desert after the Exodus, they are provided with a substance, manna. Exodus 16,31 provides a description, it was like coriander seed and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey