Nghệ An Province

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Nghệ An Province
Tỉnh Nghệ An
Province
Location of Nghệ An within Vietnam
Location of Nghệ An within Vietnam
Coordinates: 19°20′N 104°50′E / 19.333°N 104.833°E / 19.333; 104.833Coordinates: 19°20′N 104°50′E / 19.333°N 104.833°E / 19.333; 104.833
Country  Vietnam
Region North Central Coast
Capital Vinh
Government
 • People's Council Chair Trần Hồng Châu
 • People's Committee Chair Nguyen Duc Vinh
Area[1]
 • Total 16,490.0 km2 (6,366.8 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total 3,037,400
 • Density 180/km2 (480/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnicities Vietnamese, Khơ Mú, Thai, Thổ, H'Mông
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area codes 238
ISO 3166 code VN-22
Website www.baonghean.vn

Nghệ An (Vietnamese: [ŋêˀ ʔaːn] (About this sound listen)) is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. It is Vietnam's largest province by area. Nghệ An is located in a central position in North Central Coast. To the east lies the Gulf of Tonkin; to the west the province is bordered by Laos; to the south Hà Tĩnh Province; and to the north is Thanh Hóa Province. It is located on the east–west economic corridor connecting Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam along National Route 7 to the port of Cửa Lò.

Nghệ An has one city, three towns and 17 districts. Vinh is a grade one city, and is the economic and cultural center of the province, and of the whole North Central Coast.

History[edit]

Nghệ An () and Thanh Hoá were the base of "Thanh-Nghệ" (from the name of the two provinces) former Lê Dynasty loyalist opposition to the new Mạc dynasty in the 1530s.[2]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Nghệ An is subdivided into 21 district-level sub-divisions:

They are further subdivided into 17 commune-level towns (or townlets), 431 communes, and 32 wards.

Natural resources[edit]

Nghệ An has a total forest land area of 972,910.52 ha. Of which, production forest is 501,634.85 hectares, protection forest is 302,068.47 hectares, special-use forest is 169,207.2 hectares. With a total reserve of about 50 million cubic meters, over 1,000 million of bamboo trees are a significant source of raw materials for forestry exploitation and the development of forest-based industries. Nghệ An has 82 km long coastline with an area of 4,230 nautical miles per square foot,[clarification needed] along the coast has 6 creeks, over 3,000 ha of saltwater and brackish water, and 12,000 ha of freshwater and brackish water surface. Aquaculture development and processing. Nghệ An has a large reserves of some minerals, especially minerals used for the production of construction materials such as limestone for cement production of nearly 4 billion tons; White limestone over 900 million tons; Clay for cement materials is over 1.2 billion tons; Clay for high-grade ceramics 5 million m3; Construction stone of 500 million m3; Basalt rock 260 million m3; Paving stones: Granite: 150 million m3, Mable 300 million m3, etc.

Infrastructure[edit]

Nghệ An has six national highways running through the province (NH 1A, NH 15, NH Ho Chi Minh, NH7, NH46, NH48); There is a trans-Asia route from Laos through Thanh Thuy border gate to Cửa Lò and Dong Hoi port, along with provincial and district roads to create an interconnected network linking districts and economic zones. Province together and spread out the country as well as countries in the region. - Nghệ An has Cửa Lò port with the capacity of 3 million tons / year, capable of accommodating 10,000 DWT vessels. Currently, Cửa Lò deep-water port has been planned and is being built to accommodate ships of 50,000 DWT- 100,000 DWT; in addition, Dong Hoi dedicated port is being built and capable of receiving 30.000 - 50.000 DWT vessels.

Nghệ An has Vinh Airport as the main airport of the North Central region, the fifth most crowded international airport in Vietnam. Currently, at the Vinh airport, Vietnam Airlines, VietJet Air and Jetstar Pacific Airlines are operating on average 26 times per day. Of which, Vietnam Airlines is operating four return flights Vinh - Hanoi, Vinh - Ho Chi Minh City, Vinh - Da Nang and Vinh - Vientiane (Laos); VietJet Air is operating the return flights Vinh - Ho Chi Minh City and Vinh - Da Lat; Jestar Pacific is operating the return flight route in Vinh - Ho Chi Minh City, Vinh - Buon Ma Thuot. Nghệ An with 94 km of North-South railway; in particular, Ga Vinh is the first class station, the third largest passenger and cargo terminal in the country. In addition, there is Cau Giat - Thai Hoa railway to the western mountainous districts of the province (but it was shut down).

With 419 km of land border with Laos (the longest country), Nghệ An has 4 border gates to Laos. Of which, 1 international gate of Nam Can (Ky Son) and 1 national border gate of Thanh Thuy (Thanh Chuong) has been planned as an international border gate and two additional border gates: Thong Thu (Que Phong) and Cao Ou (Anh Son) is a satellite and a hub for import and export activities in the North West, connecting the provinces from the North to the Central provinces of Vietnam with the provinces of Central, Northern Laos, Northeast of Thailand and Myanmar. .

Economy[edit]

Nghệ An is one of the few localities where the Politburo issued a separate resolution on economic and social development, namely Resolution 26. Nghệ An is known as a province with great industrial potential in Vietnam, producing cement, sugar, milk, white stones ... leading the country. The major industrial zones of the province are: VSIP (15 km2), Hermaraj (30 km2), Nam Cam (4 km2), Dong Hoi ...

Education[edit]

There are six universities in Nghệ An, all of them are in Vinh city which is the capital of Nghệ An province, the biggest one is Vinh University.

Notable inhabitants[edit]

Nghệ An is the home province of Phan Bội Châu and Ho Chi Minh.

Ethnic groups[edit]

In addition to the majority Vietnamese people, some Ơ Đu people also live here.[quantify]

Etymology[edit]

The province's name derives from Sino-Vietnamese , meaning "governance in peace."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistical Handbook of Vietnam 2014, General Statistics Office Of Vietnam
  2. ^ Anh Tuấan HoÁng - Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese Relations, 1637-1700 2007 19 "Shortly after the Mạc usurpation, in 1532, Thanh-Nghệ loyalists began a movement to restore the Lê dynasty, using Thanh Hoá and Nghệ An provinces as a base from which to rival the Mạc in Đông Kinh."

External links[edit]